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Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
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Articles 11 Documents
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Hubungan Praktek Pengaturan Diet Dengan Perilaku Emosional Pada Penyandang Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Usia 3-7 Tahun Di Kota Depok Mukhfi, -; Nugraheni, S.A.; Kartini, Apoina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a pervasive developmental disorder characterized by the development that appears before the age of 3 years , characteristic function abnormalities in three areas, social interaction, communication, limited and repetitive behavior. UNESCO in 2011 , there were 35 million people with ASD in the entire world, 6 of 1000 people in the world have been suspect ASD. While in Indonesia, the ratio of 8 out of every 1000 people. Child asd have allergic to nutrient substance that causes disruption brain functions consequently emotion. This study aims to analyze relationship the practice of diet between with the emotional ASD children aged 3-7 years in Depok. This research uses a cross-sectional study with survey method. The population in this study is child with ASD was therapy in 5 clinic therapy for children with special needs (Anak Mandiri, Talenta Optima, Lentera Insan, Kriebel, Rumah Autis Depok). using the total sampling method 35 children was respondents. using Chi-square for analysis data with 5% significance level. The result showed children with ASD has emotional stable more on child with diet (70,6 %) than child is not on a diet (16 %). The statistics chi-square obtained value p-value 0,001. The concluded that diet practices haved a relationship with emotional in ASD children  ages 3-7  years in  Depok city
Perbedaan Paparan Debu Pada Pekerja Penggilingan Padi Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang Sebelum Dan Sesudah Pemasangan Local Exhaust Ventilation Ghaniysara, -; Kurniawan, Bina; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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The rice milling process gives rise to variety of hazard. Hazard identification in the rice milling in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang shows that there is chemical hazard in the form of grain dust that is included in organic dust. Dust is hazard that negatively affect number one in causing occupational disease. Disease arising due to organic dust, among others, organic dust toxicity syndrome, farmer lung and asthma. Preliminary research in the rice milling in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang shows that the workers often feel uncomfortable and have difficulty breathing while working because of the grain dust. Therefore, the control needs to be done to reduce dust exposure, namely the installation of local exhaust ventilation. The purpose of this research is to analyze the differences of dust exposure to rice milling workers in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang before and after the installation of local exhaust ventilation. This is an experimental research with one group pretest posttest design. The population in this research is measurement results of dust exposure to rice milling workers in Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang. The sample of this research is each four measurement results of dust exposure before and after the installation of local exhaust ventilation. Data analysis is conducted by comparing measurement  results  of  dust  exposure before  and  after  the installation  of  local  exhaust ventilation. The results showed that dust exposure after the installation of local exhaust ventilation dropped amounted to 0,5 mg/m3, 0,3 mg/m3 and 2,0 mg/m3. The conclusion is the installation of local exhaust ventilation in rice milling Pregolan Desa Jetis Kecamatan Kaliwungu Kabupaten Semarang can reduce the dust exposure
Gambaran Pelaksanaan Rumah Pemotongan Hewan Babi (Studi Kasus di Rumah Pemotongan Hewan Kota Semarang) Rambu Lawu, Michelia; Yuliawati, Sri; Dian Saraswati, Lintang
