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Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan
ISSN : 14124025     EISSN : 23548754     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan (The Journal of Health Ecology) is media information and research results and development of ecological health and public health program managers, as well as a means of communication the researchers / managers / interest in the field of ecological health. The journal is published by the Center for Public Health Interventions Technology, published 4 times a year.
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Articles 394 Documents
KONDISI KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN DI INDONESIA DAN ANGKA KEMATIAN BAYI, ANGKA KEMATIAN ANAK BALITA SERTA ANGKA KEMATIAN BALITA MENURUT DATA SUSENAS 1998, 2001 DAN 2003 (Environmental Health and Child Mortality in Indonesia Based on Susenas Data of 1998, 2001 Supraptini, Supraptini; Afifah, Tin
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 3 Des (2006)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1601

Abstract

Environmental Health and Child Mortality in Indonesia Based on Susenas Data of 1998, 2001 and 2003.Environmental health related disease are still problem in Indonesia and these factors are importence in the public daily life. Childhood mortality rate which include Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), Child Mortality Rate (CMR) and Under five Mortality Rate have been used as social welfare and public health indicators. Registration system for death in lndonesia not good enough, so we count number of death using indirect methode so we used data survey. National Social and Economics Survey (NSES/Susenas) as one of data survey which every year collected can used to analysis and count the environmental health related with number of death include childhood mortality rate. Data used for this analysis is NSES Modul 1998, 2001 and 2003 and the analysis unit is house hold. The scoring of healthy housing based upon the total scoring of 8 parameters and divided into 3 categories e.g good, moderate, and bad. The result showed that the factor of environment health bad categories produced IMR, CMR, and Under live Mortality rate was higest. Environmental health good categories in Indonesia contributed for decreasing CMR (age 1-4 years), in Java Bali especially to decreasing for Under five Mortality Rate (age 1-59 months). But in East Indonesian Area for five years (1998-2003) or good categories there are increasing tor IMR, CMR, and Under five Mortality Rate. In urban or rural area there are not different environmental health good categories will be contributed for decreasing death, exepted for CMR (age 1-4 years) in urban area there are the same for good categories or moderate categories. The trend of IMR,CMR and Under five Mortality Rate increasing in 2001 but decreasing in 2003. Indonesian IMR in 2001 at seven grade in ASEAN after Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Thailand, The Philippines, and Vietnam.Keywords: Enviromental health, Infant Mortality Rate, Childhood Mortality Rate
SITUASI MALARIA DAN VEKTORNYA DI DESA GIRITENGAH DAN DESA GIRIPURNO KECAMATAN BOROBUDUR KABUPATEN MAGELANG, JAWA TENGAH Boesri, Hasan; Boewono, Damar Tri
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 3 Des (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1602

Abstract

Situation of Malaria and The Vector in Giritengah and Giripumo Villages, Borobudur Subdistrict, Magelang Regency, Central Java.Malaria is a disease which is caused by protozoa from Plasmodium genus and transmitted by female anopheline mosquito. Based on the survey done in Borobudur subdistrict, some malaria vectors were found, such us an.maculatus, an.aconitus and an.balabacencis. The living places of An.aconitus is in the rice field area, while An. maculatus and An. balabacencis are on the the mountain and on the riverside area. Borobudur temple is one of the seven famous miracles in the world. For that reason, it is necessary to maintain the environment sanitation around the area. Since, there are plenty of local and foreign tourism who come regularly. At night many of them spent their stay on the hotels which is located in the endemic area. In the year of 2000, the highest API (above 2%) were spread over Giripurno village (95,72/1000), Giritengah village (64,79/1000) and Ngadiharjo village (56,80/1000). Further more, a survey was done in order to protect the society from malaria and reveal Borobudur, to become an interesting tourism object, the survey resulted as in 2002 (Giripumo and Giritengah villages) the highest malaria transmission, occurred on May. The paracite was known as Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Mostly, Malaria had infected several people who work as a farmers. In addition, on the dry season, An. maculatus and An. balabacencis were usually breed around the river with less mosquito larvae predator.Keywords: Vector, Malaria, An.aconitus, An.maculatus, An. balabacencis
TINGKAT KANDUNGAN TIMBAL DALAM DARAH PENDUDUK DI BEBERAPA DESA DI SEKITAR KALI PORONG Sukana, Bambang; Martono, Hendro
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 3 Des (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1603

