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Sayono
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Journal Mail Official
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Jl. Kedungmudu Raya No.18 Semarang, 50273
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INDONESIA
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
ISSN : -     EISSN : 26139219     DOI : 10.26714/jkmi
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia mempublikasikan artikel ilmiah hasil penelitian di bidang kesehatan masyarakat dalam lingkup ilmu epidemiologi, kesehatan lingkungan, keselamatan dan kesehatan kerja, promosi kesehatan, kesehatan reproduksi, administrasi dan kebijakan kesehatan, biostatistik-kependudukan, dan gizi masyarakat.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 159 Documents
EVALUASI PENGGUNAAN MEDIA BANTU DALAM PROSES PENYAMPAIAN KIE PENCEGAHAN HIV/AIDS YANG DILAKUKAN ASA PKBI JATENG BAGI SISWA SLTP DAN SMU DI KOTA SEMARANG Salawati, Trixie
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
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Abstract

Background: Using media in health education is a way to make people understand more easily about the material given. ASA PKBI JATENG is an NGO specializing in the prevention of HIV ancl AIDS for stuclents of SLTp anct SMU in Semarang. It tries to reach its goal by giving information through communication, information ancl eclucation (KIE) method to students. Since 2003, ASA PKBI never made any evaluation about the effectiveness of supporting media they used for the elucidation. In addition, they never measured the response about the media from their target audience.Parpose: to evaluate the implementation of the media in the presentation conducted by ASA PKBI Central Java ancl to get response from the target audience about the usage of those supporting media. Method: this research is using qualitative method. The data was collected through directed group discussion with interviews to check its validity.Result: the supporting media to deliver in the classroom is by using blackboard. No supporting media is neetlecl when the presentation takes place in the hall. However, there is always a VCD showing at the end of every presentation. Some audience prefer supporting media such as pictures to clarify the KIE presentation. Conclusion: ASA PKBI hasnot optimized the implementation of supporting media such as pictures in presenting their KIE.Keywords: evaluation, supporting media, SLTP and SMU students.
STUDI ETNOGRAFI TERFOKUS PADA PENYAKIT TUBERKULOSIS DI KABUPATEN KEBUMEN JAWA TENGAH -, Suyatno
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
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Abstract

Baickgound: Tuberculosis is a complex problem, especially in the tleveloping countries. Among other problems, the most dfficult thing to handle is the difficulty in findtng the srffirer. The objective of this intcly is to apply the ethnographic study to explore the case of tuberculosis in the community. Metiod: Thestucly oppiin, the cimmunity based design. The data was gathered with quantitative and qualitative methotl (in-clepthinter-view) from the tuberculosis patient and the non-tuberculosis patient, some of key petson in the community, ancl health tuorker in 7 health center area in the district of Kebumen, Central Java. Results; The study showecl ihat TAC was afamiliarterminologt of tuberculosis, and there were various local terminologies as tuberculosis symptoms. More patieits came to health care center with haemoptysis symptom. Conclusion; Almost all of them felt uncomfortable witi the durution and the side effect of antituberculosis medicine.Keywords: tuberculosis, ethnographic study, local terminology
PERBEDAAN KEPADATAN TELUR AEDES SPESIES PADA AVITROP YAIG DIPASANG DI DALAM RUMAH DAN DI LUAR RUMAH DI DESA KANDANGREJO, KLAMBU, GROBOGAN TAHUN 2OO4 Utomo, Margo; Tyasmono, Sigit; -, Sayono
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 2, No 1 (2005): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA
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Abstract

Background: Dengue fever was the deadly disease, neither hqs cure nor vaccine. The only way to effectively and efficiently prevent the disease is by cleaning up the mosquitoes hideouts. Ovitrap is a way to get ricl of the disease vector by reducing the number ofmosquitoes through their eggs. Purpose: to describe and analyze the density ofthe Aedes Species eggs in the ovitraps installed in Kandangrejo, Subdistrict Klambu, regency of Grobogan. Method; This research is explanatory research with experiment method by the Post Test Only With Control Group Design. Researchsubiect is the eggs trapped in the ovitraps placed both inside snd outside the house. The sample is determined by Systematic Random Sampling. The variables covered in the research are; ovitrap inside and outside the house and the number of aedes species eggs and its density, and measured with ovitrap index. Result: Kandangrejo, Subdistrict Klambu, the regency of Grobogan is an endemic area for Dengue with Container Index (CI); House Index (HI) dan Breuteau Index (BI) startfrom the month of January until May 2004 between 13,3 - 30,7 % ; 19,4 - 41,8 % and 2j,2- 64,4 %. The Ovitrap Index inside the house is 12,50 ok whereas the ovitrap index outside the house is 30,00 %.Conclusion:There is no dffirence between the eggs density of the Aedes Sp in the ovitrap placed inside the house with the ovitrap placed outside the house (p : 0,653). After being identified, the eggs captured in the ovitrap inside the house are Ae. aegepty, whereas those captured outside the house is Ae. Albopictus .Keywords: Eggs density, ovitrap, Dengue Fever.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPADATAN TULANG PADA WANITA POSTMENOPAUSE Utomo, Margo; Meikawati, Wulandari; Putri, Zilfa Kusuma
