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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 23 Documents
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IDENTIFIKASI FAKTOR RISIKO GANGGUAN KESEHATAN AKIBAT KONSUMSI MI INSTAN PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO Qodariyah, Nurul; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Instant noodles is the most consumed fast food in the worldwide. Instant noodles contain simple carbohydrates, fat and sodium. If the instant noodles is consumed continuously, it will caused obesity, increased blood sugar levels and blood pressure.The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for health problems at the Diponegoro University students by the view of knowledge, consumption of food and instant noodles, and students characteristics. This study used observational research with cross sectional approach. The metode ofthis researchare observation, BMI (Body Mass Index) measurements, blood pressure measurements and interviews with students.The population of this studyare all students from bachelor’s degree and diploma’s degree 2015 class with total numbers of students are 8903 persons and then 105 samples are selected by proportionate random sampling technique sampling of 11 faculties. Based on this study, It showed that all students have had good knowledge about nutritious food and instant noodles, 51,4% of students consumed 2-6 packs of instant noodles in a week, 31.4% liked salty foods,14.3% are not qualified to process instant noodles, 6.7% calssified as high blood pressure, 9.5% classified as obesities, 23.8% stomachache experienced by students, 4.8% complains of nausea experienced by students,26.7% complains hard to defecate experienced by students, 8.6% of complaints of headaches experienced by students, 4.76% of complaints of diarrhea experienced by students, 1.9% of complaints students are quickly to get hungry, 3.8% of complaints bloating experienced by students, and 0,95% of complaints itchy redness experienced by students. The conclusion of this study is that all students had good knowledge, the largest instant noodle consumption is 6 packs in a week and most students complaint is hard to defecate experiencedby 26,7%  from all student complaints.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENCEGAHAN JATUH PADA PASIEN RISIKO JATUH OLEH PERAWAT DI RUANG NUSA INDAH RSUD TUGUREJO SEMARANG Nugraheni, Marina; Widjasena, Baju; Kurniawan, Bina; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The incident of falling patient in hospital are three major medical incidents that may cause minor injuries to death if there is notany prevention. The beginning of research results indicated that most accident cases in RSUD Tugurejo Semarang was patient falls cases and in the last two years there was incidence of patients falling in Nusa Indah. This research aimed to analyzed the related factors associated with falling patient prevention by nurses Nusa Indah RSUD Tugurejo. This research is a Descriptive correlation with cross sectional approach. The population of this research consist of nurses who on duty in Nusa Indah Room 2, 3, and 4. The sample of this research used a total sampling,those sum of all nurses nurses who on duty in Nusa Indah Room, totally 40 nurses. Based on the analysist of data obtained using Rank Spearman Test, related variables to the fall prevention of falling risk patient were the knowledge of nurse (p-value 0,02), training (p-value 0,035), and supervision (p-value 0,008). While unrelated variables to the fall prevention of falling risk patient were age (p-value 0,863), tenure (p-value 0,680), and condition of infrastructur (p-value 0,495). The researcher suggest to hospitals for prevention of falling patient are reform the content of policies and guidelines related to the use of patient falls yellow bracelet into yellow label at the door of the patient, create a Standard Operasional Prosedur about prevention of falling patient more specifically, the establishment of the monitoring patient safety team of RSUD Tugurejo Semarang  in each room that played an active role in providing optimal monitoring implementation of prevention patient falls and put up the yellow sign should match with risk fall guidelines’s sheets of RSUD Tugurejo Semarang.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KARAKTERISTIK IBU DAN KELUARGA DENGAN PRAKTIK KELUARGA SEHAT DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS LASEM KABUPATEN REMBANG Riyansari, Fita Rizqi; Ariatmi, Ayun; Suryoputro, Antono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Keluarga Sehat approach is a new program of Health Ministry that will be used to measure family health in 2017. Family health in work area of Puskesmas Lasem based on PHBS approach in 2015 is 34,1%, fewer than national target 80%. The aim of this research is to analyze the correlation between characteristic of housewife and family with practice of keluarga sehat in work area of Puskesmas Lasem. This analytic-survey research uses cross sectional study and combains quantitative method used quetionnair guide and qualitative method used in-depth interview. Population is 2.793 families that has toddler and sampel is 120 choosen propotional randomly. Bivariat analysis is counted by chi square test with 95% of significancy between characteristic of housewife and family with practice of keluarga sehat. The result showed that respondents are in healthy reproduction age (20-35  years old)(76,7%), elementary educated (75,8%), not employer (79,2%), having family member ≤4 (79,2%), and having revenue ≥ UMR (75,8%). Bivariat test showed that there is no correlation between housewife age, housewife education level, housewife occupation status, and total of family member with practice of keluarga sehat. There is correlation between family revenue with practice of keluarga sehat. It is recomended that Puskesmas Lasem analyze the need of resource that support Keluarga Sehat program and manage sosialization by associating with family characteristic.
