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MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah
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Core Subject : Engineering,
Manajemen IKM merupakan Jurnal Pengembangan Manajemen Industri Kecil Menengah (IKM) yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Industri Kecil Menengah (MPI) Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB sejak September 2006, memuat kegiatan dunia usaha kecil menengah (UKM), khususnya IKM beserta instansi yang terkait seperti perbankan, departemen teknis dan usaha swasta besar dan petani/nelayan. Manajemen IKM terbit setiap 6 bulan sekali (Februari dan September) dan ditujukan sebagai wadah untuk mengkomunikasikan hasil-hasil penelitian dari kajian tugas akhir mahasiswa MPI, khususnya yang terkait dengan pembinaan dan pengembangan IKM. Namun demikian, tulisan yang diterima Manajemen IKM terbuka bagi berbagai kalangan yang memiliki ketertarikan dalam pembinaan dan pengembangan IKM, baik itu peneliti, penyuluh, maupun pengusaha. Dengan diterbitkannya jurnal ini, maka kedepannya diharapkan lebih dipahami potensi, kendala dan pengembangan IKM melalui pendekatan holistik dan sinergi yang dilihat dari faktor-faktor ekonomi, manajerial dan faktor-faktor lainnya seperti kemitraan. Perintisan jurnal sebagai berkala ilmiah berwawasan nasional dimulai sejak Februari 2006 dengan nama Jurnal MPI dengan No. ISSN 1907-3127 yang memuat 9 judul artikel pada setiap edisi. Mulai terbitan edisi September 2009, judulnya dirubah menjadi Jurnal Manajemen IKM dengan No. ISSN 2085-8418. Jurnal Manajemen IKM selama ini mampu menjadi sarana penyebarluasan informasi ilmiah kepada para dosen atau peneliti lainnya, maupun masyarakat pengguna, serta sarana pengembangan.
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Studi Kelayakan Pendirian Industri Kecil Pakan Ikan di Calingcing-Cianjur Darman, Syamsu; Zakaria, Fransiska R; Muhandri, Tjahja
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Problems about high price of fish pellets could overcome by producing fish pellets with local ingredients.  The objectives of this study were: (1) to analyze the feasibility of small fish pellets industry establishment in Calincing, Cianjur. Aspect of potential market, marketing, human resources, management technique, and production technology are analyzed descriptively; (2) Analyze financial feasibility aspect (NPV orNet Present Value, IRR or Internal Rate of Return, net B/C or Benefit/Cost, and PBP or Payback Periode). Ingredients of pellets which used for Nila Tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) had according to standard formula of BBAPT Sempur, Bogor. The composition were 20 kg of local fish meal, 28 kg soybean meal, 33 kg rice bran, 10 kg palm karnel meal, 2 kg of fish oil, 3 kg tapioca flour, 1 kg vegetable oil, 2 kg of top mix vitamin and 1 kg of mineral. The process of fish pellets production as follows: (1) receipts and storage of ingredients, (2) sorting, (3) screening, (4) weighing and formulation, (5) mixing, (6) hot steaming the ingredients, (7) pelleting, (8) drying; and (9) packing. The potential demand for Tilapia fish pellets in Cianjur were 149,321.28 tons per year and 25,704.80 kg per year in Ciranjang region. The investment cost for the establishment of fish pellets industry which production capacity of 1 ton per day or 300 tons per year was Rp1,755,800,000. Value cost for fish pellets production per kg was Rp5.764 with selling price was Rp6.800/kg, it got average margin as Rp693/kg. Feasibility criteria value showed that NPV was Rp452.852.260,073 at a discount rate of 14% per year (decent), IRR was 25,04% (decent), Net B/C was 1,45 (decent), and PBP was 3,09 or 3 years, 33 days (worthy).
