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The Effect of Dietary Candlenut Powder on Blood Profile and Meat Cholesterol Content of Broilers

Putri, Fitria Tridyana, Sudjarwo, Edhy, Sjofjan, Osfar

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of candlenut powder (Aleurites mollucana (L.) Willd.) as feed additive on blood profile and meat cholesterol content of broilers. Materials used in this research were 200 day-old broiler chicks. Research method was in vivo on Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments (P0 = basal diets only, P1 = basal diets + 0.25% candlenut powder, P2 = basal diets + 0.5% candlenut powder, P3 = basal diets + 0.75% candlenut powder, P4 = basal diets + 1% candlenut powder), each treatment was replicated 5 times. Variables measured were blood profile (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin) and meat cholesterol content. Data were analyzed by using Analysis of Variance. Data with significant different effects were further analyzed by using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The results showed that candlenut powder usage as feed additive had a highly significant effect on (P<0.01) erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels. Candlenut powder also significantly affect (P<0.05) mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), but did not significantly affect (P>0.05) mean corpuscular volume (MCV) levels. Broilers fed candlenut powder had lower (P<0.01) meat cholesterol content compared to those fed basal diets only. It might be concluded that the use of candlenut powder as feed additive at the level of 1% is safely recommended to give better blood profile and reduce meat cholesterol content of broilers.Pengaruh penambahan tepung biji kemiri terhadap profil darah ayam pedaging dan kandungan kolesterol dagingABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengevaluasi pemanfaatan tepung biji kemiri (Aleurites mollucana (L.) Willd.) sebagai aditif pakan terhadap profil darah dan kandungan kolesterol daging ayam pedaging. Materi yang digunakan adalah 200 ekor day old chicks (DOC) ayam pedaging. Metode penelitian menggunakan percobaan in vivo pada Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 5 perlakuan (P0 = pakan basal, P1 = pakan basal + 0.25% tepung biji kemiri, P2 = pakan basal + 0.5% tepung biji kemiri, P3 = pakan basal + 0.75% tepung biji kemiri, P4 = pakan basal + 1% tepung biji kemiri), setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak 5 kali. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis variansi (ANOVA) perbedaan yang signifikan dilanjutkan dengan Uji Jarak Berganda Duncan’s. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemanfaatan tepung biji kemiri sebagai aditif pakan memberikan perbedaan yang sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap jumlah eritrosit dan hemoglobin. Tepung biji kemiri juga memberikan pengaruh yang nyata (P<0,05) terhadap mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), tetapi tidak memberikan pengaruh yang nyata terhadap mean corpuscular volume (MCV) darah ayam. Ayam pedaging yang diberi pakan dengan penambahan tepung biji kemiri memiliki kandungan kolesterol daging yang lebih rendah (P<0,01) dibandingkan dengan yang hanya diberi pakan basal. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa penambahan tepung biji kemiri sebanyak 1% dapat memberikan profil darah yang lebih baik dan efektif untuk menurunkan kandungan kolesterol daging ayam pedaging.ABSTRACT. The purpose of this research was to investigate the use of candlenut powder (Aleurites mollucana (L.) Willd.) as feed additive on blood profile and meat cholesterol content of broilers. Materials used in this research were 200 day-old broiler chicks. Research method was in vivo on Completely Randomized Design with 5 treatments (P0 = basal diets only, P1 = basal diets + 0.25% candlenut powder, P2 = basal diets + 0.5% candlenut powder, P3 = basal diets + 0.75% candlenut powder, P4 = basal diets + 1% candlenut powder), each treatment was replicated 5 times. Variables measured were blood profile (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin) and meat cholesterol content. Data were analyzed by using Analysis of Variance. Data with significant different effects were further analyzed by using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The results showed that candlenut powder usage as feed additive had a highly significant effect on (P<0.01) erythrocyte and hemoglobin levels. Candlenut powder also significantly affect (P<0.05) mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), but did not significantly affect (P>0.05) mean corpuscular volume (MCV) levels. Broilers fed candlenut powder had lower (P<0.01) meat cholesterol content compared to those fed basal diets only. It might be concluded that the use of candlenut powder as feed additive at the level of 1% is safely recommended to give better blood profile and reduce meat cholesterol content of broilers.

