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Chimera
Chimera setahun terbit 2 kali, Januari dan Juli. Chimera berisi tulisan ilmiah tentang biologi, hasil penelitian, kajian pustaka, analisis dan aplikasi teori, dan resensi buku.
Articles
95
Articles
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Pigment Identification in Anthurium sp. Flower

Dahlia Dahlia ( State University of Malang ) , Hadi Margono ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

Pigment identification with spectrophotometer 20 D + has been done to four kind of Anthurium sp. flower, i.e; green, yellow, red and white flower. The greatest chlorophyll content is found in green flower and anthocyanine, betacyanine, carotene content is found in red flower. While in the yellow flower has moderate contents of those pigments. All of those pigment are found very little in white flower compared with the three others.

Oil Content Analysis of Elaeis oleifera at Different Stage of Fruit Ripening

Dahlia Dahlia ( State University of Malang ) , Widjajanto P. ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

Study has been conducted to Elaeis oleifera to measure the oil content of different fruit ripening with soxhlet methods at biology laboratory of State University of Malang. Results indicate that young fruits contain 2,630 g/5g wet wheight, 2,888 g /5g wet wheight for unripe fruits, and 3,409 g/5g wet wheight for oldest fruits. All of these results are significant different. Those oil content are equivalent with oil consumption for one kilo gram body weight/day or (1/2-1g)/kg body weight.

The Study on 1996 in-Service Biology Teacher Curriculum Program of FMIPA of State University of Malang

Hadi Margono ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

The In-service degree program is cunducted based on 1996 biology teacher education curriculum. This curriculum is not match with school and teachers demand according to the survey result. So, the 1996 in-service curriculum need to be reviced. The principles for revising curriculum are relevancy, adaptabilty and flexibility, andragogy, and pedagogy of subject content with keepsin balance between theories and practices (40% : 60%) in classroom aplication.

Natural Environment of the Campuss of State University of Malang as Learning Resource of Microscopic Fresh Water Algae

Triastono I. Prasetyo ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

One of practice purposes in Botany of Lower Plant (BIB 415) is to know the generas of microscopic algae, especially which live in fresh water habitat. Microscopic algae are all generas of algae which can only be observed using microscope. Microscopic fresh water algae are classified in 7 divisions (Smith, 1956), these are Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Chrysophyta, Rhodophyta, Pyrrophyta, and Euglenophyta. For observation needs, students took the sample of waterfrom around of the campuss of State University of Malang (natural environment of the campuss).They took the water from the flowing water and the little river which flow from Sumber Sari to around Bogor Street. In practicing session, students observed the sample of water using microscope and identified the algae they found to know its genera name. Students used fresh water algae identify keys from Smith (1956), Edmondson (1972), and Bold and Wynne (1985). Based on the data collected from the practice activities around 1998-1999 the generas of microscopic fresh water algae which had been identified slightly unchanged. Algae generas had been found represent the 5 divisions of algae: Cyanophyta (8 generas), Chlorophyta (56 generas), Pyrrophyta (1 genera), Chrysophyta (24 generas), dan Euglenophyta (6 generas).Meanwhile the generas of Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta had not been found. So, the natural environment of State University of Malang is a good learning source for students, especially for student of Biology Department to study microscopic fresh water algae. It is suggested to do the continous preventive action to conserve the campuss natural environment, especially the flowing water and the little river.

The Conception of Multicultural Education on Science Education in Elementray and Secondary School

Pudyo Susanto ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

The low-grade of Indonesian education in the past is an issue that made economic crisis, unstabilzed political condition, safety disturbances, national disintegration symtomp, and corruption, collusion, and nepotism today. In science education, it related to multicultural issues. American educators think that the issues have something to do with eurocentric education system (based on the system used by europian society). The system enable white skins children to follow better then colour skin children. It is because the differences in cultur, language, and socio-economic background. So, it seem that multicultural education concept can be an insight to improve the quality of science education in Indonesia. The improvement using it can be done by way of: (1) changing the education orientation, product oriented to process oriented; (2) enable the students to develop scientific concept rather than memorized it; (3) add technological and society issues to scientific learning material, except science issues; change learning strategy from instructive to constructive and humanistic; (5) apply evaluation process technic to judge the earning output. Thus, the science teaching is interested and followed easily by children that differ in ethnic, socio-economic, and community background.

