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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 94 Documents
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ANALISIS INPUT DAN LINGKUNGAN IBU MENYUSUI TERHADAP PROGRAM PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF (Studi Kasus Puskesmas Pandanaran Kota Semarang) Wismantari, Made Weni Juliani; Suryawati, Chriswardani; Arso, Septo Pawelas
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The exclusive breastfeeding program organized by primary health center is an assurance that children get exclusive breastfeeding. Pandanaran Primary Health Center is one of the health centers that has lowest exclusive breasfeeding coverage and the many mothers who have not been able to optimize their exclusive breastfeeding. The research objective is to describing the input and the mother's environment. The research method uses qualitative research with a descriptive analytic approach. This study interviewed 15 informants. The results of the study show that the input elements, resources were good, the availability of personel, money, and the availability of SOP. Facilities and infrastructure are available, but lactation room conditions are less functioning. In the environmental element, socio-cultural influence and employment status are things that hinder exclusive breastfeeding, even though the mother has the support of her husband, family and community. The advice that can be given to the Pandanaran Health Center, support in improving and developing competencies of health workers and preparing a better lactation room.
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN ENERGI, PROTEIN, STATUS GIZI, DAN SUHU LINGKUNGAN DENGAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA (Studi Pada Para Pekerja CV. Industri Plastik Babatan Ungaran, Kabupaten Semarang Tahun 2018) Dewi, Safina Andita; Pangestuti, Dina Rahayuning; Aruben, Ronny
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Work nutrition is a nutrition applied to employees to meet their needs in accordance with the type and workplace with the aim of improving efficiency and productivity as high as possible. Work productivity is the comparison between the results achieved with the role of labor unity time. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between energy, protein, liquid, nutrition status and enviromental temperature with work productivity. The type of this research was quantitative with cross sectional design. The population of the research was all worker on CV. Plastic Industries, Babatan Ungaran, Semarang District. Sampling technique was total sampling of 46 workers on CV. Plastic Industries, Babatan Ungaran, Semarang District in 2018. Anthropometric measurements were conducted in body weight, height and body fat, characteristic questionnaire filling, Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ), measured the temperature and humidity of the room. The data analysis used rank spearman test. After doing the research, the result showed that there was a relation between energy (p=0,00), protein (p=0,03), Body Mass Index (p=0,00) and body fat (p=0,00) with work productivity on CV. Plastic Industries, Babatan Ungaran, Semarang District in 2018. There was no relation of liquid (p=0,26) and enviromental temperature (p=0,27) ) with work productivity on CV. Plastic Industries, Babatan Ungaran, Semarang District in 2018. It was suggested for employees is apply a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet and do routine physical activity and the need for increased fluid intake.
ANALISIS FAKTOR PENYEBAB KECELAKAAN DALAM HUBUNGAN KERJA PT X BERDASARKAN TEORI LOSS CAUSATION MODEL (Studi Kasus Pada Karyawan Bagian Warehouse) Sulistyawati, Santini Sekar Candra; Wahyuni, Ida; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Accident on working relationship is something that nobody want, that take place outside the working place and causing disadvantage. PT X is a manufacturing company that produce diesel engine in Semarang. PT X has applied the golden flagged SMK3, but the case of accident especialy on working relations are still at high number. From 2015 to 2017, analysis trend shows an escalation on accident rate from 4 to 6 case of accident. The investigation data shows that the most involved on accident at working relations come from warehouse employees. This is a descriptive qualitative research with an in-depth interview. Main informan are 3 warehouse workers that already had accident at working relation and 2 warehouse workers that never had an accident at working relations before. The triangulation informan are the chief of warehouse, safety leader of warehose and K3 expert from PT X. The outcome from the research shows that the cause of accident to the warehouse workers are substandard acts, substandard conditions, personal factors, job factors, inadequate program and inadequate standard. Substandard acts mentioned above are riding behavior that doesn’t meet the standart, include talking while riding, daydreaming, haste, high speed riding, and careless overtaking. Substandard conditions mentioned above are the condition of the road are accident prone, narrow, wavy, perforated, sharp turn, slippery and muddy. Personal factors mentioned above are stress that comes from working situation and skill of braking the motorcycle. Job factors mentioned above are extra overtime work and the job demand that has to be accomplished when the production rate is high. Inadequate program that mentioned above is the driving practice in safety riding training program that still use a motorcycle simulator and hasnt been practiced on the suitable road conditions as passed by the workers. Inadequate standard that mentioned above is the unavailablelity of driving SOP in PT X.
