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Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) is one of the journals published by Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan (National Institute of Health Research and Development), Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan (Bulletin of Health Research) published 4 times a year and has been accredited by Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (Indonesian Institute of Sciences) by Decree No. 387/AU/P2MI/04/2012. Journal which is first published in March 1973 is a forum for communication of research results, review the results of research, methodologies and new approaches in research related to health efforts in Indonesia.
Articles
23
Articles
KELOMPOK SEBAYA (PEER GROUP) SEBAGAI MEDIA PENYAMPAIAN INFORMASI KESEHATAN MASALAH SEKS BAGI REMAJA

Ajik, Suharti ( Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan di Surabaya )

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. Adolescents have sexual desire and are eager to get sexual experiences. Studies have shown that their peer groups are the leading source of sex information. Peer groups can provide strong and continous communication among adolescents. Therefore it is necessary to utilize peer groups as a media for accurate information regarding sex. The objective of this paper is to discuss about peer groups as potential media for sex information. Some implication for parents, teachers, other agencies and health services are discussed, particularly to prevent counter productive aspect of adolescent peer groups.Keywords: peer group; adolescent; sex information Abstrak. Remaja mempunyai dorongan seks yang kuat dan keinginan yang besar untuk mendapatkan pengalaman di bidang seksual. Beberapa studi menunjukkan bahwa kelompok sebaya merupakan sumber informasi seks terbanyak bagi remaja. Dalam kelompok sebaya, remaja dapat melakukan komunikasi secara intensif dan kontinyu. Oleh karena itu perlu memanfaatkan kelompok sebaya sebagai media penyampaian informasi masalah seks yang akurat. Tujuan dari tulisan ini adalah untuk membahas kelompok sebaya sebagai media yang potensial mengenai informasi seks. Disamping itu juga membahas beberapa implikasi untuk para orang tua, guru-guru,lembaga pelayanan kesehatan dan lembaga lain, terutama untuk mencegah aspek negatif kelompok sebaya remaja.

PENDEKATAN ´GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM´ DI DALAM PELAYANAN KESEHATAN

Ristrini, Ristrini ( Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan Di Surabaya )

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. In order to accelerate solving of community health problems by decision makers and the community, it is very important to transfer health information. One of the techniques to illustrate health problems and data is in the form of tables, diagrams and charts. Those informations could be transfered on geographic map developing Geographical Information System (GIS).GIS is a system that disseminate informations through cartographical forms, using codes, numbers and colours. The purpose of GIS in health services is to give input for decision makers to anticipate health services problems which is related toecologic and space systems in certain area.GIS enables to describe spread of cases theuse of health services, health data and planning of placement of health facilities. The applicationof GIS will assits decision makers to view health problems quicker more precise and acurate.Keywords: GIS; Cartography; Regional planning Abstrak. Dalam rangka mempercepat memecahkan masalah kesehatan masyarakat oleh pengambil keputusan, upaya penyampaian informasi kesehatan sangat penting. Salah satu cara untuk memberikan gambaran informasi tersebut adalah dalam bentuk tabel, diagram dan alur. Informasi tersebut dapat dipindahkan pada peta geografi dan membentuk GIS (Geographical Information System).GIS adalah suatu sistem yang dapat mendesiminasikan informasi ke dalam suatu bentuk kartografi dengan menggunakan simbol, angka dan warna. Tujuan GIS dalam pelayanan kesehatan adalah memberi masukan pada pengambil keputusan untuk mengantisipasi masalah pelayanan kesehatan yang berkaitan dengan sistem ekologi dan keruangan di daerah tertentu.GIS memungkinkan untuk menggambarkan penyebaran kasus dan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan, data kesehatan, dan perencanaan penempatan lokasi pada fasilitas kesehatan. Dengan menggunakan GIS diharapkan pengambil keputusan akan dapat melihat masalah kesehatan secara cepat, tepat dan akurat.

KEBIASAAN BEROBAT PENDUDUK KURANG MAMPU DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI (DAS): STUDI KASUS KALIMAS, WONOKROMO

Suprapto, Agus ( Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan di Surabaya )

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) to reveal the care seeking behaviour of poor people living at Wonokromo riverside was conducted. The result showed that self treatment is very much prefered. Some methods of self treatment tend to worsen the condition and/or caused drug intoxication while some people utilize traditional healing. However they seek medical care from the hospital, health centre or private practitioners if complaints become severe.Health centres are still needed by the community although they expect that the quality of drugs and services are improved. They also expect that health centres will provide services in the afternoon hours.The study of seeking care behaviour of poor people lives at riverside applying focus group discussions revealed that self treatment is the most popular choice besides traditional medicine. Some of their self treatment cause infection and toxic. If they suffered from severe illnesses they looked for medical care at hospitals, Health Centres or private practices. Inspite of quality of drugs and services should be improved, Health centre is still needed for the people. They also expected the Health centre delivers services in the afternoon.Keywords: Care seeking; behaviour; poor people Abstrak. Telah dilakukan Focus Group Discussion terhadap penduduk kurang mampu yang bertempat tinggal di pinggiran sungai Wonokromo untuk menggali kebiasaan berobat sakitnya. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa Kebiasaan mengobati sendiri gangguan kesehatannya nampak lebih disukai. Beberapa cara pengobatan sendiri cenderung mengakibatkan keadaan lebih parah dan atau keracunan obat. Untuk beberapa kasus peserta masih memanfaatkan pengobatan tradisional. Tetapi bila sakitnya menunjukkan gejala yang hebat, mereka mencari pengobatan ke Rumah sakit,Puskesmas atau dokter praktek swasta. Puskesmas masih dibutuhkan oleh mereka tetapi dirasakan perlu untuk meningkatkan kualitas obat dan pelayanannya. Mereka juga mengharapkan pelayanan Puskesmas pada waktu sore hari.

