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Jurnal Al-Manahij
ISSN : 19786670     EISSN : 25794167     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
AL-MANAHIJ is a scholarly journal of Islamic law studies. It is a forum for debate for scholars and professionals concerned with Islamic Laws and legal cultures of Muslim Worlds. It aims for recognition as a leading medium for scholarly and professional discourse of Islamic laws. It is a joint initiative of the members of the APIS (Asosiasi Peminat Ilmu Syariah) and the Syariah Faculty of the State Institute of Islamic Studies of Purwokerto (IAIN Purwokerto).
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG" : 10 Documents clear
MINING-TRADING CRYPTOCURRENCY DALAM HUKUM ISLAM Zain, Muhammad Fuad
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (649.936 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1303

Abstract

This paper discusses the mining-trading of cryptocurrency in Islamic law as a digital asset that has recently been traded in cyberspace. The value of cryptocurrency is soaring and fluctuation and it is influenced by the demand of buying and selling. Indodax.com is the official digital asset site in Indonesia that trades more than 13 digital currencies. As we know, digital currencies are not electronic money, even though the characteristic is similar. Starting from this, I analyze whether cryptocurrency is worthy of being value as money that has a certain value. Until now, the Indonesian government through Bank Indonesia has published regulation Number 16/8/PBI/ 2014, which explicitly prohibits using bitcoin and altcoin on financial transactions. Otherwise, MUI (Indonesian Ulema Council) has not issued a fatwa yet related to cryptocurrency. From here, I focuse on this study to the law of cryptocurrency in Islamic law. Bitcoin has advantages and disadvantages. Among its advantages are the user can use exchange or transaction without third service (bank), and it can be traded in merchandise shops. But, the disadvantages of bitcoin are mach more, such as fluctuating value every times, it is not listed as a commodity, it is not watched by Financial Services Authority (OJK), it presents the element of gharar (uncertainty) and maysir (gambling or bet), which makes it possible to be used for money laundering and drugs. On the other hand, until now, the Indonesian people have not considered that bitcoin as a treasure like gold or silver
KONTROVERSI HUKUM ASURANSI Hasanudin, Hasanudin
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1144.318 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1322

Abstract

Insurance came to the Islamic world around the 19th century AD. As long as the insurance law in Islam is concerned, the contemporary Islamic scholars are divided into three groups. First, scholars who allow it absolutely; secondly, the ulama who forbid it absolutely; and thirdly, scholars who legalize social insurance and forbid commercial insurance. One of the contemporary scholars who justifies insurance is Muṣṭafā Aḥmad al-Zarqā, a prominent Islamic scholar of Ḥanafi from Syria. The findings of this study are that in the perspective of Islamic legal theory the arguments of al-Zarqāʼ can be justified. The theory of Islamic law used by al-Zarqā in examining insurance is the theory of ijtihad bi ar-ray by istiṣḥābī and talīl methods. Al-Zarqa views that insurance is a new contract that does not exist in Islamic jurisprudence. Every Muslim is allowed to create new contracts that have not existed before as long as there is no prohibition against them. Al-Zarqāʼ analogize the insurance with the existing contracts in Islamic jurisprudence, among which is the contract of muwālāh from Hanafite school of law, ḍamān khaṭr al-ṭarīq from Hanafites, al-iltizām wa al-wa’d al-mulzim in Malikites, and al-‘āqilah in Syafi’ites.
URGENSI ILMU KEDOKTERAN ISLAM DENGAN HUKUM ISLAM Manzil, Li’izza Diana
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (805.444 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1323

Abstract

One sign of the rapidly growing world of medical science is its success in making one discovery about Deoxrybo Nucleid Acid (DNA). Islam does not prohibit the practice of DNA identification because it can be used in determining the legal status of relative relationships and related marital prohibitions among families because of the similarity of DNA genes between parents and their children. In Islam marriage prohibition can also occur between brothers and sisters. DNA identification can be done between siblings as a result of the presence of gene elements in breast milk. In addition, breast milk can also develop bone and grow meat if breastfeeding at least five times suction. But the results of DNA tests conducted between siblings cannot be more accurate if done to find relationships of parents and children. From this it clearly proves that Islamic medicine has an urgent value to Islamic law. This can be seen from one of its axiology in determining the status of brotherhood.
THE CONCEPT OF AL-SYĀṬIBĪ’S AL-TA‘ĀRUḌ WA AL-TARJĪḤ Farkhani, Farkhani; Elviandri, Elviandri; Nugroho, Sigit Sapto
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (978.72 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1331

