International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences
ISSN : 23021381     EISSN : 23384506
International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences (IJIHS) is a peer-review journal which publishes original articles, medical research, clinical research and case report. This journal is supported by Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran and was launched on September 22nd 2012 and firstly published on July 2013. The first and second publications in 2013 and 2014 were published annually. In 2015 IJIHS published twice in a year, March and September.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)" : 8 Documents clear
Relationship between Periodontal Disease Index and Low Birth Weight Babies in Pregnant Women with Periodontitis

Komara, Ira, Lambri, Soertini E, Hendiani, Ina

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To identify the relationship between periodontitis in pregnant women through the periodontal disease index (PDI) and low birth weight babies.Methods: A case-control study was conducted to determine the relationship between periodontitis in pregnant women through the periodontal disease index (PDI) and the low birth weight babies (LBW). The participants were mothers with periodontitis and non-periodontitis mothers aged 20–35 years who gave birth in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology-Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung in the period of December to January 2005. Results: Based on the chisquare test results a highly significant relationship between periodontitis and low birth weight (p=0.002) was found. The Odd’s ratio showed that the risk of low birth weight in pregnant women with periodontitis was 15.58 times higher compared to those who did not suffer from periodontitis. The periodontal disease index has an accuracy of 88.6% in predicting the incidence of LBW. It strongly influenced the incidence of LBW with a high Odd’s ratio of 28.0. Pregnant women who suffer from periodontitis with a PDI > 3.25, have 19.2 times higher risk for delivering babies with LBW compared to the non-periodontitis mothers. Conclusions: The loss of attachment affects the possibility of delivering LBW babies.Keywords: Periodontitis, periodontal disease index, low birth weight DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.681 

Fetus inside Brain - Mature Cystic Teratoma in Posterior Fossa

Yudoyono, Farid, Sobarna, Mirna, Sutiono, Agung Budi, Arifin, Muhammad Zafrullah

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To describe a rare case of posterior fossa cystic teratoma in central nervous system. Methods: A 2-year old boy was admitted with a chief complaint of decreased consciousness with tonic clonic seizure. Non-Contrast Head Computed Tomography (NCCT) scan showed acute hydrocephalus and a well-defined extra-axial cystic lesion mass, 3.4x3.9x4.2 cm in size, in the posterior fossa.Results: Patient underwent a total resection of the tumor. No systemic complication was found in ten days following the surgery. There was no evidence of tumor recurrence one year after the surgery. The histopathologycal diagnosis of the tumor was cystic teratoma.Conclusions: Mature cyst teratoma located in the posterior fossa is a rare case. Total resection and long-term follow up is the treatment of choice for mature teratoma.Keywords: Hydrocephalus, posterior fossa, teratoma DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.687

Relationship between C677T Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Gene Polymorphism and Homocysteine in Cerebral Palsy

Gamayani, Uni, Machfoed, M. Hasan, Idjradinata, Ponpon, Achmad, Tri Hanggono

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To observe the relationship between methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism and homocysteine levels in cerebral palsy (CP) children. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in several hospitals, school for children with special needs, and rehabilitation centers in Bandung from March to November 2014, on children with CP aged 4–14 years who met the inclusion criteria. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and direct sequencing. Homocysteine serum level was measured using chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) method. Statistical analysis was conducted using t test. Results: In this study, 150 CP children had MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism with a frequency of 18%, consisting of TT homozygotes (4%), CT heterozygotes (14%), and T allele (11%. The mean serum level of homocysteine in CP with C677T MTHFR gene polymorphism was 8.22 (±1.89) µmol/L, higher than those without polymorphism (p=0.046). Conclusions: A relationship between MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism and homocysteine level in children with cerebral palsy is found in this study. Keywords: Cerebral palsy, homocysteine, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase polymorphism DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.682

Pattern of Prostate Specific Antigen and Gleason Score in Relation to Imunohistochemistry Features in Prostate Adenocarcinoma Patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital

Glady, Azela, Hamidah, Endah, Prasetyo, Rahmat Budi, Sutiono, Agung Budi

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To review the correlation between prostate specific antigen (PSA) and Gleason score and Cav-1 for diagnosing prostate adenocarcinoma.Methods: Data were collected from one hundred fifty-nine patients with prostate adenocarcinoma at the Department of Urology, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital in the period of January 2008–December 2010. The PSA levels were measured and classified into <4 ng/ml, 4–10 ng/ml, and >10 ng/ml. The results were then analyzed and compared to the imunohistochemistry (caveolin-1) staining in the literature. The Gleason score was also noted and analyzed. Results: This study confirmed that positive caveolin-1 expression was related to the clinical markers of disease progression and was predictive of poor clinical outcome after surgery. The PSA results showed that one hundred fourty-one adenocarcinoma patients had a PSA level of >10 ng/ml with Gleason score of gleason 5–6 as the most common score. However, there was no correlation between PSA and Gleason score and caveolin-1 for diagnosing prostate adenocarcinoma.Conclusions: Caveolin-1 cannot be used to measure Gleason and PSA score due to different markers that have various advantages and disadvantages to predict carcinoma prostate. Therefore, further studies are needed. Keywords: Gleason score, imunohistochemistry, prostate adenocarcinoma, prostate specific antigen DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.679

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Phosphorus 32 Application and 10 Mg/Cc Triamcinolone Acetonide Intralesional Injection on Keloid

Indrayati, Hani, Agusni, Jono Hadi, Soedarwoto, Asmaja, Kartamihardja, Achmad Hussein S.