People in National Park: Indonesia Opinion

Suhadi Suhadi ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

Habitat area in Indonesia 1.895.512 km2 consist of 14 terrestrial habitats types. Vurnerable species total are 126 birds species, 63 mammals species, and 21 reptiles species. Birds extinction causes habitat loss. Lowland rainforest region from 11 provinci to change deforestation. More region be up against threat in the form of competition of land emphasis. In order that national park function constant need to priority of manage budget. Constraint to manage of national park other tihings primitive cultivation, primitive settlemen, exploitation of forest product, and rare animal, education and low income, law of land ownership, employment oppurtunity, policy each sector of government. Buffer zone is to support of national park manage include souvenir craft make from bamboo or timbre and plant of medicine use. Ecotourism is business to prepare intercountry economic exchange and make threaten of natural resource damage. Ecotourism is make border in form, (1) no distrub natural, (2) no disturb ecosystem, (3) protection, conservation, and to manage. Integrated national park is approach about community around national park area and cooperate interdepartement in a vertical manner. Conclusion: (1) National park is natural conservation of function to write on Undang-undang No. 5 Tahun 1990 pasal 1, (2) Constrain t to manage national park to discuss interdepartement and departement wit h community, (3) Each and every national park in Indonesiao have buffer zone, (4) People in national park to make cooperation with increase ecotourism production, local conservation legislation and to increase integrated national park is problem subject for national park manager.

Inventary of Euglenophyta in Senggreng Marsh Sumber Pucung Malang

Untung Durachman ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 4, No 2 (1999)
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Abstract

The characteristic of Senggreng marsh is a potential environtment for Euglenophyte habitate. This marsh rich with organic nitrogen salt in running water from padis field suround. The study has been done to invent the kind of Euglenophyte found in Senggreng marsh. The results of this study are as follow: (1) there are eight genus of Euglenophyta i.e. Anisonema, Dinema, Entosiphon, Euglena, Euglenopsis, Phacus, Notosolenus, and Trachelomonas, and (2) Euglena, Entosiphon, Phacus, and Trachelomonas genus always found in each samples station, while Anisonema, Dinema, and Notosolenus are very rare.

Biotransformation of Orto Aminobenzoic Acid with Solanum mammosum L. (Code SM) Cell Suspension Culture

Evie Ratnasari ( State University of Surabaya )

Chimera Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
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Abstract

This work reported the capability of the suspension cultures of Solanum mammosum L. to transform o-aminobenzoic acid biologically. The toxicity test showed that the maximum tolerated concentration of ortho aminobenzoic acid as exogen substrate for suspension cultures of Solanum mammosum L. was 750 ppm. In this work two biotransformation product had been isolated and purified. The structure was determined used ESMS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. The metabolites were identified as o-aminobenzoic acid 7-O-b-D-(b-1,6-O-D-glucopyranosyl) glucopyranosyl ester and o-aminobenzoic acid 7-O-?-D-glucopyranosyl ester.

Chlamydia trachomatis Culture Method in Domestic Hen Embryo Yolk Sac Tissue: Experimental Study on Tissue Culture

Tjandrakirana Tjandrakirana ( State University of Malang )

Chimera Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
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Abstract

Research has conducted to know whether Chlamydia trachomatis can be cultured in yolk sac tissue embryo of domestic hen. The Chlamydia trachomatis are taken from Putat Jaya WTS Localization at Surabaya with cytobrush by endoservical swab method. Giemsa stain and antigen investigation are used as a method in detecting Chlamydia trachomatis. The result indicates that the yolk sac tissue of seven days old embryo of domestic hen is suitable for Chlamydia trachomatis culture methods.

Go Against Area Autonomy: Making The Use of Situbondo Potency as A Resources of Teaching and Research in Biology

Mohammad Diaman ( Bupati Kepala Daerah Tingkat 2 Kabupaten Situbondo )

Chimera Vol 5, No 1 (2000)
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Abstract

The implementation of area autonomy is focused on regency and municipality. To go against it the local government has to prepare for himsellf to optimalize in exploring the local resources based on restructuritation, revitalization, refunctionilitation for all aspect of the government. The potential resources in Situbondo which should be handed optimally includes: fishery (coastal pond, fresh water and ocean), flora and fauna, several potential industries (tourism, transportation, agrobisness, aquabisness, settlement and harbor). Some of those resources have mutual effect with human reseources development through its utilization as learning and research resources in Biology.