Identifikasi Peranan Kelompok Sebagai Wahana Kerja Sama pada Kelompok Peternak Sapi Potong pada Peternakan Rakyat

Mutiah, Annisa, Abdullah, Agustina, Nurlaelah, Siti

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi peranan kelompok sebagai wahana kerja sama pada kelompok peternak sapi potong. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Desa Bontolangkasa Selatan Kecamatan Bontonompo Kabupaten Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuantitatif deskriptif. Populasi penelitian adalah kelompok peternak sapi potong yang merupakan kelompok tani ternak kelas Madya. Penentuan petani peternak sebagai responden secara acak yang dihitung berdasarkan Slovin (Umar, 1997), dengan jumlah 43 orang responden peternak. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dengan bantuan kuesioner. Analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu analisis statistik deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa peranan kelompok sebagai wahana kerja sama pada kelompok peternak sapi potong di Desa Bontolangkasa Selatan Kecamatan Bontonompo Kabupaten Gowa tergolong masih kurang berperan terutama dalam hal kerja sama permodalan dan pada umumnya kelompok belum bermitra dengan lembaga lain.Identify the role of the group as a cooperative forum in the group of beef cattle farmersABSTRACT. This study aims to identify the role of the group as a cooperative mechanism in the livestock group. The research was conducted in the village of Bontolangkasa South Bontonompo Gowa District, South Sulawesi. The type of research used is descriptive quantitative. The study population is a group of livestock breeders who are a group of Madya class farmers. Determination of breeders as respondents Slovin (Umar, 1997) calculated on a random basis, with the number of breeders 43 respondents. Data collection was conducted through interviews using questionnaires. The analysis used in this study is descriptive statistical analysis. The results showed that the groups role as a cooperative mechanism in the group of beef cattle raisers in the village of Bontolangkasa South Bontonompo district of Gowa is still classified as a less important role, especially in terms of funding. turnover and the general group has not established a partnership with other institutions.

Pengaruh Pemberian Ampas Kedelai dan Bungkil Inti Sawit (AKBIS) yang Difermentasi dengan Aspergillus niger terhadap Bakteri Usus Broiler

Nyak Adam, Vhodzan Adzima, Nurliana, Nurliana, Samadi, Samadi

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Salah satu upaya dilakukan untuk mengganti penggunaan antibiotik adalah mencari imbuhan pakan alternatif seperti pro-prebiotik, bahan pakan herbal dan berbagai imbuhan pakan lainnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ampas kedela dan bungkil inti sawit (AKBIS) yang difermentasi dengan Aspergillus niger (A. niger) terhadap mikroflora saluran pencernaan broiler. Sampel saluran pencernaan ayam diperoleh dari 80 ekor broiler yang dibagi menjadi empat perlakuan. Setiap unit perlakuan terdiri dari empat ekor ayam. Setiap perlakuan terdiri dari 5 ulangan yang diberi pakan perlakuan selama 21 dan 35 hari dengan penambahan empat konsentrasi pakan fermentasi yang berbeda (0%, 2%, 4%, 6% dari total pakan). Saluran pencernaan broiler diperiksa ALT mikroba, E.coli, Salmonella dan BAL. Data dianalisis dengan uji Anava melalui program SPSS for windows versi 17.0 dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa AKBIS yang difermentasi dengan A. niger berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap jumlah mikroba saluran pencernaan broiler. Konsentrasi dan lama pemberian berpengaruh (P<0,05) terhadap jumlah mikroba saluran pencernaan broiler. Pemberian AKBIS fermentasi mampu mempertahankan jumlah mikroba yang menguntungkan seperti E. coli dan mengurangi mikroba patogen yaitu Salmonella, serta mampu meningkatkan jumlah bakteri asam laktat dalam saluran pencernaan broiler. Hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa AKBIS fermentasi dapat digunakan sebagai sumber probiotik sehingga mampu meningkatkan kualitas broiler dan aman bagi konsumen.The effect of soybean by products and palm kernel meal fermented with Aspergillus niger on broilers intestinal bacteria ABSTRACT. One of the efforts to replace antibiotics in animal feed is by providing other sources of feed additives such as pre- pro biotics, phytogenics, and other feed additives. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of soybean by products and palm kernel meal that fermented with A. niger on the microflora digestive tract of broilers. Chicken digestive tract samples obtained from 80 species of broiler fed treatment for 21 and 35 days. The tretaments in this experiment were different concentrations of fermented soybean by products and palm kernel meal (0%, 2%, 4%, 6%) in the commercial feed. Digestive tract of broiler examined TPC of microbe, E. coli, Salmonella and lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Data were analyzed by Anova with SPSS for Windows version 17.0 and continued with Duncan test. The results showed that soybean by products and palm kernel meal fermented with A. Niger significantly affected (P <0.05) to the number of microbial digestive tract of broilers. Fermented feed was able to maintain the number of non-pathogenic microflora and reduced the number of pathogenic microflora. In conclusion, fermentation of soybean by products with palm kernel meal was able to improve the broiler quality and safe for consumers.

