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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 47 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)" : 47 Documents clear
HUBUNGAN KONDISI LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA ANAK BALITA DI KECAMATAN PACITAN KABUPATEN PACITAN Sari, Delima Kurnia; Rahardjo, Mursid; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

During the last 3 years the incidence of pneumonia in Pacitan District fluctuated. The highest pneumonia incidence in 2017 was in Pacitan subdistrict with 146 cases with incident rate in 2017 was 38 per 1000 children. This study aimed to analyze the physical environmental of house factors associated with pneumonia in under-five children in Pacitan district. This research used observational analytic study with case control design. Samples in this research were 80 children aged 12-59 months  consisting of 40 case groups and 40 control group with age and sex of the children matching. Analysis of data using chi square test and Odds Ratio (OR). The result showed the majority of respondents' houses had wall types, occupancy density, proportion of house ventilation that fulfilled the requirements. Respondent's house has a range of room temperature ranging from 26.3 ºC -32.8 ºC and room humidity level 47.5% -77%. There were 4 related variables from 9 variabels such as  the presence of family members who smoked (p-value=0,035; OR=3,116; 95%CI=1,184-8,200), use of mosquito coils (p-value=0,034; OR=9,750; 95%CI=1,158-82,108), type of floor (p-value=0,042; OR=3,400; 95%CI=1,156-9,996) and lighting intensity (p-value=0,001; OR=7,364; 95%CI=2,204-24,602). It can be concluded that there is a relationship between condition of physical environment at home with pneumonia in children under five years in Pacitan district.
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN PESTISIDA DENGAN TEKANAN DARAH DIASTOLIK PADA PETANI HORTIKULTURA DESA KAPUHAN KECAMATAN SAWANGAN KABUPATEN MAGELANG Nurkhayati, Siti; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Cultivated by farmers in Kapuhan Village is horticulture. The results of the preliminary study, the type of pesticide that is widely used is organophosphate class of insecticides which use exceeds the dose. When spraying, farmers also do not use complete personal protective equipment. Hypertension in the Kapuhan Village in 2017 was found as many as 426 cases with a prevalence of 10.02%. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of pesticide exposure with diastolic blood pressure to horticultural farmers in Kapuhan Village, Sawangan District, Magelang. This research is an analytic  observational study with a cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted in five hamlets in the Kapuhan Village with a total of 60 respondents determined by the proportional allocation method. Statistical test results showed that there was a relationship on the working period to diastolic pressure (p = 0,000), on the dose variable to diastolic pressure (p = 0.005), as well as the variable storage of pesticides against diastolic pressure ( p = 0.015). There is no correlation between the variable length of work on diastolic pressure (p = 0.145), the frequency of spraying variable on diastolic pressure (p = 0.059), the personal protective equipment variable on diastolic pressure (p = 0.335). From this study it can be concluded that blood pressure is influenced by working period,  pesticide doses, and storage of pesticides. It is recommended to have regular blood pressure checks on farmers by health workers.
HUBUNGAN PAPARAN DEBU DENGAN KAPASITAS FUNGSI PARU PADA MASYARAKAT BERISIKO DI JALAN SILIWANGI – WALISONGO KOTA SEMARANG Nurhidayanti, Nabilah; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Semarang is the sixth largest city in the world with high vehicle growth. High road density on the street has an impact on increasing levels of air pollution on area. One of the high road density street in Semarang is Siliwangi ? Walisongo street. The result of dust measurement showed Siliwangi=533 µg/m3 and Walisongo=487 µg/m3. This study aimed to analyze the relationship of dust exposure with lung function in community at risk in Siliwangi ? Walisongo sreet, Semarang City. This research was an observational analytic research using cross-sectional approach. It was conducted on 30 risky communities at Siliwangi-Walisongo Street which was feasible by purposive sampling to be respondents. Measurement of inhaled dust levels using Personal Dust Sampler (? = 1.86 and SD = 1.192). Measurement of lung function of the community at risk using spirometer (?% FVC = 73.87, SD% FVC = 20.88 and ?% FEV1 = 76.6, SD% FEV1 = 21,961). Data were analyzed by using Rank Spearman test with (= 0,05). There was no statistically significant correlation between inhaled dust content and lung function capacity (FVC prediction value (p = 0.078) and average FEV1 (p = 0.097) in risky communities at Siliwangi - Walisongo Street, Semarang City. The use of cross-sectional study is not capable to represent a history of dust exposure before the study. Environmental factors and characteristics of respondents can be a potential factor in strengthening lung function disorders. This study recommends the community to use mask to reduce dust exposure. Health Office is expected to give the information of the dangers of air pollution and the prevention of the dust exposure risks by using proper mask and a better lifestyle.
EFEKTIVITAS MANGANESE GREENSAND DENGAN VARIASI DIAMETER DAN KETEBALAN MEDIA DALAM MENGURANGI KADAR TIMBAL (Pb) PADA LARUTAN PESTISIDA MENGANDUNG TIMBAL Putri, Indriyanti Agustina; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Budiyono, Budiyono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Agricultural activities use fertilizers and pesticides to optimize agricultural produce. About 99.9% of pesticides used enter and pollute the environment causing health problems. Preliminary test results show that lead levels in agricultural waste and pesticide solutions exceed the specified quality standards. This research aims to find out the effectiveness of manganese greensand with various diameter and thickness to reduce lead content in pesticide solutions. This research uses quasi experiment with control group design. The sample used was an artificial pesticide solution. Data analysis was performed by two way ANOVA test with 95% significancen level. The results showed that the lead level before treatment was 0.238 mg/l. After treatment with manganese greensand with variations in diameter and thickness of lead content decreased, with the highest decrease in variations in diameter of 30 mesh and thickness of 35 cm with a percentage of 52.32%. Based on the two way anova test the p-value is > 0,05, it known that there is no significant difference between treatments. The conclusion of this study is that manganese greensand can reduce lead levels in pesticide solutions with an average of 37.04%, but have not been able to reduce lead levels meet requirment.
HUBUNGAN KONSENTRASI SPM DAN KONDISI CUACA UDARA AMBIEN DENGAN ANGKA KEJADIAN ISPA PADA BALITA DI KECAMATAN SEMARANG BARAT TAHUN 2015-2017 Indi, Endah Rinsania; Budiyono, Budiyono; Suhartono, Suhartono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

