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INDONESIA
Jurnal Humaniora
ISSN : 08520801     EISSN : 23029269     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
Humaniora focuses on the publication of articles that transcend disciplines, and which, regardless of subject, appeal to a diverse readership and advance the study of humanities, particularly in Indonesia. This articles that contribute to the strengthening of critical approaches, increasing the quality of critique, or encouragement of innovative methodologies.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 1,560 Documents
The Quest for Reading: A Reception and Aesthetic Response Criticism on Hypertext Fiction of Pride and Prejudice Adi, Ida Rochani
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 23, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

The development of internet which provides hypertext information results in significant change in many aspects of life. Literature is not exceptional. The argument is therefore, since hypertext literature is presented in different mode, it must propose different kind of reading. Based on reception and reader-response or aesthetic response theories, this study finds out that there is a change in the way readers enjoy Pride and Prejudice. The process of reading become active experience because it allows the readers to take control of the narrative. The result is that hypertext Pride and Prejudice provides different meaning to the readers. The novel exists by providing not only the narratives but also informations on the narratives. The study finds out that there is a change in how the hypertext Pride and Prejudice wanted and needed. The hypertext does not come from the enjoyment in the process of reading the narratives but the satisfaction in getting the information on the narratives. It is not reading for pleasure that is traditionally offered by romantic novels but the satisfaction in the process of getting information on the text since self actualization in the readers is fulfilled.
SUBORDINASI PEREMPUAN DALAM BAHASA PRANCIS Napitupulu, Cartalyna
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 11, No 1 (1999)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Perbedaan dan pembagian gender tidak hanya merupakan permasalahan dalam biologi, tetapi juga berhubungan dengan bahasa . Biologi membedakan makhluk manusia atas pria dan wanita dan sistem sosial pun memandang kedua kelompok ini dengan cara yang berbeda. Berhubung bahasa berhubungan erat dengan masyarakat pemakai bahasa, yakni bahasa sebagai alat komunikasi dan hasil budaya manusia, cara pandang masyarakat terhadap adanya perbedaaan gender dapat terpancar dalam sistem tata bahasa dan unsur bahasa . Perubahan sosial juga mengakibatkan perubahan bahasa, artinya perubahan sosial tercermin dalam perubahan bahasa.
Relasi Kausal Dalam Bahasa Prancis Dan Bahasa Indonesia Subiyantoro, .
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 15, No 2 (2003)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Bahasa Prancis (bP) dan bahasa Indonesia (bI) merupakan dua bahasa besar dengan jumlah penutur masing-masing lebih dari dua ratus juta orang, yang tersebar di beberapa wilayah. Di samping menjadi bahasa ibu masyarakat Prancis, bP menjadi bahasa resmi atau satu dari bahasabahasa resmi di beberapa negara. BP dan bI berasal dari induk yang berbeda. BP dari rumpun indo eropa, sedangkan bI dari rumpun austronesia (Robins, 1992:426–431). Sudah sewajarnya apabila keduanya mempunyai perilaku kebahasaan yang berbeda yang menjadi ciri khas masing-masing. Sehubungan dengan itu, membandingkan kedua bahasa ini guna mengetahui kesamaan dan perbedaannya menjadi sesuatu yang menarik. Persamaan dan perbedaan kedua bahasa dapat ditinjau, antara lain dari tataran fonologi, morfologi, dan sintaksisnya. Pada tataran sintaksis, misalnya, adanya perbedaan pengungkapan relasi makna yang timbul dari hubungan antardua klausa dalam kalimat majemuk. Pada tulisan ini, penulis hanya akan membahas relasi kausal yang ditimbulkan oleh hubungan antara klausa yang satu dan klausa yang lain dalam kalimat majemuk bertingkat.
PAHLAWAN YANG TERLUPAKAN: PERS MELAYU, ETNIK THIONGHOA, DAN NASIONALISME DI KOTA MALANG 1920-1950 Hudiyanto, Reza
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 19, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