Pertumbuhan, Produksi, dan Kualitas Jerami Kedelai pada berbagai Level Penyiraman Air Laut untuk Menunjang Pemenuhan Pakan Ruminansia

Fuskhah, Eny, Darmawati, Adriani

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Air laut mengandung nutrisi yang dibutuhkan oleh tanaman. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mendapatkan informasi manfaat air laut untuk pertanaman kedelai. Penelitian dilaksanakan di lahan percobaan Fakultas Peternakan dan Pertanian Universitas Diponegoro Semarang. Materi adalah air laut dari Pantai Marina Semarang, dan kedelai lokal Grobogan. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok monofaktor delapan perlakuan empat ulangan. Perlakuan tingkat salinitas/EC (Electrical Conductivity) air penyiraman yaitu J0 = penyiraman air tawar; J1, J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, dan J7 berturut-turut adalah penyiraman air laut 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, dan 7 mmhos/cm. Semua petak perlakuan menggunakan 8 ton/ha mulsa eceng gondok dan diinokulasi bakteri rhizobium. Parameter yang diamati panjang tanaman, jumlah daun, produksi berat segar dan bahan kering jerami, produksi biji, kadar protein kasar dan serat kasar jerami kedelai. Analisis ragam, menunjukkan penyiraman air laut hingga EC 7 mmhos/cm belum menunjukkan pengaruh yang signifikan pada pertumbuhan, produksi, maupun kualitas jerami kedelai dibandingkan penyiraman dengan air tawar. Penyiraman air laut EC 7 mmhos/cm menghasilkan rerata panjang tanaman 26,53 cm, jumlah daun 245,25 helai petiole, produksi berat segar jerami 2029,5 g/petak, produksi bahan kering jerami 235,05 g/petak, produksi biji kedelai 515,22 g/petak, kadar protein kasar jerami 12,63 %, dan kadar serat kasar jerami 48,78 %.Growth, production, and quality of soybean straw at various levels of sea water to support ruminant feedABSTRACT. Seawater contains nutrients needed by plant. The research aim was to get information the benefit of seawater for soybean. The research held in research field of Animal Husbandry and Agriculture Faculty, Diponegoro University Semarang. Seawater was taken from Semarang Marina Beach. Soybean was local bean of Grobogan. The experimental design used was a randomized block design eight treatment with four block.The factor was EC(electrical conductivity) level of watering diluted seawater namely J0 = Without sea water (fresh water); J1, J2, J3, J4, J5, J6, and J7 were EC level of watering diluted seawater of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 mmhos/cm respectively. All treatments using 8 ton/ha of water hyacinth mulch and inoculated of rhizobium bacteria. The parameters were plant length, number of leaves, seed production, fresh weight and dry matter production of shoot, crude protein and crude fibre content of soybean straw. Variant analysis, showed that watering sea water up to EC level 7 mmhos/cm has not shown significant influence on the growth, seed and straw production and quality of soybean straw compared to watering with fresh water. Level of watering diluted seawater EC 7 mmhos/cm yields plant length of 26,53 cm, number of leaves 245,25 pieces of petiole, weight production of fresh straw 2029,5 g/plot, weight production of dry straw 235,05 g/plot, weight production of seed 515.22 g/plot, 12.63% crude protein content, and a crude fiber content of 48.78%.