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of phosphorus 32 (32P) application compared to 10 mg/cc triamcinolone acetonide (TA) intralesional injection in keloid.Methods: A single blind (evaluator blind) randomized clinical trial on 52 keloids was conducted during the period of May – August 2014 in Tumor and Skin Surgery Clinic, Department of Dermatovenereology and Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung.Results: Lesions were divided into two groups with each group consisted of 26 lesions. Group A was treated with 32P application whereas group B was treated with 10 mg/cc TA intralesional injection. Flattening of the lesion of more than 50% was higher in the group treated with 32P application (76.9%) compared to the group that was treated with 10 mg/cc TA intralesional injection (57.7%) on the 8th week, but the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05).Conclusions: Based on the statistical analysis, the application of 32P was as effective as the intralesional injection of 10 mg/cc TA for keloid lesions.Keywords: Flattening, keloid, phosphorus 32, triamcinolone acetonide DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.683

Correlations between Muscle Mass, Muscle Strength, Physical Performance, and Muscle Fatigue Resistance in Community-Dwelling Elderly Subjects

Elizabeth, Elizabeth, Vitriana, Vitriana, Defi, Irma Ruslina

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the correlations between muscle mass, muscle strength, physical performance, and muscle fatigue resistance in community-dwelling elderly people in order to elucidate factors which contribute to elderly’s performance of daily activities.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on community-dwelling elderly in Bandung from September to December 2014. One hundred and thirty elderly, 60 years old or above, were evaluated using bioelectrical impedance analysis to measure muscle mass; grip strength to measure muscle strength and muscle fatigue resistance; habitual gait speed to measure physical performance; and Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) to assess physical activity. Results: There were significant positive correlations between muscle mass (r=0,27, p=0,0019), muscle strength (r=0,26, p=0,0024), and physical performance (r=0,32, p=0,0002) with muscle fatigue resistance. Physical performance has the highest correlation based on multiple regression test (p=0,0025). In association with muscle mass, the physical activity showed a significant positive correlation (r=0,42, p=0,0000). Sarcopenia was identified in 19 (14.61%) of 130 subjects. Conclusions: It is suggested that muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance influence muscle fatigue resistance. Keywords: Community-dwelling, elderly, muscle fatigue resistance, muscle mass, sarcopenia DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.684

Loaded and Unloaded Sit-to-Stand Strengthening Exercises Effect to Gross Motor Function Measure in Spastic Diplegia Cerebral Palsy Patients

Safei, Imran, Moeliono, Marina A., Prabowo, Tertianto

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To examine sit-to-stand and loaded sit-to-stand exercises effect in standing, walking, and running dimensions of gross motor function measure (GMFM) in spastic diplegia cerebral palsy (SDCP) patients.Methods: This study was conducted in the period of May to October 2014 and included 24 children with SDCP as the subjects. The methods used in the study were interventional study with randomized controlled trial, and investigation of CP before and after the exercise intervention. The subjects were divided into two groups, sit-to-stand exercise group and loaded sit-to-stand exercise group. Results: The results showed that the increase of standing, walking, and running dimension scores of GMFM in the loaded group were higher (standing dimension score 12.00 vs 11.08 and walking and running dimensions 13.58 vs 13.42) compared to the unloaded group.Conclusions: Both sit-to-stand and loaded sit-to-stand exercise groups do not show significant differences in improving motor skills in standing, walking, and running dimensions of GMFM. Children with SDCP may receive the exercise to improve their motor skills in mobility aspects, such as standing, walking, and running. Keywords: Cerebral palsy, gross motor function measure, rehabilitation, sit-to-stand exercise DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.680

Cystic Meningioma in the Inter-Hemisferic Space Location

Arifin, Muhammad Zafrullah, Tjahjono, Firman Priguna, Sutiono, Agung Budi, Faried, Ahmad

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 4, NO 1, March (2016)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: The presentation of cystic meningioma in the inter-hemispheric near the falx cerebri is uncommon. It is difficult to differentiate it from intra-axial tumors, such as gliomas. Therefore, it is likely that it is misdiagnosed as other types of brain tumors.Methods: In this study, we reported a cystic meningioma case in the inter-hemispheric location, showing an intramural nodule on magnetic resonance imaging scans.Results: Patient underwent surgical treatment and pathological section confirmation revealing meningioma. The patient was a middle-age woman and had been misdiagnosed as suffering from glioma followed by slight hemipharesis on the right extremities.Conclusions: Although this is a rare case, it will be good if we always consider cystic meningioma in inter-hemispheric space when diagnosing this type of cystic lesion if the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) shows a cystic lesion mimicking glioma image presentation.Keywords: Cystic meningioma, interhemispheric space, magnetic resonance imaging, diagnosis DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v4n1.686

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