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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 118 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)" : 118 Documents clear
ANALISIS PERBEDAAN FUNGSI PARU PADA PEMULUNG BERDASARKAN KADAR DEBU TOTAL DI TPS SAMPAH KOTA SEMARANG Prinata, Mia Eka; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Scavenger is a community group that performs the activity of his work as parser trash in temporary landfill (TPS) and high-risk health disorders affected due to interact directly with the trash every day. Scavenger activity and means of transportation in the area temporary landfill produce high concentration of dust and cause a decrease in lung function capacity. This research aims to analyze the difference of lung function capacity (KVP and% VEP1%) on scavengers based on total dust concentration at TPS Semarang. This research is observational analytic study with cross-sectional approach. Data collection using the instrument is a questionnaire, spirometer and measurements of ambient dust concentration total. The research was conducted at three temporary landfill (TPS) in Semarang city, namely TPS Tembalang, Karangsaru, TPS and TPS Panggung Lor. Respondents taken in purposive sampling as many as 33 people. Total dust measurement results on the TPS Tembalang = 41,67 µ g/m3, TPS Karangsaru = 191.44 µ g/m3 and the TPS Panggung Lor = 254.32 µ g/m3. The results of the measurement of lung function capacity on scavenger using the spirometer as much 39.4% did not have a breakdown of pulmonary function (normal) Thirteen respondents and 60.6% (20 people) from 33 respondents underwent pulmonary function disturbances include mild restriction (39.4%), middle restriction (6.1%), heavy restriction (9.1%) and mixed (6.1%). The data were analyzed using one way anova test with significant level 95% (? = 0.05). The results of statistical tests the value of FVC (p = 0,135) and the value of FEV1 (p = 0,101) which means there is no difference in lung function capacity (FVC and FEV1% values) in the total dust concentration based on a scavenger at three temporary landfill (TPS) in the Semarang city. Conclusions on this research is the higher concentration of total dust in the polling stations, the higher the proportion of respondents who experienced lung function capacity impaired.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) PADA KARYAWAN PABRIK ROKOK PRAOE LAJAR DI SEMARANG Aprinta, Nindya Kurnia; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Indraswari, Ratih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD) is lung diseases characterized by airflow obstruction. COPD is one of the causes of death in high-to-low income countries. The distribution data of cases of COPD in Semarang City by 2015, there are 670 cases. One of the risk factors of COPD is the use of PPE especially can protect the respiration system. This research aimed to analyze the factors that relate to the behavior of PPE usage of tobacco factory?s employees.This was a quantitative research and cross-sectional study design. Using simple random sampling, the sample of this taken as many as 46 employees. Data collected by indepth interview using questionnaire and spirometry. This research use univariate and bivariate analysis.All respondents are women. Most respondents are in the age range 18-40 years (65,2%), only small amount of respondents non-school (4,3%), and most of respondents has a working period of less than 10 years (60,9%). Most of respondents have a good PPE usage behavior (65,2%). The chi-square test showed that working period (p=0,001), availability of work regulation (p=0,0001), coworking support (p=0,0001), and manager support (p=0,0001) are significantly related to usage PPE behavior on the tobacco factory?s employees. While the variables of age, education, occupation, knowledge of PPE usage, attitude of PPE usage, and availablity of PPE are not significantly related to PPE usage behavior of tobacco factory?s employees.It was suggested to the manager and the agency to provide direction on the use of PPE.
ANALISIS KECELAKAAN BUS RAPID TRANSIT (BRT) SEMARANG KORIDOR II TERMINAL TERBOYO – TERMINAL SISEMUT UNGARAN TAHUN 2016 Negara, Dharurendra; Jayanti, Siswi; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

BRT Corridor II is a public transport serving passengers with Terminal Terboyo  - Terminal Sisemut. There are eighteen cases of road accidents on BRT Corridor II in 2016. This study was conducted to analyze the cause of work accidents on roads and programs that have been done to reduce road accidents on BRT Corridor II driver. This type of research is descriptive research which is qualitative with in-depth interview and observation. Informants of this research are 2 drivers who have had an accident, 2 drivers who did not have an accident and operational officers. The results of this study indicate that there are 4 causes of work accidents on the road on BRT Corridor II driver in 2016 that are personal factors, job factors, substandard action, and substandard condition. Personal factors in question were long working hours and rest less, Job factors in question were the exceeds the limit of passenger charge. Substandard action in question were the lack of vigilance of the driver when driving that caused the collision, and other rider factors that hit the BRT. As for substandard condition in question were a vehicle inspection before driving less thorough and solid environment of the vehicle. The programs that had been implemented were new drivers' acceptance through complete requirements, meetings and briefing for drivers. Suggestions for the company are making a policy on K3, conducting scale health checks on workers, and evaluating the increase of passengers. While for workers is obeying work procedures and traffic regulations, conducting vehicle inspections correctly, and performing the passenger loading properly.
