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Contact Name
Arsad Bahri
Contact Email
bionature@unm.acid
Phone
81334503202
Journal Mail Official
bionature@unm.acid
Editorial Address
Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Negeri Makasar
Location
Kota makassar,
Sulawesi selatan
INDONESIA
bionature
ISSN : 14114720     EISSN : -     DOI : -
BIONATURE adalah jurnal yang berisi tulisan yang diangkat dari hasil penelitian, gagasan konseptual, kajian dan aplikasi teori di bidang biologi. Diterbitkan dua kali setahun pada bulan april dan oktober oleh Jurusan Biologi Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Negeri Makasar
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 237 Documents
Pengaruh Pemberian Serbuk Daun Sirsak terhadap Sitophilus oryzae pada Beras Selama Penyimpanan Pagarra, Halifah
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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This study aims to determine the influence of leaf of Anona  muricata L. powder against Sitophilus oryzae in rice during storage. This research is experimental research that uses experimental design with a basic design pattern randomize complete design. This study consists of four treatment groups (K0, K1, K2, and K3). K0 = control or no treatment; K1 = 10% (90 grams + 10 grams of rice powder leaves of Anona muricata L.); K2 = 20% (80 grams + 20 grams of rice powder leaves sirsak; K3 = 30% (70 grams + 30 grams of rice powder leaves Anona muricata L). Parameters measured the number of insects which declined during the 1 month storage. Data obtained in deskritif and analyzed statistically with inferensial test Fα = 0.05 followed by the LSD α = 0.05. Results of research indicate that the results of research show that the leaves of Anona muricata L powder. affect Sitophilus oryzae in rice during storage. Concentration of the most influential of Sitophilus oryzae in rice during storage is K3 (concentration 30%), the number of insects that are rejected 10 insects.
Daya Hambat Ekstrak Metanol Daun Sukun (Artocarpus communis Forst) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Pseudomonas aeruginosa dan Staphylococcus aureus Penyebab Infeksi pada Luka Muharram, .; Ramdani, .; Eviyusmiawati Sius, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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This research is aimed to know the inhibiting capacity of methanol extact of Artocarpus communis Forst leaves to bacteria that causing infection on wound, i.e. P. aeruginosa and S. Aureus. Therefore, the sensitivity of both bacteria must be examined to methanol extract of Artocarpus communis Forst leaves. The sensitivity test was condsucted by paper disc method. The inhibition zone of methanol extract of Artocarpus communis Forst leaves was founded as a colourless zone that obtained after incubation for 24 hours. It is means P. aeruginosa and S. Aureus are sensitive to methanol extract of this plant. The inhibition zone is shown by methanol extract of Artocarpus communis Forst leaves toward bacteria coloni growth of P. aeruginosa and S. aureus that describing the linear increasing of consentration from 5% to 20%.  It is shown that Artocarpus communis Forst leaves contains the activity compounds as antibacteria, especially P. aeruginosa and S. aureus.  
Pengaruh Pemberian Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) terhadap Kadar Kolesterol Darah pada Kelinci (Oryctolagus cuniculus ) Jantan. Azis, Andi Asmawati; Faisal, .; Marpin, Muh.
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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This research have as a purpose to know the influence VCO to cholesterol content in hare blood rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) masculine. Variable in this research that is gift VCO as free variable and cholesterol content in hare blood (O. Cuniculus) as variable trussed. This research represent the experiment research by using complete random device ( RAL) consisted of  four treatment level namely A0 as control ( gift water), A1 ( gift VCO during 7 days ( ml / kg), A2 ( gift VCO during 14 days ( ml /kg)) and A3 ( gift VCO  during 21 days ( ml / kg). Parameter observed is cholesterol content of hare blood. Result of research showed that gift VCO statistically do not have an effect on the reality to degradation of cholesterol content of hare blood (O. cuniculus ) masculine.   Keywords : Influence VCO, cholesterol content of hare blood (Oryctolagus cuniculus) masculine.
