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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Articles 119 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)" : 119 Documents clear
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TERJADINYA SISA MAKANAN NARAPIDANA (Studi di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Klas I Semarang) KURNIAWATI, ENI; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah; Rahfiludin, M. Zen
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

A prisoner has the right to get adequate nutritional food. The success of food service related to plate waste presences. Plate waste is more than 25% showed that feeding was not optimal. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors associated with plate waste of prisoners in Correctional Institution Class I Semarang. This study used analytic observational with the cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique used in this study is purposive sampling amounted to 65 prisoners. Data collected through interviews and calculation of food waste using food weighing for three days. The results showed that almost prisoners had a lot of plate waste (86,2%), the most plate waste is the staple food (46,1%), vegetables (53,1%), and vegetable side dishes (33,3%). The prisoners represented that the menu was not variety accounted for 50,8%, the food appearance was interesting (50,8%), that food tastes are delicious (53,8%), and most of the prisoners consumed food from outside twice a week (49,2%). The highest plate waste in the morning accounted for 45,8%. Based on Spearman Rank Test, the factors related to plate waste is food tastes (p-value = 0,044 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = -0,251) and food from outside (p-value = 0,001 and the correlation coefficient (ρ) = 0,602) and factors unrelated is menu variations (p-value = 0,554) and the food appearance (p-value = 0,914). The correctional institution suggests to evaluate the standard portion, especially in the morning and keep improving the food tastes.
GAMBARAN POPULASI DAN BIONOMI Anopheles spp DI PULAU DOMPAK KOTA TANJUNGPINANG PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU TAHUN 2016 Rahman, Mohd Abd; Martini, Martini; Hestiningsih, Retno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Malaria remains a health problem, especially in the city of Tanjungpinang. Dompak Island is one of a malaria endemic area in the city of Tanjungpinang. Dompak island environment conducive to the breeding of Anopheles spp. This study aims to determine species Anopheles spp, bionomi Anopheles spp, nature and density of larval breeding places as well. is a descriptive study with cross sectional approach were held from November 2015 through to May 2016 on the island of Dompak Tanjungpinang. Samples were taken throughout the breeding sites of Anopheles spp in this island and four villages there to survey the vector see many mosquitoes or Man Haour Density (MHD) using Night Landing Collection (NLC) and the Night Resting Collection (NRC) with man bait Insider (MBI) and man bait outsiders (MBO). The results of this study get 12 Anopheles mosquito breeding sites with varying density values. A total of 4 species of Anopheles were found, namely: An maculatus (MHD 3.51), An. sundaicus (MHD 1.46), An. subpictus (MHD 1.29) and An. sinensis (MHD 1.66). Suggestions for the City Health Office, the survey should continue to entomology face Dompak implemented in the island in order to prevent outbreaks of malaria although currently not encountered cases of malaria. The increase in human resources and equipment to support the activities of entomology survey.
HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR DENGAN PRAKTIK HYGIENE GENITALIA EKSTERNAL PADA REMAJA PUTRI PONDOK PESANTREN AL-ISHLAH TEMBALANG SEMARANG TAHUN 2016 Adibah, Luthfi; Nugroho, Djoko; Winarni, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Some of adolescents research showed that they often be wrong in cleaning their genitals. Prevalence of infection due in Indonesia is 43/100 inhabitants and have ranks seventh leading cause of death (5,7%). The high prevalence of infection due to lack of the external genital hygiene practices. Based on the previous study from  20 female students, there were 11 female students among less knowledgeable about how to clean their external genitals. This study aimed to analyze some factors related to the practice of external genital hygiene in girls adolescent at Al Islah Boarding School Tembalang-Semarang.This research type was Explanatory Research with Cross Sectional Study design time. The population was 60 female students and the sample was 50 female students with the inclusion criteria . The results of univariate analysis showed that the highest percentage of respondents that good knowledge was (54%), mothers education with primary education was (62%), the role of unfavorable friends was (54%) and external genital hygiene practices less good was (56%). The bivariate analysis using Yates correction test showed that there was a relationship of knowledge (p value = 0.001> 0.05), mothers education (p value = 0.004 <0.05), the role of friend (pvalue = 0.002 <0.05) with the external genital hygiene practices. It suggested to BKKBN which cooperate with Bapermasper to increase the female students empathy by giving information on the external genital hygiene and the interpersonal communication regularly with the boarding school management.
