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Aceh International Journal of Science & Technology
Aceh International Journal of Science & Technology (AIJST) is devoted to identifying, mapping, understanding, and interpreting new trends and patterns in science & technology development especially within Asian countries as well as other parts of the world. The journal endeavors to highlight science & technology development from different perspectives. The aim is to promote a broader dissemination of the results of scholarly endeavors into a broader subject of knowledge and practices and to establish an effective means of communication among academic and research institutions, policy makers, government agencies and persons concerned with the complex issue of science & technology development. The Journal is a peer-reviewed journal. The acceptance decision is made based upon an independent review process supported by rigorous processes, provides constructive and prompt evaluations of submitted manuscripts, ensuring that only intellectual and scholarly work of the greatest contribution and highest significance is published.
Articles
121
Articles
ANALYSIS OF PARAMETER ROASTING ON COLOR AND PEANUTS ROASTED TASTE

Yanti, Silvi Ari

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Roast peanuts used for processing gepuk kacang for the content of Mochi so that peanut is the second main ingredient widely used in the production of Mochi other than rice flour. Peanut roasting process is done by using 2 pieces of cauldron and 2 stoves. During the roasting process of peanuts must be stirred constantly by one man of labor by using both hands right and left. This is done if the workers stop stirring because of fatigue then the nut will be scorched. This incident often happens so as to cause a bitter taste of Gepuk kacang produced. Such errors lead to poor quality Mochi. The purpose of this research is to find out the optimum temperature in roasting peanut activity, to know the optimum rotation of roasting tube and to know the length of time of roasting activity, in order to produce roast peanuts with optimum water content that can increase the expiration time of the roast peanuts produced. The research method is experiment conducted with 3 variable temperature, rotation and time. Temperature consists of 5 variables that are 80oC, 85oC, 90oC, 95oC and 100oC. For rotations consisting of 30, 35, 40 and 45 rpm. For the time consisted of 4 roasting time that is 10, 15, 20 and 25 minutes. The amount of data collected consists of 80 experiments. With 3 parameter of observation that is moisture contain color and flavor. The conclusions obtained from this study are: temperature 90oC is the optimal roasting temperature; optimal rotation is 40 rpm and time 15 minutes for every roasting time. With the above variable values, product peanut roasted has a sufficiently moisture contain, good taste and good color.

Characterization of Rare Earth Elements in Tailing of Ex-Tin Mining Sands from Singkep Island, Indonesia

Hamzah, Yanuar

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to determine the rare earth elements (REEs) from the monazite minerals content of several tin tailing sands (TTS) of ex-tin mining area in Kuala Raya Singkep Island, Indonesia. We used the energy dispersive analysis of  X-ray (EDAX)-scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) to characterize the contents of the samples. The coupled analytical of XRD with SEM/EDX approach has enabled mineralogical identification on the heavy mineral to be rapidly determined. The analysis of the samples indicates only the presence of REEs including lanthanum (La), cerium (Ce), and thorium (Th) which are consistent with the identification of monazite and minerals in the tailing sand. The results show that the average REEs are contents respectively 0.2 at.% La, 7.8 at.% Ce, and 2.0 at.% Th. We conclude that monazite minerals in TTS has an economic potential  to be developed. These monazite minerals can be used as material for semiconductor devices. 

Luwak Coffee Classification Using UV-Vis Spectroscopy Data: Comparison of LDA and SVM Methods

Suhandy, Diding, Yulia, Meinilwita

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

UV-Vis spectroscopy has been used as a promising method for coffee quality evaluation including in authentication of several high-economic coffee types. In this paper we have compared the abilities of linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and support vector machines classification (SVMC) methods for luwak coffee classification. UV-Vis spectral data of 50 samples of pure luwak coffee and 50 samples of pure non-luwak coffee were acquired using a UV-Vis spectrometer in transmittance mode. The results show that UV-Vis spectroscopy combined with LDA and SVMC was effective method to classify luwak and non-luwak coffee samples. The classification result was acceptable and yielded 100% classification accuracy for both LDA and SVMC methods.