Pengaruh Kepuasan Komunikasi terhadap Motivasi Kerja Karyawan pada PD BPR Bank Pasar Bogor Siregar, Taufiq Azhary; S Hubeis, Aida Vitayala; Pandjaitan, Nurmala Katrina
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Communication is organized coordination between various subsystems within the organization. High employee communication satisfaction individually will drive the performance of human resources as a whole and provide the right feedback on behavior change, which is reflected in the increase in productivity. In 2013 the closing happened many BPR in various areas, namely ninth BPR, one of which is in the city of bogor. This study examined the influence of communication satisfaction regarding how to employee motivation. The object of the research taken are all employees in PD BPR Bank Pasar Bogor Bogor. The methods used in this study using the method of survey which the total number of respondents there were 43 peoples. Method of processing data using descriptive and statistical analysis using Partial Least Squares (PLS) using SmartPLS 2.0. Based on theresults of the analysis satisfaction of communication influence on employee motivation, the value of R-square on the research is 0.6121 percent, which means that the exsogen variable (satisfaction of communication) are able to explain the diversity of the endogen variable (motivation) by 61.21%, also significant effects between variable communication satisfaction of work motivation.
Evaluasi Kinerja PT Bank Perkreditan Rakyat Pesisir Akbar Kabupaten Bima, Nusa Tenggara Barat Yunanto, R Rizki Andhitya; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Coastal communities made up of fishermen, fish farmers, processors and traders of fishery products, businesses and services maritime industry as well as other communities living in coastal areas and small islands. BPR Pesisir Akbar in Bima Nusa Tenggara Barat is one of the six Coastal BPR in Indonesia which has one mission welfare of coastal communities around the operational area. The study aims to (1) Determine the influence of the level of financial and non-financial performance of PT BPR Pesisir Akbar, (2) analyze the factors that affect performance. Performances Evaluation of PT BPR Pesisir Akbar  has done well for non-financial and financial performances.  Non Financial Performances include the number and level of customer satisfaction, while the financial evaluation includes capital, value assets, profit/loss, ROA (Return On Assets), CAR (Credit Adequacy ratio), BOPO (Expenses and Operating Income), NPL (Non Performing Loan), and LDR (Loan to Deposit ratio). Evaluation results show that non-financial public services, credit services, and promotion services jointly or individually significant effect on customer satisfaction, where public service is the strongest factor. Evaluation of financial performance shows PT. PT. BPR Pesisir Akbar relatively well for the development of asset value, earnings, CAR, NPL and ROA, but the increase is relatively small capital and BOPO and LDR have not been good until now.
Prospek Pengembangan Pembenihan Ikan Lele (Clarias sp.) di Desa Babakan Kecamatan Ciseeng Kabupaten Bogor Dedi, Asep Korlan; Suryani, Ani; Cahyadi, Eko Ruddy
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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In the last five years the seed needs catfish are always increasing, yet able to be met by existing production. The objectives of research are as follows: (1) To obtain information on the feasibility business of catfish hatchery in Babakan village, (2) To identify internal and external factors that influence toward catfish hatchery development in Babakan and (3) To provide the alternative strategy for catfish hatchery development in Babakan. The criteria of the business feasibility analysis used in this study are Net Present Value (NPV), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Break Even Point (BEP), and Payback Period (PBP). While the factors that influence toward business development are identified using Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) matrix, External Factor Evaluation (EFE) matrix, Internal External (IE) matrix, and Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) matrix. Lastly the Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM) is applied to provide an alternative strategy of business development. The results of the non-financial feasibility analysis showed that the catfish hatchery business in Babakan is still weak on the whole non-financial aspects. Based on the results of a financial feasibility analysis with the feasibility criteria and assumptions which have been determined, it is known that the catfish hatchery business of 7 fish farmers is  feasible with 100%. The entire value of the NPV is greater than zero between International Drawing Right (IDR) 3.395.841 and IDR 53.262.759. The entire value of IRR is greater than the interest rate (14%) between 28,31% and 45,25%. The entire value of Net B/C is greater than 1 between 1.30 and 1.62. The entire value of the PBP is less than 3 years between 1.8 years and 2.3 years. Based on the result of both IE and SWOT analysis, of 7 fish farmers in Babakan that the catfish hatchery need to defend, develop and undertake progressive strategies. The best alternative strategy of business development business that recommended from QSPM analysis is the application of Good Hatchery Practices (CPIB) to increase production and quality of seeds, so that minapolitan program is reachable.
