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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 63 Documents
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BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRAKTIK MEROKOK SANTRI DI PONDOK PESANTREN DARUT TAQWA KOTA SEMARANG Khoirunnisa, Arifiana; Prabamukti, Priyadi Nugraha; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Trend of age smoking continues to increase in the age group of 10- 14 years and 15- 19 years. Smoking behavior is often found in school including in Islamic boarding schools. At Darut Taqwa Islamic Boarding School in the middle September- december 2017, found 24 smoking students (25%). The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influencing the smoking practices of students at Darut Taqwa Islamic Boarding School in Semarang City. This research was a quantitative study with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were male students at the junior and senior high school level, the sample was taken with total sampling technique totaling 96 people. Data collection using questionnaires (questionnaire). Data analysis was carried out in univariate, bivariate and multivariate. The result showed the majority of respondents smoked (63.5%). The majority of the age in the early adolescent category are 12-16 years (68.7%) and have monthly allowance <Rp. 350,000 (56.3%). Most respondents have poor knowledge (51%), non-permissive attitudes (56.3%), Kiai (52.1%) support smoking practices and cigarettes easily accessible (55.2%). The related variables are monthly allowance (p=0.023), attitude (p=0.000), Kiai support (p=0.002) and ease of access to get cigarettes (p=0.000). The logistic regression test showed that the attitude towards smoking practice (p=0.009) was the variable that had the most significant influence of smoking practices (OR=4.408). This research is expected to be input to prevent the increasing number of adolescent smoking practices, especially students at islamic boarding school.
ANEMIA DAN KEK PADA IBU HAMIL SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH (BBLR) (Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Juwana Kabupaten Pati) Haryanti, Susi Yunita; Pangestuti, Dina Rahayuning; Kartini, Apoina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Low Birth Weight Babies (LBW) is one of the major nutrition problems that have an impact on neonatal mortality. The infant mortality rate (IMR) in Pati is ranked second in Central Java (8,4%). LBW prevalence in Indonesia is ranked ninth in the world. The prevalence of LBW cases in Pati Regency in 2017 was 3.7%. This study aims to prove that anemia and KEK of pregnant women as a risk factors for LBW infants in the working area of Juwana Health Center Pati Regency. This study was an observational analytic research with a case control approach. Sampling technique with quota sampling. Subjects were 20 cases of mothers who delivered LBW babies while in the control group as many as 20 were mothers who delivered to NBW babies. Data on hemoglobin levels and size of the upper arm circumference were taken from the children's maternal health books (book of MCH). Data on energy sufficiency level, protein sufficiency level, and iron intake were obtained by the Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Data analysis by chi-square test. Anemia prevalence in the study was 45% while the prevalence of CED was 42.5%. Anemic women trimester II with an average Hb level of 10.7 ± 1.35 g/dL The use of iron intake was not higher (95%) than mothers who were not anemic (40%). Mothers CED with LiLA size ranges 23.7 ± 1.24 cm times have energy intake (95%) and protein (40%) is lacking. The research variables which risk factors of LBW were anemia in mothers (p = 0.001, OR = 9.333), CED in mothers (p = 0.004, OR = 7.429). Exposure to cigarette smoke was a confounding variable that associated with the incidence of LBW (p = 0.027). Attention to the nutritional status of women of childbearing age and pregnant women so that it can be known as early as possible the risk factors for KEK and anemia to prevent LBW cases.
IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENYEBAB DROP-OUT ARV PADA PENDERITA TB-HIV DI KELOMPOK DUKUNGAN SEBAYA ARJUNA SEMARANG Fauziah, Sifa; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

HIV / AIDS is a disease caused by the HIV virus which causes a decrease in the immune system. Decreasing the immune system makes it easier for other diseases to attack the body. Tuberculosis is a disease that is most often suffered by someone who is infected with the HIV virus because the nature of the disease that is easily transmitted is supported by the body's condition with low immunity. Therefore, to improve the immune system the body of a person with HIV is required to consume ARV for life. Consumption of antiretroviral drugs for a lifetime causes a person to experience burnout, so dropping out or dropping from taking antiretroviral. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that cause drop-out of ARV in patients with TB-HIV in the Arjuna Peer Support Group Semarang. This type of research is qualitative research with in-depth interviews. The population studied were 7 research subjects who were members of the Peer Support Group and 2 subjects were triangulation. Factors identified as causing ARV drop-outs in TB-HIV patients include knowledge, attitudes towards ARV treatment, side effects of ARVs, access to health services, health care facilities, service satisfaction from health workers, family support, partner support, community support, support from health workers, and support from peer support groups.