Fermentasi Pucuk Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L) Menggunakan Trichoderma Harzianum : Degradasi in Sacco Komponen Serat

Suryadi, Suryadi, Syarif, Suhessy, Darlis, Darlis, Afdal, Muhammad

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Pucuk tebu (Saccharum officinarum L) (PT) merupakan salah satu pakan alternatif yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai sumber pakan bagi ternak ruminansia. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui degradasi in sacco komponen serat PT yang difermentasikan dengan beberapa level Trichoderma harzianum. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan 4 perlakuan dan 5 ulangan, pengaruh perlakuan terhadap parameter yang diuji menggunakan analisis sidik ragam dan dilanjutkan dengan uji lanjut Duncan kalau ada perbedaan antar perlakuan. Pucuk tebu difermentasi dengan perlakuan Trichoderma harzianum dengan beberapa level yaitunya  0, 2, 4 dan 6% selama 1 minggu. Pucuk tebu hasil fermentasi digiling untuk dijadikan bubuk dengan ukuran saringan 2 mm kemudian dengan teknik in sacco diinkubasi ke dalam rumen sapi berfistula selama 72 jam. Peubah yang diukur adalah degradasi NDF, ADF dan hemiselulosa dari PT yang telah difermentasi sesuai dengan perlakuan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa level T. Harzianum berpengaruh tidak nyata (P > 0.05) terhadap degradasi NDF dan ADF dari PT fermentasi tetapi berpengaruh  sangat nyata (P < 0.01) terhadap degradasi hemiselulosa. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah degradasi NDF, ADF dan hemiselulosa dari PT fermentasi terbaik dicapai pada perlakuan dengan menggunakan 4% T. harzianum dibandingkan dengan perlakuan lainnya.(The fermentation of Saccharum officinarum L. shoot using Trichoderma harzianum: in sacco degradation of fiber component)ABSTRACT. Sugar can (Saccharum officinarum L) shoot (SCS) is one of an alternative feed that could be use as a source of feed for ruminant. The aim of this study was to reveal the in sacco degradation of SCS fermented with some level of Trichoderma harzianum. The design of this experiment was Completely Randomized Design with 4 treatments and 5 replications. The statistical analysis used in this experiment was Analysis of Variance  and followed by Duncan Tets. Sugar can shoot was fermented with T. harzianum in some levels of  0, 2, 4 dan 6% for one week. The fermented SCS was dried, grounded in 2 mm mash and kept store until incubated. To evaluate the in sacco degradation, fermented SCS was incubated for 72 h. Parameters measured were the degradation of  NDF, ADF dan hemiselulosa of  treated SCS. Results showed that the level of T. harzianum did not significantly (P > 0.05) affect on the degradation of NDF and ADF but it siginficantly (P < 0.01) affected on the degradation of hemiselulosa. It could be concluded that the level of 4 % of T. harzianum in fermenting SCS showed the best in sacco degradation of NDF, ADF dan hemiselulosa among all treatments.

Fermentabilitas Pakan dengan Imbuhan Ekstrak Daun Babadotan (Ageratum conyzoides) dan Jahe (Zingiber officinale) pada Sapi Perah Secara In Vitro

