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Jurnal Manajemen dan Agribisnis
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis memuat informasi hasil kegiatan penelitian, pemikiran konseptual dan review bidang ilmu manajemen agribisnis. Jurnal ilmiah ini diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Manajemen dan Bisnis, Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor bekerjasama Perhimpunan Ekonomi Pertanian Indonesia (PERHEPI).
Articles
343
Articles
The Sustainability of Indonesia Pakistan Palm Oil Supply Chain

Chalil, Diana ( Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara ) , Barus, Riantri ( Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

With high consumption and low production rates, Pakistan appears as one of the main palm oil importers in the world. Among all vegetable oils, palm oil price appears to be the lowest, thus dominating the vegetable oil import market. Indonesia and Malaysia are the two main exporters, in which Pakistan alternately imports palm oil. Within such conditions, this study aims to analyze the sustainability of Indonesia Pakistan supply chain by estimating (i) the influencing factors of Pakistan palm oil import volume from Indonesia, (ii) the price co-integration in the Indonesian-Pakistan palm oil supply chain, and (iii) the adjustments of the short run dynamics towards the long run equilibrium. Using monthly data from 2010 to 2016, the sustainability was analyzed with Auto Regressive Distributed Lag model and Vector Error Correction Model. The results show Pakistan palm oil import volume is significantly influenced by the price of Pakistan’s palm oil import, trade balance and soybean oil price. The lower the palm oil import price, the higher the volume palm oil imported to Pakistan. The import price is co-integrated with all prices along the Indonesia Pakistan supply chain but no error correction towards long run equilibrium, which is partly reflecting impact of Pakistan Government interventions in palm oil trade. Based on these results, it can be concluded that price is the most influencing factor of the Pakistan palm oil import, thus Indonesia Pakistan supply chain could be sustained if the Indonesian palm oil selling price remains competitive. Therefore, Indonesian producers need to increase their productivity and reduce their production costs in all stages of the supply chain, including those among the oil palm smallholders.Keywords: palm oil, supply chain, autoregressive distributed lag, error correction

Analysis on Intention of Purchasing Organic Foods by The Undergraduate Students of IPB Using The Theory of Planned Behavior Approach

Setiawati, Heppy ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Hartoyo, Hartoyo ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Simanjuntak, Megawati ( Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Human Ecology Faculty, Bogor Agricultural University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

This study aims to identify factors that can increase the intention of buying organic foods and its implications in the design of organic food marketing strategy. The main model adopts Theory of Planned Behavior. Six variables were used in this study, namely, health awareness, environmental awareness, attitudes toward organic foods, subjective norms, perceptions of behavior control and organic food purchase intentions. The data to test the research model were collected from 140 respondents and were analyzed using statistical structural equation modeling method. The results of the study indicate that health awareness, environmental awareness, attitudes on organic foods, subjective norms and behavior control perceptions significantly influence the intention of buying organic foods. Furthermore, health awareness and environmental awareness have no significant effects on organic food purchase intention. The results of this study then become the basis in designing strategies to build a positive attitude on organic foods, subjective norms, and perceptions of consumer behavior control of organic foods that is by promoting organic foods through online or on certain events, creating new innovations so that the foods look attractive, and broadening market reach for organic food products to be more easily available.Keywords: purchase intention, organic food, SEM-LISREL, marketing strategic, Theory of Planned Behavior

Factors Affecting Agricultural Insurance Acceptability of Paddy Farmers in East Java, Indonesia

Sujarwo, Sujarwo ( Agribusiness Department of Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas of Brawijaya ) , Rukmi, Sapto Mei Novita ( Agribusiness Department of Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas of Brawijaya )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Risk and uncertainty in rice farming create more possibility for farmers to lose their profit, which results in the vulnerability of continuing their farming. As noted, rice is the main staple food for Indonesian, and it determines the food security significantly. The aims of the study are to identify rice farmers’ acceptance to agricultural insurance, to analyze the factors affecting rice farmers’ acceptability for agricultural insurance, and to estimate rice farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for agricultural insurance. The analyses include descriptive statistics depicting the respondents’ characteristics, logistic analysis of the factors affecting the acceptance of agricultural insurance, and the farmers’ willingness to pay premium regarding the government program of agricultural insurance for rice farmers. The results show that 80% of the randomly-selected 50 farmer respondents accept the agricultural insurance. The positive factors affecting the acceptance of agricultural insurance are experience in rice farming and income from rice farming. Other factors considered in the logistic model are not statistically significant. Those factors are farmers’ age, education, income from rice farming, experience of rice farming, land size of rice production, the family size, and the experience of accessing any other previous insurance. Additionally, the rice farmers’ willingness to pay the premium of agricultural insurance on average is IDR35,113 per hectare. This amount is obtained from the 40 respondents who accept the agricultural insurance program from the government.Keywords: agricultural insurance, premium, willingness to pay, logistic analysis, descriptive statistics