ANALISIS KEGIATAN PENDATAAN KELUARGA PROGRAM INDONESIA SEHAT DENGAN PENDEKATAN KELUARGA DI PUSKESMAS KOTA SEMARANG (Studi Kasus pada Puskesmas Mijen) Virdasari, Eri; Arso, Septo Pawelas; Fatmasari, Eka Yunila
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Death in Indonesia is dominated by Non-Communicable Diseases and Communicable Diseases.Program Indonesia Sehat dengan Pendekatan Keluarga is one of the Puskesmas's efforts to improve health services.The initial step of PIS-PK is family data collection. Semarang is one of the regions that has collected data on PIS-PK families with 6 special location. Puskesmas Mijen is one of the Puskesmas with the lowest data coverage. This study aims to analyze the implementation of family data collection activities seen from input, process, and output.This research is a qualitative research method with in-depth interviews with 17 informants, as well as observing the aspects of input, process, and output. The results of the research on the input variables indicate that the availability of personnel is sufficient, but constrained in the competence and workload of officers, funds, infrastructure, and the use of policies.The process variable shows that the implementation is not in accordance with the guidelines or plans, because the socialization is not evenly distributed, the distribution of tasks is not appropriate, and unscheduled supervise.In the output variable, the implementation is not in accordance with the predetermined schedule and target. Family data collection activities are still 69% of the 100% target.However, these results have been good enough because the Puskesmas has carried out activities with limited resources. Suggestions for the Semarang City Health Office are scheduled monitoring and evaluation.Puskesmas could immediately utilizes PIS-PK data as material for program planning, conducting cross-sector socialization and coordination, and procuring supporting infrastructure for family data collection activities.
PENGARUH EDUKASI GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN PRAKTIK CALON IBU DALAM PENCEGAHAN KURANG ENERGI KRONIK IBU HAMIL (Studi pada Pengantin Baru Wanita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Duren, Bandungan, Semarang) Amalia, Fifiantyas; Nugraheni, Sri Achadi; Kartini, Apoina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Chronic Energy Deficiency is a condition caused by an imbalance between intake and energy and protein needs. The impact of CED is low birth weight (LBW), congenital defects and neonatal mortality. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of nutrition education on knowledge and practice of prospective mothers related to prevention of pregnant women’s CED. This research used Quasi-Experimental method by using one-group pre-test - post-test design. The samples were 38 newlywed women taken by purposive sampling technique. The normality test used Shapiro Wilk. Data analysis used was Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test and Chi-Square. The results showed an increase in the knowledge of good categories as much as 55.2%. In practice, there was a decrease in good practice category by 13.2%. The results of Wilcoxon test found that there was a difference between the knowledge before and after nutrition education with p-value = 0.001 (p <0.005) and there was a difference between practice before and after nutrition education with p-value = 0.003 (p <0.005). The results of chi square test found that there was no correlation between educational background with knowledge p-value = 0.089 (p> 0.005), there was no relationship between educational background and practice p-value = 0.393 (p> 0.005), there was no relationship between work background and knowledge value = 0.636 (p> 0.005), there is a relationship between work background and practice p-value = 0.029 (p <0.005). It can be concluded that there is an effect of nutrition education on improving knowledge of CED prevention but there is no effect of nutrition education on improving prevention practice of CED. The suggestion of this research is that the newlyweds woman do prevention of CED in the form of routine meals three times a day and maintain their diet.