In the history of Indonesia, two important events considered to be the turning points of National Awakening were the founding of Budi Utomo ‘Noble Endeavor’ in 1908 and that of Sumpah Pemuda ‘Youth Pledge’ in 1928. The role of young men, external factors and education are considered to be determining factors in the growth of Indonesian nationalism. However, the existence of mass media and colonial sphere also played important roles to swiftly widespread and inculcate new ideas leading to the national awareness as a mass ideology. The role of mass media in accelerating the growth of Indonesian identity from simply an idea into a reality is often underestimated. In fact, one of the many important components on the process of resuscitating national consciousness was vernacular. On the other hand, language was also a component which always imbedded in mass media. Behind the press industry during that era, there must be actors of this activity. Therefore, capital owners also indirectly took part in the growth of Indonesian nationalism.
Beberapa Keunikan Linguistik Bahasa Madura Sofyan, Akhmad
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 19, No 3 (2007)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Linguistic items e.g. phonology, lexicon, and structure or word order in Madurese have uniqueness. Phonology uniqueness in Madurese consists of (1) type of phonem, (2) phonem combination, and (3) syllable pattern. Meanwhile Madurese lexicon uniqueness comprises: (1) no third person pronoun, (2) no plural first person pronoun, (3) no clitic, (4) the same symbol used both for nothing and empty, (5) the use of auxilliary verb, and (6) the use of particle. Madurese alaso has uniqueness in its structure particularly in (1) reduplication, (2) passive construction, (3) possessive construction, (4) imperative construction, (5) comparative construction, (6) superlative construction, (7) acting like ... construction, (8) morphophonemic prefix N-, and (9) the distribution of prefix N-.
JAVA AND THE MAKING OP THE NATION Padmo, Soegijanto
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 12, No 2 (2000)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Java, one out of 13.000 islands in Indonesia, is the most densely populated island . Compared to those of outer islands, the soil of Java Island is the most fertile one . It is due to the availability of mountains which provide ash to the soil and the avilability of rivers which spread all over the island . This geographical condition is associated with the fact that Java was and is the centre of human activities or socio-economics . a s well as political and cultural dynamics not only in Indonesia but also in Southeast-Asia (The description of this chapter is based on the account of Ricklefs, 1981 ; Anwar Harjono, 1997 ; Aqib Suminto, 1985 ; Kuntowijoyo, 1991 ; Usman Tampubolon, 1991 : Deliar Noer, 1988 ; Korver, 1985 except exclusively stated) . The Dutch who come to Indonesia during trse period from the 17th until 18th century. did not make any significant change because they were basically to follow the activities of local traders, namely the Javanese . Madurese, Bugenese, as well as other Sumatranese who were actively sailing traditional sea-route connecting towns and cities located along coastal areas of the islands of Sumatra, Java, Smaller Islands (Sunda Kecil), South Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Maluku (Sartono Kartodirdjo, 1987 see also van Leur, 1955 ; Meilink-Roelotsz, 1962 ; Day, 1966 ; Furnivall, 1939) . In this period, Java seems to be the centre of not only political activities to the traditional rulers in Indonesia, although there were also traditional rulers in other Humaniora Volume Xll. No . 2/2000 islands such as in Makasar and East Sumatra, but also to the European powers namely the Dutch and British . s The degradation of local rulers in Java was marked by the penetration of interfOrence of military units of the Dutch . Through the implementation of the policy the so called to divide and rule (devide et i1nperaj, the Javanese people were exploited and impoverished . In the process of mobilization and exploitation of any resourdes available in the colony, local rulers were also used as mediators . Consequently the backwardness and poverty occuring in the colony was caused by the exploitation carried out by the colonizers as well by the condition of traditional socio-economic tructure. Apart from the basic human right based on Islamic teaching, the backwardness and the poverty existing in the majority of the people in Indonesia was the main issue raised by the innitiators of nationalist movement in the early period. In the process of the development of national awareness among many sectarian organizations there were many factors that could be associated with, namely the common suffering shouldered by the majority of the Indonesian people for so long period of time, the common interest namely the ultimate goal ©f obtaining independence from the colonizers, and the same in common in the territory as a basis in building a nation (Abdullah, 1966).
Model Penelitian Cara Pemenuhan Diet Prasejarah (Paleonutrisi) Suriyanto, Rusyad Adi
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 16, No 2 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memberikan argumentasi bahwa etnografi dapat memberi keuntungan dan dukungan interpretasi prasejarah dengan lingkup dan batas yang memungkinkan ekstrapolasi tertentu . Penulis menganalisis bagaimana sejarah kehidupan manusia, khususnya dalam mencari sumber diet dan pemenuhan energi dalam usaha untuk bertahan hidup . Penulis juga menawarkan penggunaan sebuah model untuk menggambarkan bahwa interpretasi arkeologi dapat dicari dari model antropologi budaya. Model etnografi dapat memberi nuansa yang lebih luas dalam membicarakan manusia . Dengan demikian, kita dapat membuka pengkotakkotakan disiplin ilmu dan dapat melihat objek penelitian dari sudut pandang yang menyeluruh . Interpretasi arkeologi dari model atau analogi etnografi dibutuhkan untuk menguji berulang-ulang terhadap penemuan-penemuan yang bervariasi . Sebuah model atau analogi etnografi dalam penelitian prasejarah, khususnya paleonutrisi, hanya mungkin untuk menjangkau Mesolitikum atau sesuah periode itu, Neolitikum sampai sekarang . Di masa yang akan datang, arkeolog perlu mempertimbangkan catatan etnografi yang ditulis oleh antropolog, sebagai bahan bacaan atau dipakai sebagai referensi penelitian .
MEREKA YANG DILUMPUHKAN: CITRA KULI DI DELI DALAM NOVEL BERPACU NASIB DI KEBUN KARET, KULI, DAN DOEKOEN KARYA MADELON SZEKELY-LULOFS Sudibyo, .
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 20, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