Abstract

Lead Content Levels In Blood Samples Among Residents Living In Several Villages In Porong River Area.Previous study results stated that Porong River water was contaminated by sohd und liquidwastes onginuted from industrial, agricultural and domestic activities. Some parameter including that ofheavy metals at some sampling points were exceeded the existing standards. This study was designed to evaluate lead content in blood among residents live in four villages near Porong River in Sidoarjo District, so as information concerning lead exposure risk resulted from environmental factors can be provided accordingly. As many as 68 blood samples of pregnant women were analyzed, lead content of 5 blood samples (7.35%) were exceeded the existing standard. All the respondents having lead content exceeding the standard were living in Kebogoyang Village. The mean value of the lead-content in blood was 8.73 µg/100 ml. The highest mean value of lead content of the blood samples was happened in Kebogoyang Village (16.57 µg/100 ml), whereas the lowest one was in Balongtani Village (3.80 µg/100 ml). The exposure sources of the pollutant had not been detected yet. It is necessary to per form surveillance of environmental risk factors in routine basis, so as potential pollutant sources and transport can be detected properly.Keywords: Lead, blood, pollution, heavy metal
PAJANAN RADIASI TERHADAP KETERPAJANAN RADIOGRAFER RUANG PENYINARAN INSTALASI RADIOTERAPI RSUPN CIPTOMANGUNKUSUMO JAKARTA Perwitasari, Dian; Misjuherlina, Misjuherlina
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 3 Des (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1604

Abstract

Exposure Level of Radiation Received by Radiographer In The Radiotheraphy Room In Ciptomangunkusumo General Hospital Jakarta.A research to evaluate the exposure level of radiation in the radiotherapy room and the dose of radiation received by radiographer has been done. The research was carried out in Ciptomangunkusumo General Hospital in Jakarta in 2000. Radiation exposure of radiographer was evaluated measured of film badge process at Safety of Health Facility Center (BPFK) to know radiation doses of radiographer, the level of radiation was measured in two radiotheraphy rooms in Cobalt-60 room and Brach therapy was using radiation counter (survey meter). The result show that the monthly average equivalent dose of radiation received by hospital radiographer is 10 memo or equivalent to 120 mRem/year. The range of radiation exposyre in Cobalt-60 radiotherapy room was 0.02-0.04 mRem/hour. In the Brach therapy facility, the range of radiation level was 0.013-2.46 mRem/hour. Generally the work safety of raddiographer in Ciptomangunkusumo General Hospital is good according to standar issued by National Atomic Energy Agency (BATAN) with the maximum dose of radiation must be not more than 5000 mRem or 50 mSv per year.Keywords: Radiation exposure, Radiographer, Radiotherapy
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DENGAN PENULARAN TB PARU KONTAK SERUMAH Musadad, Anwar
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 3 Des (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1605

Abstract

Environmental Factor Relation of House With Infection of TB Paru through Housing Contact.Tuberculosis of the Lung (Lung TB) still become health problem for world, including Indonesia in the third sequence after India And China. If cannot overcome each and everyone with Active Lung TB with mean infection 10-15 people/year. This research aim to know environmental factor relation of house with infection of Lung TB through contact house. The research population consist of entire household which inside there is 1 (one) or more patient of Adult Lung TB with the result of positive bacteria inspection by public health center in 2002, while as sample is entire household which inside there is 1 (one) or more patient of Adult Lung TB and have under 5 years baby. Inclusion criteria is patient of Lung TB paru noted by public health center and reside in region of Tangerang District in 2002. The collection of data was conducted with interview using questionnaire, enviromental perception, and tuberculine test. Uji Tuberculin test done by Mantoux (inoculation intracutane) for 5 years baby use PPD RT 23 strength 2 TU with tuberkulin 1 cc needle with number 26. Criteria of Lung TB infection if diameter transversal from period that happened as a result of tuberculine test >10 mm and have clinical history of such as coughing more than 3 weeks, pain and recuring or old fever without clear cause, body weight descend or not go up in 1 month; moon without clear cause, or have specific clinical symptom. Result showed that from 254 households there are 33 (13.0%) occurence of infection Lung TB. Environmental factor of house which deal with infection TB as an entry of the indoor direct sunlight with value OR=3,50; CI 95% 1,19-10,34 (p=0,015). The conclusion stated that direct sunlight play important role for infection of Lung TB in the same house.Keywords: Tuberculosis, infection through housing ccontact, tuberculine test, sunlight
KUALITAS LIMBAH PADAT MEDIS RUMAH SAKIT (Quality of Solid Medical Waste in Hospital) Nainggolan, Riris; Supraptini, Supraptini
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 3 Des (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1606

