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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
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Articles 111 Documents
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Keanekaragaman Jenis Rayap Tanah dan Dampak Serangan Pada Bangunan Rumah di Perumahan Kawasan Mijen Kota Semarang Savitri, Annisa; Martini, Martini; Yuliawati, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Termite attacks on buildings construction in Indonesia has become a major problem since the beginning until now, so that termites are known as pests. The residential development has after the habitats of termites that an impact on the narrowing of the environmental termites and reduce termite food source. So this led to the increasing of a termite attack. This research was conducted at kawasan Mijen Kota Semarang. The objectives of this research are to identify the type of subterranean termites and to know the impact of subterranean termites attack on house building. This research is descriptive with survey method and cross sectional approach. The samples in this study are building houses using purposive sampling and taking termite using accidental sampling technique. The result of this study showed that the termite species Macrotermes gilvus Hagen soldiers (71%) and Coptotermes curvignathus Holmgren (29%). The type of a house component that usually suffered a lot of damage is the door frame with the intensity (minimum damage). Therefore, it is necessary to attempt an anti-termite treatment for houses, to repair the damage building components immediately, to clean the wood, the trees that have died or other lignoselulosa material which related to the soil.
ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO GANGGUAN PENDENGARAN SENSORINEURAL PADA PEKERJA PT. X SEMARANG Marlina, Sinta; Suwondo, Ari; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Gangguan pendengaran sensorineural merupakan gangguan pada sistem sensor yang pada koklea. PT. X Semarang adalah perusahan manufaktur yang memproduksi lembaran baja seng. Di perusahaan tersebut, terdapat beberapa bagian kerja yang intensitas kebisingannya sudah melebihi NAB yaitu 86,9-93,6 dBA pada bagian produksi. Dari hasil audiometri, ditemukan 18 pekerja yang memiliki gangguan pendengaran sensorineural. Dari hasil medical checkup, diketahui terdapat 6 pekerja mengalami hipertensi, 6 pekerja mengalami diabetes mellitus, dan 15 pekerja mengalami hiperkolesterol.  Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor (intensitas kebisingan, usia, masa kerja, kedisiplinan penggunaan earplug, hipertensi, DM, dan hiperkolesterol) yang berpengaruh terhadap gangguan pendengaran sensorineural pada pekerja. Jenis penelitian ini observasional analitik dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 120 pekerja yang berasal dari bagian produksi, maintenance, dan administrasi. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 66 responden, dihitung secara proporsional sehingga didapatkan 29 responden berasal dari bagian produksi, 13 responden berasal dari bagian maintenance, dan 24 responden berasal dari bagian administrasi. Analisis multivariat dengan regresi logistik ganda menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang berpengaruh yaitu intensitas kebisingan (OR= 13,153: p= 0,002), usia (OR= 11,838: p= 0,033), dan riwayat hipertensi (OR= 14,368: p= 0,031). Disimpulkan bahwa intensitas kebisingan, usia, dan riwayat hipertensi merupakan faktor risiko gangguan pendengaran sensorineural pada pekerja di PT. X Semarang.