Evaluation of Workers and Customers Exposure to Noise Level in Delta Mall and Robinson Plaza, Delta State, Nigeria

Farouq, Ado Umar, Ahonsi, Peter I

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This research work titled “Evaluation of Noise Exposure Level in Delta Mall and Robinson Plaza” was aimed at the determination of the noise exposure level and it’s implication to the health of workers/individuals in Delta Mall and Robinson Plaza. A sound level meter (SLM) of model 407736 was used to measure the noise level in Delta Mall and Robinson Plaza. At Robinson plaza, the noise was measured in 13 different locations and they are numbered Block A – N with an exception of Block I. The procedure was carried out in the morning (9:00am – 9:30am), afternoon (1:00pm – 1:30pm), and evening (6:00pm – 6:30pm) measurements for a period of 30 days. The noise exposure level of the entire study area for Robinson Plaza, revealed an average dose of 177.2% and equivalent TWA of 94.1 dBA for 12 hours duration per day and when compared with OSHA standard, it exceeded the exposure action value in the OSHA noise exposure limits (90 dBA for 8 hours duration per day), hence, a detailed risk assessment must be completed for the entire Robinson Plaza. While the noise exposure level of the entire study area for Delta Mall, revealed an average dose of 115.5% and equivalent TWA of 91.0 dBA for 12 hours duration per day and when compared with OSHA standard, it exceeded the exposure action value in the OSHA noise exposure limits (90 dBA for 8 hours duration per day), hence, a detailed risk assessment must be completed for the entire Delta Mall. It’s therefore concluded that the noise generated from both Delta Mall and Robinson Plaza can be harmful to the health of workers. It was recommended that due to these possible effects of noise pollution on the populace, the following action should be carried out: Isolate noise at source, Using protection equipment, Urgent need for legislation to control noise pollution, and Public awakening and education.

Measuring Passenger Car Unit (PCU) at Four Legged Roundabout using Time Occupancy Data Collected from Drone

Sugiarto, Sugiarto, Apriandy, Fadhlullah, Faisal, Ruhdi, Saleh, Sofyan M.

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This study is aimed to measure the values of passenger car unit (PCU) at a four-legged roundabout based on the time occupancy data in complex traffic operation. Within mixed traffic, the PCUs are needed as equivalency factor to convert various type of vehicles to one standard unit. The unit of PCU is used to determine capacity and level of service of specific the traffic condition. The composition of vehicles going through the intersection mostly varies and each type of vehicles tend to have diverse effects on capacity and level of service. Consequently, a conversion factor from various vehicles to a standard vehicle is required.  Accordingly, this study intended to measure the value of PCUs using time occupancy data collected from a drone at the roundabout with highly mixed traffic condition. The study was conducted at one of the major roundabouts in Banda Aceh, a capital city of Aceh province, Indonesia. The method used was the vehicles time occupancy, which calculates the average time required by each vehicle to pass through the roundabout area. The result from the analysis shows that the PCU values obtained 0.16 for motorcycle (MC), 0.59 for rickshaw (RS), 1.07 for pickup (PU), 1.91 for a medium vehicle (MV), and 3.76 for the heavy vehicle (HV). These results should be utilized for converting various type of vehicles into PCUs to estimate capacity and level of service, especially for the roundabout. This results may be suitable for revising the Indonesia Traffic Code, named Indonesian Highway Capacity (IHCM, 1997), and useful for ongoing national-level efforts of upgrading Indonesian Highway Capacity Manual.

Improvement of Soil Physical Properties of Cambisol Using Soil Amendment

Darusman, Darusman, Devianti, Devianti, Husen, Edi

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Managing dryland requires intergrated knowledges on soil, water and plants relationship in order to achieve maximum yield. Using local and unused resource is important not only in aspect of reducing pollution but low price and also affordable for farmers. Thus, using amendment from in situ resources is suggested by many experts. This amendment used is assumed it could contribute improvement physical properties of soil and result better yields. This study aimed to studi more deeply on how much of soil amendment might improve physical properties of Cambisol under dryland environment and furthermore find out the crop response to soil amendments. The research was conducted during July to Oct. 2016 at Gampong Paud, Muara Tiga District, Pidie District, Aceh Province  with the altitude ± 30 m asl and slope 0-3 %.  A Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) with two factors replicated three times was used. First factor was soil amendment consisting of 4 levels ; no amendment (control), cow manure amount 10 ton ha -1, straw compost 10 ton ha-1, and  cow manure 10 ton ha -1 + compost 10 ton ha-1. The second factor was 5 varieties of peanut: Tuban, Hypoma 2, Bima, Kelinci and Gajah. The parameters observed were soil bulk density, permeability, total soil porosity, aggregate stability index, soil water holding capacity at water potential -3 and -15 bar.  Results of our studies showed soil amandement improves some soil physical properties, combination amendment with variety of peanuts resulted significant effects to soil physical properties, and combination treatments mostly influenced soil physical properties at soil depth of 0 -20 cm.  Addition of 10 tons ha -1 cow manure or 10 ton ha -1  straw compost  is enough to improve soil physical properties

The Application of Spatial Analysis and Time Series in Modeling the Frequency of Earthquake Events in Bengkulu Province