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Rumah Pemotongan Hewan adalah bangunan yang memenuhi persyaratan teknis dan hygiene untuk memotong hewan bagi masyarakat sehingga dapat menjadi titik kritis pertama penentuan keamanan produk daging yang dijual. Kementerian pertanian mengungkapkan bahwa RPH yang telah memenuhi standar penyembelihan sesuai dengan standar operasional prosedur hanya berkisar 41,42% dari jumlah  RPH yang tersebar di seluruh Indonesia tahun 2010. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan pendekatan cross sectional dimana variabel penelitian ini merupakan standar operasional prosedur rumah pemotongan hewan babi dengan tujuan untuk memberikan gambaran pelaksanaan operasional RPH Babi Kota Semarang yang sesuai dengan standar operasional prosedur yang telah dipersyaratkan. Dan dari penelitian ini ditemukan ada beberapa persyaratan berdasarkan SNI No 01-6159-1999 dan berdasarkan peraturan menteri pertanian No 13/permentan/OT.140/2000, Standar operasional prosedur berdasarkan peraturan daerah (Keputusan Dewan No 48 tahun 2000) serta berdasarkan standar operasional prosedur RPH babi yang tidak terpenuhi dan tidak dilaksanakan dimana salah satunya adalah tidak dilakukannya pemeriksaan antemortem dan postmortem sehingga tidak memperoleh nomor kontrol veteriner dari dokter hewan RPH. Dalam hal ini pengawasan yang rutin dan berkala dari dinas peternakan merupakan hal penting yang harus dilakukan untuk memperbaiki pelaksanaan standar operasional prosedur di RPH babi Kota Semarang ini
Perbedaan Stres Kerja Antara Pekerja Shift I Dan Shift III Bagian Produksi Di PT. Nusantara Building Industries Purbonani, Findi; Lestantyo, Daru; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Stres kerja adalah suatu reaksi individu berupa reaksi fisiologis, psikologis dan perilaku yang disebabkan oleh sumber-sumber stres kerja (stressor). Stressor kerja merupakan segala kondisi pekerjaan yang dipersepsikan pekerja sebagai suatu tuntutan kerja. Shift kerja merupakan sebuah pola waktu kerja yang diterapkan perusahaan bagi pekerja, yang dapat dianggap sebagai suatu tuntutan tugas dalam pekerjaan. Shift kerja ternyata memiliki dampak yang cukup besar terhadap kesehatan pekerja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perbedaan stres kerja antara pekerja shift I dan shift III bagian produksi di PT. Nusantara Building Industries. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah operator mesin di bagian produksi yang bekerja di shift I dan shift III yang berjumlah 196 pekerja. Sampel dihitung dengan rumus sampel minimal dan dengan metode proporsional random sampling didapatkan 32 pekerja pada masing-masing shift I dan shift III. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner pengukuran stres kerja. Analisis data menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney dengan taraf signifikansi 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 56,3% pekerja shift I mengalami stres kerja sedang dan 53,1% pekerja shift III mengalami stres kerja ringan. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan stres kerja antara pekerja shift I dan shift III (p-value = 0,548)
Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kelelahan Kerja pada Pekerja Konveksi Bagian Penjahitan di CV. Aneka Garment Gunungpati Semarang Atiqoh, Januar; Wahyuni, Ida; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Fatigue can be influenced by several factors that can come from within the individual as well as of the work environment. CV. Aneka Garment Gunungpati Semarang is informal industry convection with all the sewing workers are women. The purpose of this research is to analyze the related factors of fatigue on sewing workers at CV. Aneka Garment Gunungpati Semarang. This research is explanatory research using cross sectional study design, where population numbers to the workers is 31 people. Sampling method using total sampling. Data analysis using Chi-Square test for normal distribution of data and Rank-Spearman for data not normally distributed. The results showed that most of respondents heavy work fatigue (71%), most of the old ³40 years (71%), the majority of respondents work >10 years (71%), nutritional status of most respondents in the normal category (50.1%), the posture of most respondents work at level 3 (42.1%), and most of the workload between 30 to <60% (42.1%), it means need repairation for workload. Results of statistical tests showed had relationship between age and fatigue (p = 0.0001), there is a relationship between the during work with fatigue (p = 0.0001), there is no relationship between nutritional status with fatigue (p = 0.191), there is a relationship between working posture with fatigue (p = 0.0001), and there is a relationship between the workload with fatigue (p = 0.0001). Business owners should provide additional lighting in accordance with the type of work (lighting meets 1000 Lux) and doing engineering work station (chair) to fit the body size of workers