The increasing number of transportation and industry in West Semarang District has caused the increasing of air pollution production, one of them is Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM). The measurements of SPM concentration in West Semarang District on September 2015, August 2017 and September 2017 had exceeded the quality standards (240,95; 243,82; 230,35 µg/m3). This SPM concentration could be causing of ARI on children under five years. The incidence of ARI on children under five years in West Semarang shows an increasing trendline with prevalence of 13,4% in 2017. This study purposed to analyze the relationship between SPM concentration and ambient air weather condition and the incidence of ARI on children under five years. This research was an observational analytic research using time trend ecological study design. Pearson and Rank-Spearman correlation test are used as the data analysis method. The results showed, the average incidence of ARI on children under five years was 296 cases, SPM concentration was 152,76 µg/m3, air temperature was 28,21ºC, air humidity was 77%, and rainfall was 194,72 mm/month. There were no correlation between the incidence of ARI on children under five years and SPM concentration (p=0,263; r=-0,192), air temperature (p=0,872; r=0,028), air humidity (p=0,560; r=0,101) and rainfall (p=0,612; r=0,087). The conclusion of this study is the factor of SPM concentration and ambient air weather were not correlation with the incidence of ARI on children under five years in West Semarang District during 2015 - 2017.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PRAKTIK 3M DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KAYEN KABUPATEN PATI Rahmawati, Ulfah; Joko, Tri; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

