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Buletin Spirakel
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Core Subject : Health, Science,
Buletin Spirakel merupakan sarana penyebaran informasi hasil kegiatan Loka Litbang Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang (P2B2) Baturaja, Sumatera Selatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan RI.
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Articles 84 Documents
Pengetahuan Sikap Perilaku Masyarakat Desa Pagar Desa Terhadap Malaria (Pemukiman Suku Anak Dalam) Kabupaten Musi Banyuasin Sitorus, Hotnida; Ambarita, Lasbudi P.
Buletin Spirakel Edisi 2010
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Malaria is a poverty-related health problem. In some places, forests are a source of livelihood for the poor. Pagar Desa village is one of the settlements of Suku Anak Dalam in South Sumatera Province. This study aims to determine knowledge, attitude and behavior of Suku Anak Dalam community about malaria. The study was carried out in 2006 with cross-sectional design. Research shows that most of the respondents interviewed know malaria and 85% admitted had experienced symptoms of malaria. Experienced symptoms were fever, chills and sweating (83.9%). All respondents did not know the cause of malaria, and 79.6% knew that malaria is a dangerous disease. Most respondent knew that malaria is the cause of death (77.4%). 54.8% didnt know that malaria is an infectious disease. and 23.7% said avoiding mosquito bites can prevent malaria. In general, respondents had positive attitude towards prevention and treatment of malaria. Almost half of respondents interviewed (41,9%) buy medicine from "warung.· As many as 66,7% respondents usually going outside the house in purpose of hanging around, watching television in neighbours house and also doing some daily activities. There were 95,7% of respondents did knot wear specific protector to avoid mosquitoes bites while they were outside the house at night. The study also showed that 41,9% of respondents used bednet when sleeping and 24,7% respondents used mosquito coils. Its necessary to raise awareness of malaria through counseling routinely in order to increased positive behaviors, and also necessary to provide health services that are accessible to the Suku Anak Dalam community.  Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practise, Malaria, Suku Anak Dalam
Pengetahuan Sikap dan Perilaku Masyarakat di Desa Jambu llir Kecamatan Tanjung Lubuk Kabupaten Ogan Komering llir Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Terhadap Filariasis Yahya, Yahya
Buletin Spirakel Edisi 2010
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This study was aimed to know the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior of the community in Jambu Ilir village Ogan Komering Ilir regarding filariasis. The research was carried out in July 2008, 101 respondent of peoples in this village was interviewed drawn by Simple Random Sampling Method. Most of respondent age between 15-64 years, only graduated from elementry school and Junior High School (32,7%) were as farmers (69,3%). Although most of respondent have good attitude regarding filariasis control efforls, the lack of knowledge and the behaviour of people going outdoor  and to the river the night will increase  the risk  of filarial infection in the study area.   Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior, Filariasis, Jambu 1lir.
Faktor Risiko Kejadian Penyakit Filariasis Pada Masyarakat di Indonesia Santoso, Santoso; Yenni, Aprioza; Mayasari, Rika
Buletin Spirakel Edisi 2010
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Filariasis (elephantiasis) still become a problem of health in Indonesia. There are area with acute and chronic patient. According to the report from result survey in the year 2000, there are 1.553 village in working area of 647 care health center spread in 231 Regency of 26 Province as location which endemic, with amount of chronic case 6.233 people. Result  of laboratory survey, through inspection of finger blood, mean of Microfilaria rate (Mf Rate) 3,1%, meaning about 6 million people had been infected by filariasis and about 100 million people have high risk to be contagious because widespread of vector mosquito. Elimination  Program of filariasis have been conducted by government, but we can still found area wfth high number of Mf Rate (> 1%). Other problems have been found is lack of available data of filiariasis so it is difficult to conduct  prevention of elephantiasis. National Institute of Health Research and Development have effort to collect  basic data of filariasis by conduct activity Base Health Research (Riskesdas) in all over Indonesia. According to the result from data collecting of Riskesdas hence we can conduct analysis to see a problems of filariasis in Indonesia. Result of analysis found that morbidities rate of filariasis are 0,1% (210 case). Variables that have relation significant statistics to the occurrence of filariasis are access to health service, availability transportation to health service, type of place of relocation irrigate waste and care animal, and also village classification.   Key word : Riskesdas, filariasis, risk factor, access health service.