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Background. Osteoporosisis a chronic disease characterized by reduced bone mass. Factor which affect such as family history, physical activity, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods. Objective. To Analyze the correlation between family history, physical activity, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods consumption with bone density at postmenopaused women. Methods. This study is a survey with a cross sectional approach with 35 subject. Independent variables was family history, physical activity, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods consumption while dependent variable is the density of bone. The data family history and physical activity were searched by interview, nutritional status based on BMI and habits of high calcium foods consumption habits was searched by interview using FFQ. Bone density were measured by Ultrasound. The data analysed with Pearson Product Moment, Spearman Rank and Chi Square. Result. Six subject (17,1 %) have history of osteoporosis. A few of physical activity subjects (22,9%) is low category. Most subjects had a BMI > 18 kg / m2. A total of 74,3 % subjects consumed milk. Two subjects (5,7 %) had osteoporosis. There were significant correlation between family history, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods consumption with bone density, but there was no correlation between physical activity with bone density. Conclusion. There were correlation between family history, nutritional status and habits of high calcium foods with bone density. Keyword. Family history, physical activity, nutritional status, food calcium, bone density, postmenopausal women
EFEKTIFITAS MODEL PAYUNG PERANGKAP NYAMUK DALAM MEMBUNUH Aedes aegypti DI LABORATORIUM ., Sayono; Nurulllita, Ulfa; ., Qori’ah
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Background: Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever controlling Aedes aegypti can be done by immersing the mosquito net. Into the insecticide mosquito net modification uses umbrella trap mode off black shirt, black cotton, stripes shirt and stripes cotton. Objective: To the effective umbrella trap Aedes aegypti Methods: Study is using an experimental quasi research with post-test only control group design. It has function of explaining the relations between the independent variable and dependent variables in the application of using the black shirt, black cotton, stripes shirt and stripes cotton and the dead of Aedes aegypti as the independent variable. The Aedes aegypti that were used for this experiment were 2400 female mosquito treated each treatment and control used 100 mosquitos. Results: Result the lowest amount of faintand dead mosquitos were found in umbrella trap mode of stripe shirt, about 5-28. The highest amount of faint and dead mosquito were found in umbrella trap mode of black cotton, about 41-95. Results of the statistical test showed that the value of p=0,973 (>0,05). Results of the ANOVA test showed a significant value of p=0,000 (>0,05). Conclusion: There are significant for difference umbrella trap mosquito that used with the dead of Aedes aegypti. Keyword: Umbrella trap mosquito, insecticide permetrhin, Aedes aegypti.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI EKSTRAK DAUN TEMBELEKAN (Lantana canara) TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA Aedes egypti Wardani, Ratih Sari; ., Mifbakhuddin; Yokorinanti, Kiky
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Background: The Dengeue Hemoragic  Fever cases in Indonesia have steadily increased from year to year. One reason is that the higher number of population causing the increase of mosquito breeding places of Aedes aegypti and larvae. One of the efforts to control the Aedes aegypti larvae is the use of herbal larvaeside the extract of tembelekan (Lantana camara) leaf. Objective: To find out the influence of the concentration of the extract of Tembelekan leaf on the mortality of Aedes aegypti  larvae. Method: This study was quasi experimental design applying. After only with control design. The dependent vaiable of the study was the Aedes aegypti larvae mortality and the independent variables were the various concentrations tembelekan leaf extract (1 %, 3 % and 5%). The research was conducted by providing tembelekan leaf extract in various concentrations to the media containing 25 larvae. The larvae mortality was calculated after 24 hours with observation period of 0,5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 hours. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical ways. As the data were not normally distributed the Kruskal Wallis test was applied to measure the influence of concentration on the mortality of larvae.   Results: Based on the results, the average mortality of Aedes aegypti larvae was found at concentrations as low as 1% with the mortality of 16.2 larvae or (64,8%) and the highest mortality was at a concentration of 5% with the mortality of 25 larvae (100%). Based on the analysis results obtained from Kruskal Wallis test, the p value = 0,000 (p<0,05) showing that ther was a significant influence of various concentrations of temebelekan leaf extract on the Aedes aegypti larvae mortality. Conclusion: There was a significant influence of various concentrations of tembelekan leaf extract on the Aedes aegypti larvae mortality. Keywords: Tembelekan leaf (Lantana camara), Aedes aegypti larvae. ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Peningkatan kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue dari tahun ke tahun terjadi di Indonesia. Salah satu penyebabnya adalah jumlah penduduk yang semakin tinggi yang mengakibatkan tempat perkembangbiakan nyamuk Aedes aegypti dan larva semakin meningkat. Salah satu upaya pengendalian larva Aedes aegypti dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan larvasida nabati ekstrak daun Tembelekan. Tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh konsentrasi ekstrak daun Tembelekan terhadap kematian larva Aedes aegpyti. Metode: Penelitian eksperimen kuasi ini menerapkan desain After Only With Control Design. Variabel terikat dalam penelitian adalah kematian larva Aedes aegypti dan variabel bebasnya adalah berbagai konsentrasi ekstrak daun Tembelekan (1%, 3%, dan 5%). Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan memberikan ekstrak daun Tembelekan dengan berbagai konsentrasi pada media yang berisi 25 ekor larva kemudian dihitung kematian larva setelah 24 jam dengan waktu pengamatan 0,5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12 jam. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan analitik. Untuk mengetahui pengaruh konsentrasi terhadap kematian larva menggunakan uji Kruskal Wallis karena data tidak berdistribusi normal.Hasil: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, rata – rata kematian larva Aedes aegypti terendah terdapat pada konsentrasi 1% yaitu 16,2 ekor (64,8%) dan kematian tertinggi terdapat pada konsentrasi 5% yaitu 25 ekor (100%). Berdasarkan hasil analisis uji Kruskal Wallis diperoleh p value = 0,000 (p<0,05) artinya ada pengaruh yang bermakna berbagai konsentrasi ekstrak daun Tembelekan terhadap kematian larva Aedes aegypti.Kesimpulan: Ada pengaruh yang bermakna berbagai konsentrasi ekstrak daun Tembelekan terhadap kematian larva Aedes aegypti.Kata Kunci: Daun Tembelekan (Lantana camara), larva Aedes aegypti.
HUBUNGAM ANTARA PAPARAN GAS BUANG KENDARAAN (Pb) DENGAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN DAN ERITROSIT BERDASARKAN LAMA KERJA PADA PETUGAS OPERATOR WANITA SPBU DI WILAYAH SEMARANG SELATAN ., Mifbakhuddin; Meikawati, Wulandari; Mumpuni, Puji
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Background. The growth of numbers of vehicles in the city of Semarang great potential for air polution that will give effect to health. The impact of lead exposure to human health are hypertension, anemia, children intelligence reduction due to brain’s degrading functions and hemoglobin formation inhabitance. Objective. To understand the correlation between of lead in blood with hemoglobin and erythrocytes by the working time duration on female operators gas station in south of Semarang city. Methods. The research uses cross sectional design with 30 samples. The independent variables area lead in blood and working time duration, while the dependent variables are hemoglobin and erythrocytes. Pearson Correlation Product Moment is the statistic test used in this research. Results. Respondent’s average working time duration is 5 months on 8 person (26,7 %). Blood lead on most of them is > 20 mg/dL, which the WHO defined on 22 person (73,3 %), hemoglobin on most of the female operators gas station is still normal on 21 persons (70 %), and the erythrocytes on 25 person (83,3 %). There is no significant correlation between working time duration with lead in blood with r = -0,202 and p= 0,283 (p>0,05). Conclusion. There is no correlation between lead in the blood, working time duration with hemoglobin and erythrocytes. Keywords. Lead in the blood, working time duration, hemoglobin, erythrocytes, female operators gas station.
KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE BERDASARKAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN PRAKTIK PEMBERANTASAN SARANG NYAMUK Salawati, Trixie; Astuti, Rahayu; Nurdiana, Hayu
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Background: Dengue haemorhagic Fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus and transmited through the bite of a mosquito Aedes aegypti. Spreading of DHF influenced by environmental factors and practice of breading place eradication. Work area of public health service of Srondol covered endemic area of DHF. Objective: To determine the realtionship between environment factors and eradication of mosquito breeding practices in families with incidence of DHF in the working area of public health service of Srondol Banyumanik sub district Semarang City. Method: This was an explanatory research with case control approach. The sample of (case) was all patiens with DHF patient that recorded in Public health service of Srondol from all health service unit between January to April 2010 (47 cases), and the sample of (control) was the people around the patient who do not suffered DHF with radius of 100 meters, between January to Juni 2010, which equated their ages, genders, and nutritional status (47 respondents). The dependent variable was incidence of DHF and the independent variable was the breeding place both indoor and outdoor, resting place both indoor and outdoor, lighting air humidity of room, the habit of closing the water reservoirs, the habit to draining water reservoirs and habit to removing secondhand goods. These data analyzed by Chi Square test. Results: There were realtionship between breeding place indoors (p=0,048), resting place outside the home (p=0,035), custom exhaust water reservoirs (p=0,036), and lighting the room (p=0,013) with incidence of DHF and not the relationship between breeding place outdoors (p=0,096) resting plce indoors (p=0,059), customary closing water reservoirs (p=0,062), habit of burying the former goods (p=0,223), and humidity of the room (p=0,483) with incidence of DHF. Cloncusions: The environmental factors and mosquito breeding practices was the relationship with incidence of DHF are : Breeding plce inside house, resting place outside house, habit to drain saving waters container, room lighting. Keywords: Environmental factors, Practices and mosquito eradication, DHF.