PENGGALAKAN PEMBERIAN ASI: MANFAAT DAN KONSEKUENSINYA

Sarwanto, Sarwanto ( Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan di Surabaya )

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. Nowadays Indonesia is facing complex health problems including the decline of breast-feeding practice. Actually in the last 20 years, Indonesia has actively promoted breast-feeding. Experiences show the advantages of breast milk and benefits of breast-feeding for both mother and infants. All this makes it necessary for health workers to actively promote breast-feeding. Promoting breast-feeding is designed to decrease infant morbidity and mortality. Rooming in, banning infant formula adverticements in health facilities, and teaching techniques of successful breast-feeding are some of strategies used. Consequently, activate implementation through four working committees can play a dominatrole in the following program activities: (1) Health education, (2) Community services, (3) Regulation, and (4) Research activities.Keywords: breast-feeding; benefit; health promotion. Abstrak. Indonesia sedang dihadapkan pada masalah kesehatan yang sulit termasuk antara lain menurunnya kebiasaan menyusui. Sebenarnya selama 20 tahun terakhir Indonesia secara aktif telah melakukan penggalakan pemberian Air Susu Ibu (ASI). Pengalaman menunjukkan keuntungan ASI dan manfaat pemberian ASI untuk ibu dan bayi. Hal tersebut memaksa petugas kesehatan menggalakkan pemberian ASI secara aktif.Penggalakan pemberian ASI bertujuan untuk menurunkan angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi. Rawat gabung, melarang iklan susu formula difasilitas kesehatan, dan penyuluhan tehnik keberhasilan menyusui, merupakan beberapa strategi yang patut digunakan. Konsekuensinya, dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan ini diperlukan peran dari 4 bidang kerja yaitu: (1) Bidang penyuluhan, (2) Bidang pelayanan masyarakat, (3) Bidang peraturan, dan (4) Bidang penelitian.

STUDI KARYAWAN PRA USIA LANJUT DI PUSLITBANG YANKES SURABAYA

M., Soemartono ( Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan di Surabaya )

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. A study on personnel (more than 40 years old) at the Health Services Research and Development Centre Surabaya based upon promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative activities was caried out. The result showed that this group needed amore intensive programme, especially because of ythe "Zero Personnel Growth" policy.This study needs to be followed up by more intensive programmes and outcome evaluation to develop capable staff at the institution.Keywords: aged; government employee; personnel training; staff development. Abstrak. Telah dilakukan suatu studi pada karyawan pra usia lanjut (40 tahun keatas) di Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pelayanan Kesehatan Surabaya dengan memperhatikan upaya pembinaan di bidang promotif, preventif, kuratif dan rehabilitatif. Hasil sementara menunjukkan bahwa kelompok pra usia lanjut ini perlu mendapat pembinaan yang lebih intensif terutama sehubungan dengan kebijaksanaan "Zero Personnel Growth" sehingga pendayagunaan tenaga di P4K harus dilaksanakan secara lebih berhasil dan berdayaguna.Studi ini perlu ditindak lanjuti dengan usaha pembinaan yang lebih bersungguh-sungguh diikuti oleh evaluasi dampak.

PENDEKATAN EKONOMI DALAM MENENTUKAN TINGKAT KESEJAHTERAAN KARYAWAN (Studi Kasus Di Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan)

Budiarto, Wasis ( Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan Di Surabaya )