HUBUNGAN KEBERAGAMAN JENIS MAKANAN DAN KECUKUPAN GIZI DENGAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH (IMT) PADA IBU MENYUSUI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2016 Fauzia, Syifa; Pangestuti, Dina Rahayuning; Widajanti, Laksmi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Ibu menyusui membutuhkan asupan gizi lebih banyak daripada ibu yang tidak menyusui sehingga membutuhkan keberagaman jenis makanan yang dikonsumsi. Sebagian besar ibu menyusui di Indonesia memiliki status gizi yang kurang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan keberagaman jenis makanan, tingkat kecukupan gizi dengan status gizi ibu menyusui. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik observasional menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 96 ibu menyusui yang masih memberikan ASI dengan usia bayi 0-6 bulan. Jumlah subjek 53 orang yang dipilih dengan  teknik purposive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dan Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata skor keberagaman jenis makanan adalah 8,73 dengan kategori sedang sebanyak (39,6%). Kelompok pangan yang kurang dikonsumsi adalah sayur dan buah-buahan.  Tingkat kecukupan energi kurang sebanyak (56,6%), kecukupan protein kurang sebanyak (52,8%), kecukupan lemak kurang sebanyak (58,5%) dan kecukupan vitamin A kurang sebanyak (58,5%). Status gizi ibu menurut IMT sebagian besar (52,8%) tergolong normal. Ada hubungan antara keberagaman jenis makanan (p=0,024), kecukupan energi (p=0,000), dan food taboo (p=0,044) dengan IMT.Tidak ada hubungan tingkat kecukupan protein (p=0,152), lemak (p=0,070), vitamin A (p=0,401), prioritas makanan dalam keluarga (p=0,084) dengan IMT. Disarankan kepada puskesmas untuk meningkatkan frekuensi promosi kesehatan seperti penyuluhan makanan sehat, beragam terutama pentingnya mengkonsumsi sayur dan buah-buahan saat menyusui oleh petugas kesehatan seperti kader posyandu.
GAMBARAN TINGKAT KEBUGARAN JASMANI MAHASISWA LAKI-LAKI FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO Ewildsycraev R., Weildsrie; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Physical fitness is an important component that students need to follow the lecture. Similarly, the students of Faculty of Engineering, an engineering student requires optimal fitness in particular through the activities of lectures are more dense than the other faculties. Research in the School of Public Health Diponegoro University in 2013  found the 67.9% of the students had less fitness level (poor). The purpose of this study is to describe the factors associated with the level of physical fitness of male students of Faculty of Engineering, University of Diponegoro. This research is a descriptive study with cross sectional design. This research subject is a male student of the Faculty of Engineering of Diponegoro University who actively enrolled a total of 100 people. The sampling technique is simple random sampling. From the results of the study concluded that 72% of respondents had a physical fitness less category, 82% of respondents had a physical activity light weight category. Suggestions for students of the Faculty of Engineering is to do exercise at least 1 time a week. Suggestions for Undip engineering faculty will not provide practicum on holiday.
JENIS TIKUS DAN ENDOPARASIT CACING DALAM USUS TIKUS DI PASAR RASAMALA KELURAHAN SRONDOL WETAN KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK KOTA SEMARANG Setyaningrum, Afifah Dita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Rat is a family in Rodentia order which does harm human as an intermediary of various disease caused by contagion agents including parasites worm. The rat which notably habitates in human’s vicinity could be one of the ways for worm-borne illness to transmit. It can be found with ease around a flea-market. The aim of this research was to provide characterization of rats diversity and worm endoparasites it contains in Pasar Rasamala, Kelurahan Srondol Wetan, Kecamatan Banyumanik. This descriptive research is conducted with cross sectional approach. The samples were trapped rats during four days of experiment, using 100 live-traps. Over 24 trapped rats within 6% rate of trap success, this disclosure revealed that there were Rattus tanezumi (58.3 %), Rattus norvegicus (29.2 %), Rattus exulans (8.3 %), dan Bandicota indica (4.2 %). These rats were infected by worm-parasites at 91.67% rate. The endoparasites found were comprised of Hymenolepis nana, nematoda,Trichuris muris, dan Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Based on its infection, most of rats in Pasar Rasamala were having single infection rather than combined infection. For the next study can study further on the possibility of worm infections in other organs. In addition, it should be studied on the incidence of worm infection in the human population around the Pasar Rasmala.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI IBU MENYUSUI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU KOTA SEMARANG Maharani, Hanifah; Pangestuti, Dina Rahayuning; Pradigdo, Siti Fatimah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Breastfeeding mothers are classified into nutrition vulnerable groups because of breast milk (ASI) is the mainfood for the baby that is obtained from their mother. Riskesdas 2007-2008 showedthat the risk of chronic energy deficiency breastfeeding mothers in Indonesia as much as 34.6%. This study aims to determine factors associated with the nutritional status of breastfeeding mothers. The study was the observational analytic with cross-sectional study design. The sample in this study is breastfeeding either exclusively or non-exclusively, have babies aged 0-6 months as many as 47 people with purposive sampling technique. The research instrument was a questionnaire and measures of nutritional status (digital scales, microtome, ribbon LILA). The statistical analysis used was Spearman rank correlation test. The results showed that most of the samples do not exclusively breastfeed their babies (59.6%), have less level of nutritional knowledge (46.8%), lack of energy and protein intake (87.2%) and (78.7%), physical activity level breastfeeding mothers classified as mild (76.6%), and the nutritional status (BMI) is not normal (46.8%). Statistical analysis showed there is association nutrition knowledge with breastfeeding mothers BMI(p = 0.005; p <0.05), energy and protein intake with breastfeeding mothers BMI (p = 0.001; p <0.05), and physical activity with breastfeeding mothers BMI (p = 0.030; p <0.05). The results showed knowledge of nutrition-related terms balanced nutrition for breastfeeding mothers still less (61.70%), so that need to increase knowledge of balanced nutrition for breastfeeding mothers who can contribute to improving nutrient intake, breastfeed mothers.
