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Jurnal Teknik Sipil
ISSN : 20889321     EISSN : 25025295     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
Jurnal Teknik Sipil merupakan jurnal terbitan berkala ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala, dengan frekuensi penerbitan 3 edisi pertahun, yaitu Januari, Mei, dan September. Jurnal Teknik Sipil telah terbit sejak tahun 2011, dengan edisi pertama Volume 1, Nomor 1, September 2011. Hingga saat ini Jurnal Teknik Sipil telah menerbitkan 6 Volume, dan 1 Volume Special Issue. Untuk Volume 7, Jurnal Teknik Sipil akan terbit 2 kali setahun, yaitu Mei dan Oktober.
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PENINGKATAN KINERJA SALURAN DRAINASE KOTA LANGSA BERDASARKAN PENATAAN RUANG Yulianur, Alfiansyah; Sugianto, Sugianto; Mutia, Eka
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract:Spatial planning of Langsa City is still required in order to realize clean city, neat and beautiful. Spatial planning can also improve performance of drainage channels so that flood and inundation do not occur. Gampong Teungoh village and Gampong Baru village is an area of development and entrance Langsa City from the east, that still occur floods and inundation of up to 0.3-0.5 m so that performance improvement of drainage channels is required. Drainage channel performance is good if the dimensions of channels enough to drain rainwater runoff.  Drainage performance was evaluated before and after spatial planning is done by comparing discharge or capacity of channel with discharge of flood design of rainwater runoff. Spatial planning is done by providing a green space area of 10 % of the land area of residential parcels, maintain the function of public green space that has been there, and make a parking lot out of the water absorptive material. After spatial planning is done, runoff coefficient decreased from 0.45-084 to 0.4-0.75 so that discharge of flood design of rainwater runoff also decreased. This is causes channel performance previously not good to be good. Then decreasing of this discharge also caused available of remaining land due to channel dimensions that smaller than before. In this remaining land was used as a green line that can reduce the value of the runoff coefficient and then reduce discharge of rainwater runoff, and ultimately may also impact the performance improvement of drainage channels.Keywords : spatial planning, performance, drainage channel, green space area, runoff coefficient, discharge storm water runoff.Abstrak:Penataan ruang Kota Langsa masih diperlukan demi mewujudkan kota yang bersih, rapi dan indah. Penataan ruang yang baik dapat juga meningkatkan kinerja saluran drainase sehingga banjir dan genangan tidak terjadi. Desa Gampong Teungoh dan Gampong Baru merupakan kawasan pengembangan dan kawasan entrance Kota Langsa dari arah Timur, yang . masih mengalami banjir dan genangan hingga mencapai 0,3-0,5 m sehingga diperlukan peningkatan kinerja saluran drainase agar banjir genangan tersebut tidak terjadi. Kinerja saluran drainase dikatakan baik jika dimensi saluran cukup untuk mengalirkan debit rencana limpasan air hujan. Kinerja saluran drainase dievaluasi sebelum dan sesudah penataan ruang dilakukan dengan membanding debit saluran dengan debit rencana. Penataan ruang dilakukan dengan menyediakan ruang terbuka hijau seluas 10% dari luas tanah persil rumah tinggal, tetap mempertahankan fungsi ruang terbuka hijau umum yang telah ada, dan membuat lahan parkir dari bahan serap air. Setelah penataan ruang, nilai koefisien aliran menurun dari 0,45-084 menjadi 0,4-0,75 sehingga debit rencana aliran limpasan air hujan juga menurun. Penurunan debit ini menyebabkan kinerja saluran yang sebelumnya tidak baik menjadi baik. Kemudian penurunan debit ini juga menyebabkan adanya sisa lahan akibat pengecilan dimensi saluran. Pada sisa lahan ini dijadikan jalur hijau yang dapat memperkecil nilai koefisien aliran dan kemudian memperkecil debit aliran limpasan air hujan, dan akhirnya dapat pula berdampak kepada peningkatan kinerja saluran drainase.