Strategies of Distribution Effectiveness of Special Physical Allocation Funds in The Field of Marine And Fisheries

Lubis, Sharah Gita Kalila ( Ministry of National Planning and Development ) , Firdaus, Muhammad ( Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Maulana, Tb. Nur Ahmad ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Indonesia still has tremendous opportunities to utilize and develop the potential of fisheries optimally. The government through DAK Marine and Fisheries Sector helps fund the physical development activities in the field of marine and fisheries to support fishery production. The effectiveness of DAK disbursement from the government to various regions becomes very important to accelerate the process of marine and fisheries development. The purposes of this research are as follows: (1) analyzing the constraints of DAK Marine and Fisheries Sector distribution; (2) analyzing the impact of DAK Marine and Fisheries Sector distribution; and (3) formulating the strategies needed to improve the effectiveness of DAK Marine and Fisheries Sector distribution. The processing techniques and data analysis in this research included data panel data regression analysis with Fixed Effect Model (FEM) method using Eviews 8 software and analysis of strategy formulation using Strengths - Weakness – Opportunities – Threats (SWOT) matrix. Based on the results of Regression, DAK Fishing Capture variables have no significant effects on Capture Fishery Production, while DAK Fishery Aquaculture variables have significant effects on Aquaculture Production. The results of formulation of alternative strategies using SWOT matrix exhibit the position point of IFE and EFE score points at the quadrant position III (Turn Around). The recommended strategy is the WO strategy i.e. to minimize the weaknesses to take advantages of opportunities.Keywords: DAK KP, effectiveness, FEM, SWOT Matrix, WO strategy

The Pricing System of Red Onion and Red Chili Commodities

Suwarsinah, Heny Kuswanti ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Harwanti, Naafi Fatimah ( Departement of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricuture University ) , Hastuti, Hastuti ( Department of Resources and Environmental Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricuture Univesrsity ) , Firdaus, Muhammad ( Departement of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricuture University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

The prices of red chili and red onion commodities tend to fluctuate and have high margin rates, causing inefficiency of prices. On the other hand, the demand for red chili and red onion will increase as the number of population increases. This study aimed to analyze the factors and behaviors that can affect the pricing system on red onion and red chili in East Jakarta by using the Vector Error Correction Model and Game Theory. The results showed that the producer and wholesale prices of red onion and red chili commodities contribute to the price discovery at the consumer level. Maximum profit is achieved by retail merchants when they adopt prices in collusion as a dominant strategy.Keywords: red onion, red chili, game theory, price, VECM

Sustainability Strategies of Indonesian Mega-Dairy Farm Business: A Case of Greenfields Indonesia

Rahmana, Adhitya ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Daryanto, Arief ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Jahroh, Siti ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

The increase of milk import in Indonesia can be anticipated through the development of dairy farms based on mega-farm. Indonesia has already got dairy farms that adopt the mega-farm, one of which is the Greenfields Indonesia (GFI). GFI has become an export-oriented company, so GFI needs to pay attention to its sustainability on their business processes. This study was conducted at Dairy farm of Greenfields Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the business sustainability factors and to evaluate the factors of GFI dairy farming business based on the success factor of sustainability relation structure. The combination of delphi fuzzy and DEMATEL (Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory) was used for data processing. The research results showed that the standardization of the companys management system was the first priority based on the relation structure. The priority could affect the resilience of farm models that depended on manure management impact and create animal care through the availability of management of feed and drinking water.Keywords: dairy farming, sustainable business development, fuzzy delphi method, dematel, management system

Impact Analysis of Non-Tariff Measures (NTM) on Indonesian Tuna Exports to Major Destination Countries

Rindayati, Wiwiek ( Departement of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricuture Univesrsity ) , Kristriana, Oktavina Widya ( Departement of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricuture Univesrsity )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Currently, international trade is hampered in both tariff and non-tariff measures. Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) are likely applied by some major trading countries. The NTM policy mostly applies Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) and Technical Barrier to Trade (TBT). Tuna commodity is one of Indonesian potential exports facing NTM barriers. Indonesia has exported its tuna to a number of major destinations including China, Japan, Thailand, United States, South Korea, Singapore, and Vietnam. This study aims to analyze the export performance and NTMs impact on the Indonesian tuna export commodity. The methods used included descriptive analysis through inventory approach (coverage ratio and frequency index) and regression analysis of gravity model panel data from the period of 2009 – 2013 with the cross sectional data of the six major destination countries. The results show that United States as a country imposing the highest NTMs and frozen tuna is the most affected commodity group by NTM effects. The gravity model estimation results show that SPS and TBT affect tuna fish exports with positive coefficients of 0.011 and 0.015 respectively.Keywords: gravity model, NTM, SPS, TBT, tuna fish