STATUS RESISTENSI NYAMUK AedesaegyptiTERHADAP MALATHION DI WILAYAH KERJA KKP KELAS III LHOKSEUMAWE(BerdasarkanUji Impregnated Paper danBiokimia) Syahrizal, Syahrizal; Hestiningsih, Retno; Martini, Martini
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Focus fogging in KKP Class III Lhokseumawe conducted every 3 months according to Standard Operating Procedures. Fogging activities carried out although there are cases. The use of insecticides for long periods can lead to insect resistance to organophosphate isektisida. This study aims to determine the resistance status of Ae. aegypti to malathion.Research conducted at the KKP Work Area Class III Lhokseumawe, larvae samples taken from three different areas, among others Kruenggeukueh Ports, Ports and Airports MalikussalehHaguPertamina. F1 mosquito rearing results in resistance tests using the susceptibility test kits and impregnated Paper malathion 0.8%, which is where the mosquito mortality was observed after 24 hours. Results showed death Ae.aegypti mosquitoes in the region 3 is 2%, 3% and 0 means that have been resistant to malathion. Malathion can not be used again by the Port Health Office Class III Lhokseumawe proved to be the death of Ae. aegypti is less than 80% so it needs to be replaced with another class of insecticides such as group Pirethroid (deltamethrin, Lambdasihalotrin, and cypermetrin)
PENGEMBANGAN SISTEM INFORMASI DOKTER KELUARGA (STUDI KASUS PADA SALAH SATU KLINIK DI KELURAHAN BULUSAN) Widiyantoro, Rio; Dharmawan, Yudhy; Mawarni, Atik; Agusyahbana, Farid
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

A clinic is a health care facility that provides personal heatlh treatment. The clinic used in this research have problems in registration, finance and pharmacy divisions. The registration division has duplicates of patients data and it takes time for officers to find those data. The Finance division periodic reports are too simple and the pharmacy division have to record everything in a book so its hard to oversee how much medicine is left or how much is used in a period of time. These problems are caused by inadequat information system.The purpose of this research is to develop a computer-based information system using rapid action development method.This is a qualitative development research. Information network is developed in accordance to the problems of registration, finance and pharmacy divisions. The subjects of this research are the user of the system which includes a single staff for each divisions. The devepment of the system uses the Rapid Application Development (RAD) method while the evaluation of the results uses End User Computing (EUC). RAD includes user needs assessment, design and implementation. EUC evaluates the conent, accuracy, format, timeliness and user compatibility.The results of this research is a information system that have menu, input form in each section of clinic, database and report on each section.  shows that the information system is applied in the clinic. After the system was developed, it was evaluated according to each users. While the pharmacy division cannot be evaluated because of retirement, evaluations of the other two divisions sows that this system has provided adequat information prcessing and is ready to be used.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEBIASAAN KONSUMSI TABLET TAMBAH DARAH SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN ANEMIA PADA REMAJA PUTERI (STUDI PADA MAHASISWA TAHUN PERTAMA DI FAKULTAS KESEHATAN MASYARATAK UNIVERSITAS DIPONEGORO) Risva, Temi Chintia; Suyatno, Suyatno; Rahfiludin, M. Zen
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Anemia iron deficiency is a common morbidity among adolescents due to their high need of nutrition for their growth. Iron supplementation is the solution for this problem. This study aims to find factors that are associated to iron tablet consumption behavior on female adolescents in Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University. This is a quantitative study that use cross sectional design. Samples of this study were calculated using case control calculation with Lameshow formula. Data were collected using questionnaire and analyzed using chi-square with Odds ratio value calculation. The unvaried calculation finds that among case and control group, there are 43.5% and 45.2% respondents with good knowledge, 41.9% and 61.3% with good awareness, 59.7% and 48.5% with good purchasing power, 54.7% and 79.0% with good supply, 41.9% and 54.5% with good surrounding behavior, and also 50.0% and 75.8% with good support from surrounding. The study finds that factors associated with iron tablet consumption behavior on female adolescents in Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University are awareness (OR= 2.192; CI95%= 1.069-4.495), support from surrounding (OR= 2.517; CI95%= 1.220-5.196), and supports from surrounding (OR= 3.133; CI95%= 1.458-6.735). These mean that respondents with good awareness, surrounding behavior, and surrounding support, are more likely to consume iron tablet 2.1 times, 2.5 times, and 3.1 time than respondents with bad awareness, surrounding behavior, and surrounding support. Based on the result of this study, writer suggest that effort to socialize information of anemia and way to prevent it should be widen not only to female adolescent but also to their family and people surround them.

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