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Computer Engineering and Applications Journal
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ComEngApp-Journal (Collaboration between University of Sriwijaya, Kirklareli University and IAES) is an international forum for scientists and engineers involved in all aspects of computer engineering and technology to publish high quality and refereed papers. This Journal is an open access journal that provides online publication (three times a year) of articles in all areas of the subject in computer engineering and application. ComEngApp-Journal wishes to provide good chances for academic and industry professionals to discuss recent progress in various areas of computer science and computer engineering.
Articles
136
Articles
Characterization of the Dolphin Ultrasonic Waves Using Wavelet Transform for Autism Therapy

Herlinawati, Herlinawati, Murdika, Umi, Setyawan, FX Arinto

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (653.209 KB)

Abstract

Autism is a neurobiological development disorder experienced by a person from birth or toddlers. Autistic sufferers have difficulty in forming social interaction, communicating, emotional, sensory and motor disturbances as well as slow or abnormal mental development. Therefore, people with autism will be isolated from normal human beings and enter the world of repetitive, activities and obsessive interests. Autism therapy using dolphins that produce ultrasonic waves with a certain frequency can align the function of motor and sensory nerves of patients with autistic. A direct therapy using dolphins requires a special time and a cost is quite expensive for once therapy. This research proposes autism therapy with artificial dolphin ultrasonic waves based on signal characterization issued by dolphins. The main difficulty in this characterization is to eliminate the unwanted signals (noise) from the desired signal when recording the signal issued by the dolphins. Noise filtering (denoising) is done using wavelet transform. This research proposes a model of a dolphin ultrasonic wave characterization using wavelet transformation by determining decomposition and threshold levels to obtain the best signal quality for autism therapy. The effectiveness of the proposed method is measured using the SNR parameter. The results showed that the level of decomposition 5 and hard threshold gave the highest SNR value compared to the others.

Determination of Optimal Production Number by Considering the Use of Raw Materials Using Goal Programming Approach

Siregar, Ikhsan

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

The company produces PVC pipes in Medan city is experiencing problems in the form of a higher number of requests compared to the production number. This is because the company does not have a good production plan which is the results in not meeting consumer demand. For this reason, a good and integrated production planning is needed by using the goal programming method. Production planning carried out with goal programming aims to maximize company profits. The results shows that by using the goal programming method, the optimal production number was obtained at each type of 2-inch ECO JIS D pipe products of 42851 units, 3-inch ECO JIS D pipe products of 54445 units and 4 inches of ECO JIS D pipe products 24480 units. In addition, by using this method the company profits about Rp. 446,620,100 is greater than the actual method applied by the company.

A Vector Potential Function-Based Collision Avoidance Control for Differential-Steered Robots

Pamosoaji, Anugrah K

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

A collision avoidance control that tracks a vector potential field-based velocity plan of a differential-steered robot is designed. Vector potential function (VPF) is a type of potential function used for motion planning. The plan resulted by the VPF is the desired velocity vector of the robot on all points in collision-free space. The problem to address in this paper is velocity tracking control in the environment of a circular obstacle. A controller is designed to track the VPF-based velocity plan. A concept of collision cone will be used to evaluate the ability of the controller to avoid collision between the robot and the obstacle. The stability of the controller is verified by using the Lyapunov stability analysis. Simulations of the controller’s performance are presented.

Real-Time Lighting Control System with Fuzzy-Mamdani for Smart Home Application

Budianto, Dimas, Nurmaini, Siti, Tutuko, Bambang, Raflesia, Sarifah Putri

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

The use of pervasive computing in the context of home automation equipment will greatly facilitate life. Several building still use manual switch  to turn on or turn off the lighting system. It becomes ineffective if the house has a lot of lights, due to it sometimes forget to turn off. Hence, the real-time control system for automatic lighting processing is desirable. An automatic control system will allow to control the illumination and it will decrease the energy costs. In this paper, the Fuzzy logic system-based Mamdani style is used to adjust the intensity of the lights. Based on simple algorithm the controller board is working in a real-time condition. As a result found, the implementation is successfully to control the lighting system with good performance. Thus, the fuzzy system can be built smart home concept that facilitate the human life.

Classification Method of Hand Gestures Based on Support Vector Machine

Caesarendra, Wahyu, Irfan, Mohamad

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

This paper presents the EMG signal classification based on PCA and SVM method. The data is acquired from the 5 subjects and each subject perform 7 hand gestures includes the tripod, power, precision closed, finger point, mouse, hand open, and hand close. Each gesture is repeated 10 times (5 data as training data and the 5 remaining data as testing data). Each of training and testing data are processed using 16 features extraction in timedomain and reduced using principal component analysis (PCA) to obtain new set of features. Features classification using support vector machine classify new set of features from each subject result 85% - 89% percentage of training classification. Training data classification is tested using testing data of EMG signals and giving accuracy reach 80% - 86%.