Abstract

Hospital is one of critical and important part of health care chain due to improvement of it. Hospital can cause nosocomial case for example cellulitis at Dr. Sutomo Hospital in Surabaya because the environment of it not fulfil the health requirements. Several studies reported that hospital environmental health not yet fulfil all the health requirements needed. Only 56.5% used incenerator with unperfect result in temperature which is only reached 200°C. The need of waste management recently have taken attention to improve its quality. Important factors such as volume and waste characteristics are major concern. According to measurement result held in Latin America showed that the hospital garbage and waste production every day per bed about 3.6 Kgs while in England approximately 3.3 Kgs. This research aimed to have characteristic information and the medical waste management of several hospital in Jakarta and Medan. The collection of data conducted through research and book reference, interview and laboratory test for 9 (nine) parameters. Characteristic and solid medical waste volume in this research are 2.5-53 Kgs of infectious waste. 0.8-60 Kgs of solid material, 0.8-3 Kgs of unused human anatomy, 0.5-3.3 Kgs of chemical side products, 2-6.6 Kgs of plastic waste. Number of patients with one day care per year about 1228 people while for several days care about 4928 people. From the test results showed that Cu, Se, Zn and Cr value over the quality standard requirements based on Government Acts no 18, 1999.Keywords: Medical waste, Waste Quality, Hospital
KETAHANAN HIDUP DI ALAM TIGA SPESIES NYAMUK ANOPHELES VEKTOR MALARIA DI INDONESIA (The Longevity Of Three Anophelines Species Malatia Vectors In Indonesia) Soekirno, Mardjan; Sudomo, M.; Munif, Amrul
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2 Agt (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1607

Abstract

A study on the longevity of three anophelines species were carried out in Buleleng regency, Bali province The objective of this study was to detect the longevity of three anophelines species malaria vectors in Indonesia. i.e.: Anopheles aconitus, An. subpictus and An. sundaicus. Collections of natural specimen were done by three methods: (1) man-biting-catches, (2) night resting catches around cattle shelters, and (3) morning indoor resting catches. All specimens collected were then brought and dissected in the laboratory for defining dilatations. The results shown that the oldest of An. aconitus found in Buleleng regency, Bali province, was with 7 dilatations, estimated as about 21 days old; the oldest An.subpictus with 9 dilatations, estimated as about 27 days old; while for An. sundaicus was 8 dilatations, estimated as about 24 days old. The conclusion of this study shown that the oldest of An. (lconitus reach 21 days, An. subpictus reach 27 days, and An. sundaicus reach 24 days.Keywords: Anopheles, longevity, parous, dilatation
APLIKASI TEMEPHOS DALAM RESERVOIR AIR PERUSAHAAN DAERAH AIR MINUM TERHADAP PENURUNAN INDEKS JENTIK Ae.aegypti DI WILAYAH KOTA PALU, SULAWESI TENGAH Rosmini, Rosmini; Garjito, Triwibowo A.; A., Hayani; Risti, Yudith L.
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2 Agt (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1608

Abstract

The Study on The Temephos Application Into Region Drinking Water Company Reservoir to Decrease of Ae. aegypti Larvae Population in Palu Municipality, Central Sulawesi.The study on the temephos application into Drinking Water Region Company (PDAM) waterreservoir to decrease of Ae. aegypti larvae population was conducted in Roviga Tondo and Palupi, Palu Municipality, from June to November 2005. Roviga Tondo as treatment area was given temephos into water reservoir and Palupi as control area was given temephos to the community. Larvae survei on one week and four week after application showed that dosage of 5 kgs temephos into drinking water region company (PDAM) reservoir could give a significant influence to larvae index decreased (p-value < 0.05). In Roviga Tondo, Ae. aegypti showed significant preference to put eggs inside the house rather than outside, whereas it was not significant in BTN Palupi.Keywords: Temephos, A e. aegypti, application, container index
PERILAKU MENGGIGIT A. barbirostris DI DESA TULO KEC. DOLO KABUPATEN DONGGALA Widjaja, Yunus; A., Hayani; Rosmini, Rosmini; N., Made Agus; Samarang, Samarang
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2 Agt (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1609