Hapsari, Novia Sri, Harjanti, Dian Wahyu, Muktiani, Anis

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mengkaji pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun babadotan dan jahe terhadap fermentabilitas pakan dalam rumen sapi perah dilihat dari pH, Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA) total, konsentrasi asetat, butirat, propionat, NH3, total protein dan CH4. Materi penelitian berupa cairan rumen sapi perah, ekstrak daun babadotan dan jahe serta ransum kontrol. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan meliputi ransum kontrol (T1), T1 + ekstrak daun babadotan 0,005 ml (T2), T1 + ekstrak jahe 0,005 ml (T3), T1 + ekstrak daun babadotan 0,0025 ml + ekstrak jahe 0,0025 ml (T4). Data dianalisis menggunakan ANOVA dilanjutkan uji Duncan. Hasil menunjukkan seluruh perlakuan tidak berpengaruh terhadap pH dan protein total namun berpengaruh nyata terhadap VFA total (P<0,05), dan sangat nyata terhadap konsentrasi asetat, propionat, butirat, NH3 dan CH4 (P<0,01). Rata-rata keseluruhan kelompok perlakuan memiliki pH 6,9; protein total 167,779 mg/g. Konsentrasi VFA total dan NH3 terbaik pada T4 (195 mM dan 8,64 mM); konsentrasi asetat, propionat, butirat terbaik pada T3 (18,51; 5,03; 1,91 mMol/l) dan peningkatan konsentrasi CH4 terkecil pada T3 (16,53%). Berdasarkan penelitian disimpulkan bahwa seluruh perlakuan tidak mengganggu fermentasi rumen meskipun nilai CH4 meningkat, pemberian kombinasi ekstrak mampu meningkatkan fermentabilitas pakan, dilihat dari peningkatan VFA total dan NH3.(Fermentability of feed supplemented with Ageratum conyzoides leaves and Zingiber officinale extracts on in vitro dairy cow)ABSTRACT. The research was aimed to determine the effects of Ageratum conyzoides leaves (AC) and Zingiber officinale (ZO) extracts on in vitro ruminal fermentation of dairy cow. Materials used were the rumen fluid and the ethanol extract of AC leaves and ZO. The study used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were control (T1), T1 + AC 0,005 ml (T2), T1 + ZO 0,005 ml (T3), and T1 + AC 0,0025 ml + ZO 0,0025 ml (T4). Data were analyzed using ANOVA and continued by Duncan test. The results showed that both AC and ZO supplementation affected total VFA (P<0,05), acetate, propionate, butyrate, NH3 and CH4 concentrations (P<0,01). However, the ruminal pH and total protein production concentrations were not affected by the supplementation of either AC or ZO alone. The average of all treatment group is ruminal pH was 6.9; and total protein was 167,779 mg/g. The treatments T3 groups had the highest acetate, propionate, butyrate concentrations (18,51; 5,03; 1,91 mMol/l) and had the lowest CH4 (16,53%). T4 treament groups had the highest VFA and NH3 concentrations (195,00 mM and 8,64 mM). In conclusion, the suplementation of both AC and ZO did not adversely affect the ruminal fermentation, although CH4 concentrations increased. Moreover, supplementing both herbals in the diets could improve the fermentability of rumen, indicated by the enhanced production of VFA and NH3.

Perbandingan Kualitas Semen Beku Sapi Unggul dan Hubungannya dengan Tingkat Keberhasilan Inseminasi Buatan pada Sapi Aceh

Fatah, Khairul, Dasrul, Dasrul, Abdullah, Mohd. Agus Nashri

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional yang dengan  rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 kelompok perlakuan jenis semen beku sapi aceh (S1), semen beku sapi bali (S2) dan semen beku sapi simmental (S3).  Masing-masing kelompok diulang sebanyak 10 kali. Data kualitas spermatozoa dan angka kebuntingan yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan analisis of variance (ANOVA) dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan dan hubungan kualitas spermatozoa semen beku dengan tingkat kebuntingan diuji dengan regresi berganda.  Persentase motilitas, spermatozoas hidup dan TAU sapi aceh dan sapi bali tidak memperlihatkan perbedaan yang nyata (P>0,05), namun keduanya berbeda secara nyata (P<0,05) dengan sapi simmental. Hasil uji regresi menunjukan ada hubungan yang nyata (P<0,05) antara kualitas spermatozoa (motilitas, spermatozoa hidup dan TAU) semen beku dengan tingkat kebuntingan, dengan persamaan regresi adalah  Y=  - 2,586 + 0,017 X1 - 0,001 X2 + 0,043 X3, nilai koefisien korelasi r = 0,695 dan nilai koefisien determinasi (r2) sebesar 0,483. Keutuhan TAU memiliki hubungan yang lebih kuat (r = 0,695) dibanding dengan motilitas spermatozoa (r = 0,505) dan spermatozoa hidup (r = 0,195) terhadap angka kebuntingan. Disimpulkan kualitas semen beku sapi unggul berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kebuntingan setelah inseminasi pada induk aseptor sapi aceh betina.(Comparison of frozen semen quality of aceh cattle,  bali cattle,  brahman cattle and simmental cattle and the relationship with the success level of artificial insemination in female aceh cattle)ABSTRACT. This study is an observational study with a completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 groups of frozen semen aceh cattle (S1), bali cattle frozen semen (S2) and simmental cattle frozen semen (S3). Each treatments groups was repeated 10 times. Spermatozoa quality data (motility, live spermatozoa, and intact acrosome) of frozen semen and pregnancy rates obtained were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with Duncant test. Percentage motility, live sperm and intact acrosome of aceh cattle, bali cattle and simmental cattle showed no significant differences (P> 0.05), but they differ significantly (P <0.05) compared with brahman cattle. Results of regression analysis showed no significant relationship (P <0.05) between spermatozoa quality (motility, live sperm and intact acrosome) with a pregnancy rate of frozen semen, the regression equation is Y = - 2,586 + 0,017 X1 - 0,001 X2 + 0.043 X3, Correlation coefficient value r = 0,695 and coefficient of determination (r2) equal to 0,483. intact acrosome of spermatozoa have a stronger relationship (r = 0.695) compared with sperm motility (r = 0.505) and live spermatozoa (r = 0.195) on the pregnancy rate. It was concluded that the quality of frozen semen had an effect on the pregnancy rate after insemination on female aceh cow.