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN ENERGI, MAGNESIUM, KALSIUM DAN BESI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, PRESENTASE LEMAK TUBUH DENGAN SIKLUS MENSTRUASI REMAJA PUTRI SMA NEGERI 4 KOTA PEKALONGAN Triany, Dinda Sofia; Widajanti, Laksmi; Suyatno, Suyatno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Menstrual cycle disorder is a problem that has found quite often by adolescents. The objective of the research was to determine the relationship of energy, magnesium, calcium, and iron adequacy, physical activity, body fat percentage with menstrual cycle of adolescents in Senior High School 4 Pekalongan. This research used a cross-sectional approach. The population of this research counted to 343 girls 16-18 years and the sample in this research were 73 female samples with proportional random sampling technique that was taken by representatives adolescents of each class who were willing to become respondents. Data analysis used Rank Spearman and Chi-Square Test. The result showed that some of adolescents had abnormal menstrual cycles (63.3%), the levels of energy severe deficits (47.9%), sufficient levels of magnesium (54.8%), the level of calcium adequacy was lacking (76, 7%), the level of iron adequacy was lacking (79.5%), mild physical activity (78.1%), percentage of body fat was normal (64.4%). There was relationship between menstrual cycle length and energy adequacy level (p=,043, ρ=-0,238), magnesium adequacy level (p=0,049, ρ=-0,231), calcium adequacy level (p=0,031, ρ=-0,252), iron adequacy level (p=0,007 ρ=-0,311), body fat percentage (p=0,040, ρ=-0,242) which means the lower level of sufficiency of energy, calcium, magnesium and iron, the menstrual cycle becomes longer than normal (oligomenorea), and the increasing percentage of body fat the menstrual cycle becomes shorter than normal (polimenore). There was no relationship between menstrual cycle length and physical activity (p=0,338, ρ=-0,114). It is advisable for adolescents to consume high-energy foods such as beef and eggs. High-calcium foods such as cheese, milk, shrimp and fish and high-iron foods such as chicken's liver, eggs and nuts so,it could maintain nutritional intake can balance the percentage of body fat to remain normal.
GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PERILAKU PEMAKAIAN KELAMBU BERINSEKTISIDA TAHAN LAMA (KBTL) (STUDI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KALIGESING KABUPATEN PURWOREJO) Septiyani, Dina Dwi; Wuryanto, M. Arie; Udiyono, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Background. In 2017, the event who named Pekan Kelambu Anti Nyamuk Massal di daerah Fokus (PKMF) was implemented to achieve the target of malaria elimination in 2030. A total of 8 villages in Kaligesing Health Center, Purworejo District received the highest number of 11,302 Long Lasting Insecticidal Net‟s (LLIN‟S) with a total of 5,531 households. From 2015-2016, Kaligesing Health Center had received LLIN‟s for 218 malaria patients but had not changed the status of endemicity with API of 2015-2017 is 6,16, 4,75, 1,24. The purpose of this study was to describe knowledge, attitude and the usage behavior of Long Lasting Insecticidal Net‟s (LLIN‟S).Methods. Descriptive research with cross sectional approach. A total of 100 respondents of 5.531 households who received bed nets that met the criteria to be the subject of research. The sampling method used was simple random sampling with a proportion formula for 8 villages. These villages were Jatirejo, Somongari, Donorejo, Tlogoguwo, Pandanrejo, Kaligono, Kaliharjo and Sudorogo.Results. There was 69% of respondents had good knowledge. The percentage of good and bad attitudes towards received LLIN’s programs was almost the same (1.3:1). 63% of respondents were disposed to set LLIN’s and 53% slept in LLIN’s every night. Conclusion. From this study it can be concluded that the level of good knowledge was more often found in respondents from college/academy graduates, as well as respondents who did not work, and respondents who had good knowledge and attitude to slept more in LLIN’s every night.