Abstract

Al-Ta‘āruḍ wa al-tarjīḥ is a methodology offered by al-Syāṭibī to overcome problems that often arise in fiqh issues faced by the people. This study is a descriptive literature study (library research) aims to determine how the concept of al-Ta‘āruḍ wa al-tarjīḥ offered, with fahm al-naṣṣ methods that exist in its al-Muwāfaqāt. To al-Syāṭibī, no at-ta‘āruḍ (contradiction) in texts but there is a contradiction among mujtahids (Muslim jurists) in understanding the texts. Then, the mujtahids (jurists) should not be in a hurry to do istinbāṭ al-ḥukm (taking out the law) which originated from the ẓāhir contradictory arguments. A depth and universal study toward contradictive postulates seems needed by mujtahid both using their precision and intelligence. Because of the precision and intelligence mujtahids are varying, it causes the appearance of a conflict between mujtahids in looking at the arguments. To find a solution to the problem, the offer is the use of tarjīḥ method, looking for the most powerful arguments, and then serving them as the basis to take a single istinbāṭ al-ḥukm.
QAUL AL-MUKHTĀR AL-NAWAWĪ SEBAGAI PENDAPAT ALTERNATIF MUSLIM NUSANTARA Kudhori, Muhammad
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1002.87 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1345

Abstract

The spreading of Syafi’ite school of law in Indonesia until now has a long history in the process of Islamic transmission in the country. Islam entered into Indonesian archipelago through the merchants in the seventh century. However, the dispersion of Islam could not run smoothly before Wali Songo emerged in Indonesian society at the fifteenth century. In this era, Islam could be received and absorbed widely by the Indonesians. The Islamic school of law that is brought by Wali Songo is Syafi’ite. Even most of Muslims in Indonesia follow Syafi’ite school of law, in the real life including in their daily prayers and trade activities, they are not use this school entirely. One of the reasons why this school is not practiced by Muslims fully is difficult to practice. The existence of Qaul al-Mukhtār of al-Nawawī can be an alternative way for the followers of this school of law that is difficult in practicing one of his opinions. Besides its strong arguments, Qaul al-Mukhtar of al- Nawawī is not really out from the rule of Syafi’ite school of law. In addition, it is representation of Fikih al-Muyassar (simplifed fiqh) concept for Muslim in Indonesia. Therefore, the follower of Syafi’ite school of law in Indonesia can feel easy and peace in practicing Islam.
PELIBATAN AKAD IJĀRAH DALAM PRAKTIK RAHN DI BANK SYARI’AH PERSPEKTIF HUKUM EKONOMI SYARI’AH wahid, nur
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1069.388 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1349

Abstract

The involvement of lease (ijārah) contract in pawn practice in syari’ah bank resulted in a combination of contract known as multi-‘aqd. Concerning multiple contracts (multi-‘aqd), there are a number of Prophetic traditions, at least three hadiths that are outwardly (textual meaning) indicating a ban on the use of multiple covenants. For example, the hadith about the prohibition of trading and debts (bai’ wa salaf), the prohibition to trade with two contracts (bai’atain fī bai’ah), and two sales and purchase contracts in one transaction (ṣafqatain fī ṣafqah). The contract of lease (ijārah) and the pawn agreement (rahn) are two different types of contract, in which the lease includes the type of sale and purchase agreement, while the pawn includes the type of loan contract. This combination of contracts is a type of multi-contract which is prohibited based on the hadith above. Transactions with this multi-contract form almost exist in all Islamic banking products today. This paper concludes that the law of engagement of lease contracts in pawn practices in Islamic banks is allowed. The Islamic jurisprudence scholars argue that this combination of contracts is compatible with the purpose of sharia (maqāṣid al-sharī’ah), namely the ease in muamalah, lightening in the burden, and provide opportunities for innovation and the relevance of the development of the times and human needs in transactions.
FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT Mufid, Moh
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (600.213 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1356