Karakterisasi Penampilan Reproduksi Sapi Aceh Betina Sebagai Sumber Daya Genetik Ternak Lokal di Kota Subulussalam

Novita, Cut Intan, Sari, Eka Meutia, Rahma, Erlisa

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penampilan reproduksi sapi Aceh betina. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kota Subulussalam Provinsi Aceh yang meliputi lima kecamatan, yaitu  kecamatan Simpang Kiri, Rundeng, Longkip, Penanggalan dan Sultan Daulat. Penelitian dilakukan selama satu bulan (23 Januari sampai 23 Februari 2017). Metode survei digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Penentuan responden adalah dengan menggunakan metode Purposive Sampling yaitu mengambil sampel dengan persyaratan minimal peternak memelihara satu ekor sapi Aceh yang telah beranak dua kali. Sebagai responden ditetapkan sebanyak 30 petani. Dari hasil penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa kinerja reproduksi sapi Aceh baik, usia pubertas mencapai usia 1-2 tahun, nilai rata-rata pelayanan per konsepsi adalah 1,5 dan jarak beranak 12,97 bulan.(Characterization of reproductive performans of aceh cattle as local animal genetic resources in subulussalam city)ABSTRACT. This study aims to determine the characterization of reproductive performance of Aceh cattle. This study was conducted in Subulussalam City of Aceh Province covering five districts of Simpang Kiri, Rundeng, Longkip, Penanggalan and Sultan Daulat. The study was conducted for one month (January 23 to February 23, 2017). Survey method was used in this research. Determination of respondent is by using method of Purposive Sampling that is taking sample with minimum requirement of breeder to keep one Aceh cattle that have gave birthtwo times. As the respondents set as many as 30 farmers. From the results can be concluded that the performance of Aceh cattle reproductive is good, age of puberty reached at age 1-2 years, the average value of service per conception is 1.5 and calving interval 12.97 month.

Aplikasi Metode Emersi Fiksatif Berbeda terhadap Morfologi Histologi Testis dan Epididimis Kambing Lokal(Capra sp.)