ANALISIS IMPLEMENTASI PENGINTEGRASIAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL DI PUSKESMAS HALMAHERA KOTA SEMARANG Rahmawati, Annisa; Jati, Sutopo Patria; Sriatmi, Ayun
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Government  wants to integrate traditional health care in the healthcare system, then some of the regulatory framework published. Including Permenkes no. 1109 tahun 2007, Kepmenkes no. 121 tahun 2008 and PP no 103 tahun 2014. The Government is also targeting the implementation of the integration of traditional health care in the Ministry of Health Strategic Plan 2015 - 2019, with indicators 15% Health Center organizes traditional medicine at 2015. In Semarang until mid 2015 only 3%(1) Public health center implement the integration of traditional health services which is Halmahera Health center.This study aimed to analyze the implementation of the integration of traditional health services in Puskesmas Halmahera Semarang. This research is a descriptive study using a qualitative approach. Collecting data with in-depth interviews. The informants are health workers implementing the integration of traditional health services in Halmahera Health center, Section Head of Pharmaceuticals, Food Beverage and Health Supplies, Head of Health Services Semarang City Health Office, Pharmaceutical and Food Supervisory Staff BPOM.Research shows the Halmahera health centers and DKK do not yet know the policy indicators, Nurses do not have SBRTPKA (Proof of Registration Complementary Alternative Healers)   and STTPKA (Letter of Complementary Alternative Healers Task Force) because of they does not know how to get SBRTPKA and STTPKA. There is no separate room for acupressure, there is no allocation funds for the program, they do not have Standard Operating Procedures. There are to high workload for nurse, doctors rarely suggest acupressure. Semarang do not have regulatory about alternative complementary medicine. The society has the will to utilize traditional health care, but they have objections about the cost of traditional health care utilization
Analisis Risiko Kerja Dan Upaya Pengendalian Bahaya Pada Petugas Pemadam Kebakaran Di Dinas Pemadam Kebakaran Kota Semarang Aini, Alfi Nur
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Semarang city has a relatively rapid development, making it the hub of government activities, the center of industrial activity, trade, transportation, and educational activity center, the center of tourist activities as well as socio-cultural activity centers. Fire event was also developed along with the development of Semarang. Firefighters as the party that plays an important role in firefighting has a high occupational risks. The purpose of this study was to analyze the risks of work that can be known efforts to control hazards at firefighters in Semarang City Fire Department. This research is a qualitative descriptive approach. The research sample consisted of firefighters Fire Department Semarang related to outage activities as many as 11 people. The survey results revealed danger as occupational risks experienced firefighters are physical hazards, chemical hazards, and electrical hazards, dangers of mechanical, biological hazards and danger of height. Efforts for control of the risks of existing work includes the provision of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), the shift rotation system in each platoon, providing training to broaden firefighters. Occupational risks faced by firefighters control varied and require a structured and comprehensive manner in order to prevent accidents when firefighters do fire fighting efforts at the fire location.
Uji Efikasi Ekstrak Batang Tembakau (Nicotiana spp.) untuk Pengendalian Rayap Tanah (Coptotermes spp.) Arbaiatusholeha, Rizki; Yuliawati, Sri; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Coptotermes spp. is one of the most harmful termites, because it can damage the wood and building. One of the controlling efforts is by using a tobacco stalk extract, due to the nicotine and other bioactive compounds and are toxic to the termite. This study aims to know the effectiveness of the tobacco stalk extract for termite control. This research is experimental study. The study is conducting for 21 days. Sample for each treatment is 150 termites, where each treatment is 0% (control), 1.3%; 2%; 3.4%; 6.8%; 9.7% with 5 repetitions. It is obtaining from pre-test. Termite mortality data, weight modification of feed paper, and termite consumption are analyzing with ANOVA and followed by Tukey test at 1% significant results. Lethal Concentration (LC) 50 and 90 are analyzing with Probit regression. The results show that the value of termites mortality on test Tukey is p<0,01. And the values of weight modification of paper and termite consumption on test Tukey are p<0,01. So there is significant difference on termite mortality. For weight modification of paper and termite consumption, there are significant differences. Unless the concentration of 1%; 2%; 3.4%; 6.8% and 9.7% are not significant. The values of Lethal Concentration (LC) 50 and 90 are 1,715% and 6.945%. The hope is the community can do termite control easily by utilizing the tobacco stalk.
