cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota adm. jakarta selatan,
Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Atom Indonesia Journal
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Exist for publishing the results of research and development in nuclear science and technology Starting for 2010 Atom Indonesia published three times a year in April, August, and December The scope of this journal covers experimental and analytical research in all areas of nuclear science and technology. including nuclear physics, reactor physics, radioactive waste treatment, fuel element development, radioisotopes and radio pharmaceutical engineering, nuclear and radiation safety, neutron scattering, material science and technology, as well as utilization of isotopes and radiation in agriculture, industry, health and environment.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016" : 10 Documents clear
The Utilization of Microbial Inoculants Based on Irradiated Compost in Dryland Remediation to Increase the Growth of King Grass and Maize Larasati, T.R.D.; Mulyana, N.; Sudradjat, D.
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (19.241 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.477

Abstract

This research was conducted to evaluate the capability of functional microbial inoculants to remediate drylands. The microbial inoculants used consist of hydrocarbon-degrading microbial inoculants and plant-growth-promoting microbial inoculants. Compost-based carrier was sterilized by a gamma irradiation dose of 25 kGy to prepare seed inoculants. The irradiated-compost-based hydrocarbon-degrading microbial inoculants and king grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.) were used to remediate oil-sludge-contaminated soil using in-situ composting for  60 days. The results showed that they could reduce THP (total petroleum hydrocarbons) by up to 82.23%. Plant-growth-promoting microbial inoculants were able to increase the dry weight of king grass from 47.39 to 100.66 g/plant, N uptake from 415.53 to 913.67 mg/plant, and P uptake from 76.52 to 178.33 mg/plant. Cow dung and irradiated-compost-based plant-growth-promoting microbial inoculants were able to increase the dry weight of maize (Zea mays L.) from 5.75 to 6.63 ton/ha (12.54%) and dry weight of grain potential from 5.30 to 7.15 ton/ha (35.03%). The results indicate that irradiated-compost-based microbial inoculants are suitable for remediating a dryland and therefore increase potential resources and improve the quality of the environment.Received: 17 March 2015; Revised: 28 October 2015; Accepted: 28 October 2015
The Effect of Pretreatment by using Electron Beam Irradiation on Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Kristiani, A.; Effendi, N.; Styarini, D.; Aulia, F.; Sudiyani, Y.
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (25.179 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.472

Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) is a potential type of lignocellulosic biomass for second-generation bioethanol production. The pretreatment process is an important process in the series of processes to produce bioethanol. This research aims to study the effects of pretreatment process by using electron beam irradiation to OPEFB’s characterization as raw materials for the hydrolysis reaction to produce monomer sugars which will be fermented into ethanol. The untreated and treated OPEFB are characterized in terms of their physical and chemical properties. Analysis results of the compositional analysis by using NREL/TP-510-42618 method show that after pretreatment by using electron beam irradiation, OPEFBs total lignin content is changed little while its cellulose and hemicellulose contents tend to decrease with increasing irradiation dose. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis shows that there is a decrease of crystallinity compared to untreated OPEFB, except for 200-kGy irradiated OPEFB. The highest decrease of crystallinity was shown by 300-kGy irradiated OPEFB. Further, crystallite sizes of treated OPEFBs are not significantly different from the untreated, except for the 200-kGy irradiated OPEFB. Irradiation pretreatment also increases specific surface area, pore volume, and pore size. The IR spectra analysis show the absorption of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin.Received: 07 January 2015; Revised:15 May 2015; Accepted: 17 May 2015 
The Relationship between Expression of p70s6k with Radiotherapy Response in Cervical Cancer Kurnia, I.; Siregar, B.; Alatas, Z.; Ramli, I.; Kurjana, T.; Andriono, A.; Tobing, M.D.L.; Hernowo, B.S.; Kisnanto, T.; Lusiyanti, Y.; Tetriana, D.; Soetopo, S.
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.41 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.478

Abstract

There are many important prognostic factors in advanced stage cervical cancer primary treated with radiotherapy. Besides clinical factors, many biomarkers have been studied in relation with radiotherapy response. The p70s6k is a biomarker which plays a significant role in cell proliferation. Increased levels of p70s6k are also associated with drug resistance in cancer. In the present study, the relationship between the expression level of p70s6k before treatment and the radiotherapy response in cervical cancer was determined. Immunohistochemical staining of p70s6k, MIB-1, and p53 was conducted in microscopic slide from 21 cancer tissue biopsies before treatment with radiotherapy. After the treatment had completed early radiotherapy response was observed by pelvic control method. The results showed that p70s6k is partly highly expressed (61.9%, 13/21) and partly low expressed (38.1%, 8/21) in the cancer cells. They also show that there is no statistically significant differences on AgNOR mean, MIB-1, and p53 indices in the different degrees of p70s6k expression (p≥0.05). Higher expression levels of p70s6k is more strongly associated with good radiotherapy response compared to lower ones (p=0.05). In conclusion, the level of p70s6k expression before treatment has an association with radiotherapy response.
Identification of the Second Mutation of BADH2 Gene Derived from Rice Mutant Lines Induced by Gamma Rays Ishak, I.
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.395 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.479