Fitriani, Fitriani, Husmimi, Husmimi, Akmal, Muslim

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian  ini bertujuan  untuk  melihat morfologi histologi testis dan epididymis  kambing lokal(Capra sp.) dengan umur 1-1,5 tahun. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen laboratorik dengan menggunakan 6 testis dan 6 epididimis yang diambil secara acak dan masing-masing di fiksasi dalam fiksatif formalin dan neutral buffered formaline (NBF) 10% dengan waktu fiksasi 15 hari. Pembuatan dan pengamatan jaringan testis dan epididimis dilakukan di laboratorium histologi FKH Unsyiah. Pengamatan mikroskopis secara kualitatif yang diamati pada 10 tubulus testis dan epididimis. Hasil pengamatan dianalisis secara deskriptif. Secara mikroskopik, gambaran struktur jaringan testis dan epididimis kambing terlihat jelas. Ruang antar membran tubulus pada metode emersi fiksatif formalin masih terlihat longgar, sedangkan pada metode emersi fiksatif NBF terlihat padat. Pengerutan sel sangat terlihat pada fiksatif formalin dibandingkan fiksatif NB, namun autolisis sel terlihat tidak nyata pada kedua fiksatif tersebut. Secara umum, kondisi membran tubulus terlihat utuh pada testis dan epididimis dengan fiksatif formalin dan NBF, namun sedikit terlihat degenerasi hidropis pada ruang antar sel dalam tubulus seminiferus. Dari hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa perbedaan hasil pada preparat testis dan epididimis dengan menggunakan fiksatif berbeda, kemungkinan dapat dipengaruhi oleh jenis bahan fiksatif, ukuran dan struktur yang berbeda pada kedua organ. Pemilihan metode emersi fiksatif pada jaringan testis dan epididimis sangat penting untuk mempermudah pengamatan morfologi histologi.(Application of different fixative emersi methods for histological morphology of testicular and epididymal local goats (Capra sp.))ABSTRACT. This research was conducted to observe the histological morphology of testicular and epididymal tissues of local goats  at the same age (1-1,5 years old). This research is laboratory experimental research using 6 testes and epididymis 6 taken randomly and each fixed in fixative neutral buffered formalin (nbf) and formaline 10% with a 15 day fixation time. Preparation and observation of the epididymis and testicle tissue is performed in the laboratory of histology FKH Unsyiah. Qualitative microscopic observations were observed in 10 testes and epididymal tubules. The observations analyzed descriptively. Microscopically, the picture of tissue structure of the testes and epididymis of kacang goats is evident.The intermediate space of the tubules in the formalin fixation emersy method still looks loose, whereas in NBF fixative emersy method looks solid. Cell shrinking is highly visible in formalin fixation compared with NBF fixation, but cellular autolysis appears to be invisible in both fixation methods. Generally, tubular membrane conditions are seen intact on the testes and epididymis with formalin and nbf fixation. Differences in results on testicular and epididymal preparations using different fixative materials, may be affected by different types of fixation, size and structure in both organs. The selection of a fixative emersi method on testicular tissue and epididiymis is essential to evaluate the histologic morphology.

Penambahan Air Jeruk Sambal (Citrus microcarpa) pada Air Minum terhadap Kadar Lemak Daging Broiler

Adisti, Rizqa, Setiawan, Duta, Zakiatulyaqin, Zakiatulyaqin, Purnomosidi, Marjoko

Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18, No. 1, April 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan air jeruk sambal (Citrus microcarpa) pada air minum terhadap penurunan kadar lemak dan taraf lemak daging broiler. Materi yang digunakan adalah ayam umur 1 hari (DOC) strain CP 707 sebanyak 80 ekor yang ditempatkan dalam kandang berukuran (5,5 × 2,5 × 2 m) yang disekat menjadi 20 unit dengan setiap unit percobaan di isi 4 ekor broiler. Pakan yang digunakan adalah pakan komersial (BR10, BR11 dan BR12). Metode yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak lengkap (RAL), dengan 4 perlakuan dan 5 ulangan dengan taraf  perlakuan P0  (0% jeruk sambal per 1 L air ), P1 (0,4% jeruk sambal per 1 L air), P2 (0,8% jeruk sambal per 1 L air) dan P3 (1,2% jeruk sambal per 1 L air). Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan analisis ragam (ANOVA)  pada taraf  5% dilanjutkan dengan uji beda nyata jujur (BNJ). Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa perlakuan dapat meningkatkan persentase bobot karkas, penurunan persentase lemak abdominal dan persentase lemak daging broiler. Kesimpulan penambahan air jeruk sambal pada air minum dapat menurunkan lemak daging broiler dengan taraf  pemberian terbaik 0,8%.(The effect of native orange water (Citrus microcarpa) in drink water on broiler meat fat)ABSTRAK. This research aim to determine the effect of native orange (Citrus microcarpa) to drink water on percentage meat fat broiler and the best level for degrade meat fat. The used materials were day old chick (DOC) strain CP707 as many as 80 birds, were placed in cages with size of (5,5 ×2,5×2 m) is partitioned into 20 units an each unit in the experiment with the contents of 4 chickens. Commercial feed was  used, they were  (BR10, BR11 and BR12). Completely randomized design (CRD) was applied, with 4 treatment and 5 replications. The  level of treatments were  P0  (0% native orange for 1 L water), P1 (0,4 native orange for 1 L water), P2 (0,8% native oramge for 1 L water) and P3 (1,2% native orange for 1 L water). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance at level 5% and followed by honesty significant different (HSD).The result showed that there were increasing  percentage of carcass,  abdominal fat and meat fat. As a conclusion,  increment native orange to drink water can degrade broiler meat fat with the best level  at  0,8%.