Gambaran Sikap Siswa SMA Negeri Kota Semarang Mengenai Iklan Rokok Di Kota Semarang Dwiyani, Mifta Nur; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Widjanarko, Bagoes
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Population in Central Java who having smoking habit everyday, most of them are at young age, which is on 41,6% (15-19 years old). Smoking habit is not only caused by internal factor, but also it is caused by external factor. One of constributing factor that supports smoking behaviour is environmental factor, such as cigarette advertisement. Although there has been specific regulation governing the advertisement of cigarettes, but there are still many high school students that exposed by cigarette advertisements, either through electronic media or other printed media, as well as through the promotion of cigarettes. The method of this research was using quantitative with cross sectional approach. The population was all of State Senior High School in Semarang, totalling 16 of State Senior High School, and 17.811 as the population, 100 students was choosen as research sample, the sampling technique was simple random sampling.  People and samples was taken as many as 140 people using saturation sampling method. The source data of this research were using primary and secondary data. The data analysis was using univariate analysis. Most respondents classified into exposure category towards cigarette advertisements (81%), respondents mentioned that the cigarette advertisements  was attractive (69%), the behaviour of State Senior High of Semarang city regarding cigarette advertisements were, most of them disagree (42%), and the rest was agree (42% ). Therefore, from the result of the research, it was needed tighter supervision regarding the implementation of the regulation towards cigarette advertisements in order to reduce the number of students who are exposed by cigarette advertisements, either through television or printed media or through promotion conducted by tobacco companies that usually held events that attract young people, hence, most of them  who attendeded cigarettes promotional event is teenagers who are still attending school.
ANALISIS TINGKAT RISIKO KELELAHAN PADA MASINIS COMMUTER LINE RUTE BOGOR-JAKARTA KOTA Pramasari, Adhinda Lili; Widjasena, Baju; Kurniawan, Bina; Suroto, Suroto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Fatigue is one of the main factors of accident involving public transportation drivers, one of them is train drivers. Rail accident data summarized by the NTSC, railway accidents in Indonesia during 2007 until 2013 as many as 46 accidents. Total hours of sleep and quality of sleep obtained during the period of time when a person is not working can affect recovery from fatigue. The purpose of this research is to identify fatigue hazard and analyze fatigue risk level, so that the appropriate control can be determined. Variables studied include working hours, work shift, workload, work environment, rest time, sleep disturbance, physical condition and stress. Identification of fatigue hazard and analysis of fatigue risk level conducted to each variable. Identification of fatigue hazard was conducted by observation and indepth interview. The subjects of this study amounted to 5 as key informants and 3 as triangulation informants. Analysis of fatigue risk level was conducted by qualitative method and calculated with crossing consequences level and likelihood level. The results showed the entire train driver interviewed professed often experience fatigue. Symptoms of fatigue are often perceived by the five train drivers interviewed are drowsiness, feeling thirsty, pain in the waist, and the onset of bored. Tracks train long and monotonous as well as the extension of working hours (overtime) that they naturally contribute greatly to fatigue experienced. The conclusion of this study is is that fatigue is one of the problems that can occur on a commuter line train drivers. Companies need to provide training to train drivers on knowledge to recognize fatigue, factors that contribute to the onset of fatigue, the effects of fatigue and how to overcome the fatigue at the time of on duty.