Abstract

The BADH2 gene acts as suppressor of 2-acetyl-1-pyrolline (2AP) biosynthesis in plants. 2AP is the volatile compound which provides fragrance in rice. Biosynthesis of 2AP occurs when BADH2 loses its function as suppressor gene. Aromatic rice cultivars naturally incur mutation of  BADH2 gene at 8 bp. In this experiment, aromatic mutant rice lines derived from irradiation of Sintanur cultivar by gamma rays with dose of 100 Gy were studied in molecular level. These mutant lines were characterized at the M10 plant generation under the assumption that genetically these aromatic mutant rice lines were homozygotic. Several primers related to aroma in rice have been used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a thermal cycler instrument. Gel electrophoreses were carried out using 1.5% agarose in TAE buffer. DNA fragments at 254 bp and 355 bp (base pair) were taken and amplified by primer for nucleotide sequencing of these fragments. Molecular identification and characterization after electrophoresis showed that the mutant line from AR1020 can be differentiated from AR.1080 at 254 bp. Nucleotide sequence data from of these DNA fragments showed that point mutations (deletions and substitutions) occurred at the BADH2 gene in exon 7; those are called second mutation and were caused by gamma rays effects. The Sintanur variety was used as check cultivar and its DNA sequence was compared to that of the AR.1020 mutant line. The results from both DNA sequences (from cv. Sintanur and AR.1020) derived from fragments at 254 bp show that point mutations occurred within exon 7 and earlier stop codon occurred in the AR.1020 mutant rice line. Further, the use of EA primer in PCR resulted in detection of deletion and substitution of nucleotides in the AR.1020 mutant line.
Identification and Angular Distribution of Residual Radionuclides Detected on the Wall of BATAN’s Cyclotron Cave Kambali, I.; Suryanto, H.; Parwanto, P
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.36 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.471

Abstract

Detection and measurement of radiation sources around BATAN’s cyclotron facilities in Serpong are required as an early step to avoid radiation impacts on the radiation employees who work with the cyclotron. In this paper, radiation emitted from the wall of the CS-30 cyclotron cave are detected and measured using an NaI(Tl) detector coupled with a pocket multichannel analyzer (MCA) at a counting time of 30 minutes for each sampling point on the wall. The sampling points were in the directions of within ±150o with respect to the incoming proton beams, and the measurements were conducted at heights between 1.2 m and 1.8 m off the floor for every sampling point. The experimental results indicate that Co-60 and Cs-134 detected on the cyclotron cave wall are major radionuclides that contribute to the emitted gamma radiation. The distribution of the gamma ray intensities given off by Co-60 and Cs-134 depend on the angle and position of the sampling points. In general the highest gamma ray rates can be found in the area around 0o relative to the incoming proton beams. In addition, no other radioactive sources are significantly detected on the wall. The maximum exposure measured on the wall surface was much less than the permissible occupational exposure for radiation workers and general public.Received: 27 March 2015; Revised: 30 September 2015; Accepted: 15 December 2015 
Temperature Dependence of the Primary Species Yields of Liquid Water Radiolysis by 0.8-MeV Fast Neutrons Butarbutar, S.L.; Sunaryo, G.R.; Meesungnoen, J.; Jay-Gerin, J.P.
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (51.402 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.473

Abstract

The yields of species such as e-aq, H•, •OH, H2 and H2O2, formed from the radiolysis of neutral liquid water by the incidence of 0.8-MeV neutrons at temperatures between 25 and 350°C, were calculated by using Monte Carlo simulations. The slowing down of these neutrons through elastic scattering produced recoil protons elastically of ~0.5057, 0.186, and 0.0684 MeV which had linear energy transfers (LETs) of ~40, 67 and 76 keV/µm, respectively, at 25°C. The effects of neutron radiation can be predicted based on the contribution of those first three recoil protons by neglecting the radiation effects due to oxygen ion recoils. Then, the fast neutron yields could be estimated by summing the yields of contributing protons after corresponding weightings were used according to their energy. In this work, yields were calculated at 10-7 and 10-6 s after incidence of neutron radiation in water at the aforementioned temperature range. Overall, there is a reasonably good agreement between our calculated and existing experimental G-values for the entire temperature range. However, we proposed an hypothesis that the not very significant difference between experimental data and our calculated data is due to the different measuring time used in obtaining the experimental data as compared to the ones used in our calculation. Our computed yields for 0.8-MeV fast neutron radiation show an essentially similar temperature dependences over the range of temperature studied with 2-MeV fast neutron and low-LET radiation, but with lower values for yields of free radicals and higher values for molecular yields.Received: 04 October 2014; Revised: 23 March 2016; Accepted: 23 March 2016
Profile of MIBI Liquid Phase Radiopharmaceutical for Myocardial Imaging Daruwati, I.; Sriyani, M.E.; Oekar, N.K.; Hanafiah, A.; Zainuddin, N.
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.911 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.476

