cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota adm. jakarta selatan,
Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Atom Indonesia Journal
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Exist for publishing the results of research and development in nuclear science and technology Starting for 2010 Atom Indonesia published three times a year in April, August, and December The scope of this journal covers experimental and analytical research in all areas of nuclear science and technology. including nuclear physics, reactor physics, radioactive waste treatment, fuel element development, radioisotopes and radio pharmaceutical engineering, nuclear and radiation safety, neutron scattering, material science and technology, as well as utilization of isotopes and radiation in agriculture, industry, health and environment.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008" : 5 Documents clear
New Synthesis Method of the Mg2Ni Compound by Using Mechanical Alloying for Hydrogen Storage Suwarno, H.; Ari Adi, W.; Insani, A.
Atom Indonesia Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.669 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2008.98

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of Mg2Ni compound by using mechanical alloying through wet method have been performed. The Mg2Ni sample was prepared by mixing the Mg and the Ni powders in the media of toluene under argon atmosphere. The mixtures are then milled under the varied milling time of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 hours in order to measure the growth of Mg2Ni compound. The X-ray diffraction measurement result showed that both Mg2Ni and MgNi2 crystals could grow well. From the refinement results of the X-ray diffraction pattern using Rietan analysis indicated that the fraction of Mg2Ni and MgNi2 compounds formed are 9.31% and 4.1%, 23.31% and 17.63%, 45.3% and 23.73%, 62.04% and 19.08%, 87.44% and 0.05% for the milling time of 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 hours, respectively. This result differs from that obtained from the previous research, especially for 25 hours of milling time, the fraction of Mg2Ni and MgNi2 compounds formed were only reach 51.03% and 8.86%, due to the growing of the pollutant phase like MgO. The use of toluene as the media of milling succeeded to remove the growth of the MgO compound.
Design and Construction of the Control System for Batan Small Angle Neutron Scattering Spectrometer (SMARter) Santoso, E.; Putra, E.G.R.
Atom Indonesia Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (603.02 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2008.99

Abstract

A 36 m Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) Spectrometer (SMARTer) has been installed in Serpong, Indonesia in 1992. As time goes by, the original main computer was out of order and the instrument had not been operated since 2003. In order to activate the SMARTer, in the year 2005, a work on designing and constructing a new control system for SMARTer was carried out. The main component of this control system is a programmable peripheral I/O (IC PPI 8255) and was assembled as a plug-in board at an ISA slot of a personal computer. An IC PPI 8255 was programmed to control the mechanical movements of the instrument’s components: four neutron guide tubes, six pinholes collimator, a detector and a beam stopper. The test either with or without neutron beam has shown that this control system can be implemented for the mechanical movements of SMARTer. Error of moving the detector in the distance range of 1.5 m – 18 m is only 1 mm and the other movements have no error at all (precise).
Design Study of Full Scale Accelerator Driven System (ADS), for Transmuting High Level Waste of MA/Pu Marsodi, Marsodi; Nishihara, K.; Suud, Z.
Atom Indonesia Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.596 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2008.100

Abstract

The ADS system used in this study consisting of a high intensity proton linear accelerator, a spallation target, and a sub-critical reactor core. The Pb-Bi spallation target is bombarded by high intensity protons coming from the accelerator. The fast neutrons generated from the spallation reaction were used to drive the sub-critical reactor core. In this ADS system, the neutron source is in the center of reactor core region, so that the neutron distribution was concentrated in the center of core region. In this case, the B/T of MA/Pu could be performed effectively in the center of core region. The neutron energy in the outer region of reactor core was decreased due to the moderation of fuel and coolant materials. Such condition gives a chance to perform Burning and/or Transmutation of LLFPs.The basic parameters of this system are shown in the form of neutronic design, neutron spectrum and B/T rate, including other aspects related to the safety operation system. Furthermore, the analysis of the ADS system was accomplished using ATRAS computer code of the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, JAERI[1]. Due to the complexity of the reactor calculation codes, the author has carried out only those calculations needed for analyzing the neutronics system and some parameters related to the safety system. Design study of the transmutation system was a full-scale power level system of 657.53 MWt sub-critical reactor for an accelerator-driven transmutation system. The liquid Pb-Bi was used together as the spallation target materials and coolant of the system, because of some advantages of Pb-Bi in the system concerning the comparison with the sodium coolant. Moreover, they have a possibility to achieve a hard neutron energy spectrum, avoid a positive void reactivity coefficient, allow much lower system operating temperatures, and are favorable for safety in the event of coolant leakage. The multiplication factor of sub-critical core design was adjusted exclusively through the high intensity protons beam accelerator at the spallation target. The fuel was assumed to have homogeneous compositions in the form of (MA-Pu) ZrN mixture with 15N enriched. The compositions of Pu and MA were the same with the compositions of UO2 fuel from 33-GWd/t burn-up in PWRs spent fuel after 5 year cooling. The results have been compared with the spent fuel composition from 45 and 60 GWd/t burn-up in PWRs at the same cooling time. The calculation of the burn-up step was 730 days per one batch reloading by using 4-regions core calculation model. The specific parameters of ADS system used in the calculation are described in Table1.
Neutron-Gamma Pulse Shape Discrimination with a NE-213 Liquid Scintillator by Using Digital Signal Processing Combined with Similarity Method Mardiyanto, Mardiyanto
Atom Indonesia Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4054.209 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2008.101