HUBUNGAN DESINFEKSI SINAR ULTRAVIOLET (UV) DENGAN KUALITAS BAKTERIOLOGIS AIR MINUM PADA DEPOT AIR MINUM ISI ULANG (DAMIU) (Studi di Kecamatan Pontianak Selatan Kota Pontianak) Navratinova, Sustika; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Tarwatjo, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The increase in the number of depots must be accompanied by monitoring the quality of safe drinking water for the public as consumers. There are several causes of drinking water in the depot contaminated with coliform bacteria, one of which is the lack of UV light disinfection in the drinking water treatment process. This disinfection process is very important in the process of drinking water in killing coliform bacteria. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of UV light disinfection process with bacteriological quality in DAMIU in the South Pontianak Subdistrict, Pontianak City. This study is an analytic observational study with a cross sectional study design approach. The sample from this study was 30 DAMIU in South Pontianak Sub-district which was taken based on purposive sampling. Data analysis using Chi Square Test. The measurement results are 4 DAMIU which have a less good lamp usage period, 16 DAMIU with a long time to fill the water into a bad gallon, 30 DAMIU has a lamp size that meets the requirements. 6 DAMIU does not meet the bacteriological quality requirements for raw water. 7 DAMIU does not fulfill hygiene sanitation requirements and bacteriological quality of drinking water. The results of the relationship indicate that there is a relationship between hygiene sanitation (p = 0,000) with bacteriological quality of drinking water. However, there was no significant relationship between the use of UV lamps (p = 1,000), the duration of filling water into gallons (p = 1,000), and the bacteriological quality of raw water (p = 0.120) with bacteriological quality of drinking water. The conclusion of this study is that there is no correlation between UV light disinfection process and bacteriological quality of drinking water. It is recommended to the related agencies to keep conducting guidance and checking the quality of DAMIU water regularly.…………………………………….
HUBUNGAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KARANGANYAR KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN Samiyati, Menik; Suhartono, Suhartono; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Diarrhea is a disease with high cause of death of toddlers, so that this disease is considered a health problem that cannot be dealt of developing country. Karanganyar’s Health Center is a working area with the discovery of high diarrheal diseases in Pekalongan Regency in 2017 with 333 toddler cases. The sanitation condition of the home environment is a factor causing diarrhea. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship of home environmental sanitation with the case of diarrhea in toddlers in the working area of the Karanganyar’s health center in Pekalongan. The study used a cross sectional approach with a sample of 64 respondents. The results showed that 54.7% of toddlers who suffered from diarrhea with clean water facilities did not meet the requirements 71% unsafe drinking water sources 65% of the toilet conditions did not meet the requirements 72.5% of sewerage did not meet the requirements 55.8% of floor’s types were not 100% waterproof. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that the variable of clean water facilities p=0.022, the condition of drinking water facilities p=0.010, the toilet conditions p=0.010, the sewerage p=1.000, and the type of floor p=0,497. It was concluded that there was a significant relationship between the condition of clean water facilities and the condition of the toilets in the working area of the Karanganyar’s Health Center in Pekalongan Regency.
ANALISIS SPASIAL KEPADATAN LARVA PADA WILAYAH KASUS DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO KOTA SEMARANG Supriyanto, Wahyu; Ginandjar, Praba; Hestiningsih, Retno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Sendangmulyo Village is one of the dengue endemic areas with the 4th highest incident rate (IR) in Tembalang District. One of the factors that influence the incidence of dengue is the high density of Aedes spp. larvae. Be required control strategies affectively and efficiently. To support the success of efforts to eradicate the vector, dengue entomology surveys is a must by using House Index (HI), Container Index (CI), and Breteau Index (BI). Spatial analysis in GIS can be used determine the pattern of distribution and areas of dengue potential transmission. The purpose of this study was to spatially analyze the presence and density of Aedes spp. larvae in the area of dengue cases in Sendangmulyo Village, Semarang City. This research is an observational descriptive study with a spatial approach. The number of samples is 244 houses, the minimum sample taken in the case area as many as 20 houses consisting of houses affected by dengue cases and houses around 19 houses with a radius of 50 meters.. The results of overlaying the density of Aedes spp. larvae in the area of RW 10, RW 16, RW 23, RW 25 and RW 28, Sendangmulyo Village is at a high risk of transmission with HI>10%. Whereas in RW 28 and RW 30 which have HI values of 9%, indicating that the two locations are sensitive or vulnerable to DHF (HI> 5%).
PERILAKU MEROKOK ELEKTRIK (VAPING) PADA KOMUNITAS SEMARANG VAPE TRICKS Nugraheni, Dwi Lutfi; Prabamukti, Priyadi Nugraha; Widjanarko, Bagoes
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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WHO states that Indonesia has the highest number of teenage smokers in the world. Various efforts have been made to reduce the tobacco epidemic, one of them is by switching to e-cigarettes. But in 2010, WHO no longer recommended its use as NRT because several studies found the substances that could be toxic and carcinogenic so that it was declared not to fulfill the safety factor. The phenomenon of electronic cigarettes is quite popular among young people, electronic cigarette used to be one of the alternative therapeutic media for conventional cigarette addicts, but now the function is shifted become a lifestyle and even an arena of achievement.The purpose of this study is to describe the behavior of electricity smoking (vaping) on Komunitas Semarang Vape Tricks. This study used qualitative method. The research subjects were 10 people who were obtained using purposive sampling method. Data collection was carried out through in-depth interviews. The results show that the subjects of the study have smoking history which is divided into 3 categories including beginners (never do conventional smoking), transition (from conventional cigarettes to electronic cigarettes) and dual users (electric cigarette users and conventional cigarette users as well). Almost all research subjects were accute smokers and long-time users of electronic cigarettes. it is suspected due to the lack of knowledge regarding the dangers of e-cigarettes, its negative attitudes and perceptions of e-cigarettes, the support of friends and family to use electronic cigarettes, the availability of electronic cigarettes and liquids, affordable price of electric cigarettes and liquids, and the existence of a legal status on e-cigarettes, in addition to the alleged sponsorship and endorsement of electronic cigarette brewers has contributions to the behavior of the research subjects in electricity smoking.