Abstract

This paper aims to reconstruct fishing jurisprudence in Lamongan regency in an eco-sharia perspective. Eco-sharia is a religious value that serves as a tool of social control for coastal communities in utilizing sustainable fisheries resources. Marine conservation efforts are a guarantee for the protection of marine resources in order to remain protected and sustainable. Fishing jurisprudence needs to be formulated to provide eco-sharia insight for fishermen about environmentally friendly fishing and in accordance with religious values. Fishing jurisprudence will be constructed based on fishery conservation practices in Lamongan regency as one of the coastal areas of Pantura that has been designated as a minapolitan fishery town. The implications of the reconstruction of fishing jurisprudence are expected to build a culture conscious of the marine environment and synergize the economic and ecological aspects as a culture for the fishermen community.
PELAKSANAAN TINDAK PIDANA PEMERKOSAAN Nurhayati, Nurhayati
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (923.812 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1358

Abstract

Rape is a sexual crime that indicates highly enough rate in Indonesia. Rape according to the view of Islamic law is different from adultery. Adultery is sexual intercourses between man and woman without legal marriage and carried out consciously on the basis of mutual needs. Rape is not doing of just sexual intercourse but it has additional element that is carried out with force, violence or threats. Sanctions against rapists according to Islamic law is exactly the same as the act of adultery that is stoning and damping. Such sanctions apply only to rapists and not to the victim. Aceh’s Qānūn on Jināyat (criminal) law for the people is regulated in Regional Regulation (PERDA) No. 6 of 2014. Qānūn Jināyat for the people of Aceh is a unity of  criminal law formed based on Islamic Shariah values ​​derived from the Qur’an and HÌ£adīṡ. According to Qānūn Jināyat Aceh, everyone doing sexual rape crime is threatened with ‘uqūbat ta’zīr which in its application there is a difference of punishment  with what is in the view of  Islamic law.
IJTIHAD IBN QAYYIM AL-JAWZIYYAH DAN AL-MAQĀṢID AL-JUZ’IYYAH nofialdi, Nofialdi
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1108.175 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1362

Abstract

The understanding of a mujtahid toward maqāṣid al-syarīʻah becomes something urgent and significant, since ijtihad must be able to realize benefits, which is the substance of maqāṣid al-syarīʻah both in the general scale (‘āmmah), special (khāṣṣah), as well as in scale for specific cases (juz`iyyah). Ibn Qayyim, for example, in most cases is very concerned about maqāṣid al-syarīah, which one of its parts is al-maqāṣid al-juz’iyyah. In the case of the necessity of cleaning urine trails, specifically (juzī) it is not required to the urine of baby boys. This clearly shows that Ibn Qayyim is very concerned about al-maqāṣid al-juz’iyyah, because it is difficult to clean urine traces of baby boys so that it is not required to clean it up but simply by splashing water on the traces. Likewise in other cases, such as the necessity of ablution after eating camel meat, which is not required to be other than camel meat, the sale and purchase of salam (order) and the waiting period of women left behind, also shows that Ibn Qayyim is very concerned with the realization of al-maqāṣid al-juz’iyyah in establishing the law .
MODEL PENERAPAN SYARIAH DALAM NEGARA MODERN: Fauzan, Pepen Irpan; Fata, Ahmad Khoirul
Al-Manahij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam Vol 12 No 1 (2018): FIKIH KONSERVASI LAUT: RELEVANSI FIQH AL-BĪʼAH DI WILAYAH PESISIR LAMONG
Publisher : Fakultas Syariah IAIN Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1054.985 KB) | DOI: 10.24090/mnh.v12i1.1328

Abstract

Modernization of politics in islamic world causes hard dynamics in the relation betwen religion (sharī’ah) with state or politics. This paper tries to discuss the historical background of that discussion, and tries to show the models of sharī ’ah implementation in the context of modern state. The result of this study is that there are three models of sharī ’ah implementation in modern Islamic world: integration betwen religion (Islam) and state as in Saudi Arabia and Islamic Republic of Iran. In this model sharī ah  formally becomes the positive law.  The second model is secular state. In this model religion (and sharī’ah) separated from the state. The best example for this model is Republic of Turkey. And the last is symbiosis-intersectional model as Republic of Indonesia. This model is the middle position betwen both of them. The difference of the models are caused by the diversity of socio-historical-economic-political background of these states.

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