Tingkat Akurasi Pemeriksaan Sediaan Darah Malaria di Ogan Komering Ulu Provinsi Sumatera Selatan Tahun 2007 Budiyanto, Anif
Buletin Spirakel Edisi 2010
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In year 2007, almost 80% villages in Ogan Komering Ulu were the malaria endemic area. April 2007, in Ogan Komering Ulu were research on accuracy level of reading blood preparations to know accuracy of the reading of the blood preparations of malaria in public health centers by microscopic analyst malaria clinics in Ogan Komering Ulu. This study used descriptive analytic design. Most of analiyst (60%) have been working on malaria microscopic examination of malaria for over 5 years. 70% of microscopic analyst have a background either from SMAK analyst or analyst from Health Academy, them are 30% of the microscopic analyst educational background instead of the analyst. There are still 30% of microscopic malaria officer who has never trained microscopic malaria. As many as 60% of logistics centers have in adequate malaria laboratory in terms of quality and quantity. Knowledge about the theory of microscopic officials associated with the blood sampling, staining, reading the blood supply, the majority (60%) of them was already known. But there are still 40% of analyst who have received training or refreshing. Most of the skills of analyst microscopic (60%) is still not skilled, in this study them was no statistically significant relationship between independent variables such as worker age, education level, duration of work in laboratories, quality/quantity of tools and materials, the level of theoretical knowledge officer, and the skill level of workers, with the resulting quality of the blood supply and the rate error rate (P value> a).   Keywords: error rate, microscopic
Perilaku Penggunaan Kelambu dan Rumah Sehat Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Tular Vektor (Malaria, Filariasis dan DBD) Pada Masyarakat di Provinsi Jambi Taviv, Yulian; Salim, Milana; Yenny, Aprioza
Buletin Spirakel Edisi 2010
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In Jambi Province, vector borne diseases (malaria, filariasis and dengue fever) is still a problem, this is known since 2006 in 10 regency in Jambi province as a malaria-endemic areas. This analysis aims to obtain the case of malaria, filaria and dengue fever and its relationship with environmental factors and behavior of the use of mosquito nets home in Jambi Province. The analysis is based on the results Riskesdas in 2007 where the population data analysis is the whole community Riskesdas Jambi Province. Sample analysis is selected households interviewed during Riskesdas 2007. In Jambi Province on the basis of further analysis Riskesdas known that vector borne diseases for the highest malaria cases compared with the filaria and dengue. The highest malaria cases in the Sarolangun Regency (8.9%) followed by Bungo and Tebo Regency, for cases of dengue fever in Bungo and Tebo Regency followed Tanjab Tmur Regency, whereas filariasis in the Sarolangun and Bungo Regency. Based on this analysis found that 44.1% of Jambi people behave the use of mosquito net, insecticide treated bed net are known to have little chance of contracting malaria. Test Results Regretion Binary Logistic, sleep did not use mosquito net have 2.14 times greater chance of contracting malaria and did not use insecticides in the home have 1.37 times the chance of contracting malaria. To avoid outbreaks of vector borne diseases, for that we need to avoid self-contact with the capability of transmitting diseases such as malaria, filaria and dengue fever by using mosquito net, use of wire netting in the home and environmental sanitation.   Key Words: Behavior, Mosquito Net, Healthy House, Jambi
SURVEI JENTIK TERSANGKA VEKTOR CHIKUNGUNYA DI DESA BATUMARTA UNIT 2 KECAMATAN LUBUK RAJA KABUPATEN OGAN KOMERING ULU TAHUN 2009 Taviv, Yulian
Buletin Spirakel Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
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Chikungunya merupakan penyakit yang diawali dengan gejala seperti demam mendadak, nyeri pada persendian terutama sendi lutut, pergelangan, jari kaki dan tangan serta tulang belakang yang disertai ruam (kumpulan bintik-bintik kemerahan) pada kulit. Gejala lainnya yang dapat dijumpai adalah nyeri otot, sakit kepala, menggigil, kemerahan pada konjungtiva, pembesaran kelenjar getah bening di bagian leher, mual, muntah dan kadang-kadang disertai dengan gatal ruam. Belum pernah dilaporkan adanya kematian karena penyakit ini. Penyebab chikungunya adalah virus chikungunya, kelompok Alphavirus "group A" antropho borne virus. Virus ini telah berhasil diisolasi di berbagai daerah di Indonesia. Demam chikungunya sering rancu dengan demam dengue, demam berdarah dengue dan campak, tetapi gejala nyeri sendi merupakan gejala yang penting pada demam chikungunya. Wabah chikungunya pertama kali dilaporkan di Tanzania pada tahun 1952, kemudian menyebar sampai di Indonesia yang dilaporkan pada tahun 1982 di beberapa provinsi di Indonesia. Kejadian luar biasa (KLB) pernah terjadi di Yogyakarta tahun 1983, Kabupaten Muara Enim tahun 1999, Provinsi Aceh 2000. Jumlah kasus chikungunya tahun 2001 sampai bulan Februari 2003 mencapai 3918 kasus tanpa kematian (www.geocities.com).Di Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) khususnya di Batumarta Unit 2, chikungunya mulai terjangkit di bulan April dengan 80 kasus dan meningkat di bulan Mei dengan 142 dan sampai saat ini penderita chikungunya masih di jumpai di wilayah Batumarta Unit 2 (Dinkes OKU 2009). Berdasarkan masalah di atas maka perlu dilakukan survei jentik nyamuk tersangka vektor chikungunya di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Batumarta Unit 2.