Berpacu Nasib di Kebun Karet, Kuli dan Doekoen report the lives of extravagant white settlers in contrast to the fate of coolies regarded as retarded and subordinated natives. The three novels give historical accounts of the planter community in East Sumatra. They narrate thecoolies’ mishandling on the basis of the author’s involvement on the narrated world. Berpacu, Kuli and Doekoen represent the Dutch imperial exploitative practices in the first half of the 20th century on rubber plantations in East Sumatra. Berpacu, kuli and Doekoen place coolies as being animalized and marginalized other. The three novels add to the long series of Dutch colonial literature justifying exploitation and mastery. Based on focalization analysis, the narrator might owed considerably to the idea of marginalization and racialism because she merely narrated what she had seen without any critical thinking and any sympathy toward the fate of the coolies.
DARI KERATON KE PASAR: INDUSTRI PRIBUMI DI DAERAH YOGYAKARTA 1830 – 1930-AN Haryono, Anton
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 21, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

This article deals with the development of theindigenous industry in Yogyakarta during the colonialperiod (1830s – 1930s). It is concerned with three aspects:the diversity, absorptive power, and achievement of theindigenous industry. The results showed that theindigenous industry of the colonial era in Yogyakarta had avast spectrum and was capable of developing dynamicallyalthough it never constituted the main stream of thesociety’s economic life. In 1930, its ability to absorbworkers was the highest in Java and Madura, and not muchdifference was found from that of the agriculture. Besides,some branches of the indigenous industry in Yogyakartafound wide markets for their products. The longestablished manufacturing tradition and the increase ofmoney circulation since 1830 were found to be factorsaffecting the dynamics of the Yogyakarta’s indigenousindustry.
Reality and Myth in Contemporerary Indonesian History Purwanto, Bambang
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 13, No 2 (2001)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Sciences

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Abstract

History has emerged as an increasingly prominent field of study in Indonesia at least since 1980s, after being neglected for several decades. New theoretical, philosophical, and empirical analyses of Indonesian history were tought widely at university and appear in professional journals and books. At the same time, a new generation of students and young scholars in a variety of fields was being made aware of the interrelationship between their fields with history. Above all however, there are growing doubts about the truth of Indonesian history at any level of society following current political changes after the resignation of Soeharto in May 1998. Indonesian history is considered primarily as a product of social and political engineering of the New Order rather than an appropriate scholarly apparatus. Consequently, Indonesian historiography is no longer appreciated and people are simply asking for a new history, a deconstructed history. The most vocal and trenchant criticism of existing historiography, however, has come not from within historian community. This is an irony. The need to deconstruct contemporary Indonesian history is not an important issue in academic or professional historian community. The polemic took place mostly in daily newspapers, popular weekly magazines, or tabloids rather than in highly recognised historian forum. Most prominent historians at the university obviously had chosen a different path from the one which was being led by recent popular viewpoint. Instead, politicians, journalists, and other social-humanities scholars took over the place of historians in discussing the truth of the past.

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