MODEL PEMILIHAN MODA ANGKUTAN UMUM (STUDI KASUS RUTE MEULABOH – BANDA ACEH) Irfan, Irfan; Isya, Muhammad; Anggraini, Renni
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The availability of means of public transport provide more options for travelers to choose the most suitable type for them to use. Mini bus is the type of means of public transport which is most often used in Meulaboh for long distance intercity traveling. Recently, there has been also available a new travel mode which applies the relatively expensive tariff system compared with the tariff of minibus. The problem then occurs when such travel mode has been largely chosen by the travelers. The travel permit held by this travel mode is only a transport business license for operation of tourism transport only. The purposes of this study were to investigate the characteristics of the travelers and to obtain a model of the travel model that could explain the probability of the travelers in selecting the type of means of public transport on Meulaboh – Banda Aceh route. To formulate the behavior of travelers in choosing the transport mode, the stated preference techniques in the  form of questionnaire was used. The results of the data were analysed by using multiple linear regression to obtain the utility equation which was then substitutedinto the function of the binomial logit. From the results of multiple linear regression analysis showed the equations with variables utility: the tariff rate difference (X1), the traveling time difference (X2), the waiting time difference (X3) which have significantly influenced the respondents in choosing transport mode. By using the average value of the existing condition of each variable X1, X2, X3, it was obtained that the value of choice probability of mini bus mode on Meulaboh – Banda Aceh route was 48%. In order to increase the choice probability of mini buse modes up to 80%, it canbe done by increasing the tariff difference to IDR.50,000,-. It means that the tariff of the mini bus mode should be cheaper IDR. 50,000,- or the rates of the new expensive tariff travel mode become more expensive of IDR. 50,000,-.
PEMODELAN FISIK BENDUNGAN UNTUK PENGAMATAN GARIS FREATIS BERDASARKAN KEMIRINGAN LERENG SEBELAH HULU Azmeri, Azmeri; Rizalihadi, Maimun; Vinanda, Rima
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Seepage problems that often appeared on a main-dam. The purpose of this study is to observe the flow pattern of phreatic line that occur on the dam body and to count the seepage discharge that come about. This research was conducted using the seepage body model that made from yellowish clay with 70 % levels of density and had 4,9 x 10-7 permeability values which variating upstream slope angle. The amount of upstream slope angle that variated was 41,15°, 46,29°, and 52,74°, whereas the downstream was 50,33°. This model test research utilized 10 mm thick glass vassel with 180 cm length, 44 cm width, and 68 cm high as well as 1 : 25 scale from the old researcher. This research had 3 high water catchment variations, those were 35 cm, 45 cm, and 55 cm. In this research, in the 41,15°, 46,29°, and 52,74° upstream slope angle, only in the 55 cm water catchment condition that meet Cassagrande Method. The amount of discharge produced from the calculation and physical modelling each for are for 41,15°, 46,29°, 52,74° was 6,01 x 10-6 cm3/det and 7,96 x 10-6 cm3/det, 5,37 x 10-6 cm3/det and 7,21 x 10-6 cm3/det, 5,81 x 10-6 cm3/det and 7,65 x 10-6 cm3/det. The discharge differenciation from the calculation result and the research showed that calibration modeling is not yet perfect. The result, obtaining from this study represented that the dam body condition accompanied by variating the upstream slope angle also affects the size of the seepage that occurs.
