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INDONESIA
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 76 Documents
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PERBEDAAN KELELAHAN KERJA SATPAM ANTARA SHIFT PAGI, SHIFT SIANG DAN SHIFT MALAM DI PT. INDONESIA POWER UBP SEMARANG Manik, Andika S.; Jayanti, Siswi; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Work fatigue can be defined as a protection mechanism of the body to avoid further damage so that recovery occurs after the break. Some factors from fatigue the caused by shift work, workload, and work environment. The purpose of this study was to describe, analyze workload and work fatigue difference at security staff between the morning, day and night shifts in PT. Indonesia Power UBP Semarang. Type of this study was a quantitative study with analysis of explanation or explanatory research. Design of this study was using cross sectional research. Population of this study is 48 security in PT. Indonesia Power UBP Semarang. Determination of sample was using simple random sampling method with a purposive sampling approach obtained 12 samples. Statistical test was using are non parametric anova test. Output of one way anova of hypothesis there is no difference of security workload between morning shift and day shift (p=0,846; α= 0,05), there is no difference of security workload between day shift and night shift (p=0,343; α= 0,05) and there is no difference of security workload between morning shift and night shift (p=0,710; α= 0,05). And there is a difference of security fatigue between morning shift and day shift (p=0,010; α= 0,05), there is no difference of security fatigue between day shift and night shift (p=0,153; α= 0,05) and there is a difference of security fatigue between morning shift and night shift (p=0,016; α= 0,05). Researcher recommend that company should be increasing the number of security.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA BALITA (Studi Kasus di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Candi Lama Kecamatan Candisari Kota Semarang) Kurniasih, Esty; Suhartono, Suhartono; Nurjazulil, Nurjazuli
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Pneumonia is inflammation of lung parenchyma where asinus filled with liquid chafe into a wall alveoli and cavities interstisium. According to data Riskesdas 2013, the incident pneumonia highest found in age group 12-23 months with 21,7 per 1000 toddlers. In 2012, pneumonia most high rate occurrence there are in the work area Puskesmas Candi Lama Kecamatan Candisari with the number of people that is 620 toddlers from 4.150 toddlers. This research using the draft study case control. Samples are toddlers age 0-59 months. Large sample that is 36 toddlers group cases and 36 toddlers the control group. Analysis bivariat test using chi square. The result of bivariate analysis indicated that no relation the type of floor, wall type home, home residence density, a density of occupancy bedroom, home humidity levels, temperature, home ventilation, bedroom ventilation,and type of fuel to cook with pneumonia on toddlers and there was a correlation between natural lighting with pneumonia on toddlers with average of illuminance on a group of cases 66,19 lux and in the control group 102 lux. Natural light is risk factors scene pneumonia in toddlers in the work area Puskesmas Candi Lama, Kecamatan Candisari Kota Semarang.
HUBUNGAN MAYA INDEX DENGAN KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN TEGALSARI KOTA TEGAL Rokhmawanti, Novia; Martini, Martini; Ginanadjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Tegalsari Urban Village was one of the endemic areas with the highest dengue cases in Tegal city. Maya index was an indicator to determine high-risk areas as nurseries for larvae by using hygiene risk indicator (HRI) and breeding risk indicator (BRI). The goal of this research was to know the relationship of maya index with dengue hemorrhagic fever incident in Tegalsari Urban Village. This research used observational analitic with cross sectional design. Samples taken as many as 100 homes using purposive sampling method. Measurement of the maya index variables using observation sheet. Data were analyzed using the chi-square. The results of this study indicated that there was a relationship between the maya index with incidence of DHF. The level of risk a high of maya index to the middle of maya index equal to 9 times (POR 9; 95 % CI 1,846-44,082) and the high of maya index to the low of maya index equal to 8,8 or close to 9 (POR 8,8; 95 % CI 1.046 to 74.042).The low of maya index were 21 (21%) homes, middle of maya index were 43 (43 %) homes, and the high of maya index were 36 (36 %). The density of larvae seen of the entomology index in Tegalsari obtained house index (HI) of 66 %, container index (CI) of 16.3 %, and breteau index (BI) of 101 who showed that Tegalsari was an area of high risk of dengue transmission. The suggestion for the health department to train women larva monitoring (Bumantik) with the inspection techniques larvae material either in a controlled (controllable sites) or uncontrolled (disposable sites).
PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI (APD) PADA PEKERJA PENGECORAN LOGAM PT. SINAR SEMESTA (Studi Kasus Tentang Perilaku Penggunaan Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) Ditinjau Dari Pengetahuan Terhadap Potensi Bahaya Dan Resiko Kecelakaan Kerja Pada Pekerja Pengecoran L Novianto, Nanang Dwi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Foundry industry is an industry that processes metal ore into finished objects. The iron casting in foundry in Ceper Klaten is using the temperate reaches to 1600° C. In this industry, most of workers do not use the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in the workplace, although there are many dangers that can be found such as the high temperature, the infrared radiation, the heat of metal splash, the dust of combustion, the electrical induction, and the flake of metals.The purpose of this study is to analyze the behavior of foundry workers toward the use of (PPE) that is evaluated from the awareness of the potency of dangers and the risks of accidents in PT. Sinar Semesta, Batur, Ceper, Klaten. This research is a qualitative descriptive study that involves six informants, which consists of four main informants and two triangulation informants. The data collection is done through the direct observation and in-depth interviews using questionnaires. The results of this study indicate that the foundry workers in PT. Sinar Semesta Desa Batur, Ceper, Klaten has a low level of awareness about the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and the risks of the dangers that might threaten their safety in the workplace. These results were obtained from in-depth interviews conducted by the researcher in the field that indicates if the metal foundry workers in PT. Sinar Semesta has an indifferent attitude towards the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), as expressed by almost all respondents stated that they felt uncomfortable, hot and sultry wear safety equipment such as PPE.It is recommended to prepare the company regulations, requiring the use of PPE and provide opportunities for workers to follow safety and healthy training, as well as creating a comfortable working environment.
ANALISIS MANAJEMEN PROSES PERSIAPAN PUSKESMAS MENUJU PUSKESMAS PELAYANAN OBSTETRI DAN NEONATAL EMERGENSI DASAR DI KABUPATEN PATI TAHUN 2014 Wulandari, Wiwik; Suparwati, Anneke; Wigati, Putri Asmita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

The health service of obstetrics and Neonatal Emergency Basis is an inpatient Clinics that are able to conduct civil defence emergency obstetric and neonatal care or basic level of complication in 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. The results of the preliminary survey noted that the preparation of health equipment and drugs have been provided but all health care Facilities but will not match the manual can only approach the course. The purpose of describing all aspects of the preparatory process of the management of clinics to PONED. Type of this research is descriptive research with qualitative methods. The object in this research is the management process of preparation clinics to PONED, whereas the subject of research is the primary informant and the informant triangulation. Data collection methods in the research of in-depth interviews as well as observation and documentation, research results show that HR planning: none of the Clinics, lack of budget funds from the Government, it still happened the delay in reporting as well as for his reference to the grooves are still utilizing the hospital nearest the C type because the Starch has only one Hospital PONEK, less routine agenda to schedule the most scrutiny is only 1 x a year though. These three variables are grouped into factors Stength, overrun Weakness, Opportunity, and the result of factors of weakness Threath is greater than the strength of the conclusion that the preparation process management not ready a hundred percent because a trained human resources are still lacking, Health care facilities as well as the budget of the Fund. The recommendations of this study are: To Health Office made the planning of human resources, health care facilities as well as the operational funds, imposed strict sanctions related reporting, regularly scheduled agenda pengawasannya. Suggestions for public health: should make detailed planning needs of clinics, improve cross-sectoral partnership, more discipline in reporting activities
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STRES KERJA PADA PENERBANG SIPIL DI BALAI KESEHATAN PENERBANGAN JAKARTA Syabilah, Cindy Amalia; Wahyuni, Ida; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Profession as a civilian pilot was one of the most stressful occupations. The accident happened on air transportation largely was caused by human factors. The results of research on the impact of stress on job performance found that some accidents were attributable to personal failure and error was caused by the involvement of stress factors experienced by workers.  