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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 126 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)" : 126 Documents clear
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN MINAT MASYARAKAT DALAM KEIKUTSERTAAN BPJS MANDIRI DI KECAMATAN BENER KABUPATEN PURWOREJO Melinda, Melinda; Suparwati, Anneke; Suryoputro, Antono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Bener District located in Purworejo. The problem that exists is the number of participants health BPJS is small in scope, with details of the number of participants health BPJS consisted of 8.153 households PBI participants and 695 households NON PBI participants. Other data showed 8.151 household qualify as poor family and 10.581 household qualify as Non Gakin, there’s 6,5% Non PBI health BPJS participants of the total Non Gakin population. We need to know why 93,5% well off households in Bener District has not followed BPJS. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with the public interest in participation of health BPJS independently in Bener Regency. This is an analytical explanatory research. The method used was survey through questionnaire and interviews with a cross-sectional design. Samples were well off family who have not joined health BPJS living in Bener District. The sampling using probability sampling with proportional random sampling. Determination of sample size use of Lemeshow is 65 households. Respondents mostly middle age category (41-60 years) as many as 55 households (67.9%). Respondents had an average age of 47.51 years old, the majority of respondents finished primary school as many as 37 households (45.7%), livelihood as a self-employed as many as 32 households (39.5%), and are not interested in participation of health BPJS as many as 67 households (82.7%) althought the variables were showed good result. It’s may caused by the influenced of other variables which is out of investigated variables. The results of the study showed that the factors relating to the public interest in the participation of independent health BPJS is attitudes, perceptions, and the support of those closest to the respondent. But the knowledges, economic situations, and behavior control are not related.
GAMBARAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR KEJADIAN KARIES GIGI PADA SISWA TUNAGRAHITA DI SLB C, KOTA SEMARANG Permatasari, Diajeng Sri Andriani; Susanto, Henry Setyawan; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Caries is a disease of dental hard tissue, email, dentin and cementum, which is caused by the activity of a microorganism in a carbohydrate that can be fermented. Children with intellectual development disorders have a below average intellegence. The prevalence of caries in Indonesian children aged 12 years is 98%. The purpose of this study is to describe factor of dental caries in caries in students with intellectual development disorder in SLB C, Semarang. The population of this study are 123 students.The samples are part of the population who have the inclusion criteria. This research uses descriptive method with cross-sectional design. The results showed 66.3% of respondents are male, 83.2% of children with intellectual development disorders have dental caries, Average DMF-T index is 3.94 which according to WHO criteria in middle category, 44.6% of respondents have a relatively acidic pH of saliva, 52.5% higher cariogenic consumption, 16.8% of respondents oral hygiene medium category, 80.2% income parents than average, 53.5% of women respondents have good knowledge, 4% of respondents have a bad plaque, and 61.4% practice toothbrush is a good category.
ANALISIS KESIAPAN RUMAH SAKIT DALAM PENGELOLAAN INVENTARISASI BARANG DENGAN SISTEM BARCODE DI RSUD dr. LOEKMONO HADI KUDUS Amalia, Aufir; Suryoputro, Antono; Fatmasari, Eka Yunila
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Demand for of goods in the dr. Loekmono Hadi Kudus Hospital with ahigh, abundance quantity and type of goods as well as fast mobility was needed. Ultimately, the planning and procurementof goods as well as the goods inventory in the hospital are not optimal yet. The purpose of this study was to determine the readiness of input, process and output in the hospital dealing with the management of goods inventory with a barcode system in dr. Loekmono Hadi Hospital Kudus. This was a qualitative research using intensive interviews and observation with the main informants of Goods Management Staff, Goods Storage Coordinator, Goods Storage Staff and triangulation informants of Household subsection Head and IPSRS Head. The results showed that dealing with input, the human resources are lacking in competence. Furthermore,regarding to infrastructure, therewas the unavailability of label printers and barcode scanners, the information system is not good enough, the absence job descriptionsof officers duties and function, and the lack of SOP. Dealing with the process, the planning aspect included the socialization that had been conducted, the organizing aspect covered the duties and function and SOP that had not been organized, the implementation of education and training that had not been conducted specifically by the hospital but had been given by the programmer, and the accountability report assessment of barcode system preparation. Regarding to the output, the readiness of hospitals was not well prepared due to the lack of human resources, the infrastructure was not complete, and the information system, the duties and function officers and SOP was unavailable. The suggestions in this research are to increase the understanding and competences of officers, develop the descriptions of duties and function and SOP as well as conduct specific training by the hospital regarding to the goods inventory management with barcode system.
GAMBARAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG TERKAIT DENGAN KEANEKARAGAMAN HAMA GUDANG PADA TEPUNG TERIGU DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA SEMARANG Astuti, Eka Indri; Yuliawati, Sri; Rahadian, Rully
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Wheat flour is very vulnerable pests if stored in warehouses for long periods, especially in traditional markets. The purpose of research to describe of factors related to diversity warehouse pests of wheat flour in tradisional market town of Semarang. This research is descriptive, using survey method with cross sectional approach. The sample in this research was flour trader sold in stall and los located at 6 UPTD Traditional Market Town of Semarang who met the inclusion criteria. Data analysis using univariate analysis. The results showed there are six species found that Sitophilusoryzae, Triboliumcastaneum, Lasiodermaserricorne, StegobiumPaniceum, Carpophilushemipterus and Silvanus sp with the species most commonly found are Triboliumcastaneum (91,67%). UPTD Jatingaleh have categories circumstances worst wheat flour products (77,8%). Sanitary place to do business, there are 4 UPTD with a percentage of 100% classified as bad in the UPTD Jatingaleh, Karangayu, Pedurungan and Karimata.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN UNMET NEED KB (KELUARGA BERENCANA) DI DESA ADIWERNA, KECAMATAN ADIWERNA, KABUPATEN TEGAL, TRIWULAN III TAHUN 2016 Uljanah, Khaerunnisa; Winarni, Sri; Mawarni, Atik
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Unmet need for family planning is the need for family planning to reproductive age couples but such a need (not want any more children or want to space their next pregnancy) is not met and do not use contraceptives of any kind. Unmet need in the village Adiwerna quite high at 23.54%, very far from the national target of 6.5%. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between risk factors and the incidence of unmet need for family planning. This type of research is explanatory research with case control study design. The population in this study were 1,500 women (reproductive age couples). A large sample of 102 selected by simple random sampling. The analysis was performed with chi square test with continuity correction method. The results showed there is a significant risk factor 4 with an unmet need in the village Adiwerna the age group (p-value = 0.009; OR = 3.614; 95% CI = 1.396 to 7.172), the number of children living (p-value = 0.050; OR = 2.645 ; 95% CI = 1.085 to 6.448), the support of her husband (p-value = 0.001; OR = 9.886; 95% CI = 3.579 to 27.313), and social support (p-value = 0.023; OR = 2.889; 95% CI = 1.236 to 6.753). And there are seven variables were not significant: education (p-value = 0.529), income (p-value = 1.000), husbands work (p-value = 1.000), side effects (p-value = 0.415), knowledge (p- value = 0.552), attitude (p-value = 0.322), and religious prohibitions (p-value = 0.404). IEC for family planning need their husbands and for acceptors include childbearing years old, it is advisable to use sterile contraception for those who already do not want more children.
ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KINERJA BIDAN DALAM PELAYANAN ANTENATAL CARE DI PUSKESMAS KAGOK KOTA SEMARANG Widyani, Rahma Kusuma Putri; Suparwati, Anneke; Wigati, Putri Asmita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Antenatal care is health care that given to mother in their pregnancy according the set standard. In 2013 and 2014, K1 and K4 indicators in Kagok Health Primary Care hasn’t reach the minimal healthcare standard yet. The aim of this research is to analyze the performance of the midwife in Kagok Primary Health Care, Semarang, looked by the variables of : leadership of head of the Primary Health Care, resources, motivation, supervision, and structure and job design. This research was observational research with analytical approach. The data collected by in-deepth interview to the main informant, is the midwife and to do validity test, triangulation was done on the head of primary health care and Health Departement of Semarang City’s workers. The result of this research is the leadership of the primary health care are still lack, resources are limited, motivation and supervisition are still lack, structure and job design are still not according to the standard. Recommended to Kagok Primary Health Care Semarang to give motivation like coaching, guidance, additional incentives and held an forum about complaint felt by the midwife during work. To Health Departement of Semarang is expected to do the monitoring, guidance, oversight and supervision to the head of the health centers and midwife regularly and scheduled
ANALISIS PELAYANAN RUJUKAN PASIEN BPJS DI RSUD CHATIB QUZWAIN KABUPATEN SAROLANGUN PROVINSI JAMBI Hartini, Hartini; Arso, Septo Pawelas; Sriatmi, Ayun
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) yang diselenggarakan oleh Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (BPJS)bidang kesehatan dengan konsep Universal Health Coverage yang mengharuskan pesertanya mengikuti sistem rujukan berjenjang yangmengarahkan proses  pelayanan rujukan lebih berkualitas, memuaskan secara efektif dan efisien. Belum optimalnya pelayanan sistem rujukan, berdampak pada penumpukan pasien di fasilitas kesehatan tingkat lanjutan dan menurunnya mutu pelayanan kesehatan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian yang bersifat deskriptif dengan pendekatan kulitatif, bertujuan untuk menganalisis pelayanan rujukan pasien BPJS ditinjau dari lima karakteristik rujukan di RSUD Chatib Quzwain Kabupaten Sarolangun. Informan utama dalam penelitian ini berjumlah lima orang dan informan triangulasi sebanyak tujuh orang. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa  pelayanan rujukan ditinjau darilima karakteristik rujukan,tiga di antaranya sudah dilaksanakan memenuhi karakteristik rujukan sesuai Pedomanan Sistem Rujukan Nasional, yaitu aspek kelengkapan formulir rujukan,kepatuhan petugas kesehatan terhadap SOP rujukan dan pelaksanaan rujuk balik. Sedangkan dua aspek yang belum dilaksanakan yaitu komunikasi antar fasilitas kesehatan perujuk dan penerima rujukan, pencatatan dan pelaporan sistem rujukan. Dibutuhkan kerja sama dan koordinasi yang baik antara semua pihak terkait dalam upaya mengoptimalkan pelayanan rujukan.Sangat diharapkan hasil penelitian ini dapat menjadi salah satu masukan bagi pihak rumah sakit dan instansi terkait dalam memperbaiki berbagai aspek yang terkait dengan pelayanan rujukan agar dapat berjalan secara optimal.
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN PADA SISWA DAN PETUGAS KEBERSIHAN TERHADAP KEPADATAN JENTIK DI SEKOLAH DASAR WILAYAH KECAMATAN TEMBALANG Martini, Martini; Hestiningsih, Retno; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an infectious disease which becomes one of the most important public health problems in Indonesia. IR DBD Semarang in 2015 was 98.61 per 100,000 population. School is a potential place in the spread and transmission of dengue disease. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of health education on students and janitors. This research is a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group design. The samples studied there were 6 primary schools, 3 samples the experimental group and 3 samples the control group. Data were analyzed using t test independent sample and Mann Whitney. The results showed that there is significant differences knowledge of students between control group and experimentation (p = <0.001). So also with the attitude of students that there are significant differences between the experimental and control groups, p = 0.013. On knowledge, attitude and practice of janitors there is no significant difference between the control group and the experimentation, the views of p = 0.184 and 0.317. The density of larvae, there is significant difference Container Index (CI) between control group and experimentation (p = 0,015). House Index (HI) has decreased, but above the standard (> 5%) and Larvae Free Index (ABJ) has increased, but still below the standard (<95%). The conclusion of this research, there is the effect of health education on the knowledge and attitude of students, Container Index (CI) but there isn’t effect on the knowledge, attitude and practice of primary schools janitors..
HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR DENGAN KELENGKAPAN PENGISIAN BUKU KESEHATAN IBU DAN ANAK OLEH BIDAN DESA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS JEPARA TAHUN 2016 Sarasati, Rosnaya Ari; Mawarni, Atik; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

One effort to improve the quality of health care of mothers and children is completeness of MCH handbook. MCH handbook is a tool for early detection of disorder or maternal and child health issues. In Jepara district, the contents of MCH handbook were not complete and not filled, there were nutrition and feeding, Stimulation Detection and Early Intervention on Growth and Development and child health records. This study aims to analyze some factors related to the completeness of MCH handbook filling by a village midwives. This type of research was Explanatory Research with Cross Sectional Study. Study population was 16 village midwives and 1,001 mothers with 5 years old children and has a MCH handbook. Proportional random sampling was applied and obtained a sample of 16 village midwives and 88 MCH handbooks. Data analysis consisted of univariate, bivariate analysis using Rank Spearman and multivariate analysis using multiple linear regression. Results of univariate analysis showed that most of village midwives aged 35-39 years old (50%) with length of work in 11-20 years (56.3%), good enough knowledge (68.8%), good enough attitude (50%), less good motivation (37.5%), good enough skills (68.8%), good enough data requirement (43.8%), less complexity of form (50.0%). The results of the bivariate analysis showed that there are correlation between knowledge (rs = 0.488), attitude (rs = 0.317) and skills (rs = 0.329) with the completeness of MCH handbook filling by village midwives. Multivariate analysis showed that there are correlation between knowledge and skills with the completeness of MCH handbook filling by village midwives. Recommendation to Puskesmas Jepara are establish a training program about MCH handbook and how to filling MCH handbook that aims to improve the knowledge, attitude and skills of village midwives in filling of MCH handbook.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN DROP OUT AKSEPTOR KB DI KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG Aini, Ardiana Nur; Mawarni, Atik; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Acceptors drop out of family planning is acceptors that does not pass on an episode of the use of equipment / means of family planning in a period for various reasons, such as failure or experiencing side effects. Drop out of active family planning  Semarang is large enough that in 2011 there were 16 055 acceptors, in 2012 amounted to 32 151 acceptors and in 2013 amounted to 34 849 acceptors. District Tembalang in Semarang is one of the areas with the highest drop out cases of 80 cases of drop out in 2013-2015. The purpose of this study to analyze factors related to the incidence of drop outs family planning acceptors in the district Tembalang Semarang. This type of research is explanatory research with Case Control Study research design and use a retrospective approach. The population consisted of 26 cases and the entire population of active family planning as a control population with a sampling technique using total population sampling ratio of 1: 1 was obtained 52 respondents consisting of 26 case samples and 26 control samples. Analysis of the data used univariate and bivariate analysis using chi square test with a significance level (α = 5%). Results of univariate analysis showed the largest percentage of low income (53.8%), the two categories of perception quality service is good and bad alike (50.0%), and side effects of contraception (86,5%). Results the bivariate analysis showed no relationship between income (p value = 0,404, OR = 1,867 and 95%CI = 0,202 – 1,887), perception of quality services of family planning (p value = 0,782, OR = 1,361 and 95%CI = 0,457 – 4,050) and the side effects of contraception (p value = 0,154 and 95%CI = 0,852 – 8,645) with incidence of drop out of family planning in Sub Tembalang Semarang. Suggested for more midwives to improve in providing contextual information about family planning in order to increase the number of family planning and family planning who drop out can be prevented and treated.

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