ANALISIS STABILITAS BETON ASPAL AC-BC DIDASARKAN DARI VARIASI SUHU PENCAMPURAN PADA KONDISI SUHU PEMADATAN MINIMUM DENGAN BAHAN PENGIKAT ASPAL RETONA BLEND 55 Nurlely, Nurlely; Suryani, Fitrika Mita; Yuseva, Yuseva
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Implementation of Asphalt Concrete work , in addition to the material that should be qualified , temperature is also a very important thing , either mixing temperature and compaction temperatures . According to Anonymous (1989 : 14 ) , the solidification temperature ranged between 90oC to 110oC , while the mixing temperature is 1600C . In this study analyzed against ter - mix asphalt concrete with a characteristic temperature variation does mixing of 1500C ; 1600C ; 1700C and 1800C , where the temperature compaction performed at 900C minimum compaction conditions . The purpose of this study is to look at the value of stability and other parameters on the value of the temperature variation with temperature of the mixture using a minimum compaction of asphalt material Retona Blend 55 so that the resulting parameters meet the requirements . This study begins with an examination of the material that covers the aggregate , asphalt and gradation Retona Blend 55 . Furthermore, the specimen was made by 15 specimen with 5 variations bitumen content of 4.5 % , 5 % , 5.5 % , 6 % , and 6.5 % made 3 pieces of samples for each bitumen content . OBC value obtained was 5.3 %. Based on the OBC Marshall test again with a mixture of temperature variations in a total of 12 test specimens . Marshall stability values obtained showed a decrease of requirements ( 1000 kg ) . the mixing temperature 150oC , 160oC , 170oC , and 180oC and at a temperature of 90oC solidification sequence is 454.77 kg ( 54.52 % ) , 502.92 kg ( 49.71 % ) , 598.53 kg ( 40.15 % ) , and 586.44 kg ( 41.36 % ) . The highest Marshall stability value of 598.53 kg obtained at mixing temperature of 170oC , but can not achieve the required stability which is 1000 kg . The results showed that the stability of the compaction temperature on the minimum condition can not be used to Laston AC - BC
PREDIKSI LOKASI RAWAN PEMBENDUNGAN ALAMI PADA DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI SEBAGAI MITIGASI BENCANA BANJIR BANDANG (DAS KRUENG TEUNGKU-KECAMATAN SEULIMUM-ACEH BESAR-PROVINSI ACEH) Dirwan, Dirwan; Azmeri, Azmeri; Fauzi, Amir
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Flash floods have repeatedly occurred in Aceh province and happened at Seulimum Aceh Besar district on January 2, 2013. The flash floods flows to Krueng Raya and crashing Beureuneut village. Flash floods caused 90 % of the 90 houses in the village were submerged with a height varying between 1-3 meters. It is the repeat disaster. In 1980 a similar disaster has also resulted in a loss of community life. But until now there hasn’t been the availability of early warning systems particularly describing the the upstream of sub-watershed Krueng Tengku. Therefore this study aimed to evaluate volume of the natural damming. The results obtained is based on surface geological conditions in the upstream and downstream of the sub-watershed map of Krueng Tengku (SIMDAS KEMENHUT, 2012) and clarified through the maps of Google Earth Pro, field surveys, reflecting there are 2 (two) the natural dammings potential flooding flash if the collapse of a natural dam. Based on the soilcondition, land slope, land cover, then the condition that there is potential for containment dam collapse. Extensive analysis of the volume and surface damming through maps withdifference elevation of 1 meters+202 m to +210 m MSL. The maximum volume of natural damming 29.175.347,31 m3 and area of 3.160.747,69 m2(location I). Extensive analysis of the volume and surface damming through maps withdifference elevation of 2 meters+114 m to +122 m MSL. The maximum volume of natural damming 909,841.19 m3 and area of 282,048.36 m2(location II). Extensive damming of providing a very high hazard potential in the event of a dam collapse
PENGARUH DISTRIBUSI TULANGAN GESER TERHADAP KUAT GESER BETON RINGAN BUSA BERSERAT NYLON DENGAN METODE PUSH - OFF Akoeb, Muhammad Ali; Abdullah, Abdulah
