ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering (AJSE) is published by Master Program of Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada as a mean for publishing scientific works in form of research papers, literature study, or scientific review on published articles, about systems engineering especially in the field of energy, industry and environment. The journal is published twice a year (June and December), in both print and online versions.
Articles 42 Documents
PENGARUH KOMBINASI LAPISAN PAPAN PARTIKEL DARI LIMBAH PARTIKEL AREN (Arenga pinnata) DAN LIMBAH SERUTAN BAMBU (Dendrocalamus asper) DENGAN JUMLAH PEREKAT UREA FORMALDELHIDA TERHADAP SIFAT PAPAN PARTIKEL Sonjaya, Muhammad Lutfi; Haryanto, Iman; -, Kusnanto
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
Publisher : Master Program of Systems Engineering

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The need of wood for lumber industry in indonesia has got deficit over increasing population that make demand increase dramatically. One of effort that we could do is to find an alternative of wood like make particle board. Sugar palm waste and bamboo waste can be usde as board particle sources because it contains sellulose, hemisellulose and lignin as element of wood structure. The objective of this research is to find out the effect of urea formaldehyde addition and combination of layered particle from aren waste particle and bamboo waste shaving to the properties of particle board.Research methodology was completely randomized design with two factors. The first factor has three kind treatment were combination layered board particle with ratio  face (sugar palm) : core (bamboo) : face (sugar palm) are 10%:80%:10%(K1), 20%:60%:20%(K2), 30%:40%:30%(K3). Second factor has three kind treatment were amount of adhesicve 5% (P1), 10%(P2) and 15%(P3). Parameter of property test were density, water absorption, thickness swelling, internal bonding, modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity with using SNI 03-2105-2006.The research showed that particle layered composition factor affects significantly to internal bonding and modulus of elasticity but it doesn’t effect significantly to density, water absorption, thickness swelling and modulus of rupture. Meanwhile, adhesive factor affects significantly to all of property test. The best particle board made from combination layered arrangement 10% face : 80% core : 10% face (K1) with amount of adhesive 15% (P3). It has the best property as density 0,77 g/cm3, thickness swelling 22,84%, water arsoption 59,79%, internal bonding 3,56 kgf/cm2, modulus of rupture 182,48 kgf/cm2 and modulus of elasticity 16.352,9 kgf/cm2. Based on SNI 03-2105-2006, the properties test that had fullfilled were density, modulus of rupture and internal bonding but for water absorption, thickness swelling and modulus elasticity has not fullfill yet.
ISOLASI, IDENTIFIKASI DAN PEMURNIAN SENYAWA 1,8 SINEOL MINYAK KAYU PUTIH (Malaleuca leucadendron) Helfiansah, Rizqi; Sastrohamidjojo, Hardjono; -, Riyanto
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
Publisher : Master Program of Systems Engineering

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Cajuput  oil  is one of the  essential oils that  widely used  as materials for  medical  or pharmaceutical products, this makes the cajuput oil become the most wanted products in essential oils industries. Cajuput oil demand is currently increasing with the growing variety of utilization of cajuput oil. Cajuput oil productions in Indonesia run into fluctuations and tend to decrease. There are several factors that affect production and quality of cajuput oil, and one of them is distillation technique. Moreover fractionation or isolation of the 1,8-cineol compound also have not been done by the cajuput oil entrepreneurs, whereas this is important in order to use 1.8 cineol compound further.Distillation of cajuput leaves is done by three distillation methods, namely water distillation, water steam distillation and steam distillation. Calculating the yield after cajuput oil obtained and then testing the physical and chemical properties of cajuput oil in accordance with the Indonesia National Standard (SNI 06-3954-2006). And then doing fractionation of cajuput oil to obtain at least 85% 1,8 Cineol compound.            The results showed that water steam distillation method produces the highest yield, the yield is  2.5%, followed by water distillation method, the yield is 1.8% and then steam distillation method, the yield is 1.5%. Physical and chemical properties that exist on cajuput oil that produced by water and steam distillation method and steam distillation method are appropriate with the Indonesia National Standard. After doing fractination processes for two time, the fractination process produced 1.8 cineol compound 79.90% in first fraction, 87.90% at second fraction and then 89.78% at third fraction.