Karakterisasi Isolat-isolat Beauveria Bassiana Galur Lokal Sulawesi Selatan Rachmawaty, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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Beauveria mildew is known as useful natural control agent, due to it’s infection potential agents for controlling insect. The range of its host covers broad range of insects order including Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Hemiptera and Hymenoptera. In the past, the behavior of B.bassiana was identified based on morphological character, which is have weakness because of environmental effect so the fenotype performance does not manifest the genotype value. Another identification method can be used to complete morphological approach is identification based on physiological behavior (toxin production) and biochemical (protein and isoenzim) where the protein analysis and isoenzim, is order to minimize the influence of environment factor for identification. The research was conducted in Laboratorium Biology UNM, there is 11 isolates B.bassiana used in this research represent location and host. Isolates were analyzed by physiological and isoenzim using electrophoresis. The result of physiological character showed that out of 11 isolates characterized, there are isolates produced beauvericin, interestingly the rest isolates produced unknown on identified metabolites. Based on total band protein pattern and isoenzim showed that there are variation, isolates from the same area or district have more similarity characters than isolates from different area.
Aktivitas Enzim Protease Beauveria bassiana Galur Lokal Sulawesi Selatan Hilda Karim, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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Activity a protease enzyme hardly related to ability of mould elaborates protein component found on substrate that is casein. Temperature and hydrogen ion exponent is one of environmental factor influencing enzymatic activity. Initial step of determination of maximum hydrogen ion exponent by the way of giving treatment of initial hydrogen ion exponent so that obtainable and determined optimum pH B. bassiana sub-province Maros and sub-province Enrekang by seeing highest enzymatic activity indicator. Based on treatment of determination of optimum pH that is certain hydrogen ion exponent of which can cause highest activity to protease enzyme hence obtained by result that mould isolate B. bassiana sub-province Maros and also sub-province Enrekang both having enzymatic activity with optimum pH at hydrogen ion exponent 7 where enzymatic activity from each mould isolate successively that is 0,301 unit/mL/minutes and 0,682 unit/mL/minutes.   Keywords: protease activity, Beauveria bassiana, isolate
Analisis Kualitas Air Sumur di Sekitar Aliran Sungai Maros Ditinjau dari Segi Mikrobiologi (Studi Kasus pada Desa Borikamase Kecamatan Maros Baru Kabupaten Maros) Firdaus Daud, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
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This research aimed at (1) describing the quality of the population’s well water at Borikamase Village of Maros Baru district, Maros regency along Maros river viewed from microbiological aspect; (2) knowing whether the population’s well water along Maros river can properly be consumed viewed from mikrobiological aspect.  This reseacrh was a descriptive-qualitative research, that is, a research carried out investigate whether the population’s well water contains microbes so that it can be determined whether or not it can be consumed properly or is in accord with the regulation as stated in health minister’s Decision No. 416/MENKES/PER/IX/1990 of the republic of Indonesia. The population of this research consisted of all population’s wells along the river at Borikamase Village. The samples were taken be using stratified random sampling by dividing to sub-areas, each of which consisted of seven wells. The data were collected by using the results of laboratory analysis of the microbes contained in the well water and then compared it wich the regulation as stated in Health Minister’s Decisions No. 416/MENKES/PER/IX/1990. The results of analysis of laboratory Depkes indicate thet the mean of resident well contain 1295 cell Coliform and 960 cell Escherichia coli per 100 ml irrigate the sample of this means exceeding rule specified by regulation of Menkes RI. No. 416/MENKES/PER/IX/1990 of concerning clean water quality conditions manely 50 and 10 cell Coliform to irrigate non pipe and irrigate the pipe. So that the water cannot be properly consumed. Therefore, it is suggested that the results of this research be the input to the government officials as policy makers, and that the community in general make them as reading material and reference.   Keywords: quality of well water, mikrobiological
Perubahan Biokimia dan Fisiologi Benih pada Berbagai Tingkat Kemasakan Buah Mengkudu Rosdiana Ngitung, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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This research was conducted to provide Morinda seeds that have certain quality as plant ingredients through use of seed with physiologies ripe.This research was conducted in Green House and Experimental Farm of Biology’s Departement FMIPA if State University of Makassar (UNM that goes on February till August 2008. This test was using Random Plan Group (RPG) of one factor was ripe degree of seed with three levels,that is : old Greed Fruits Colours, Yellow Fruit Colors,and white Fruits Colors. The treatment was repeats according to location of the fruits that had taken that ware up branch, middle part branch, and down part branch. Biochemistry test was on water degrees (%), carbohydrate degrees (%) (Quantifying of sugar degrees, essence and fiber degrees), protein degrees (%), fat degrees (%), and ash degrees (%). Viability and vigor test was on dry seed weight (g), water seed degrees (%), and dry sprout weight (g), sprout power (%), and sprout speed degrees was 95%. Result of the test that the ripe degrees of old Green Fruits Colors was called M-1 Stadium, Yellow Fruits Colors was called M-2 Stadium, and white Fruits Colors was called M-3 Stadium. According to biochemistry changing and physiology so that can be known that M-2 Stadium seeds had Morphologies Ripe (MR), and M-3 Stadium seeds had Physiologies Ripe (PR)   Keywords : morinda, seeds, ripe degrees