PERILAKU PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN PADA WANITA DENGAN IVA (INSPEKSI VISUAL DENGAN ASAM ASETAT) POSITIFDI PUSKESMAS HALMAHERA DAN PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG Zulfa, Isti Awalina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer is the fourth most commonly found in women. In controlling cervical cancer, the Government have to give Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) test for early detection of cervical cancer. Abnormal ephytelium cell will give a description of acetowhite that called positive VIA. During October 2014 until juni 2015 Public Health Center of Halmahera and Public Health Center of Kedungmundu found 45 womans with positive VIA but only 24 womans of that want to go to Hospital. This fact show that there are a minimum health seeking behavior at women with Positive VIA. The Goal of this research is analyze health seeking behavior at women with Positive VIA in Public Health Center of Halmahera and Public Health Center of Kedungmundu. This type of research is descriptive analytic with cross sectional approach. Sample of this research are 35 womans with Positive VIA in Public Health Center of Halmahera and Public Health Center of Kedungmundu. From this research, we can find that from 35 womans with Positive VIA in Public Health Center of Halmahera and Public Health Center of Kedungmundu there are 21 womans didn’t find a health seeking behavior. Data analysis using chi square with a 95% confidence level. Statistical analysis showed that the variables have a relationship with health seeking behavior of positive VIA is education of health employer (p-value = 0.023), and experience (p-value = 0.039). while for variables that do not have a relationship with the health seeking behavior positive VIA is the age (p-value = 1.000), educational level (p-value = 1.000), age of first married (p-value = 0.727), family history of cancer (p-value = 0,400), work ( p-value = 0.727), sallary (p-value = 0.830), knowledge (p-value = 0.439), perception of susceptibility (p-value = 0.617), perception of seriousness (p-value = 0.407), perceived benefits (p-value = 0.056), perceived barriers (p-value = 1.000) , access of media information (p-value = 0.296). Suggestions of health employer to increase the health promotion of VIA,  positive VIA, and cervical cancer.
Perbandingan Efikasi Insektisida Rumah Tangga Oil Liquid terhadap Pengendalian Nyamuk Aedes aegypti dengan Metode Glass Chamber Suhada, Imam; Hestiningsih, Retno; Martini, Martini; Purwintasari, Susiana
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

High dengue cases in Indonesia to encourage the public to control the dengue vector. One vector control using insecticides liquid oil. More and more household insecticides used by the community lead to resistance in mosquitoes. The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of insecticides X, Y, Z on the control of Aedes aegypti mosquitos. Testing the power to kill 3 household insecticide products that contain active insecticide transflutrin 1.436 X, Y insecticide active ingredient praletrin 0.572 g / l, d alletrin 3.245 g / l, cyfluthrin 0.286 g / l, Z insecticide active ingredient Sipermetrin 1.00 g / l , imiprotin 0.50 g / l, praletrin 0.50 g / l. This research was conducted by entering the 20 mosquitoes in a glass chamber and then exposed to the insecticide and the observed number of mosquitoes that pass out with the time interval from 0.5 to 20 minutes. Anova test analysis results can be seen no difference in the number of mosquitoes that die with 3 insecticide. Knock-down time 50 (KT50) and KT90 fastest is insecticide X with 97.842 seconds, while for the Aedes aegypti mosquito KT90 took 516.366 seconds. Research must be done on a regular basis on the effective use of household insecticides and monitoring products on the market to avoid insecticide resistance
HUBUNGAN KUALITAS AIR MINUM DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BANYUASIN KECAMATAN LOANO KABUPATEN PURWOREJO (The Relationship Between The Quality Of Drinking Water and The Occurrence Of Diarrhea In Children Under Five Years In Aini, Nurul; Raharjo, Mursid; Budiyono, Budiyono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Diarrhea is defined as the passage of three or more loose or liquid stools per day (or more frequent passage than is normal for the individual). In 2014, the prevalence of diarrhea in children under five years is 12,2% out of 623 children under five years at PHC Banyuasin. The aim of this study was to prove the relationship between the quality of drinking water and the occurrence of diarrhea in children under five years at PHC Banyuasin. This research is an analytic observational with cross sectional approach. A sample of 80 out of 503 children under five years with proportional random sampling technique. Measurement type of drinking water sources and hygiene of cutlery and drinking utensil using interviews with respondents and observation. While the bacteriological quality of drinking water by MPN 5-1-1 test and IMVCM. The results of univariate analysis showed the percentage of diarrhea was 32.5%, not standard bacteriological quality was 43.8%, unprocessed drinking water sources was 78.8%, and uncleaned cutlery and drinking utensil was 91.2%. The results of bivariate analysis showed there was no relationship between the bacteriological quality of drinking water (p=0.764), the type of sources of drinking water (p=0.141), and the hygiene of cutlery and drinking utensil (p=1.000) and the occurrence of diarrhea in infants. The conclude from this study was proportion of toddler diarrhea was smaller, proportion of bacteriological quality of E. coli was smaller, proportion of unprocessed drinking water sources was greater, proportion of uncelaned cutlery and drinking utensil was greater, there was no relationship between the bacteriological quality of drinking water, the type of drinking water sources, the hygiene of cutlery and drinking utensils and the incidence of diarrhea in children under five years.