STUDI PERBANDINGAN PERLAKUAN BAHAN BAKU DAN METODE DISTILASI TERHADAP RENDEMEN DAN KUALITAS MINYAK ATSIRI SEREH DAPUR (Cymbopogon citratus) -, Slamet; -, Supranto; -, Riyanto
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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Indonesia is rich in plant biodiversity. Indonesia volatile oil development efforts through increased development of one plant of lemon grass, which is one of the essential oil producing plants known as Cymbopogon citratus. Lemongrass essential oil in the chemical industry used as raw materials in the manufacture of cosmetics, perfume, deodorant, deodorant soap, floor cleaners and detergents.The purpose of this study was to determine the highest yield of lemongrass essential oil distillation using the method of water distillation, water-steam, and steam to the treatment of intact leaves and chopped leaves and know the quality of essential oil of lemongrass with the treatment of raw materials and different methods of distillation, the design used by two factors: variation in the treatment of raw material (whole leaves and chopped leaves) and the distillation process variation (distilled water (boiled), water-steam distillation and steam distillation. Data obtained from the analysis of yield, specific gravity, refractive index, and oil content of the compound citral essential (lemongrass oil).This study uses three methods of distillation, the distillation of water, water-steam distillation and steam distillation is carried out on samples of intact leaves and chopped leaves of fresh lemongrass. The results yield calculation and testing of physics and chemistry, as well as in the method of analysis SPSS One-Sample Test Statistics for the lemongrass essential oil products.Based on the  results of research on the treatment of raw materials and distillation methods can be concluded that the treatment of raw materials lemongrass intact leaves with water distillation method (boiled) at both the content yield 0.52%, 71.84% citral, specific gravity 0.8967 g/mL, and the refractive index of 1.4905. It is appropriate to mention that SNI 06-39-53-1995 yield 0.3%, the specific gravity of 0.8731 g/mL, and the refractive index of 1.4586. But the content of citral not meet SNI standards are 76.1%, but according to Guenther (2006) which states citral content of between 65% to 85%.
THE UTILIZATION OF SEA WATER IN A ESPECIALLY DESIGNED BATTERY (SABRINE SWALL BATTERY) -, Mursyidah; Susanto, Adhi; BS, Isnaeni
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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Batteries are chemical devices to save electricity. device capable of generating a DC voltage, ie by converting chemical energy contained in it into electrical energy through the reaction of electro clams, Redox (Reduction - Oxidation). The battery consists of several cells, these cells become energy storage in the form of chemical energy. Negative electrode called the cathode, which serve as electron donors. Positive electrode called the anode which serves as an electron acceptor. Between the anode and the cathode current will flow from the positive pole (anode) to the negative pole (cathode). While the electrons will flow from ktoda toward the anode.In this study, the batteries are designed to use sea water as electrolyte. Voltage measured for one cell is 0,75 Volt and measurable current of 100mA, to get the required voltage is 10 Volts 15 cells arranged in series. Testing is done by loading a flashlight with 5 LED, the results of this special design battery capable of powering 5 LED for seven days without stopping, this suggests that there are large energy stored in batteries. After charging the battery energy runs out of energy again just by replacing the sea water as electrolyte. These batteries are designed to be placed in the beach area and waterfront, it is intended that the sea water needs as the electrolyte can be easily obtained. The especially designed battery is one of the low technology and easy to be made, because the necessary materials readily available in the manufacture of batteries, the battery does not require extra maintenance, environmentally friendly and can be used for twenty-four hours as long as there is sea water.
PEMANFAATAN ZEOLIT DIAKTIFKAN DENGAN LARUTAN ASAM UNTUK PEMURNIAN BIODIESEL Furqon, Muhammad Hidayat; Prasetya, Agus; Wilopo, Wahyu
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
Publisher : Master Program of Systems Engineering

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Utilization of zeolite activated by acid solution for biodiesel purification has been done. This research is conducted to find the mechanism of biodiesel purification from catalyst with activated zeolite, the effectiveness of the activated zeolite of various particle size, soaking time and purification temperature, the economic feasibility of biodiesel production by using this method and the more economical method by comparing the cost and performance of biodiesel purification using activated zeolite and using water and acid solution.This research has used cooking oil, methanol and sodium hydroxide to make biodiesel, sulfuric acid as activator and zeolite from Gunung Kidul which is filled into wash column with support from vacuum pump to purify biodiesel. The variable of the research is particle size of zeolite among others: 12 mesh <De< 20 mesh, 20 mesh <De< 40 mesh and 40 mesh <De< 80 mesh, soaking time 0, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour and 2 hours, and purification temperature 27oC, 40oC and 60oC.Mechanism of activated zeolite for purifying biodiesel from catalyst has been investigated that activated zeolite is using the absorption rate where catalyst will fill the empty pores of zeolite and its cation exchange capacity where it will exchange cation in zeolite surface with cation of catalyst so that zeolite can purify the unwashed biodiesel from catalyst. Optimization of biodiesel purification using zeolite activated by acid solution method can be achieved with particle size of the zeolite 20 mesh <De< 40 mesh, 30-minute soaking time and purification temperature at 27oC. Economic analysis of the use of zeolites in the optimum condition within one year resulted Payback Period 8.68 months, Benefit Cost Ratio 1.86, Net Present Value Rp 431,173,257.44 and Return of Investment -138 % and the use of zeolite activated by acid solution more economical than the use of water and acid solution as purifying biodiesel because of cost savings can be made up to 86% of method of using water and acid solution.