The aim of this study was to analyze the factors associated with job stress in a civilian pilot. This was a explanatory research with cross sectional approach. The study was conducted through interviews with civilian aviators who were conducting a medical examination from August to September 2014, total of 79 civilian pilots were respondents in this research. Chi Square test was used to analyze the data. The result of the research were 57,1% of civilian pilots suffered mild stress and 34,1% severe work stress. From the statistical test can be obtained that there were a association between age (p value=0,001), association between working period (p value=0,002), association between flying hours (p value=0,001), association between marital status (p value=0,003), relation between role in organization (p value=0,011), and association between demand of the task (p value=0,001), and association between interpersonal relationship (p value=0,018) with work stress. The need for strict application of the limitation of pilot flight hours thus avoiding fatigue and stress which can be at risk of human error
FACTORS RELATED OF SMOKING BEHAVIOR MALE STUDENTS GRADE TWELVE IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL “Y” SEMARANG Lomboan, Raumanen Afiana; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Winarni, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Based on Global Adult Tobacco Survey, Indonesia is country with the highest smoker’s active, 67% man, 2,7% woman. The data showed that 5,4% of the ages 10-14 years children in Semarang City initiated to smoke daily. The main purpose of this research is to analyzee factors related to boy’s smoking at senior high school grade XII students in SMAN “Y” Semarang City. The mothod used in this research is quantitative method with case control study approach. Total of the populations are 166 and total of the samples are 76 by random sampling with 38 case sample, 38 control sample. There were 86,8% respondents ages is 17th. The analysis data uses univariate and bivariate with Chi-square statistical test (0.05 significance level). Most of respondents bad attitude (78,9%), simple achievable to cigarrette (59,2%), low exposure of cigarrette advertisements (50,0%), parenting of parents majority are democration (75%). The result of Chi-square test showed that there are no relationships between age respondents (p = 0,556 OR= 2,05), knowledge (p=0,169 OR=0,529), education of parents (p=0,287 OR= 0,457), smokers in families (p=0,063 OR=2,40), parenting of parents (p=0,185 OR=2,04), and income every months (p=0,818 OR=1,11). While attitude (p=0,000 OR=31,87), money for respondents everyday (p=0,022 OR=2,93), exposure of advertisements (p=0,000 OR=8,5), accesbility of cigarette (p=0,002 OR=4,43),  had p-value ≤ α (0,05), so it is concluded that there are relationships beetween those variables to smoking adolescence boy’s.
ANALISIS IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PROGRAM SANTUN LANJUT USIA DI PUSKESMAS BANGETAYU KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2014 Triyani, Familia Endah; Suparwati, Anneke; Wigati, Putri Asmita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

One of the output indicators mannered elderly health centers program is health care for the elderly and pre-elderly in health centers. Semarang city already has 21 elderly health centers until 2014 mannered One such program is a pilot health centers health centers Bangetayu, but for the scope of services to the elderly and pre-elderly in 2013 is still below the target of DKK. Implementation of a program can be influenced by communication, resources, disposition and bureaucratic structures. This research was conducted in the area of Semarang Bangetayu. This type of research is exploratory research study with a qualitative approach. Data were collected by in-depth interviews using interview guides and observation using the observation checklist sheet for support facilities. Informants research that managers and program leaders mannered elderly health centers and Head of the Section of Maternal and Elderly DKK Semarang, implementing programs in Bangetayu mannered elderly, program coordinator, Head Bangetayu health centers, as well as cross-sectoral officers Bangetayu. The results showed that the delivery of information from DKK to the clinic Bangetayu already done when socializing in 2009 and in 2011 when training both through media exposure. But for clarity of information about health centers mannered elderly only understood in detail by the program coordinator mannered elderly only, this is because refreshing officer only once a year. Resource availability is limited so that the workload is still very high officials. Budget funds are available each year, although still relatively small. Facilities and infrastructure are available already quite complete. Attitude executor also demonstrate commitment and willingness to carrying out the program because it considers part of the task. SOP and the existing guide books. But coordination between DKK to health centers and cross-sectoral Bangetayu still lacking. It is recommended to Semarang City Health Office convey information not only with the clarity of the program coordinator at the health center, but to the rest of the program managers, program managers to the addition of personnel, service programs do not focus on curative services, but the service of preventive, promotive and rehabilitative as well as well as increased coordination to DKK, clinic staff and program delivery across sectors that can be delivered to all officers.