ANALISIS IMPLEMENTASI PROSEDUR PENANGANAN DAN SARANA PENYELAMATAN DALAM MENGHADAPI KEADAAN DARURAT KEBAKARAN DI MALL X SEMARANG Tampubolon, Angel Rumiris Sabathini; Kurniawan, Bina; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The shopping center is  type of high-rise building which is a public facility with the number of non-permanent residents from various groups, having different knowledge about self-rescue efforts during emergencies. Handling procedures and means of rescue during an emergency need to be owned by the management to facilitate the evacuation process. The purpose of this study was to analyze the implementation of handling procedures and rescue facilities during emergencies at Mall X Semarang. This research is a type of qualitative research with methods of observation and in-depth interviews. Using two types of informants namely primary and triangulation as data validity. The results showed that the fire management managed by the manager of Mall X had been planned and implemented quite well, as evidenced by the establishment of emergency response organizations with trained resources, there were procedures for handling emergencies and regular training. Whereas for the completeness of the rescue facilities some aspects have not met the standards of SNI namely the existence of direction markers that have not been equipped in all areas of the mall until it comes out to gathering point, emergency lights that have not been installed on all emergency stairs. The completeness of the rescue facilities needs to be reviewed and made improvements to the facilities that have been damaged. From this study it can be concluded that the procedures for handling and rescue facilities in Mall X have not been so good because they still have to complete several components requested by the applicable standards.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KARAKTERISTIK MASYARAKAT DENGAN PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN IMUNISASI PENTAVALEN BOOSTER DALAM PENCEGAHAN DIFTERI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS HALMAHERA KOTA SEMARANG Siswati, Antonia Novika; Sriatmi, Ayun; Suryoputro, Antono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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The Ministry of Health determined Indonesia with diphtheria Extraordinary Event status(KLB) at November 2017.Of the 20 provinces, Central Java entered the top of 11 provinces with diphtheria extraordinary event status. There were 2 cases of diphtheria in Semarang City at 2017.Pentavalent booster immunization is a vaccine to prevent diphteria. From the 4 puskesmas that have diphtheria cases in 2016-2017, Halmahera’s puskesmas has the lowest coverage in achieving pentavalent booster immunization.This research aims to find the relation between community characteristics with the utilization services of pentavalen booster immunization in diphteria prevention at the working area of Halmahera’s puskesmas in Semarang City.This research uses a quantitative method with a cross sectional study approach. The population were all mothers who had children aged 3 - 5 years in July 2018 and the sample were 100 mothers that chosen by random sampling technique namely cluster sampling.Data analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis with Chi-Square test. The results showed that the utilization services of pentavalent booster immunization at the working areaof Halmahera’s puskesmas was still low(31%). The result of bivariate analysis using Chi-Square test shows that the characteristics were not related with the utilization services of pentavalent booster immunization. Suggestions for puskesmas are icreasing the promotion of pentavalent booster immunization by providing counseling and personal selling with health cadres in the region.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR HOST, FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN, DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KAYEN KABUPATEN PATI Novitasari, Lirin; Yuliawati, Sri; Wuryanto, M. Arie
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Background: DHF is an endemic disease, which in a certain period able to cause an outstanding incident (KLB). The Public-Health Centre of Kayen is one of 25 health centers in Pati District with the highest coverage of DHF cases compared to other health centers. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between host factors, environmental factors, and nutritional status to the incidence of DHF in the work area of Kayen Public-Health Center, Pati Regency.Method: Observational analytic study with case control research design. The total sample is 76 respondents with the total sampling method. Data analysis used chi square test with a 95% significance level, and a large risk calculation used the value of Odd Ratio (OR).Results: The results of univariate analysis showed that most of the case and control respondents were ≤11 years old (68.4%), most of the respondents had last education in secondary and high school (73.6%), most of the respondents had jobs as housewives (47.4%), respondents also had poor knowledge (43.4%), 3M practice level was not good (32.9%), did not install wire (81.6%), the existence of a landfill in the respondent's house ( 100.0%), the presence of larvae in the respondent's houses (48.7%), and respondents with thin nutritional status (19.7%).Conclusion: From the results of the study, it can be concluded that there is no relationship between knowledge, presence of net wire, and nutritional status to DHF incidence, while 3M practice (p = 0.015; OR = 3.986) and the presence of larvae (p = 0.012; OR = 3.297) have a relation to the incidence of DHF.

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