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH INDUSTRI BATU APUNG UNTUK PEMBUATAN BATU HIAS BANGUNAN Hargianto, Arifin; Satyarno, Iman; -, Mudjijana
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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Mining and processing activities have caused pumice deposits of waste. Waste from industrial processing of pumice is used as an innovation to increase the value of the waste and then profits will be obtained. One of the examples is making them as decorative stones.Raw materials used in this study are industrial waste pumice from Lombok, with the size less than 2 cm. The machine used as a fine aggregate pumice waste destruction is a crusher. Variations of the composition of the mixed mortar are made from white cement, powdered pumice waste as fine aggregate, and water. Variation is the comparison between the composition of the mixture of white portland cement (pc) and fine aggregate from pumice waste (Ag.h) with comparisons 1Pc: 2Ag.h, 1Pc: 4Ag.h, 1Pc: 6Ag.h, 1Pc: 8Ag.h and 1Pc: 10Ag.h. Tests are conducted to determine the characteristics of fine aggregate made from pumice waste, while the mortar test includes compressive strength, flexural strength, specific gravity and water absorption.The results show that the fine aggregate made from pumice industrial waste materials has the following characteristics : modulus of fine grains is 2.61, specific gravity is 1.67, absorption of water is 23.08%, mud content is 26.10%, and weight lose unit is 0.537 gr/cm3. On the mortar test, mixed variations affect the compressive strength, flexural strength, specific gravity and water absorption. The test results find that the variation of a mixture of 1 pc: 2 Ag.h has characteristics of natural stone that is the closest to the gravity of 262 gr/cm and with 3,11 813 MPa in compressive strength, 0344 MPa in flexural strength, and 19.93% in water absorption value. Variation of a mixture of 1 pc: 2 Ag.h has also been tested in the manufacture of decorative stones and the results can have the similar look with the natural stone.
MICROCONTROLLER BASED HYDROGEN SULFIDE (H2S) MONITORING IN BIOGAS SYSTEM Yuniarti, Diah; -, Sarjiya; Pertiwiningrum, Ambar
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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Energy issue, particularly related to fossil fuel, is one the main issues today. Biogas is a new and renewable energy issued in National Research Agenda (ARN) 2010-2014 to overcome the energy crisis problem. A so called purification process is used to remove contaminants in biogas, including H2S in order to improve the standard requirement of biogas application. In this research, H2S concentration in biogas system is measured and monitored by H2S monitoring system.The hardware system comprises of piping and microcontroller AVR 8535 systems while the software system comprises of codes written in Delphi 7.0 and Code Vision AVR Eval. The result of the system is displayed on LCD or computer to enable the monitoring process by operator. The monitoring of H2S sensor responses will be carried out for recycled BFA size of 60+100 mesh and -200 mesh.Experiment has been conducted for sensor warming up time and response time for H2S and CH4 sensor, calibration process for H2S sensor and filter column. Based on sensor calibration experiment, transfer function of TGS825 sensor from calibration is y = 0.0203x + 27.153. The best adsorption model which represents BFA adsorption of biogas from tofu waste in the research is Thomas model.
HIGH THROUGHPUT STUDIES OF HYDROGEN EVOLUTION ELECTROCATALYST FOR WATER ELECTROLYSIS Putri, Radwinda Kurnia; Hayden, Brian; Prasetya, Agus; -, Sihana
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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This thesis presents a study of hydrogen evolution electrocatalyst for alkaline water electrolysis. Hydrogen production through the electrolysis of water requires the development of new electrocatalysts in order to reduce the hydrogen evolution over-potential of the cathode in order to make water electrolysis more competitive and efficient. An alternative approach in the optimisation of water splitting electrocatalyst may Be the modification of the metal electrocatalytic behaviour by supporting nano-particles on oxide support. Development of the electrocatalyst material for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline electrolyte may obtain more stable hydrogen evolution reaction.Pt on TiO2 electrocatalyst has been synthesized by applying high throughput Physical Vapor Deposition (HT PVD) method. Electrochemistry measurements of Pt on TiO2 have been used to study the characteristic and stability of the electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline electrolyte for water electrolysis. XRD confirmed that the phase of TiO2 were amorphous and anatase after annealing for 6 hours at the temperature of 450oC. The thicknesses of TiO2 both for amorphous and anatase were 200 nm.Similar electrocatalytic behavior are presented both for Pt on amorpous TiO2 and Pt on anatase TiO2 from electrochemistry measurements using cyclic voltammetry and potential step on the 10 x 10 E-chem arrays in alkaline electrolyte (0.5 M NaOH). Higher currents are seen in the larger particle size of platinum in TiO2 both for amorphous and anatase phase. The hydrogen evolution reaction starts at the potential below -0.8 V vs RHE. The potential for hydrogen evolution reaction is shifted to the low potential. Larger particle size of platinum shows lower potential of hydrogen evolution reaction.Pt on TiO­2 tends to be a stable electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline water electrolysis. It is because hydrogen evolution reaction occurs at low potential. Anatase phase of TiO­2 is more stable than amorphous TiO2, hence, Pt on anatase TiO­2­ could be better than Pt on amorphous TiO­2 for hydrogen evolution reaction in alkaline water electrolysis.