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENDIDIKAN DAN PENGETAHUAN IBU TENTANG ASI DENGAN LAMA PEMBERIAN ASI EKSLUSIF PADA BALITA USIA 6 – 24 BULAN DI DESA KEBONAGUNG KECAMATAN KEBONAGUNG KABUPATEN PACITAN PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR Syamsianah, Agustin; ., Mufnaetty; Mahardikha, Dina Mardhikanti
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Backround Breast feeding is the best food for newborn baby. World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations and Children’s Fund (UNICEF) suggest giving breast feeding exclusively, that is just breast feeding until the baby was six months, without dilution addition foods or beverages beside the breast fedding. In fact, giving breast feeding exclusively not as which conceived. Ther are many factors influencing gift of breast feeding exclusively. Mother’s education and knowledge of condusive moher have big enough influence in giving brest feeding exclusively. Excelsior mother’s education hence excelsior mothers knowledge will concerning breast feeding so that giving it 6 months can reach. Objective This purpose of the research is to know realtion between education and knowledge of mother concerning breast feeding with how long to gift of breast feeding exclusively at child under 5 years incountryside of Kebonagung, district of Kebonagung sub province of Pacitan. Method Type research the used in Explanatory, approach the used is spliting transveral (Crossectional), where variable cause and effect of checked and measured during which at the same time. Research population are all mother’s of children under 5 years with age of 6 -24 months. At this research not be done by intake of sample because all population are researched. Data analysis used test of kolmogorov-smirnov to know normality of data and for the test correlation used correlation test of rank spearmen. Results The result indicated that storey level education of vhildren’s mother under 5 years 50 % middle story level, knowledge of mother of children under 5 years concerning breast feeding is 43,33% and 23,33 % mothers of children under 5 years give breast feeding exclusively during 6 month. Cloncusions The result of examination indicated, there aren’t relation between education storey level and knowledge of mother concerning breast feeding with how long mother give breast feeding exclusively in countryside of Kebonagung, district of Kebonagung more impetous again in emboldening the program of breast feeding exclusively 6 months so the program of goverment can be succeed and can be created a healthy of rising generation. Keywords: Breast feeding is the best food for newborn baby
HUBUNGAN PENDIDIKAN DAN PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DENGAN TINGKAT KONSUMSI ENERGI DAN PROTEIN ANAK TK NURUL BAHRI DESA WUKIR SARI KECAMATAN BATANG KABAUPATEN BATANG Handarsari, Erma .; Rosidi, Ali; Widyaningsih, Juju
JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 6, No 2 (2010): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
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Abstract

Background: Children who excel are the investment of valuable human resources for families, homeland, and nation. To realize the dream of hte children who excel, in addition to required education of good quality, must also consider the need for adequate nutrition. The adequacy of a children daily. In the field of nutritional science and health, children can be grouped into: Children kondergarten (4-6 years). School Children (7-12 years), amd Youth (13-18 years). Objective: analyze the relationship between education and knowledge of women with a low consumption of energy and protein kindergartner Nurul Bahri Wukir Sari Village District Batang Batang. Methods: This research is explanatory research and the study was cross sectional approach. The population in this study are all children enrolled as a pupil TK Nurul Bahri Wukir Sari Village District Batang, Batang, as many as 38 children. The sample is children who are registered as Nurul Bahri kindergarten students who meet the criteria: not being sick which can affect food consumption, Mrs. Available for interview to provide the necessary data. Samples taken from the total population that meets the inclusion of 20 children and the respondent is a mothers (85 %) were SD, the mother has nutritional knowledge was (70 %), average energy consumption of 1282,25 ± 136.05 kcal, the majority of kindergarten children (40%) mild deficit in the category of energy consumption level of a mild deicit, most kindergarten children (45 %) in the category of normal levels of protein consumption. Conclusion: There was no relationship between the educational level of energy and protein consumption kindergartner, ther is a correlation between nutrition knowledge of mothers with children kindergarten level energy consumption, and there is no relationship between nutrition knowledge of mothers with children kindergarten level of protein consumption. Keyword: Education, konwledge, level of energy and protein consumption, kindergarten children.

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