Abstract

The 99mTc-MIBI radiopharmaceutical has been used innuclear medicine in Indonesia for myocardial imaging. BATAN researchers have mastered the technology to manufacture MIBI as a liophylized kit. A reformulation of MIBI radiopharmaceutical has been conducted to improve the stability of the kit especially in the liquid-phase kit. Basically, radiopharmaceuticals in liquid form are not different from the dry kit. However in the manufacturing of liquid-phase kit, lyophilization process was not done. To improve the stability of liquid kit, a reformulation of the components was conducted by using two separate vials (Formulation 2) and the characteristics were compared with the one-vial formulation (Formulation 1). The MIBI Formulation 2 consists of two vials, vial A containing 0.06 mg of SnCl2 2H2O and 2.6 mg Sodium Citrate 2H2O and vial B containing 0.5 mg of [Cu(MIBI)4]BF4, 1 mg of cysteine hydrochloride, and 20 mg of mannitol.The purposes of this study wereto determine the stability of two different formulations of MIBI as a liquid-phase kit, to compare their stability in different storage condition such as in refrigerator and freezer, and to compare the ratio of activities attained between target and nontarget organs after injection to animal model. As a diagnostic agent, MIBI was reconstituted with Technetium-99m as radionuclide tracer to 99mTc-MIBI labeled compound. The radiochemical purity of 99mTc-MIBI was determined by chromatography method using alumina thin-layer chromatography paper as the stationary phase and ethanol 95% as the mobile phase. The results showed MIBI Formulation 2 has a higher stability than Formulation 1. Formulation 2 also maintained a 96.68% radiochemical purity under 52-day storage and attained a target-to-nontarget activity ratio of 8.22.Received: 04 October 2014; Revised: 10 November 2015; Accepted: 25 November 2015
Appendix Atom Indonesia Vol 42 No 1 preface, preface
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.767 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.603

Abstract

Cover Atom Indonesia Vol 42 No 1 cover1, cover1
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (9248.734 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.601

Abstract

Preface Atom Indonesia Vol 42 No 1 cover1, cover1
Atom Indonesia Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2189.571 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2016.602

Abstract

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 10


Filter by Year

2016 2016


Filter By Issues
All Issue Vol 45, No 3 (2019): December 2019 Vol 45, No 2 (2019): August 2019 Vol 45, No 1 (2019): April 2019 Vol 44, No 3 (2018): December 2018 Vol 44, No 2 (2018): August 2018 Vol 44, No 1 (2018): April 2018 Vol 43, No 3 (2017): December 2017 Vol 43, No 2 (2017): August 2017 Vol 43, No 1 (2017): April 2017 Vol 42, No 3 (2016): December 2016 Vol 42, No 2 (2016): August 2016 Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016 Vol 41, No 3 (2015): December 2015 Vol 41, No 2 (2015): August 2015 Vol 41, No 1 (2015): April 2015 Vol 40, No 3 (2014): December 2014 Vol 40, No 2 (2014): August 2014 Vol 40, No 1 (2014): April 2014 Vol 39, No 3 (2013): December 2013 Vol 39, No 2 (2013): August 2013 Vol 39, No 1 (2013): April 2013 Vol 38, No 3 (2012): December 2012 Vol 38, No 2 (2012): August 2012 Vol 38, No 1 (2012): April 2012 Vol 37, No 3 (2011): December 2011 Vol 37, No 2 (2011): August 2011 Vol 37, No 1 (2011): April 2011 Vol 36, No 3 (2010): December 2010 Vol 36, No 2 (2010): August 2010 Vol 36, No 2 (2010): : AUGUST 2010 Vol 36, No 1 (2010): April 2010 Vol 35, No 2 (2009): July 2009 Vol 35, No 1 (2009): January 2009 Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008 Vol 34, No 1 (2008): January 2008 Vol 33, No 2 (2007): July 2007 Vol 33, No 1 (2007): January 2007 Vol 32, No 2 (2006): July 2006 Vol 32, No 1 (2006): January 2006 Vol 31, No 2 (2005): July 2005 Vol 31, No 1 (2005): January 2005 Vol 30, No 2 (2004): July 2004 Vol 30, No 1 (2004): January 2004 Vol 16, No 1 (1990): JANUARY 1990 ARTICLE IN PRESS More Issue