One of the diseases that include extraordinary events is Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). The incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever is strongly influenced by existing environmental conditions and eradication of mosquito breeds such as 3M practices. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between physical environmental factors of the house and 3M practices at Puskesmas Kayen work area in the Pati district. The variables in this research are 3M practice (cover, drain and bury) and environmental factors (breeding place and resting place inside and outside the house). This research is an observational research with cross sectional study approach. The population in this study is the community of DHF patients recorded at puskesmas Kayen work area in the pati district and non-dengue fever with 60 respondents. Sampling using the latest data by using sampling technique is purposive sampling. The data in this research is obtained from direct interview and observation. Then, the results of data that have been collected and analyzed using chi square with 95% confidence level followed by calculate the risk / value of OR. The results of this study indicate a relationship between the resting place / resting place outside the home (p = 0.038, OR = 3,5), the practice of closing the water reservoir (p = 0.019, OR = 4,125) and the practice of draining the water reservoir (p = 0.004, and OR = 5.5). This study concludes the relationship of resting places outside the home, the practice of draining the water reservoir and the practice of closing the water reservoir with the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in the work area Puskesmas kayen Pati District. Therefore, it needs to be intensified PSN 3M campaign to the community to prevent DHF incidence.
GAMBARAN RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KABUPATEN BATANG DALAM PENERAPAN GREEN HOSPITAL DI KABUPATEN BATANG Alifiani, Rahmi Nur; Rahardjo, Mursid; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Batang District Hospital is a type C hospital that haven?t entirely applied environmental friendly hospital building concept that empowering the power of nature as a main resource with the result as feared in environmental management could pollute the environment. The purpose of this study is to review the quality of environmental in RSUD Kabupaten Batang toward the implementation of green hospital. This study is qualitative study with descriptive approach. Sampling for this study using purposive technique sampling consist of 8 main informants and 1 triangulation informant. Result for 10 assessment aspects show that leadership aspect had achieved 2 points, location and landscape had achieved 3 points, hospital building had achieved 2 points, energy efficiency had achieved 1 point, water conservation had achieved 2 points, hospital waste had achieved 4 points, chemical material had 0 poin, environmental hygiene and vector control had achieved 3 points, food processing had achieved 2 points, and air quality had achieved 2 points. Based on data that have been collected and point counting refers to Green Building Council Indonesia, WHO guidance, hospital PROPER assessment, Goverment Regulation of Public Works No. 02 year 2015, and Health Minister Decision No. 1204 year 2004 with percentage as much as 48,84% that had fulfilled standard score 21 points from maximal 43 points. Batang District Hospital had fulfilled the criteria as building that applied Green Hospital concept as the assessment from GBCI and had fulfilled minimum standard rating fulfillment as much as 20 points for the Silver rate. Gold rank can be achieved if it has met 25 points and Platinum rank with a minimum achievement of 31 points.
HUBUNGAN RIWAYAT PAPARAN PESTISIDA IBU SAAT HAMIL DENGAN KEJADIAN STUNTING ANAK USIA 2- 5 TAHUN (Studi Kasus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Sawangan 1, Kabupaten Magelang) Nurrohmah, Annisa Aulia; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Background: Stunting is identified by Z score index body-length-for-age. Z score index body-length-for-age children with stunting is lower than -2SD. Children with stunting have a risk of decreasing learning achievement, productivity and degenerative diseases in the future. Chemicals in the environment (xenobiotics) such as pesticides might cause stunting.Methods: It was an observational analytic research with case-control study design. The population in this study were mothers who had children aged 2-5 years in the Puskesmas Sawangan 1 work area. Samples were grouped into cases and controls with 51 subjects in each group. Primary data was obtained through interviews. Data were analyzed by univariate and bivariate using contingency coefficients.Results: Mixing pesticides (p = 0,022), washing spraying equipment (p = 0,021), spraying (p = 0,021) and completeness of PPE (p = 0,041) are associated with the incidence of stunting in children aged 2-5 years. While the duration of work (p = 0.061) and the presence of pesticides in the house (p = 0.208) does not associated with the incidence of stunting of children aged 2-5 years.
HUBUNGAN KEBISINGAN DI BANDARA HALIM PERDANAKUSUMA JAKARTA TIMUR TERHADAP GANGGUAN NON- AUDITORI PERMUKIMAN PENDUDUK WILAYAH BUFFER Hernayati, Magfira Adha; Joko, Tri; Dangiran, Hanan Lanang
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Noise is any sound that does not want to be heard and disturb the individual. This noise has an impact on health. Continually, Noise can cause non-auditori disturbances, such as communication, psychological, physiological problem and sleep disorder. The purpose of this research is to know the relation of noise at Halim Perdanakusuma airport to non-auditori impact of people in residental Buffer area. This research is an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. The sample of this research were 96 respondents and taken based cluster random sampling. Analysis on this research using Chi Square Test. The results show that there are 5 location that have a noise value> 75 WECPNL. The result of this reserch shows that there was related between perception of noise (p = 0.0001, OR = 1,9), age (p = 0,001, OR = 7,9), distance betwen house to airport (p = 0,003, OR = 7.9). Based on the analysis, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between Halim Perdanakusuma airport noise and residental area aroundthe airport. The airport are advised to cooperate with the local government to evaluate the impacts felt by the community and develop a noise control program.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP BAB, DAN KEPEMILIKAN SEPTIC TANK DENGAN STATUS ODF (OPEN DEFECATION FREE) DI KECAMATAN CANDISARI KOTA SEMARANG Pertiwi, Hadiati Sukma Ika; Rahardjo, Mursid; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

ODF (Open Defecation Free) is one of the conditions of a society has done a total sanitation that is not defecate carelessly.  In April 2018, Candisari has the lowest percentage of ODF from 16 sub districts in Semarang City which is 28% with 14% percentage of villages verified and 14% villages with sanitation access. Theapurposeaofathisaresearchaisatoaknowathearelationshipaof defecate behavior, defecate attitude, and avaiblability of septic tank. This research is analytic observational research with cross sectional study design. Total population on this research is 22.455 Heads of Families with 67 samples. Dataaanalysisausingaunivariateaandabivariate analysis withaChi Square statistical test (significance level=0.05). Respondents with good knowledge (56.7%), positive defecate attitude (50.7%), and have a septic tank (25.4%). The Chi Square test shows that there is correlationabetweenaknowledge of respondent (p=0.029), defecate attitude of respondent (p=0.000), and avaibility of septic tank (0.000) with ODF status. From this research, there is correlation between knowledge, defecate attitude and avaibility of septic tank with ODF status in Candisari sub district.

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