ANALISIS WAKTU TUNGGU PADA PELAYANAN UNIT LABORATORIUM RUMAH SAKIT IBU DAN ANAK SWASTA X KOTA JAKARTA Junjungsari, Fidyanti Shabrina; Arso, Septo Pawelas; Fatmasari, Eka Yunila
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The waiting time at laboratory services is still often a problem in some hospitals and has an impact on the quality of the hospital. Patients at Jakarta City X Private Owned Women and Children Hospital complained about the length of the waiting time in laboratory service, especially during peak hours. Achievements of the laboratory waiting time indicator still do not meet the standards set by the Jakarta City X Private Owned Women and Children Hospital. This purpose of this study is to describe and identify the factors that lead to long periods of waiting time in laboratory service. This research is a quantitative research and qualitative research. The data of this research were collected with an observation sheet of waiting time and with an in-depth interviews with 6 informants.The result of this research indicating that average waiting time of laboratory service is 64.11 minutes and the biggest delay is in the process of taking laboratory results. The waiting time for laboratory service that do not reach the waiting time standard is 56.7% on hospital quality indicators standard. The factors that lead this longer waiting period are the lacking numbers of employee, the layout and the space of the room that has not been optimal, and there are still standard operating procedure (SPO) that are not used as guidelines for work. The few suggestion for this case are increasing the number of employees, make effective supervision of the implementation of the SPO, and improve the layout of the laboratory room.
HUBUNGAN HIGIENE SANITASI DENGAN KUALITAS MIKROBOLOGIS PADA MINUMAN ES THAI TEA DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG Mawarni, Nurtiyana; Hestiningsih, Retno; Kusariana, Nissa; Wuryanto, M. Arie
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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This time, tea has been modified to kinds of drinks, one of them was ice Thai Tea. Based on the components and process of Thai Tea making is very possible occurrence of bacterial and fungal contamination. The purpose of this research is to analyze relations between hygiene sanitation with microbiological quality in ice Thai Tea in Tembalang. This study is observational-analytic with using cross sectional design. The samples were 31 samples of ice Thai Tea. Data were analyzed using Fisher Exact. The results showed that most of ice Thai Tea did not quality with 26 samples (83,9%) of unqualitified Coliform status, 21 samples (67,7%) were contaminated with Escherichia coli, and 5 samples (16,1%) were contaminated with yeast/ mold/ fungi. This study shows there is relations between personal hygiene (p=0,043) and sanitation equipment (p=0,043) with microbiological quality in ice Thai Tea but there is not relations between storage of raw materials (p=0,058) and sanitation place (p=0,631) with microbiological quality in ice Thai Tea. Traders should pay attention to personal hygiene and sanitation equipment when making ice Thai Tea so that bacterial contamination can be minimized.
ANALISIS STRATEGI DINAS KESEHATAN KOTA SEMARANG DALAM PENYELENGGARAAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN ORANG DENGAN RISIKO TERINFEKSI HIV Kaminang, Megawati Ayu Zharani; Jati, Sutopo Patria; Fatmasari, Eka Yunila
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Target for achievement data of the minimal operational standart for 2017 in Semarang City Health Services for People with an HIV risk is 89.55%. Meanwhile, the number of HIV casses in Semarang City in the last three years continues to increase. The aim of the researchers was to describe the strategy of the Semarang City Health Service in administering health services for people at risk of HIV infection. The research is qualitative study with a descriptive method. The main informants were the holders of HIV programs in Semarang Health Office, with triangulation that is HIV program holders in Bandarharjo and Lebdosari Puskesmas, program and monitoring-evaluation holders of Semarang Aids Prevention Commission. The results of the study found that the internal factors is an illustration of the strengths and weaknesses of the Semarang Health Office. Strengths and weaknesses possessed by Semarang Health Office namely marketing and promotion that have been carried out by utilizing technology, human resources for these services have already received training, financial resources have been provided through the APBD and APBD and production-operation activities already exist in the Semarang City. External factors as an illustration of the opportunities and threats of the Semarang Health Office, namely partners already owned by the Semarang Health Office in supporting this program, demographic environment, economic and political environment and law. The results of the situation analysis led the Semarang Health Office to be in an "aggressive" position in strategy quadrant which indicates that the organization has strengths and opportunities where these advantages in supporting organizational policies grow more aggressively. The alternative strategy that can be applied by the Semarang Health Office is to improve acces and facilities for HIV services in Semarang city.

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