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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 72 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)" : 72 Documents clear
Perbedaan Kesiapsiagaan Operator SPBU dalam Menghadapi Kebakaran dengan Kapasitas Operasional yang Berbeda Nurjanah, Ria; Lestantyo, Daru; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Emergency preparedness is part of disaster management process to ensure that actions to be taken immediately after a disaster occur are appropriate, fast and effective actions. Gas station is a infrastructure provided by a distributor of fuel oil for the wider community to meet fuel needs. Gas station operators have a high risk because most fires occur during refueling. The purpose of this research is to analyze differences in preparedness with different operational capacities, analyze the corelation of knowledge, attitudes and fire protection facilities to operator preparedness in the face of fires at Undip Gas Station and Meteseh Gas Station. The type of research used is quantitative by using a cross-sectional study. The sample used in this study is the entire population with a total of 37 people. Questionnaire and observation checklist were used as the instruments of this research. The observation sheet was used to check the suitability of existing fire protection facilities with the prevailing standards in Indonesia. The statistical analysis used was the chi-square test, mann whitney and sign-test. The results showed that there were no differences in gas station operator preparedness with different operational capacities (p=0.588), there was a relation between attitude and operator preparedness (p=0.025),  no relation between knowledge (p=value 1,000) and fire protection facilities (p=0.833) with operator preparedness. Researcher suggested holding training and simulations for operators regarding fire preparedness, the use of fire extinguishers, and inspection of fire extinguishers. 
ANALISIS FAKTOR MANUSIA DAN LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP KECELAKAAN LALU LINTAS (Studi pada Pengemudi Travel PO.X di Ruas Jalan Curup – Lubuk Linggau, Kabupaten Rejang Lebong, Bengkulu) Oktegianda, Adinda Vashia; Kurniawan, Bina; Suroto, Suroto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Jalan Curup - Lubuk Linggau merupakan jalan nasional sebagai jalur utama yang menghubungkan provinsi Bengkulu dan provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Jalan ini memiliki banyak daerah rawan kecelakaan sehingga mempunyai tingkat risiko kecelakaan lalu lintas yang cukup tinggi. Angka kecelakaan sejak tahun 2015-2017 terus meningkat dan pada tahun 2018 angka tersebut menurun namun korban meninggal masih tetap tinggi. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis faktor manusia dan faktor lingkungan terhadap kecelakaan lalu lintas di ruas jalan Curup – Lubuk Linggau. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan deskriptif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan metode wawancara mendalam kepada 4 orang informan utama dan 4 orang informan triangulasi serta observasi terhadap perilaku pengemudi dan kendaraan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor manusia yang menjadi penyebab kecelakaan lalu lintas yakni faktor awareness dan faktor anticipation. Faktor awareness meliputi melanggar batas kecepatan kendaraan, tidak menjaga jarak aman, melanggar rambu lalu lintas,mengemudi dalam keadaan lelah, sedangkan faktor anticipation meliputipengemudi yang tidak melakukan pengecekan pada semua bagian kendaraan, dan pengemudi masih sering melakukan kegiatan lain yang mengganggu konsentrasi. Faktor lingkungan yang dapat mempengaruhi kecelakaan adalah permukaan jalan yang berlubang, desain jalan yang banyak tikungan tajam/turunan/tanjakan, penerangan jalan yang kurang, dan marka yang sudah tidak terlihat. Saran peneliti perlu adanya peraturan tertulis untuk melakukan pengecekan kondisi kendaraan, pemeliharaan drainase, dan pengawasan beban tonase kendaraan.
Analysis of The Use “RSPWC Mobile” Online Registration Application in Complexity Perspective Patients BPJS in Pantiwilasa Citarum Hospital Semarang Rakhmaningtyas, Annisa; Jati, Sutopo Patria; Budiyanti, Rani Tiyas
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Long queue and waiting time in outpatient registration place at Pantiwilasa Citarum Semarang Hospital are becoming problems among BPJS patient. In order to solve this problem, Pantiwilasa Citarum Semarang Hospital develops an innovation of online based registration called RSPWC Mobile for androids. The innovation has not been utilized in maximum by BPJS patients. Thus, this research aims to determine the factors which are associated with the decision of usage for the application. This quantitative research are conducted with cross-sectional study. Questionnaire were given to 100 respondents or Patients with the criteria of those who have not yet used the RSPWC application and have medical record number. The data processing used is univariat and bivariat analytical method with chi square statistic test. The results of the study show that the variables which are signicifantly correlated to BPJS patients decision to use RSPWC mobile are relative advantages (p=0.016), compatibility (p=0.028), complexity (p=0.038), and observe abilities (p=0.009). The variable which is not significantly correlated is tested ability (p=0.322). The hospital is advised to add costumer care services menu for the users to give the feedbacks and the RSPWC Mobile application can saved files the first time are used to avoid repetition.