GAMBARAN KEJADIAN DERMATITIS PADA TENAGA KERJA INDONESIA DI TEMPAT PENAMPUNGAN SEMENTARA DI KABUPATEN NUNUKAN Arman, Arman; Udiyono, Ari; Adi, M. Sakundarno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Dermatitis is inflammation of the skin as a response against the influence of exogenous or endogenous factors that cause clinical disorders such asefloresensi polymorphic and complaints of itching. Data from Tarakan KKP working area Nunukan in 2015, the prevalence of dermatitis 53.2% of cases.This study aims to describe the incidence of dermatitis on migrant workers at the polling station in Nunukan. This type of research is descriptive with cross sectional design. The population in this study are all workers who are in the polling stations outpatient treatment Polyclinic Tarakan KKP working area Nunukan in september 2016 total 105 people with simple random sampling method sampling.Analysis of the data used areunivariate in the form distribution frequency table accompanied by narration.The results of this study found depiction of the incidence of dermatitis on migrant workers (64.8%) and, not dermatitis (35.2%). The incidence of dermatitis is dominated by age group ≥30 years (60.7%). The majority are those with history of skin diseases (84.2%) and had poor water quality (84.5%). The intensity of the shower bath is dominated by less than 2 times a day (85.3%), baths use rainwater (83.0%) and those who did not shower after work or sports (78.6%). the cleanliness of the clothes dominated by the change of clothes for less than 2 times a day (78.3%), did not iron clothes before use (65.4%), soak the clothes mixed with clothes friends (80.4%) and washes the clothes in a public toilet using rain water (65.3%)all of that included in the category of bad. It is expected to health workers to conduct socialization ofhygiene and health behaviorsin order to overcome the incidence of dermatitis andto the migrant workers, to always maintain personal hygiene and the cleanliness of clothes,as well as increasing proper bathing habits.
HUBUNGAN KAPASITAS PARU TERHADAP FAKTOR INDIVIDU DAN LINGKUNGAN PADA PEKERJA UNIT WEAVING BAGIAN LOOM 1 DAN LOOM 3 PERUSAHAAN TEKSTIL X TAHUN 2016 Laksana, Ni'matun Faizah; Jayanti, Siswi; Kurniawan, Bina; Suwondo, Ari
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

The textile industry has a high risk of lung capacity disruption due to high exposure of cotton dust during the production process. Work environment and individual factors can increase the risk. This research aimed to analyze the differences in lung capacity of machine operator loom 1 and loom 3 also identify the factors that influence. This research used explanatory research method with cross sectional approach. Total population of the research was 166. Samples in this research are 26 machine operators loom 1 and 39 machine operator loom 3 “X” textile company. Identifying correlation using Chi-Square and Fisher's Exact Test, difference analysis using Mann Whitney Test. The results showed that no differences between the mean lung capacity in parts loom 1 and loom 3 (p = 0.674). The result on loom 1, there is relationship between age (p = 0.016) with the lung capacity, and there is no relationship between the work period (p = 0.617), nutritional status (p = 1.000), history of disease (p = 0.189), and wearing masks (p = 0.538) with the lung capacity. The result on loom 3 there is relationship between history of the disease (p = 0.001) and wearing masks (p = 0.002) with the lung capacity, and there is no relationship between age (p = 0.068), age (p = 0.253), and nutritional status (p = 0.725) with the lung capacity.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR PERILAKU DAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DI DAERAH ENDEMIS MALARIA (Studi di Daerah Endemis Rendah dan Daerah Endemis Tinggi Kecamatan Bagelen Kabupaten Purworejo Tahun 2015) Keptiyah, Siti Maryatul; Martini, Martini; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Purworejo is a Regency which endemic malaria in Central Java. The highest Malaria cases in Central Java in 2013, is located in the County. This research aims to provide an overview of behavior factors and environmental factors in areas of endemic malaria. This research is descriptive research type through cross sectional approach. Samples taken with a stratified random sampling technique. Sample research totalling 120 respondents. The results showed that the majority of respondents knowledgeable good (65%), the attitude of respondents towards the good as much as 70,7%, respondents who use the mosquito nets and insect repellent is the same that is as much as 48,3%, of the community which have activities outside of the home during the night that do not risk 73,3%, most people do not use a wire gauze on vent (89,2%), a mosquito breeding places closer to home 76,7%, the majority of the community have a distance of houses close to the enclosure of livestock (69,2%), as many as 70% of the larva density in this area belongs not to solid. The community should further enhance malaria prevention efforts so that the number of cases of malaria can be decreased up to elimination.