Penguatan Kapasitas Kelompok Nelayan Wirausaha Mandiri melalui Transfer Teknologi Tepat Guna Ishak, Ermayanti; Siang, Roslindah Daeng
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Processing of target species do not optimal, especially the processing of the by-catch product. This is caused by the weak capacity of the fishing groups, particularly in the utilization of marine products in the dry season and the acquisition of market information, so it requires increased knowledge and transferal appropriate technology. Purpose of the study: (1) generate a group of fishermen who are skilled, creative and innovative in the processing of marine products; (2) create a group of fishermen who are good entrepreneurs with venture capital is cheap, affordable and sustainable; (3) make the fishing village groups as independent business pioneer advanced and community known as a producer and marketer of processed fish products as one of the typical souvenir of Kendari. Method of determining the sample was done by purposive sampling. This activity involves two groups of partners consisting of fishermen processors groups and fishermen fishing groups each of 20 people. The data were analyzed descriptively of the results of the implementation of the two activities, namely non-physical activities (socialization and education) and physical activity (manufacture plots hygienic drying fish and puffer fish burger-making). Action research results make a positive contribution to the strengthening of the capacity of a group of fishermen in the economic, scientific, cultural and social skills. Another positive contribution is opening insights and ways of thinking to make use of by-catch product into marketable products and process raw materials of marine fish with a hygienic manner that supports the improvement of the quality of the product to be accepted in the market, and create jobs in the village with the ability of a group of fishermen in entrepreneurship independent, which in turn can improve the economics of fishing households and assist the government in the construction of coastal villages.
Model Optimasi dan Manajemen Risiko pada Saluran Distribusi Rantai Pasok Sayuran Dataran Tinggi Wilayah Sumatera Kusumawardhani, Yuviani; Syamsun, Muhammad; Sukmawati, Anggraini
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Agricultural sector, especially in highland vegetables are considered to have the potential and prospects to support diversification. It should have a comparative value advantage. Comparative advantages are obtained with supply chain management and risk management therefore needs a model of optimization. But often the common agricultural activities appear particularly at risk of supply chain distribution channel. Risk management is essential to minimize the risks and part of the supply chain management. The purpose of this study are (1) analyze how the supply chain flow in highland vegetable Agam District, West Sumatra and Karo District, North Sumatra, (2) knowing the model optimization and risk management in the vegetable supply chain distribution channels in Agam District, West Sumatra and Karo District Karo, North Sumatra, and (3) analyze how to minimize risk in the highland vegetable distribution channels in Agam District, West Sumatra and Karo District, North Sumatra. In analyzing the model optimization and risk management in the supply chain distribution channel highland vegetables in Agam District, West Sumatra and Karo District, North Sumatra used AHP (Analysis Hierarchy Process) and for risk minimization used the ISM (Intrepretive Structural Modeling). The results of the study will provide a model optimization and risk management in the supply chain distribution channel highland vegetables in order to have a comparative value.
Pengembangan Sistem Pengukuran Kinerja Program Kemitraan di PKBL PT Sucofindo, Jakarta Suryana, Arifin Derajat; Raharja, Sapta; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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The partnership program is a part of the activity  in the Partnership and Community  Development  Program  (PCDP)  as  a  form  of  responsibility  by revolving  funds  and  part  of  its  profits.  Up  to  now,  revolving  fund  of  the partnerships program has reached IDR 18.17 trillion and is growing every year, is need of good management and accurate performance measurement. Until now, the partnership program performance was measured by indicators of the effectiveness of distribution and level of collectibility loan repayment. There Indicators are still not able to describe the overall performance of the partnerships program,  which  may  cause  the  dysfunction  of  organization. Development  was  started  by identifying stakeholders’ expectations, then analyzing the methods of ranking, classification,   Logical   Framework Analysis (LFA), suitability analysis, Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Focus Group Discussion  (FGD),  and Objective Matrix (OMAX). The analysis resulted in eight new indicators, which conducted the survey for the community stakeholders and small businesses with a sample of 30 respondents for each group of stakeholders, while for stakeholders’ employees, management, and state ministries was done census.  Respondents  selected  purposively.  The survey results show that the value of PCDP PT Sucofindo performance is 639.9, including a good performance status.