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of the distribution of shear reinforcement to shear strength fiber nylon foam lightweight concrete. Specimens used for testing the push - off is a Z - shaped concrete shear reinforcement that has been given by Av ( extensive reinforcement total ) = 113.08 mm2 , and a cylindrical specimen of 15 cm diameter and 30 cm high. Specimens were tested after the age of 28 days. The dimensions of the push - off test specimen is 20x10x30 cm. Push - off test specimens reinforced with 4Ø12 to avoid collapse in the neck specimen. Shear reinforcement placed according to the distance plans , and by means of welded dikat. Tests include lightweight concrete compressive strength test fiber foam, split tensile strength test of lightweight foam concrete fiber , steel tensile strength test to determine the quality of steel used, as well as lightweight foam concrete shear test berserat.Hasil testing shows the relationship between shear stress with tensile strength as well as strong he stressed. Vserat value ( shear stress due to the contribution of fiber ) used was 1.08 kg/cm2 and Vs ( shear stress due to the contribution of steel ) ) is 11.6 kg/cm2nilai contributions donated by the reinforcement fibers and obtained from previous studies . In this research also found the effect of reinforcing the widespread distribution of the total reinforcement ( Av ) is the sam . From these results obtained percentage value of shear stress against compressive strength with reinforcement 1Ø12 is 19.793 %, 25.574 % is 4Ø6 reinforcement , and 9Ø4 is 27.173 %. Difference in percentage of shear stress on split tensile strength is at 1Ø12 2.44% , 74.13 % and 85.21 % at 4Ø6 on 9Ø4 . Results shear push - off test specimen with reinforcement 1Ø12 is 49 250 kg/cm2, 4Ø6 is 55.470 kg/cm2 , and 9Ø4 is 59,000 kg/cm2 , it is known that the more the distribution of reinforcement will increase the shear stress fiber lightweight concrete foam .
STUDI PERENCANAAN DAN PENGELOLAAN BANGUNAN SARANA AIR BERSIH BERBASIS PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DI DESA PAYA BEKE Ziana, Ziana; Suhendrayatna, Suhendrayatna; Mulyadi, Mulyadi
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Planning and building of water supply in rural areas aimed at helping rural communities who do not have access to adequate clean water especially medium to lower income people. Not all communities in the District of Reparation Nara have clean water in their homes - each, the tough get clean water every day and spend the time to get their water through the trail and winding road to get to the water source. Based on these problems, this study aimed to complement the building plan of clean water that can be distributed to neighborhood residents with community participation in the management and in maintenance. The study was conducted by calculating the water needs of the people and community participation in the management of water supply through the distribution of questionnaires (questionnaire) contains several questions relating to the need for clean water. This method is done by descriptive surveys with making analytical processing of data in terms of percentage in the form of a bar chart to make a conclusion. The results showed that through the design of the building is the public water supply already has a concept to build a clean water future. The results of the questionnaire showed people are looking forward to construction of water supply, and is ready to support the development and management. The study design of buildings generate clean water to meet the needs of clean water for the village of Paya Beke with and management by promoting community involvement in both systems management and maintenance ongoing basis.
PENGARUH VARIASI PENAMBAHAN AIR DAN SEMEN PADA SUATU PERENCANAAN CAMPURAN (MIX DESIGN) TERHADAP SUSUT BETON DAN KUAT TARIK BELAH BETON (SUATU PENELITIAN BETON DENGAN FAS 0,3, 0,4 DAN 0,5) Aulia, Teuku Budi; Akoeb, Muhammad Ali
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Note that the addition of cement in mixing concrete will increase the strength of concrete when water is added only if the concrete strength will be decreased but increased workabilitas concrete . This study aims to determine the effect of the addition of water and cement for concrete and tensile strength dropped concrete sides . Test substance used for testing concrete and tensile strength decreased Shopping concrete cylinder diameter is 15 cm; 30 cm high by 72 . Cement Water Factor (FAS ) used are 0.3 , 0.4 and 0.5 . In this research is the addition of water and cement 0 % , 10 % , 20 % and 30 % respectively for the FAS. Where for every percentage increase in water and cement made 6 test objects . Testing is done in the space fell sheltered by looking at the results of curtailment reading on the dial gauge test objects . Shop tensile strength testing done at 28 days , with an increase of 1 ton each . Stretching things a test read tranducer tool mounted on the frame gauge connected to a data logger tool . The results showed that the decreased stretch of concrete increases with the increase in the percentage of water and cement penambahaan done , while for increased tensile strength of the concrete sides of the optimum place on the addition of water and cement by 20 % for each of his FAS . The analysis of variance showed that there was significant influence between the percent increase in water and cement to the sides of the concrete tensile strength .