PENGARUH PERAN WARGA PEDULI AIDS TERHADAP PERILAKU DISKRIMINATIF PADA ODHA Wati, Novi Sulistia; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Indraswari, Ratih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

The number of HIV cases in Semarang City was increased from 453 cases in 2014 to 456 cases in 2015. One of the reason why HIV cases was hard to decreased is because the persistence of stigma and discrimination to PLWHA. Warga Peduli AIDS (WPA) is manifestation of community participation to control HIV/AIDS cases that has a crucial role in reducing stigma and discrimination in PLWHA. This research aimed to analyze the effect of WPA’s role to PLWHA discrimination. This research is a quantitativewith cross sectional approach. By using purposive sampling, the samples of this research taken as many as 44 members of WPA Peterongan. The data was collected by interview using a questionnaire. This research use univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis.All the respondents are women. Most respondents are in the age range 41-60 years (63,6%), educated (57%), have a job (71%), and have joined the WPA for 8 years (59%). A small portion of respondents still have PLWHA discrimination (22,7%). The chi square test showed that knowledge of stigma and discrimination (p=0,002), attitude to PLWHA discrimination (p=0,0001), access to HIV/AIDS education (p=0,002), and access to VCT (p=0,023) are significantly related to PLWHA discrimination. While the variables of age (p=0,642), education (p=0,144), occupation (p=0,695), duration of joining WPA (p=1,000), and support from WPA working group (p=0,120) are not significantly related to PLWHA discrimination. The logistic regression test showed that from all variables, only attitudeabout PLWHA discrimination was influencing PLWHA discrimination (OR=20,693).
FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME PADA PERAJIN BATIK TULIS “SERULING ETAN” MAGETAN Setyoaji, Dhaniswara; Jayanti, Siswi; Ekawati, Ekawati; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Abstract

Improper workplace behavior is the main cause of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or secondary neurological diseases in the wrist, is a medical condition in which the central nervous depressed at the wrist resulting in patients experiencing numbness and weakness of the hand muscles. This research was conducted to determine the relationship between the factors that cause Carpal Tunnel Syndrome with incidence Carpal Tunnel Syndrome to the batik artisans at Seruling Etan. This research is an "explanatory research" with cross sectional approach. The population in this research are 40 artisans and samples used by 30 artisans working using canting. Data were collected by questionnaires, Tinel tests  and Phalen tests. The results showed that there was a relationship between the incidence of repetitive motion with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (ρ Value = 0.003), there is a correlation between hand postures and the incidence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (ρ Value = 0.001), there is a correlation between age and the incidence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (ρ Value = 0.004), and there is a correlation between working period with the incidence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (ρ Value = 0.013). It is advisable for the worker to perform the stretch on the sidelines doing work on a regular basis.

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