ANALISIS KESIAPAN ASOSIASI PENGOBAT TRADISIONAL TERHADAP RENCANA IMPLEMENTASI PERATURAN PEMERINTAH NOMOR 103 TAHUN 2014 TENTANG PELAYANAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL DI KOTA SEMARANG Murpratiwi, Ratna; Jati, Sutopo Patria; Suparwati, Anneke
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

The Government of the Republic of Indonesia considering to implement the provisions of Pasal 59 ayat (3) about traditional health care in Undang-Undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 about health, need to establish government regulation of Traditional health care, then demoted to Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 103 Tahun 2014 about traditional health ministry to revise Keputusan Menteri Nomor 1076 tahun 2003 about  traditional medicine and Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 1109 tahun 2007 about implementation of complementary medicine Alternative , which has been issued before.After the set appeared the response from the Association of Traditional Therapist in Semarang region. This research aims to identify the readiness of the Association of Traditional Thearapist in Semarang about the implementation plan of PP Nomor 103 Tahun 2014. This research is descriptive qualitative research with in-depth interviews. The subjects of these studies amounted to 6 people as the main informant and 5 people as informant triangulation. The main informant was chosen based on the type of traditional medicine, they are herb and skills, while the informant triangulation is the Parties assessed involved in the world of traditional medicine and health care.Unreadiness of the informant described which represent the two Traditional Therapist Associations, namely in terms of understanding the different policies, the attitude tends to be refused, the characteristics of the organization that are not ready, the relationships between the organizations is quite good, as well as resources and support of social, political, economic, which is quite conducive. Both the Association of  Traditional Therapist need to improve knowledge of the policy, to more open minded, improve quality, enhance the commitment of the Organization, and expanding communication with the others.
ANALISIS MANAJEMEN PELAKSANAAN PADA KESIAPSIAGAAN DAN TANGGAP DARURAT DI GEDUNG PERKANTORAN X Handayana, Maulana Said; Suroto, Suroto; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Office building X has an area of 52 753 m2 with a height of 120 m. As a multi-storey building, of course, office building X has a wide range of risk emergencies. This study aims to analyze the management of implementation on preparedness and emergency response in the office building X. This research is a descriptive qualitative in-depth interviews. The subject of this research consists of 5 person as the main informants and 3 person as the informant triangulation. The results showed that the management of office buildings X already have policies and commitments in terms of preparedness and emergency response. This is indicated by the emergency response procedures, the top management support such as funding and systemic policy, the emergency response organizations, the emergency communications, the emergency response infrastructure, the transportation of emergency response, the emergency response training, the emergency response simulation and evaluation of emergency response procedures. But the management of office buildings X doesn’t have a program for hazard identification and risk assessment, the emergency response procedures is not contain of information about protection facilities and equipment available as well as the duties and responsibilities of emergency response organizations, there are tenants which has not obtain information related to emergency response procedures, procedure has not been set for the recovery of labor conditions or facilities that were damaged, the top management has not actively participate in simulated emergencies, emergency response organization is not consist of building occupants and building managers, unavailability of backup emergency vehicles, unavailability of stretcher and evacuation chair, assembly point which can not accommodate all the building occupants, the recapitulation process of building occupants were evacuated when simulating emergencies requires a long time. The management of office buildings X should complement existing emergency response procedures as well as reviewing other supporting facilities such as the support of top management, emergency response organizations, emergency response infrastructure, emergency response transportation and emergency response training.

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