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PEKERJA, PROMOSI K3, DAN KETERSEDIAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) DENGAN PERILAKU TIDAK AMAN PADA PEKERJA MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE Setiarsih, Yunita; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Unsafe Behaviour is an act of workers who deviate from the principle of the HSE and safe procedure, which can cause accidents. Around 88% accident in work place caused from unsafe action. Action can be affected by predisposing factor, enabling factor and reinforcing factor.The aim of this study was to identify the association of worker characteristic, safety promotion and PPE availability inmechanical maintenance worker with unsafe action.This type of research is cross sectional study with observasional study and analytic.Population of this research is mechanical maintenance workerstotaling 57 people, and the sample in this study using total population method. Data was measured by filling questioner by respondent and observation by researcher. Statistical analysis is using Chi- Square correlation test with the results showed there are no correlation between age, job status, education level, job tenure, and knowledge with unsafe action (p value ?0,05). There are correlation between manner, supervision, training, and PPE availabilitywith unsafe action (p value <0,05). Company should give training to all workers,monitoring CSMS and KPI on contractor and give reward for workers that obedient and safe action.
Analisis Hubungan Tingkat Kerentanan Penduduk Wilayah Pantai Kota Semarang Akibat Banjir Rob dengan Status Kesehatan Faiqoh, Fiona; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Budiyono, Budiyono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

 Tidal inundation always occurs every year in Semarang City and it has been threatening Semarang for years, especially the northern area of Semarang. One of the areas that exposed the most by tidal inundation and has a high severity level is Kelurahan Bandarharjo. Tidal inundation in that area can result in a wide variety of impacts in various aspects, particularly in terms of health aspect. The negative impacts of tidal inundation will increase the vulnerability of coastal communities to tidal inundation. A vulnerability is the degree to which a system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with adverse impacts of environmental change. There are three components of vulnerability, which are exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. This study aims to analyze the relationship between the vulnerability index due to tidal flood and health status of coastal communities in Semarang. The research design conducted in this study was descriptive analitics study with cross sectional approach. The sample of this study is 92 inhabitants of RW 01 Kelurahan Bandarharjo. The results showed that the average index of exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity and vulnerability due to tidal inundation is moderate. Also, there is no significant correlation between exposure index (p = 0,389) and adaptive capacity index (0,071) with health status. While, sensitivity index (p = 0,007) and vulnerability index (p = 0,001) showed a significant correlation with health status. The conclusion of this study is the vulnerability of communities due to tidal inundation affects their health status negatively.
Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Praktik Antenatal Care pada Remaja dengan Kehamilan Tidak Diinginkan (Study di Wilayah UPT Puskesmas Ponjong 1 Kabupaten Gunungkidul) Wakhidah, Endah Nur; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Indraswari, Ratih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

A good Antenatal Care (ANC) is needed by teenagers with unwanted pregnancy to keep the mother and baby healthy and to prevent complication on pregnancy, giving birth, and antenatal period. Data from SDKI in 2012 showed that 10% of teenagers already became mothers. The amount of giving birth cases in DIY on 2015 is 1078, with Gunungkidul Regency being the first, i.e.: 405 cases. On the year of 2014, unwanted pregnancy in Gunungkidul was 188 cases;on 2015, it has been increased to be 158 cases. In UPT Puskesmas Ponjong I, 38% of teenagers experience unwanted pregnancy. On 2015, unwanted pregnancy cases in teenagers are increased to be 52%, i.e.: 24 from 46 pregnancies of teenagers. The aim of this research is to know the related factors of ANC practice in teenagers with unwanted pregnancy. This research is a qualitative research using cross sectional approach. The technique used is total sampling technique, i.e.: 43 teenagers with unwanted pregnancy on 2014 and 2015 in UPT Puskesmas Ponjong I. The collecting data is done by using interview and questionnaire methods. Data analysis is done by univariate and bivariate. All of respondents are on the category of end teenagers (15 ? 19 years old);most of them are 17 years old (39,5%) and graduated from Junior High School (79,1%). From the data, it is found that most of respondents have good knowledge about ANC (74,4%), have attitude of supporting ANC practice (76,7%), do ANC adequately (76,7%), less of cultural values support ANC practice (27,9%); then,  less of respondents are not reached the ANC access (41,9%), not reached on ANC cost (48,8%); most of official competencies are good (74,4%) most of respondents get support from the husbands/couple (74,4%), get support from parents (53,5%), and get support from their peers (60,5%). Related variable to the ANC practice is knowledge of ANC (p=0,043). Variables which not related to the ANC practice are attitude to ANC (p=0,362), cultural value (p=11), access affordability (p=0,067), cost affordability (p=0,162), official competencies (p=1,000), support from husbands/couple (p=1,000), support from parents (p=0,728), support from peers (p=0,269).