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. The economic approach especially the concept of absolute poverty and the one about relative inequality could be use to estimate a level of personnel welfare. The purpose of this study wasto estimate personnel income levels and distribution in the Health Services Research and Develooment Center (HSR & DC) office.HSR & DC personnel were divided into four levels (level I, II, III and IV). This study was carried out using secondary data from various sources, including salary lists subsistance allowance, incentives, per diem. etc. in the year 1993.Average personnel income is Rp 359.000.00 per month (level I Rp 157.000.00 and level IV Rp1,150,000.00 in average), and these figures did not show an income less than the absolute poverty level. Among level one personnel, many of them have an income less than the Minimum Physical Requirement figure, but on the other hand thereare staff with high levels that had an income more than one million rupiahs (6.8 percent). Based onthose issues, a basic need approach could be done with educational support especially for level I of HSR & D´S personnel, which hopefully will increase family welfare.Keywords: personnel welfare; income; economy conditions.Abstrak. Pendekatan ekonomi khususnya pendekatan kemiskinan absolut dan ketidakmerataan relatif dapat digunakan untuk memperkirakan tingkat kesejahteraan karyawan. Tujuan panelitian ini adalah untuk memperkirakan tingkat pendapatan karyawan dan distribusinya pada kantor Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan Surabaya.Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan data sekunder yang berasal dari beberapa sumber, termasuk didalamnya gaji dan tunjangan, lembur, insentif, lumsum dan sebagainya pada tahun 1993. Karyawan Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan terbagi dalam empat golongan kepangkatan yaitu golongan I, II, III dan IV.Rata-rata penghasilan karyawan di Puslitbang Pelayanan Kesehatan adalah Rp 359.000,00 per bulan (rata-rata golongan I Rp 157.000,00 dan golongan IV sebesar Rp 1.150.000.00).Tidak ada karyawan yang berpenghasilan di bawah garis kemiskinan. Untuk golongan I, terdapat banyak yang berpenghasilan dibawah Kebutuhan Fisik Minimum (KFM), sedang dilain pihak terdapat karyawan yang berpenghasilan lebih dari Rp 1 juta (6,8 persen). Untuk mengatasi kesenjangan distribusi pendapatan dan peningkatan kesejahteraan keluarga maka perlu dilakukan pendekatan kebutuhan dasar dengan memberikan bantuan pendidikan bagi golongan I.

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERAN KADER KESEHATAN / KADER POSYANDU

Soeparmanto, Paiman, Soemodinoto, Sukanto

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan Tahun 2 Nomor 3 April 1995
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Abstract. Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu (Village Integrated Health Post/VIHP) was introduced in 1984. The purpose is to establish community based services which are relevant to child survival, safe motherhood and family planning. Services are provided by health cadres; curative services and immunization are provided by health centre staffs.The fact that Posyandu is located at hamlet, Posyandu contribute to the reach of target population, but Posyandu Cadre´s performance in health education is still minimal.The objectives of this review are to study what are the roles and tasks of Posyandu cadres and what are the factors that are associated with their performance.The findings of studies showed that active cadre´s conducted weighing and recording the result in mother and children health card (KMS), and assisting health centre team in providing health care at Posyandu or mobile services.As for health education activities of Posyandu Cadre´s studies found that socioeconomic status of Posyandu Cadre´s, skill deficit in health education, and minimal health knowledge are conditions that are associated with minimal activity of Posyandu Cadres in health education. Keyword: Primary Health Care, Health Cadre, Community Base Health Services

ETIKA DI DALAM PENELITIAN

Soegijono, MS, K. R.

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan 001/TH.1/Peb 1994
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Ethics is a view in a common community life as considered good. Ethics is derived from Latin, comprise of principles or moral values which is good in common daily life. Ethics, religion and law are 3 (three) subjects that include human behaviour problems, as social mankind which connected with morality. The objective of this article was to give information to the researchers how should they think about ethics and moral behaviour in applying research. The connection between ethics and research is based on the declaration of Helsinky and many references which is mentioned in this paper. The discussion on this paper points out the problems how researchers should include ethics behaviour in every step of research.

IDENTIFIKASI MASALAH KEUANGAN DAN KEPEGAWAIAN DI LINGKUNGAN PUSAT PENELITIAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN DEPKES RI

Suparto, Haryadi, Aloewi, Aloewi

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan 001/TH.1/Peb 1994
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

Dalam rangka menunjang keterbukaan suatu manajemen, Puslitbang YanKes di samping melaksanakan penelitian di luar, juga melakukan pene­litian di dalam yang hasilnya dalam batas-ba­tas tertentu terbuka untuk masyarakat luar. Salah satu hasil dari penelitian ini adalah survai dalam rangka identifikasi masalah di bidang Keuangan dan Kepegawaian yang dilakukan dengan cara mengisi daftar isian secara raha­sia. Survai ini menyimpulkan bahwa : Dari bidang Keuangan: Kekurang terbukaan di dalam mengelola Keuangan.Dari bidang Kepegawaian: Kekurang Disiplin/Keterbukaan, terlalu birokratis serta kekurang merataan kesejahteraan.

STUDI TENTANG KONSUMSI OBAT MASYARAKAT UNTUK PENGOBATAN SENDIRI

Budiarto, Wasis

Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan 001/TH.1/Peb 1994
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Pelayanan Kesehatan

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to Analyse drug - consumption pattern by the community and to study related influencing factors. The study was done in  three selected provinces, each of them represented by one regency, i.e. Lombok Barat (Prov. of NTB), Soppeng (Prov. of Sulawesi Selatan) and Lamo­ngan (Prov. of Jawa Timur). Data were collect­ ed through household interviews. The result of the study showed that average self treatment by using drugs occured twice every six months (or 2,09 times/month). The drugs most frequently used were paracetamol, traditional drugs, and metampiron, as well as antibiotics, sulfa and corticosteroids. The influencing factors related to self treatment were  pregnancy (r = -0,0078) and level of sickness (r = -0,0798). Hopefully the control of drug - distri­bution activities (councelling, reporting and monitoring) can be done by the Health Centre it self.