Faisal, Fachri

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This study will provide an overview in combining spatial analysis and time series analysis to model the frequency of earthquake. The aim of this research is to apply the spatial statistical analysis and time series analysis in estimating semivariogram parameters for the next four steps. The data in this study is secondary data that has been validated based on sources that publish parameters of earthquake events. Looking at the characteristics of the earthquake frequency frequency data, there are spatial and time elements. The method used in this research is interpolation kriging and Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA) model. The semivariogram models used in kriging interpolation are: Spherical, Exponential, Gaussian, and Linear. The parameters of the semivariogram model are modeled using ARMA time series analysis adjusted to the model diagnostic results. To measure of fit model is used Mean Square Error (MSE). The result of research is a suitable semivariogram model to be applied in the modeling of earthquake events is the Spherical model. While each parameter can be estimated using ARMA model (2,2) with different coefficient estimation value.

Portable Thermoelectric Cooler Box Performance with Variation of Input Power and Cooling Load

Mainil, Afdhal Kurniawan, Aziz, Azridjal, Akmal, M

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The thermoelectric module is a device that works by using the Peltier effect when electrical power supplied on it. In this study, the thermoelectric module is applied as thermoelectric cooler (TEC) using air cooling heat sink where cooling box capacity is 22 L. This paper experimentally investigates the thermal performance of thermoelectric cooler with a variation on input power and cooling load. The investigation has been conducted by three variations on input power (50.5W, 72.72W and 113.64W) and by two variations of the cooling load using mineral water (1440 mL and 2880 mL) with input power 113.64W. The box temperature achieved at input power 50.5W, 72.72W and 113.64W are 19.98oC, 19.77oC and 18.52oC, respectively. While at the cooling load of 1440 mL and 2880 mL, the temperature achieved in the box are 22.45oC and 23.32oC, respectively. The test results showed that in variation on the input power from low to high, the temperature in box becomes lower on high input power and causes the lower of COP, this is because more energy could be absorbed on high input power. In the cooling load variation, the greater the cooling load given in cooling box, then the longer the box  temperature  stability can be achieved because of more energy needed for decreasing the temperature of cooling box.

Surface Structural Analysis of the Layered Perovskite Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4 by Low Energy Electron Diffraction I-V

Ismail, Ismail, Jin, Rongying, Mandrus, David, Plummer, Earl Ward

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Abstract – The atomic structure at surface of the layered perovskite Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4 has been studied by Low Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED) I-V. The perovskite Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4 of single crystal was cleaved in ultra high vacuum chamber (the pressure in the chamber was about 1x10-10 Torr). The experiments were conducted at room temperature (T=300 K). The sharp LEED pattern was observed which indicates that the surface of Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4 is flat and it is a well ordered crystal. LEED I-V data, nine equivalent beams of the layered perovskite Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4 were recorded at room temperature. LEED I-V calculation was performed to fit experimental data to obtain the surface atomic structure. The LEED I-V analysis reveals that in the surface of the layered perovskite Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4 the RuO6 octahedra are rotated (in-plane rotation) alternating clockwise and counterclockwise. The in-plane rotation at the surface is 11 degree which is smaller than that in the bulk (13 degree). The Ru – O(1) bond-length at the surface is found to be 1.936 Å which is about the same as in the bulk (1.939 Å). The Ru – O(2) bond length at the surface is 1.863 Å which is much shorter than that in the bulk (2.040 Å). The volume of octahedral Ru-O6 at the surface is reduced by 9% with respect to the bulk. This finding shows that the atomic structure at surface of the layered perovskite Ca1.9Sr0.1RuO4is significantly different than that in the bulk. These lattice distortions strongly influence its electronic properties.   Key words: Transition Metal Oxide; Perovskite; Surface Atomic Structure; LEED I-V

Characteristics and Mineral Content of Sediment at Muara Pulau Kayu (MPK) of Southwest Aceh District

Purnawan, Syahrul, Jalil, Zulkarnain, Akmal, Chairul, Ilhamsyah, Yopi

Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 7, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Study on sediment characteristics and mineral content at Muara Pulau Kayu (MPK) of Southwest Aceh District was conducted to find a general description of grain size and mineral content regarding to hydro-oceanographic process. Sampling was collected at MPK, Southwest Aceh District during March 2016. Purposive sampling method was used to determine 4 sampling sites covering estuary and beach area. Grain size and mineral content were analyzed with a set of sieves and X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF with standard reference mineral). Observation on the grain roundness and sphericity showed that sediment grains are generally more rounded at beach area. Mineral content at MPK are dominated by Si, Fe, K, Ca and Ti that are categorized into volcanic mineral which conclude that sediment at MPK originated from Mount Leuser which was an active volcano in the past.