INSTITUSI KITA: LOKA LITBANG P2B2 BATURAJA Supranelfy, Yanelza
Buletin Spirakel Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
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Kegiatan utama di Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja adalah penelitian dan survey-survey dalam bidang pemberantasan penyakit malaria, demam berdarah dan filariasis (kaki gajah) tapi tidak menutup kemungkinan untuk penyakit-penyakit bersumber binatang lainnya. Penelitian yang dilakukan tahun 2009 meliputi efektifitas malathion dalam pengendalian vektor DBD dan uji kerentanan larva Aedes aegypti terhadap temephos di kota Palembang, Pengendalian DBS melalui pemanfaatan pemantau jentik dan ikan cupang di kota Palembang, Studi bionomik Anopheles maculatus dan Anopheles leucosphyrus di perkebunan kopi daerah endemis malaria di Kabupaten OKU Selatan dan Pengaruh partisipasi masyarakat terhadap malaria di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tenang Kecamatan Kisam Tinggi OKU Selatan.
KNOWLEDGE: Seni Menangkap Nyamuk Salim, Milana
Buletin Spirakel Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
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Menangkap nyamuk dan mempertahankannya agar tetap hidup memerlukan seni tersendiri. Tak jarang nyamuk yang sudah dengan susah payah ditangkap dan dijaga agar tetap hidup, mati karena berbagai sebab, sehingga menghambat  jalannya penelitian yang dilakukan. Untuk itu, pemeliharaan pasca penangkapan, terutama untuk keperluan kolonisasi sangat spesifik untuk tiap jenis nyamuk. Lingkungan baru bagi nyamuk harus diusahakan se-adaptif mungkin bagi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan nyamuk. Dengan demikian nyamuk dapat menyesuaikan diri perlahan-lahan di tempat barunya dan bisa mempertahankan hidupnya, sehingga dapat digunakan untuk kepentingan penelitian­-penelitian yang bermanfaat bagi manusia.
PENYAKIT TULAR VEKTOR: 10 Fakta Tentang Malaria Sitorus, Hotnida
Buletin Spirakel Vol 1, No 1 (2009)
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Malaria masih menjadi permasalahan global dan ikut bertanggung-jawab terhadap tingginya angka kematian di banyak negara dunia. Begitu kompleksnya faktor-faktor yang berperan dalam penularan malaria menjadi alasan utama mengapa hingga saat ini penyakit ini belum dapat ditekan hingga pada level yang tidak mengkhawatirkan. Indonesia sebagai salah satu wilayah endemis malaria juga memiliki permasalahan yang kompleks dan spesifik menurut wilayah geografisnya, bahkan tidak  jarang masih saja terjadi KLB (kejadian luar biasa) di beberapa daerah. Pemerintah masih terus berupaya menekan kejadian malaria, gebrakan penting dalam program pengendalian malaria telah dicanangkan oleh pemerintah pada saat peringatan hari malaria sedunia ke-2 tanggal 6 Mei 2009 yaitu kebijakan eliminasi malaria. Target yang ingin dicapai bukanlah sesuatu yang mudah untuk diraih namun bukan pula menjadi sesuatu yang mustahil untuk diwujudkan. Kerja keras dan kerja sama berbagai pihak merupakan modal berharga untuk meraih target tersebut dan menjadi batu loncatan menuju Indonesia bebas malaria. Tulisan akan menguraikan Sepuluh Fakta tentang berbagai aspek yang berkaitan erat dengan malaria yang patut diketahui.
Bioekologi Mansonia unlformis dan Peranannya Sebagai Vektor Filariasis Boesri, Hasan
Buletin Spirakel EDISI 2011
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The Mansonia uniformis (Theobald) mosquito outdoor resting behavior locates in areas such as in between rocks, in leaves covered grass, or in cans with no direct sunlight contact. Its donnant period after blood sucking activities takes 4-5 days afterwards its begin to lay eggs. Adult mosquito could transmit the filarial infective amounting 1-5 times during its lifespan. The mosquito favorite mating environment or habitat are those that consist of swampy areas where most watery plans grow such as Eichomia, Salviniaceae, Pistia, lsachne globosa, I. aquatica and water Graminae. Pools or rice fields that are abandoned with depths reaching 15-100 cm and temperature 24-3000C could occur as a mating ground for Ma. uniformis mosquito. The mosquito eggs are placed underneath pieces of woods or watery plants and hatch in temperature 24-3000C within 4-5 days period. These eggs are also clustered in 49-60 amounts. The larvae and pupae will cover themselves under pieces of woods or watery plants and plant its siphon on the aerenkhim system in order to breathe oxygen. The Ma. unlformis mosquito location spreads all over Africa, India, Pakistan, Srilanka, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, North Australia and Indonesia. Whether in Indonesia it covers throughout Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Maluku, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Alor and Irian Jaya.   Keywords: bioecology, Mansonia uniformis, filariasis