Abstract

The Biting Pattern of A. barbirostris in Tulo Village Sub District of Dolo, Donggala District.Malaria is still a health problem. In Donggala District malaria ranked the th1rd of ten maindiseases. Tulo village is one of endemic village in Dolo sub district that has AM1 for consecutive year of2000-2004 are 26.15/mil, 18.22/mil and 13.53/mil respectively. The objective of this study was to know the biting pattern of A. barbirostris in Tulo village sub district of Dolo, Donggala district. An entomological survey and environmental observation were conducted for 6 months (May-October). Entomology survey revealed there were 7 spesies of Anopheles (A. barbirostris, A. nigerimus, A. paragensis, A. vagus, A.tesselarus, A. indefinitus, A. aconitus). An. barbirostris was malaria vector that stars to bite at 21.00-02.00 and it probend to bite at eksofagik situation. The habitat of A. barbirostris was in unwell managed lowland and fish pond. The effort to solve this problem are the cooperation between agricultural and fishery sectors, arranging animal cages and extention of malaria.Keywords: Malaria, A. barbirostris, Anopheles, Biting Pattern
INVESTIGASI TEMPAT PERINDUKAN Aedes aegypti (L.) PADA TIGA DAERAH DENGAN TINGKAT ENDEMISITAS YANG BERBEDA (ENDEMIS, SPORADIS DAN NON-ENDEMIS) DI WILAYAH KOTA PALU, SULAWESI TENGAH Garjito, T. A.; Jastal, Jastal; Rosmini, Rosmini; Wijaya, Y.; Labatjo, Y.; Srikandi, Y.; Samarang, Samarang; Erlan, A.; Udin, Y.; Puryadi, Puryadi
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 2 Agt (2006)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1610

Abstract

Investigation of Aedes aegypti breeding in 3 types of DHF area (endemic, sporadic and non-endemic) in Palu Municipality, Central Sulawesi Province.In Palu Municipality, Central Sulawesi Province, DHF has been a gradually increased and hasscattered in nearly all sub districts of this region. In March-May 2004, we conducted field entomological survey and environment investigation in 3 types of DHF area (endemic, sporadic and non-endemic) inSouth Tatura (endemic village), Tondo (sporadic village), Baiya (non-endemic village) and Mamboro (endemtc village, for public facility survei). Larval collections was made in the study villages according tothe methods described by Indonesia CDC (1992), Gionar, et. al. (2001) and Kader, et.al ( 1998). We sampled 816 water storage containers from 300 houses in the tree study villages and 68 water storage containers from 29 public facilities (primary schools, secondary schools, high schools, colleges/university, mosques and boarding-houses). The results showed that the most common breeding places are concrete tanks, plastic buckets, rubber buckets, natural water holes, and drums. No wells breeding A e. aegypti were detected in all of the villages. Larva indices, i.e. HI, CI and 81, for Tatura Selatan were 13%, 5.25% and15%, Tondo were 60%, 29,93% and 91% while for Baiya these were 13%, 6.20% and 14% respectively. In all of the containers examined, 221 containers in South Tatura, 225 containers in Tondo and 193 containers in Baiya constituted domestic (indoor) breeding sources, of which 6.33%, 29.78% and 7.25% respectively were found to be positive for Ae. aegypti breeding. Similarly, a total of 75, 79 and 52 containers constituted the peri-domestic (outdoor) breeding sources, of which 1.33%, 30.38% and 1.33% respectively were foundto be positive for immature of A e. aegypti in South Tatura, Tondo and Baiya. This survey showed that thepopulation density of Ae. aegypti were 0.6, 8.7 and 2.2 eggs/ovitrap respectively in South Tatura, Tondo and Baiya. In all of water storages containers in public facility examined, of which 52,78%, 20%, 28,57% and 22,22% respectively were found to be positive for Ae. aegypti breeding in school, mosques, boarding houses, colleges/university. The results also performed that the female Ae. aegypti was significantlypreferred the domestic containers than peri-domestic containers (X2=1.91; p<0.01). Between all of containers types (7 types of containers), Ae.aegypti did not differ significantly laid the eggs (X1=32.43; p>0.01) in a specific container. The results of A e. aegypti investigation in different type of DHF endemicity (South Tatura, Tondo, Baiya and Mamboro), reveal that it occurs in highest density accidentally in sporadic village (Tondo), middle in non-endemic village (Baiya) and lowest in the endemic village (South Tatura). The distribution and density of this species in different types of endemics area related with human behavior (mobility), supply of piped water in the community, population density, topography and environment condition. The A e. aegypti distribution was not related with knowledge and attitude of the community.Keywords: Aedes aegypti, dengue haemmorhagic fever, Container Index, Breteau Index, House Index

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