Perbaikan Kemampuan Biomotorik Pesepakbola Usia Dini Melalui Suplementasi Zn+Fe Taiyeb, Abdul Mushawwir; Patellongi, Ilhamjaya
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas MIPA UNM

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The research aimed to examine the effect of Zn+Fe supplementation on optimalizing the biomotoric ability. One field intervention research among of 40 of a 12-years old group of football players of Makassar Football School (MFS)-2000 in South Sulawesi Province had been conducted to figure out a possible mechanism specifically examined the discrapancies of the change in the increasing rate of biomotoric ability between the targeted and the placebo group. This study was designed with randomized double blind pretest-posttest. A full of 20 participants in group A (targeted group) was supple-mented by Zn+Fe for 6 months while other 20 in group B counterparts were given with placebo. All data related to biometric ability, nutrient supplementation, hemoglobin level as well as IGF-1 level were recorded before and after intervention. The result showed greater increasing in the level of Hb, IGF-1, biomotoric ability: muscle endurance (sit-up test), and aerobic endurance (bleep test) among the targeted group up  to 2.05%, 32,5%, 19.85% and 47.08% respectively, after supplemented by Zn+Fe for 6 months, compared to that number in the placebo group (0.61%; 15%; 5.11% and 11,66% respectively). Moreover, the result demonstrated a positive correlation between the level of Hb and the increasing of ability to perform sit-up (r= 0.361) as well as aerobic capacity (r= 0.325). Similar result found in correlation between IGF-1 and the increasing rate of ability to perform sit-up (r= 0.385) as well as aerobic capacity (r= 0.392). Conclusions, the increasing level of Hb and IGF-1 improved the increasing rate of, muscle endurance in sit-up test as well as aerobic endurance in bleep test. Therefore, giving Zn+Fe supplementation may improvement biomotoric ability in  12-years old group of football players.   Keywords: biomotoric  ability, Zn + Fe supplementation, nutrition feed, fitness tests
Peningkatan Aktivitas dan Hasil Belajar Biologi melalui Penggunaan Peta Konsep pada Siswa Kelas XII Ilmu Alam SMA Negeri 1 Tellu Limpoe pada Tahun Pelajaran 2007/2008 Akmal, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
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The research is intended to know the improvement of the activity and achievement in learning biology at the third year students of science class at SMA Negeri 1 Tellu  Limpoe in  the academic year 2007/2008 on the concept of Growing and Developing through the application of Mind Mapping Approach. The Class Action Research was held on July to October 2008 to 40 third year students of  Science Class at SMA 1 Negeri 1 Tellu Limpoe Kabupaten Sidenreng Rappang. The data were collected by applying written test to measure the learning achievement and observation sheet to recognize the students activities in learning biology. Based on the data analysis it was concluded that the activity of the students got improvement when using the approach of mind mapping in learning the concept of Growing and Developing . It showed that there was improvement  from 72,12 % (good category)  in the first circle to 80,08% (very good category) in the second circle. The   improvement was also found on the students means score of the post test   from 78,4% in the first circle to 82,2% in second circle after applying the mind mapping approach at the same concept. Keywords : concept map, students activity, learning achievement
Penerapan Metode Peer Group Teaching dalam Proses Pembelajaran Biologi untuk Meningkatkan Keaktifan dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas X SMA Negeri 3 Makassar Palennari, Muhiddin; Hartati, .; Syamsiah, .
bionature Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
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This research is including pre experiment with aim to know improvement of activity of biological learning and improvement result of learning through applying of method peer group teaching. Research is done in class X SMA Negeri 3 Makassar at school year odd semester 2008/2009. Research design applied is pretest and post test group design. Before study with method peer group teaching, student is given pretest to know initial ability of student. Research data in the form of student activity is gathered by using observation sheet and data result of learning is gathered by using test result of learning is in the form of multiple choice. Data activity is analysed qualitatively while data result of pretest and post test is analysed with t-test. Result of research indicates that there are improvement significant between result of student learning before and after applying of method peer group teaching as well as existence of improvement of activity of student during study takes place.   Keywords: learning, peer group teaching, learning achievement, student activity

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