HUBUNGAN ANTARA FAKTOR ORGANISASI KERJA DAN BEBAN KERJA TERHADAP STRES KERJA PADA PEKERJA GALANGAN KAPAL DI PT.X Setyowati, Anis; Wahyuni, Ida; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Work of shipbuilding is one of the construction work that is very complex, where there was many kinds of work that must be done parallel. There was a deadline between order and delivery so that when passing through such a deadline will be subject to the penalty is very high so that pressing everyone involved in the industry shipbuilding to work according to the target. The condition that often causes the workers experience work stress. This study aims to analyze the correlation between the work organization factors and workload towards work stress shipbuilding workers in x company. The study is conducted in quantitative design with cross-sectional approach. The instrument used is pulsmeter (to measure their pulse), NASA TLX and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS). The population of shipbuilding workers are 180 workers using the Lemeshow formula and obtained in 124 subjects. Data colleting conducted by inquiries filled by the subjects. Results of statistical tests used Rank Spearmen test, the correlating factors are role in the organization (sig=0,007), career development (sig=0,014), the structure and climate of organization (sig=0,008), and mental workload (sig=0,039). While the non-correlating variables are relationship in the work (sig=0,825) and physical workload (sig=0,284). Thus the companies need to be held a morning exercise before worked so that the mind becomes fresh and can maintain the grounds of the body and can minimize stress.
EVALUASI KINERJA SISTEM PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH PT. COCA-COLA AMATIL INDONESIA CENTRAL JAVA Isnasari, Novi; Rahadjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia Central Java is a company producing soft drinks. Based on the data of liquid waste quality checks in December 2016 showed that phosphate (PO4) level of 2.708 mg / l is still above the standard of 2 mg / l. The purpose of this study is to determine the performance of waste water treatment system PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia Central Java is viewed from 5 aspects, the operational techniques, institutional, financing, regulation and community participation as well as knowing the influence of lime solution in lowering the liquid phosphate content. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative and quantitative method with design of quasi-experimental research. The sample used in this research are 4 employees of waste water treatment PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia and liquid waste PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia for experimental application of lime for 4 replications and analyzed using Krusskal Wallis and Mann Whitney analysis methods. The results showed effluent of liquid waste produced by PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia smelly, murky and dirty and the absence of environmental health experts in the processing of liquid waste, most of them are graduates of mechanical engineering graduates. There is influence of lime solution of various variations on the decrease of phosphate content of PT. Coca-Cola Amatil Indonesia (p-value <0,05 ie 0,001), with effective dose 5 ml and efficacy 83,66%.
TELAAH KESIAPSIAGAAN MANAJEMEN TERHADAP KONDISI DARURAT KEBAKARAN DI PT. X (PULP & PAPER) TAHUN 2017 Priambudi, Bagas Satrio; Kurniawan, Bina; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Fire is one of the disasters that can cause loss of life, material, decreased productivity, business interruption, and social losses. Fire prevention can be created by the policy of management to overcome fire, the organization of fire prevention, the existence of fire prevention procedures and fire training. The purpose of this study is to analyze the preparedness of management in the face of fire emergency at PT. X. This research is descriptive research. Subjects in this study were OHS managers, Fire Supervisors, Head of Security and Role of Fire. Data obtained through in-depth interviews and observation methods. The results of this study indicate that there is fire management covering procedures, risk assessment, human resources provision, emergency relief team, and fire prevention facilities and infrastructure running in accordance with its function, the fire management was established by the manager although not yet wearing the mark A special identifier, all fire fighters teams have been trained, already have coordinated emergency response procedures with local firefighters, have posts to anticipate emergencies, periodic training programs, have not held meetings every three months, have not held any training every six months Once, there is a procedure about the training procedures. The advice of this study for management is to provide a special identification to the fire management team to identify the identity and authority of the fire prevention team, conduct fire-fighting team meetings, at least every three months to discuss issues related to preparedness and fire prevention tips and to include All residents of the building, at least every six months to carry out fire rescue exercises to improve preparedness to cope with fires.
ANALISIS TINGKAT PENCEMARAN UDARA DI TERMINAL KOTA SEMARANG Fauziah, Dhita Ayu; Rahadjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Transport is a major source of air pollution. PM10 is a pollutant which is a health predictor and can cause vital pulmonary damage. Terminal is one of the high locations of air pollution due to the activity of motor vehicles. This study aims to measure the level of air pollution and the relationship between inhaled dust levels and vital capacity of lung at Semarang City Terminal. The type of research is observational analytic research with cross sectional approach. The population in this study is the air in Semarang City Terminal and 76 traders. The sample of this research is PM10 at 1 point on the three terminals with the number of respondents as many as 30 traders using purposive random sampling. The results of laboratory PM10 ambient air in Semarang City terminal is in the range 38.39 - 99.35 ?g/m3 and the inhaled dust levels of traders are in the range 0.83 - 3.33 mg/m3. Measuring the pulmonary vital instrument of traders shows the normal results of 13 traders and 17 traders are not normal. The results of the research with Chi Square test showed that the association of inhaled dust content with vital capacity of lung (p = 0,024) and the presence of inhaled dust levels exceeding NAB (3 mg / m3) was an abnormal lung vital capacity risk factor (RP = 2.18) . The air quality in Semarang City Terminal is in good and medium category and there is correlation of inhaled dust level with vital capacity of lung at permanent traders at Semarang City Terminal.

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