Faktor-Faktor yang Memengaruhi Realisasi Pembiayaan Mikro (Studi Kasus PT Bank Syariah Mandiri KCP Bogor Merdeka) Ali, Samirah; Mutasowifin, Ali
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Microfinance is one popular product of Bank Syariah Mandiri. The purpose of this study is to know factors that influence the realization of microfinance as well as the characteristics of microfinance debitors. Characteristics of microfinance debitors are dominated by male, age 31-40 years old, high school education, 2-4 people dependents family, over 2 years age of business, net income per month from Rp1,000,000 to Rp5,000,000, dominated by trading companies, 1-3 times of borrowing frequency, amount of financing is more than Rp20,000.000, value of collateral is more than Rp50,000,000, and purpose of financing is for productive activities. Using multiple linear regression analysis, F test and T test at α = 5% there are three variables affect the realization of microfinancing, namely type of business (trade), the amount of financing proposed and value of collateral.
Efektivitas Pembiayaan dan Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Paving Blok di PD Telaga Jaya Blok, Tangerang Rohayati, -; Hubeis, Musa; Pandjaitan, Nora Herdiana
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Increased industrial development make a positive contribution to the increase in prosperity and welfare of the people and the nation of Indonesia. One of the industrial activity is paving block making business which is the product of a cement building materials that are used as an alternative ground cover or hardening. The objectives of this study were: (1) analyze the quality of block paving based on Indonesian National Standard (SNI); (2) to analyze effectiveness of block paving production cost and (3) to formulate business development strategies for PD Telaga Jaya Blok. This study used primary and secondary data. Analysis were done using internal  external (IE) matrix, analysis strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) and quantitative strategic planning matrix (QSPM). Based on laboratory test results of Bina Marga Department Tangerang, blocks paving, kansteen and uskup of PD. Telaga Jaya Blok were good according to  the defined quality standards in Tangerang regency and SNI 03-0691-1996. Analyzes of profitability ratio standard that the PD Telaga Jaya Blok has profitability ratio of 35,38%.  Based on QSPM, then alternative priorities can be sorted, as follows : (1) increase customer loyalty to the block paving products, (2) maintain and improve product quality (3) maintain product selling price  product and (4) provide training to improve the skills of employees
Strategi Pemasaran Produk Mainan Anak-Anak dari Limbah Kayu PT Safira Tumbuh Berkembang Dongoran, Naomi; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 10, No 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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After year such a natural resources as wood becomes rare, so its use needs to be to the most efficient way, in line with it, wooden waste use becomes important. One of the companies which processes and makes use of the wooden waste to be children toys of economical value in Bogor is PT Safira Tumbuh Berkembang (PT STB). The research objectives are (1) to identify factors that influence a consumer’s decision making, and (2) to set a recommended marketing strategy to develop the business. The population In this research is students’ parents and teachers of 10 kindergartens in the City of Bogor. Samples were determined by purposive sampling, with consideration of easily accessible and the TK is willing to be interviewed. From each kindergarten a sample of 6 respondents comprising 3 parents and 3 teachers is taken, in order to make the total number of respondents of regarding 60 people. Data analysis method used is Thurstone, with consideration of a study conducted to explore consumer behavior in decision making. From the above analysis, the marketing strategy to do are as follows: (1) to lower the price of 9.34% of the set price, (2) To improve a new design in accordance with educational content element and bright colors combination on the toy, (3) to maintain the quality in accordance with the market segment, (4) maintain and develop the educational element content and a combination of bright colors found in childrens toys as unique or characteristic of the designs produced by PT STB, (5) To develop promotion through direct interaction between sellers and the targets (personal selling) in a potential kindergarten as well as (6) To develop selling points through cooperation with children toy stores in malls/shopping centers

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