Abstract

Neutron-Gamma Pulse Shape Discrimination with a NE-213 Liquid Scintillator by Using Digital Signal Processing Combined with Similarity Method. Measurement of mixed neutron-gamma radiation is difficult because a neuclear detector is usually sensitive to both radiations. A new attempt of neutron-gamma pulse shape discrimination for a NE-213 liquid scintillator is presented by using digital signal processing combined with an off-line similarity method. The output pulse shapes are digitized with a high speed digital oscilloscope. The n-γ discrimination is done by calculating the index of each pulse shape, which is determined by the similarity method, and then fusing it with its corresponding pulse height. Preliminary results demonstrate good separation of neutron and gamma-ray signals from a NE-213 scintillator with a simple digital system. The results were better than those with a conventional rise time method. Figure of Merit is used to determine the quality of discrimination. The figure of merit of the discrimination using digital signal processing combined with of line similarity method are 1.9; 1.7; 1.1; 1.1; and 0.8 ; on the other hand by using conventional method the rise time are 0.9; 0.9; 0.9; 0.7; and 0.4 for the equivalent electron energy of 800 ; 278 ; 139 ; 69 ; and 30 keV.
Theoretical and Practical Aspects of ‘Wasteless’ Nuclear Energy Anggraita, P.
Atom Indonesia Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008
Publisher : PPIKSN-BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.093 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/aij.2008.102

Abstract

The problem associated with the current NPP is the generation of nuclear waste and some elements in the waste have very long time of radioactivity. This paper reviews some concepts of nuclear energy generation with less nuclear waste. A concept of accelerator driven system (ADS) or energy amplifier (EA) was proposed by Carlo Rubbia, recipient of 1984 Nobel Prize in particle physics. The system is supposed to generate nuclear energy with radioactive waste of much less and shorter lifetime than those generated by present generation of nuclear power reactors. Less radioactive waste will also be generated by fusion reactions, either in hot fusion of high temperature plasma confined in a very strong magnetic field, or in cold fusion conceptually happens in muon-catalytic and lattice-trap fusions. A concept of neutronless nuclear reaction, hence activating no radioisotopes, to generate nuclear power was proposed. Present nuclear power reactors based on fission are also the source of very large number of electron neutrinos, which can be used to study neutrino oscillations.

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 5


Filter by Year

2008 2008


Filter By Issues
All Issue Vol 45, No 3 (2019): December 2019 Vol 45, No 2 (2019): August 2019 Vol 45, No 1 (2019): April 2019 Vol 44, No 3 (2018): December 2018 Vol 44, No 2 (2018): August 2018 Vol 44, No 1 (2018): April 2018 Vol 43, No 3 (2017): December 2017 Vol 43, No 2 (2017): August 2017 Vol 43, No 1 (2017): April 2017 Vol 42, No 3 (2016): December 2016 Vol 42, No 2 (2016): August 2016 Vol 42, No 1 (2016): April 2016 Vol 41, No 3 (2015): December 2015 Vol 41, No 2 (2015): August 2015 Vol 41, No 1 (2015): April 2015 Vol 40, No 3 (2014): December 2014 Vol 40, No 2 (2014): August 2014 Vol 40, No 1 (2014): April 2014 Vol 39, No 3 (2013): December 2013 Vol 39, No 2 (2013): August 2013 Vol 39, No 1 (2013): April 2013 Vol 38, No 3 (2012): December 2012 Vol 38, No 2 (2012): August 2012 Vol 38, No 1 (2012): April 2012 Vol 37, No 3 (2011): December 2011 Vol 37, No 2 (2011): August 2011 Vol 37, No 1 (2011): April 2011 Vol 36, No 3 (2010): December 2010 Vol 36, No 2 (2010): August 2010 Vol 36, No 2 (2010): : AUGUST 2010 Vol 36, No 1 (2010): April 2010 Vol 35, No 2 (2009): July 2009 Vol 35, No 1 (2009): January 2009 Vol 34, No 2 (2008): July 2008 Vol 34, No 1 (2008): January 2008 Vol 33, No 2 (2007): July 2007 Vol 33, No 1 (2007): January 2007 Vol 32, No 2 (2006): July 2006 Vol 32, No 1 (2006): January 2006 Vol 31, No 2 (2005): July 2005 Vol 31, No 1 (2005): January 2005 Vol 30, No 2 (2004): July 2004 Vol 30, No 1 (2004): January 2004 Vol 16, No 1 (1990): JANUARY 1990 ARTICLE IN PRESS More Issue