STUDI KEDALAMAN GERUSAN LOKAL PADA PILAR JEMBATAN SIMPANG SURABAYA KRUENG ACEH, BANDA ACEH Fatimah, Eldina
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Simpang Surabaya Bridge positioned at coordinates 503338” LU and 950194,1 BT is located at Kuta Alam sub-district of Banda AcehMunicipality. The bridge was built across the river Krueng Aceh with ± 100 meters long with pillars to support the bridge. Pillars were in the river, resulting in narrowing the river cross section that led to disturbing river flow. Changes in flow velocity caused a scour around the pillars, so it is necessary to study local scour depth on the pillars. There are two types of pillars that existed. One type is located at the upstream side with Cylinder Group-shaped pillars (circular combination type) having the width of one meter and four meters long, while at the downstream part, the pillar type is round pillar-shaped nose with the width and length of one meter and three meters respectively. The aim of this research is to determine the scouring effect on the pillars based on data taken in 2008 and data from current measurement. While theactual local scour depth around the pillars were measured using instrument Qliner where the river was divided into two meters wide per section.Measurement data then is shown in the form of contour and cross section. From field measurement, it is found that the scouring depth at the upstream of the pillar is 0.88m whereas sedimentation occurred at the downstream part of the pillar. By using the measurement data on 2008 and compared with the meassured data, it is found that the Simpang Surabaya pillars were scoured noticeably and need to be protected. From the calculation, the pillars should be protected using riprap with a diameter of 0.945 meters.
HUBUNGAN PARAMETER KUAT GESER LANGSUNG DENGAN INDEKS PLASTISITAS TANAH DESA NEUHEUN ACEH BESAR Marwan, Marwan; Munirwan, Reza Pahlevi; Sundary, Devi
Jurnal Teknik Sipil Vol 3, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Volume 3, Nomor 1, September 2013
Publisher : Department of Civil Engineering, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This research aims to evaluate effect of soil plasticity index (PI) to shear strength parameters, e.i. the angle of shearing (φ) and cohesion value (c). Parameters of φ and c obtained from Direct Shear Test in soil mechanics laboratory. The soil samples used for the research were taken from Neuheun Village, Mesjid Raya Subdistrict, and Aceh Besar District. Based on AASHTO soil classification, the soil sample is a Group A-7-6, whereas based on USCS soil classification, the soil is sandy clay of CL symbol. Soil specimen for Undisturbed Sample (UDS) and Disturbed Sample (DS) were 20 samples respectively, each sample was made to be three sub samples. The result of research shows that there is a linier correlation of shearing angle to PI, i.e., φ = -0,700 IP + 47,474, R2 = 0.882 for Undisturbed Samples (UDS) and φ = -1,757 IP + 59,313, R2 = 0.891 for Disturbed Samples (DS). The result of research also shows there is a linier correlation of cohesion value to PI, i.e., c = -0,053 IP + 1,569, R2 = 0.887 for UDS and c = -0,076 IP + 1,882, R2 = 0.783 for DS. It can be concluded that shear strength parameters for all tested samples in this research influenced by soil plasticity index. The higher soil plasticity index resulted the lower Shear Strength Parameters.

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