ANALISIS PENGGUNAAN SEKAM PADI DAN JERAMI SEBAGAI PEREDAM SUARA MESIN DIESEL PADA TINGKAT KEBISINGAN LINGKUNGAN KERJA PENGGILINGAN PADI khakim, Syarah nuur; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Kebisingan dapat menyebabkan kecelakaan dan PAK. Upaya pengendalian kebisingan salah satunya adalah pengendalian pada sumber bising dengan pemasangan peredam suara. Sekam padi dan jerami memiliki kandungan lignocellulose dengan sifat penyerapan suara yang baik. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu menganalisis pemanfaatan sekam padi dan jerami sebagai peredam suara pada mesin diesel untuk menurunkan kebisingan serta pengaruh pada tekanan darah pekerja sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan. Jenis penelitian adalah eksperimen menggunakan one group pre-test post-test design. Pengukuran intensitas kebisingan dengan menentukan tiga titik pengukuran. Pada titik 1 mengalami penurunan dari 91,16 dBA menjadi 84,52 dBA (p=0,000), titik 2 turun dari 93,33 dBA menjadi 85,02 dBA (p=0,000) serta titik 3 dari 90,14 dBA turun menjadi 80,89 dBA (p=0,018). Hasil analisa uji beda dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% menghasilkan p < 0,05 untuk semua titik sehingga membuktikan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan. Rata-rata tekanan darah sebelum pemberian peredam mengalami kenaikan dari 131,6/72,8 mmHg menjadi 134,6/75,4 mmHg. Sedangkan setelah pemberian peredam mengalami penurunan dari 128/71 mmHg menjadi 122,2/67,2 mmHg. Hasil analisis paired t-test dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95% didapatkan p sistoik = 0,014 dan p diastolik = 0,009 (p < 0,05) membuktikan terdapat perbedaan tekanan darah secara signifikan. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa setelah pemberian peredam dari sekam padi dan jerami dapat menurunkan intensitas kebisingan dan tekanan darah pada pekerja usaha penggilingan padi.
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK IBU DALAM MELINDUNGI KELUARGA DARI PAPARAN ASAP ROKOK Sitorus, Rahayu; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Kusumawati, Aditya
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Background: Exposure from cigarette smoke is dangerous because it can cause lung cancer and cardiovascular damage, and can damage lung and respiratory health in children. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors related to maternal practice in an effort to protect families from exposure to cigarette smoke. Methods:  This type of research is descriptive analytic, quantitative approach, cross sectional research design with a sample of 97 respondents (mothers who have children and husbands in Sawah Besar Village, Gayamsari District, Semarang City). the instrument used in the form of a questionnaire with interviews. Data analysis used is univariate and bivariate with chi-square test. Results: The results showed that the respondent's age was dominated by age ≥ 41 years with the last education graduating from junior high school / equivalent. Respondents did not work at 62.9%. The results showed that the age of the respondent (p = 0.031), knowledge (p = 0.005) and perceived barriers (p = 0.012) were related to the practice of mothers in an effort to protect families from exposure to cigarette smoke. Educational level variables (p = 0.685), employment (p = 0.685), perceptions of vulnerability (p = 0.878) and perceptions of seriousness (p = 0.501) were not related to maternal practices in an effort to protect families from exposure to cigarette smoke.  Conclusion: It is necessary to increase parents' awareness of mothers in particular to the dangers of cigarette smoke to family members and the existence of more supervision on the activities of family members who have the opportunity to be exposed to cigarette smoke.
Beberapa Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Penggunaan Sistem Informasi oleh Penyuluh KB terhadap Kelengkapan Laporan Kampung KB di Kota Semarang Triani, Novita; Dharmawan, Yudhy; Dharminto, Dharminto; Mawarni, Atik
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Secondary data of Kampung KB report showed that the lack of use of Kampung KB information system was due to the lack of user’s motivation and self confidence, thus encouraging incomplete reports of Kampung KB. The purpose of this study is to analyze several factors related to the use of web based information system to Kampung KB report completion. This study was an explanatory research. Study population were family planning counselors and the sampling technique was total sampling. Research analysis were univariate and bivariate. Univariate analysis showed that the completeness of Kampung KB reports varies from 0% to 100% which is only 28,6% categorized as complete. Bivariate analysis showed that there are correlation between perceived ease of use, self confidence, dan motivation with the use of Kampung KB information system (pvalue < 0,05). But there are no correlation between perceived ease of use, self confidence, dan motivation with reports completeness through the use of information system as an intervening variable (pvalue > 0,05). This study provides suggestions to improve user’s skill, self confidence, and motivation in using Kampung KB information system through training and supervising.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN TENTANG PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE (DBD) DENGAN PRAKTIK PENGGUNAAN INSEKTISIDA RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN TEMBALANG Setiawan, Didik; Ginandjar, Praba; Hestiningsih, Retno; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Pengendalian vektor Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) dengan menggunakan insektisida rumah tangga masih dilakukan kurang tepat waktu dan sasaran. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penelitian terkait hubungan pengetahuan tentang pengendalian vektor dengan praktik penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik dengan metode cross-sectional melalui pendekatan kuantitatif. Variabel penelitian ini adalah pengetahuan tentang vektor, pengetahuan tentang insektisida rumah tangga, sikap terhadap penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga, praktik penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga, formulasi dan bahan aktif insektisida rumah tangga. Sampel penelitian ini diambil secara proporsional random sampling yang berjumlah 180 orang. Data diperoleh dari wawancara menggunakan kuesioner kepada responden. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik Chi-Square dengan derajat kepercayaan 95 %. Hasil penelitian menjukkan bahwa sebagian besar formulasi dan bahan aktif insektisida rumah tangga yang digunakan adalah semprot (36,3 %) dan Preletrin (21,0 %). Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan tentang vektor Demam Berdarah Dengue ( DBD) dengan praktik penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga (p=0,816>0,05). Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan insektisida rumah tangga (p=0,017<0,05) dan sikap terhadap penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga (p=0,000<0,05) dengan praktik pengunaan insektisida rumah tangga. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah praktik penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga berhubungan dengan pengetahuan tentang insektisida rumah tangga dan sikap terhadap penggunaan insektisida rumah tangga akan tetapi tidak berhubungan dengan pengetahuan tentang vektor Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD).
FAKOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KESIAPAN MITIGASI KEBAKARAN PADA POM BENSIN MINI (Studi di Kecamatan Banyumanik dan Tembalang Kota Nisak, Khoirotun; Kurniawan, Bina; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

A mini gas station was place to sell retail fuel oil (BBM) using a manual pump equipment with storage tube and digital calculations. Safety standards at mini gas stations were not really good yet. There were mini gas stations that did not have fire extinguishers (APAR) or traditional fire extinguishers arround the mini gas station area. There was an incident of fire in mini gas station that was located in Kudus which burned the owner's house and one person was injured. This study was to analyze factors related to fire mitigation readiness at a mini gas station. It was quantitative research by using a cross-sectional study. The population in this study were 20 mini gas station workers. The sample that was used was total sampling technique with 20 respondents. Data collected by questionnaire consist of questions and observations. The statistical analysis used was chi-square test. Based on result variable that related to fire mitigation readiness were years of work(p-value = 0.020), knowledge (p-value = 0.005), application of work procedures (p-value = 0.005). While variables that were not related to fire mitigation readiness were age (p-value = 0.628), gender (p-value = 1,000), education level (p-value = 0.582), and work motivation (p-value = 0.057). Suggestions that could be applied at mini gas stations were increase knowledge and hold training through coaching directly from owners or providers to improve skills workers in fire mitigation.
Rat Density of Leptospirosis Case in Puskesmas Ngemplak Boyolali Regency Firdaus, Muhamad Zulfikar; Hestiningsih, Retno; Martini, Martini; Wuryanto, M. Arie
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacterial infection of Leptospira sp and a animals disease that can be transmitted to humans. Bacteria Leptospira live in the body of an infected animal and will come out with the animal's urine. Rats as a host acts as a reservoir plays an important role in the epidemiology of disease transmission and its close to human life that can be deadly, namely leptospirosis. This research is a descriptive study with a cross-sectional case study method. The variables of this study are the type of rat, sex of the rat, trap success, number of rats, density of Rats. Sampling by placing live-trap in a place that has sign traces of rats in 4 houses of leptospirosis patients and 14 houses around each house of leptospirosis patients. Sample size depends on the number of rats that are caught during this study. The results of the study showed that 14 male rats and 27 female rats were caught. Total number of rats caught was 41 rats with a success trap of 17.1% in dense category. Rats were caught from two types, namely Rattus tanezumi (rat's house) as many as 15 with an average weight of 202 gram and Rattus norvegicus (sewer rat) as many as 26 with an average weight of 239 gram.
Hubungan Antara Stres Kerja Dengan Kecelakaan Kerja Pada Pekerja Bagian Bekisting PT Kontsruksi X Di Kota Semarang Farid, Muhammad Miftah; Jayanti, Siswi; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Accident is undesirable events that can cause harm to individuals and companies. The highest accident rate in the current era is in the construction sector. Accidents are caused by several factors including management factors, basic causes and direct causes. The basic causes consist of personal factors and work factors. Personal factors that affect workplace accidents include physical, psychological, work stres and individual characteristics. Construction work has a high demand for work so that it becomes one of the factors arising from work stres symptoms in construction workers. This study aimed to analyze relationship between  job stres and occupational accident on formwork construction worker Company X in Semarang City. This type of research is quantitative using cross-sectional study. The population in this study is 70 Formwork Construction Workers X in Semarang City. The sample used in the study using total sampling so that the respondent is a total of 70 respondents. The research instrument used was a questionnaire. The statistical analysis used is chi-square test. The results showed that there is a relationship between job stres with work accident with p-value (0.001). Researchers suggest that it could hold a joint exercise to make the worker's body becomes relaxed.

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