HUBUNGAN HIGIENE DAN SANITASI MAKANAN DENGAN KONTAMINASI BAKTERI ESCHERICHIA COLI DALAM MAKANAN DI WARUNG MAKAN SEKITAR TERMINAL BOROBUDUR, MAGELANG Kurniasih, Rizqi Putri; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Hanani D., Yusniar
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Food is a basic necessary forhuman life. Foodmay willbe the cause ofthe disruption inour bodyso thatwe become illthrough contaminationof Escherichiacoli infoods. Escherichia coli bacteriacontaminationinfoodmay wiil be  influencedby thehygiene andsanitaryconditions offood stallsarenotqualified. The purposeof this studywas to determinethe association  betweenhygiene and sanitationwithEscherichia coli bacteriacontaminationon foodat food stallaroundBorobudur Station. This type of researchwasexplanatory researchwithcross sectional approach. The population inthis study were all food stallsaroundBorobudur Station amounted to 31food stalls. The sample wasthe entire study population amounted to 31food vendors and 31 foods.Data analysis of this study wereunivariate analysis withfrequency distribution and bivariat analysistotestthe association,usingchi-square testwith asignificance level ofp-value<0.05. Results oflaboratory testsshowedas much as51,6% of samplespositive containEscherichiacoli bacteria. The results showed thatthere was a relationshipbetween the quality offoodsanitationequipmentwithEscherichia coli bacteriacontaminationon food(pvalue = 0.001). In addition,the results alsoshowed nocorrelationbetween thequality of thesanitarypoint of salewithEscherichia coli bacteriacontamination(pvalue =0,565), there was no correlationbetweenthe qualityof foodsanitationwithEscherichia coli bacteriacontamination(pvalue =1), there was norelationshipof sanitaryquality of food presentation with bacteriaEscherichiacoli contamination (pvalue =0,484), andthere was norelationshipbetweenpersonal hygienepracticestradersin maintainingpersonal hygiene themselfandclothingwithEscherichia coli bacteriacontamination(pvalue =0,372).  Fromthis studyit could be concludedthat there was asignificantassociation betweenthequality offoodsanitationequipmentwithEscherichia coli bacteriacontaminationon food.
SURVEI KEBERADAAN FORMALIN PADA TELUR AYAM RAS DI PASAR TRADISIONAL INDUK DAN PASAR MODERN KAWASAN KOTA SEMARANG Lestari, Yuniva Tri; Sutiningsih, Dwi; Ginanadjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Abstract

Formaldehyde is a disinfectant. According to Minister Regulation No. 1168 / Menkes / Per / X / 1999, formalin is one of the food additives that were prohibited by the formula CH2O. In the world of chicken farming, formalin have contact as an additive in feed, litter maintain the quality of the chicken coop and the raw material egg incubator disinfectant. The purpose of this study was to survey the existence of formaldehyde residues in eggs in a traditional home market and the modern market. The study was observational with cross sectional approach. Samples were eggs were sold by traders in traditional home markets and modern market in Semarang City with a total sample of 97 eggs were thought to contain residual formaldehyde. Samples were taken by simple random sampling. Data analyzed were done descriptively by univariate analysis. The result of this research were total of 91 samples or 98.9% of 92 chicken egg samples from traditional home markets were negative formaldehyde, as well as the 100% of 5 chicken egg samples of the modern market. Positive formaldehyde in one sample of the traditional home markets, namely 15,835 ppm (mg / kg). The resultsindicatethattraderswereawareofformalin36.10% andformalinharmful tohealthas much as38.10%. Traderswhodidn’tperform the separationof eggswithmaterialsuspected containformalinat63.9%. It was nedded to socialization formalindangerto the merchant. Theyshouldkeepeggsina sealed containerandseparatethematerialcontaining formaldehyde. Peopleshouldaddinformationsafe foodconsumption.

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