Feature Extraction for Retina Image Based on Difference Approaches

Erwin, Erwin, Saparudin, Saparudin, Putri, Arum Cantika, Hidayat, Hidayat, Hariyani, Fifi

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Automatic disease diagnosis using biometric images is a difficult job due to image distortion, such as the presence of artifacts, less or excessive light, narrow vessel visibility and differences in inter-camera variability that affect the performance of an approaches. Almost all extraction methods in the blood vessels in the retina produce the main part of the vessel with no patalogical environment. However, an important problem for this method is that extraction errors occur if they are too focused on the thin vessels, the wide vessels will be more detectable and also artificial vessels that may appear a lot. In addition, when focusing on a wide vessel, the extraction of thin vessels tends to disappear and is low. Based on our research, different treatments are needed to extract thin vessels and wide vessels both visually and in contrast. This study aims to adopt feature extraction strategies with different techniques. The method proposed in segmentation and extraction with three different approaches, namely the pattern of shape, color, and texture. Testing segmentation and feature extraction using STARE datasets with five classes of diseases namely Choroidal Neovascularization, Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion, Histoplasmosis, Myelinated Nerve Fibers, and Coats. Image enhancement on Myelinated Nerve disease Fiber is the best result from the image of other diseases with the highest value of PSNR of 35.4933 dB and the lowest MSE of 0.0003 means that the technique is able to repair objects well. The main significance of this work is to increase the quality of segmentation results by applying the Otsu method. Testing of segmentation results shows improvements with the proposed method compared to other methods. Furthermore, the application of different feature extraction methods will get information on disease classification features based on patterns of suitable shapes, colors, and textures.

A Distance-Reduction Trajectory Tracking Control Algorithm for a Rear-Steered AGV

Pamosoaji, Anugrah K

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

This paper presents a Lyapunov-based switched trajectory tracking control design for a rear-steered automated guided AGV (AGV). Given a moving reference whose position and orientation have to be tracked by the AGV, the main objective of the controller is to reduce AGV’s distance from the reference while adjusting its orientation. The distance reduction issue is important, especially in huge warehouses operating a group of AGVs, since the rate of AGV-to-reference distance reduction contributes to the possibility of AGV-to-AGV collision. A set of control algorithms is proposed to handle large AGV’s orientation. Simulations that show the performance of the proposed method is presented.

Localization of Leader-Follower Robot Using Extended Kalman Filter

Nurmaini, Siti, Pangidoan, Sahat

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Non-holonomic leader-follower robot must be capable to find its own position in order to be able to navigating autonomously in the environment this problem is known as localization. A common way to estimate the robot pose by using odometer. However, odometry measurement may cause inaccurate result due to the wheel slippage or other small noise sources. In this research, the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is proposed to minimize the error or the inaccuracy caused by the odometry measurement. The EKF algorithm works by fusing odometry and landmark information to produce a better estimation. A better estimation acknowledged whenever the estimated position lies close to the actual path, which represents a system without noise. Another experiment is conducted to observe the influence of numbers of landmark to the estimated position. The results show that the EKF technique is effective to estimate the leader pose and orientation pose with small error and the follower has the ability traverse close to leader based-on the actual path.

Swarm Intelligent in Bio-Inspired Perspective: A Summary

Latifah, Nyayu Husni, Silvia, Ade, Prihatini, Ekawati, Nurmaini, Siti, Yani, Irsyadi

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

This paper summarizes the research performed in the field of swarm intelligent in recent years. The classification of swarm intelligence based on behavior is introduced.  The principles of each behaviors, i.e. foraging, aggregating, gathering, preying, echolocation, growth, mating, clustering, climbing, brooding, herding, and jumping are described. 3 algorithms commonly used in swarm intelligent are discussed.  At the end of summary, the applications of the SI algorithms are presented.

Detection of Vessel on UAV based on Segmentation Using Edge Based Dilation

Mursalim, Muhammad Khaerul Naim, Falih, Noor

Computer Engineering and Applications Journal Vol 7 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

UAV usually is used in military field for reconnaissance, surveillance, and assault. To detect a moving object in real-time like vessel, there are complex processes than to detect the object that does not moving. There are some issues that faced in detection process of moving object in UAV, called constraint uncertainty factor (UCF) such as environment, type of object, illumination, camera of UAV, and motion. One of the practical problems that become concern of researchers in the past few years is motion analysis. Motion of an object in each frame carries a lot of information about the pixels of moving objects which has an important role as the image descriptor. In this paper, we use SUED (Segmentation using edge-based dilation) algorithm to detect vessel. The concept of the SUED algorithm is combining the frame difference and segmentation process to obtain optimal results. This research showed that the SUED method having problem to detect the vessel even though we combine it with sobel operator. using the combination of wavelet and Sobel operator on the detection of edges obtained increasing in the number of DR about 3%, but then FAR also increased from 41.23% to 52.09%.