Uji Efektivitas Ekstrak Bakteri Simbion Lamun Enhalus sp. Sebagai Bioinsektisida Pada Kecoa Blatella Germanica Di Laboratorium Masum Fauzi, Farid; Sulistiyani, -; Hestiningsih, Retno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Cockroach is a vector disease that lives in the home, restaurants, hotels, hospitals, warehouses, offices, libraries, and others. This insect is very close to human life. The way to control cockroach Blatella germanica is used of insecticides. Biological insecticides is one alternative vector control. Results photochemical content of active compounds contained in the seagrass bacteria Enhalus sp. such as terpenes, alkaloids and carotenoids that can be toxic to insects as an insecticide. This study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of bacterial symbionts of seagrass extracts Enhalus sp. as bioinsektisida on Blatella germanica cockroaches. The research was conducted in April-August 2013. The samples used for this study is isolate bacterial symbiont of seagrass Enhalus sp. Blatella germanica and cockroaches. Methods used are experimental laboratories. The number of samples used for this study is 920 crawly things. Based on probit analysis are obtained at a concentration of LC50 78.203% and LC90 88.078% present in concentrations. based on the results of ANOVA were no significant differences of various concentrations of bacterial extract as seagrass Enhalus sp bioinsektisida Blatella germanica cockroaches to death with a significance of p = 0.000. Communities can apply bacterial symbionts of seagrass extracts Enhalus sp. as bioinsektisida to kill a cockroach so as to reduce the number of diseases caused by cockroaches
Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Kejadian Dermatitis Kontak Iritan Pada Pekerja Bagian Premix Di PT. X Cirebon Ade Indrawan, Irvan; Suwondo, Ari; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Irritant contact dermatitis is a local non-immunologic inflammatory reaction of the skin caused by contact with exogenous or endogenous factors. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the polymorphic skin traits that have broad identification, such as: itching, redness, scaling, vesicles, and crusting papulovesikel. PT X is an industry which is engaged in the production of animal feed in Cirebon City. The production process is divided into several stages, weighing ingredients according to recipe, coarse crushing raw materials, mixing all the ingredients according to recipe, pellet forming and crumble establishment. Before mixing the main ingredient there was a process of weighing chemicals and feed supplement as prescribed in premix company section. The purpose of this research was to analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of irritant dermatitis contact in Premix workers in PT X Cirebon. The type of the research is an observational study with cross sectional approach. The subjects were 40 workers as part of Premix respondents. The results of the chi square test statistic obtained contact with the chemical (p value = 0.0001), years (p value = 1.000), duration of exposure (p value = 0.003), age (p value = 0.003), gender (p value = 0.017), knowledge (p value = 1.000), use of personal protective equipment (p value = 0.369), personal hygiene (p value = 0.689). The conclusion of this study is in contact with chemicals, long exposure, age and gender, associated with the incidence of irritant dermatitis contact. While working life, knowledge, use of personal protective equipment, and personal hygiene are not associated with the incidence of irritant contact dermatitis
Evaluasi Program Inisiasi Menyusu Dini Oleh Bidan Di Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa Citarum Semarang H. Siregar, Hamida; Sriatmi, Ayun; Kartika Wulan, Lucia Ratna
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Sesuai target Millenium Development Goals (MDG’s) (AKI) di Indonesia sampai 2015 adalah 102 per 100.000. Dalam rangka mengatasi masalah AKI dan AKB, Departemen Kesehatan mengeluarkan kebijakan yang mengacu kepada intervensi strategis dalam upaya safe motherhood yang salah satunya yaituInisiasi menyusu dini. Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa Citarum Semarang merupakan Rumah Sakit Sayang Ibu dan Bayi yang melakukan program IMD. Data tahun 2010 terdapat 43,1% persalinan normal dengan IMD dan tahun 2011 sebanyak 34.6%. Berdasarkan studi pendahuluan yang dilakukan pada 3 ibu bidan diketahui bahwa 2 dari 3 pelaksana IMD belum melaksanakan IMD sesuai dengan pedoman pelaksanaan IMD dan Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa Citarum Semarang belum melaksanakan evaluasi selama 5 tahun terakhir.  Tujuan penelitian untuk mengukur pelaksanaan program IMD oleh bidan di Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa Citarum Semarang. Penelitian dilaksanakan di ruang bersalin dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif deskriptif dengan 8 informan utama dan 11 informan triangulasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan indepth interview serta teori system Azrul Azwar digunakan sebagai kerangka konsep dengan analisis data secara induktif. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa bidan sudah cukup berkulitas dan berkompeten dalam pelaksanaan IMD, sarana dan prasarana sudah cukup baik namun tidak tersedia Klinik Laktasidan KP-ASI sebagai sarana pendukung program, IMD, perencanaan anggaran IMD sudah cukup yaitu diperoleh dari rumah sakit dan dikelola oleh TIM RSSIB, protap IMD sudah tersedia di rumah sakit dan disahkan oleh Direktur sebagai petunjuk kerja IMD, perencanaan kegiatan IMD sudah cukup baik yaitu perencanaan tenaga IMD, dana dan sarana dan prasarana. Pelaksanaan kegiatan IMD belum cukup baik, bidan tidak melaksanakan IMD sesuai dengan protap IMD, dan pengawasan dilakukan oleh TIM RSSIB yaitu melakukan monitoring pelaksanaan program IMD di ruang VK. Dapat disimpulkan bidan belum mematuhi protap IMD sehingga perlunya diberikan motivasi kepada bidan pelaksana IMD agar bidan melaksanakan IMD sesuai dengan protap IMD dan evaluasi keseluruhan program IMD oleh Rumah Sakit Panti Wilasa Citarum Semarang
Analisis Perbedaan Tingkat Kepuasan Pasien Umum dan Pasien Jamkesmas Terhadap Pelayanan Dokter Pada Unit Rawat Inap Di Puskesmas Mlonggo Kabupaten Jepara Nafisatul Izzah, Nila; Sriatmi, Ayun; Asmita Wigati, Putri
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Puskesmas Mlonggo merupakan salah satu Puskesmas perawatan.Puskesmas perlu untuk memperhatikan mutu pelayanan yang ada sehingga baik pasien umum dan pasien Jamkesmas dapat merasakan tingkat kepuasan yang sama dalam pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan di Puskesmas.Analisis data dilakukan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kepuasan pada 10 indikator yang terdapat dalam IKM yaitu prosedur pelayanan, persyaratan pelayanan, kecepatan pelayanan, keadilan mendapatkan pelayanan, kejelasan dokter, tanggung jawab dokter, kemampuan dokter, kesopanan dan keramahan dokter, kepastian jadwal pelayanan, serta keamanan pelayanan antara pasien umum dan pasien Jamkesmas dengan menggunakan uji mann whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kepuasan pasien antara pasien umum dengan pasien Jamkesmas pada indikator keadilan mendapatkan pelayanan, kejelasan dokter, kemampuan dokter, kejelasan jadwal pelayanan serta keamanan pelayanan
Analysis The Standard of Medical Record Resources Needed, Based on Workload at Ken Saras Hospital Medical Record Instalation 2013 Rosita Hasibuan, Nelda; Kartika Wulan, Lucia Ratna; Asmita Wigati, Putri
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Background: Medical record has a purpose to achieve an orderly administrative in an increasing health effort. UU RI no. 29 of 2009 section 46 and 47 said that every doctor and dentist should be make an medical record in their practices. If they violate, they can be penalized accordance with the provisions. In this research, needs analysis seen from some aspect, the amount of resources, education, skill, and work motivation. Ken Saras Hospital Medical record installation suffer fairly high turnover in 2013, so it make increasingly heavy workload for the employees who still survive.Medical Records Installation  in Ken Sarah Hospital has been regeneration at sometime ago, so it made heavy workload for resources who still survive. .The purpose of this research is to determine the workload of resources, the suitability of the workload and the need that based on workload. Method:  This research used qualitative descriptive study with cross sectional approach. Data collection used work sampling method  and in-depth interview. The population in the study was the time used medical record personnel in completing the work and the whole effort implementing IRM in a total of 11 people. Result: The results of this research is the ideal amount of medical record resources from amount of power aspect , education, skills and nowadays work motivation of resources. According the result of this research is 3.07 hours of workload, 3.3 hours of productive time, education, skill, and work motivation affect the work system of instalation. The workload in registration section is 5.88 hours, and 5.9 hours of productive time.  Educational standards in irm is good enough, but need to add 1 resource in registration section with D3 RM standart. IRM skills is good enough, but need the training of medician recorder to improve the skill. Work motivation is still lacking. According this research, can be concluded that theres deficiency in medical record installation, 1-2 resources. The registration section with high school education competencies, need procurement training to improve the knowledge resources, and need some activities to improve work motivation

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