Customer Discovery of Biofertilizer Business (A Lesson From PT PHN Experience)

Marlina, Yeni ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Fahmi, Idqan ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Satria, Arif ( Department of Community Development and Communication Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Demand for agricultural products in Indonesia increases in response to Indonesias high population growth. With more limited agricultural land, agricultural productivity can be increased by the addition of fertilizer. Biofertilizer is currently popular fertilizer and can become a solution to increase productivity of agricultural products in limited land. PT PHN is a new company established in 2015 and produces biofertilizer under the brand XYZ . This research was conducted to analyze consumer perception of biofertilizer and XYZ fertilizer. The company tries to understand customer’s problems and provides solutions with customer development model (CDM) method. Understanding and solution to the problem were then used as revision of the companys business model with business model canvas (BMC) approach. Primary and secondary data were used in this research. Primary data were obtained by observation and interview using several respondents. Secondary data were obtained from PT PHN staffs, BPS, and other sources related to this research. The results show that consumers do not have enough understanding about biofertilizer. XYZ fertilizer improves agricultural productivity but has some obstacles in its use. The business model of PT PHN is updated with some additions and subtractions by considering the CDM results.Keywords: BMC, business model, CDM, strategy, customer discovery

Risk Mitigation for Rice Production Through Agricultural Insurance: Farmer’s Perspectives

Ambarawati, I Gusti Agung Ayu ( Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University ) , Wijaya, I Made Anom Sutrisna ( Agricultural Technique Study Program, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Udayana University ) , Budiasa, I Wayan ( Agribusiness Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Rice farming is susceptible to failure due to several risks including natural disasters of flood and drought as well as pest and disease attacks. Risk mitigation such as agricultural insurance is required to cope with the risks. This study aims to portray rice production risks to failure and farmer’s perception on the implementation of agricultural insurance in Bali province. Three regencies were selected purposively based on the area insured. A survey was conducted to 180 respondents who paid for the agricultural insurance (AUTP). Data were analyzed using descriptive qualitative analysis and chi-square test. Results of the research show that most rice farming risks to failure in Bali were blast and rat attacks. In terms of agricultural insurance implementation, all farmers accept the program as a mitigation risk to bridge rice farming failure. However, most farmers (85 %) asked for fully support of premium subsidy from the government while the rest agreed to pay for a-20 % of the premium. The result from the Chi-square test shows insignificant, implying that the distribution of farmers’ perception towards full subsidy of agricultural insurance is indifferent across locations. Implication of the study noted that the government and insurer need to socialize the agricultural insurance program more intensively covering premium payment, coverage and claiming.Keywords: production risk, agricultural insurance, farmer’s perception, AUTP, Chi-square

Global Value Chain of Indonesian Pulp and Paper Industry

Ahmad, Tauhid ( Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF) ) , Daryanto, Arief ( School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Oktaviani, Rina ( Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University ) , Priyarsono, D.S. ( Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, Bogor Agricultural University )

Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol 15, No 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

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Abstract

Global Value Chain (GVC) has been a global phenomenon since 1980s when export values no longer represented the actual benefit of a country’ economic measure. Furthermore, GVC measurement applying input-output table approach has quite rapidly developed. Given the fact that the role of Indonesian pulp and paper industry is increasingly important in the country’s economy, this study aimed at measuring the pulp and paper industry GVC in 1995 and 2011 as well as its position and participation in the global GVC using Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO). The results show that GVC of Indonesias pulp and paper industry is generally in the form of value-added exports in intermediate absorption by direct importers and indirect final exports and also in the form of foreign value-added return in foreign countries in intermediate exports and also value-added exports in intermediate goods exports to the third countries. GVC Indonesia is also still dominated by domestic value-added compared to foreign value-added and remains in a “downstream” position and has decreased its GVC participation globally. In the future, it is important to strengthen GVC participation by maintaining greater ownership of domestic value- added in Indonesias pulp and paper industry.Keywords: global value chain, pulp and paper, Intercountry input-output, GVC position and participation

Issues
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