CALIBRATION OF 1-D NUMERICAL CODES SOFTWARE FOR SITE RESPONSE ANALYSES Hadsari, Vienti; Susanto, Adhi; Wilopo, Wahyu; Lanzo, Giuseppe; Pagliaroli, Alessandro; Chamlagain, Deepak; Adhikari, Ramesh
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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Ground response analyses are used to predict surface ground motions for development of design response spectra, to evaluate dynamic stresses and strains for evaluation of earthquake hazards, and to determine the earthquake induced forces that can lead to instability of earth-retaining structures. The effects of local soil on ground motion are commonly evaluated by performing numerical analyses either in frequency or time domains.In order to evaluate the differences between frequency and time domain analysis, several analyses were conducted for homogenous stiff soil deposit with respective codes which are SHAKE and D-MOD2000. Linear and non linear analyses have been conducted. The non linear analyses with D-MOD2000 code have been carried out by using different frequencies in the Rayleigh damping formulation, i.e. fundamental and predominant frequency. For linear, PGA 0.1g is used in the analysis while for non linear PGA is scaled into three different value of 0.1, 0.3, and 0.5g.The results for both linear and non linear approach are similar. For the non linear analyses, it is shown that the curves derived using predominant frequency perform better than those using fundamental frequency. Main differences are for non linear approach where the differences between two codes are higher for higher input motion. As the calibration using predominant frequency between the two codes perform good, the respective codes are applied to evaluate soil response in Sant’ Agostino and San Carlo, in terms of PGA, due to May 20th 2012 Emilia Earthquake. There are 139 accelerometric station recorded strong motion. In this analysis, we consider one record which is in Mirandola station, the closest recording station where the Magnitude in epicentral area was 5.9 and 5.8 in Mirandola station. The recorded surface motion in Mirandola is transferred to the bedrock in 112 m depth and used as input motion for the two evaluated sites, San Carlo village and nearby municipality Sant’Agostino on 17 km distance from Mirandola station. The preliminary data presented here shows the PGA recorded in the bedrock of Mirandola station is 0.75g, while in Sant’Agostino and San Carlo is 0.92g and 0.81g.
URBAN WATERFRONT SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT WITHIN LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS Case: South European Cities Astuti, Zulaikha Budi; Kusumawanto, Arif; Wilopo, Wahyu
ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2013): ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering
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This research develops a monitoring tool for urban plan-process based on Life Cycle Analysis by Lourenço. A special project of urban waterfront revitalization is proposed as a contribution to legitimize the LCA model. This research also proposes the influence and the success key factors of its behavior plan-process.The model is tested through benchmarking for six waterfront cities in South Europe. Bilbao in Spain, Genoa in Italy, and Lisbon in Portugal are considered as the success projects since the urban strategy has a strong link with the urban waterfront area notified by the high intensity of the cycle for each phase. Porto and Viana do Castelo in Portugal are considered as the success projects which have a similar behavior for the action and living phase which might be due to the same project under national policy and the projects touch economic and social opportunity of the people. Aveiro in Portugal shows rupture in the beginning, followed by high intensity in the next period which has similar behavior with ideal behavior of LCA model.This research shows the applicability of LCA Model to monitor waterfront revitalization projects and enables the discussion of conceptual issues related to the legitimizing of LCA and the present contribution. The behavior of urban waterfront area and the time dimension can be monitored and the influenced factors of the behavior can be noticed with the success key factors, those are: Planning: does the urban waterfront become the focus of the city planning? Action: does the project persistence in the design proposal? andLiving: does the urban waterfront touch social, culture and economic of the people activities?.