cover
Contact Name
Prof.Dr.Ir. Musa Hubeis, MS, Dipl.Ing, DEA
Contact Email
-
Phone
 (0251) 8386612
Journal Mail Official
mpiipb@indo.net.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Raya Pajajaran, Kampus IPB Baranangsiang, Bogor 16144
Location
Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah
ISSN : 20858418      EISSN : 26229250      DOI : -
Manajemen IKM merupakan Jurnal Pengembangan Manajemen Industri Kecil Menengah (IKM) yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Industri Kecil Menengah (MPI) Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB sejak September 2006, memuat kegiatan dunia usaha kecil menengah (UKM), khususnya IKM beserta instansi yang terkait seperti perbankan, departemen teknis dan usaha swasta besar dan petani/nelayan. Manajemen IKM terbit setiap 6 bulan sekali (Februari dan September) dan ditujukan sebagai wadah untuk mengkomunikasikan hasil-hasil penelitian dari kajian tugas akhir mahasiswa MPI, khususnya yang terkait dengan pembinaan dan pengembangan IKM. Namun demikian, tulisan yang diterima Manajemen IKM terbuka bagi berbagai kalangan yang memiliki ketertarikan dalam pembinaan dan pengembangan IKM, baik itu peneliti, penyuluh, maupun pengusaha. Dengan diterbitkannya jurnal ini, maka kedepannya diharapkan lebih dipahami potensi, kendala dan pengembangan IKM melalui pendekatan holistik dan sinergi yang dilihat dari faktor-faktor ekonomi, manajerial dan faktor-faktor lainnya seperti kemitraan. Perintisan jurnal sebagai berkala ilmiah berwawasan nasional dimulai sejak Februari 2006 dengan nama Jurnal MPI dengan No. ISSN 1907-3127 yang memuat 9 judul artikel pada setiap edisi. Mulai terbitan edisi September 2009, judulnya dirubah menjadi Jurnal Manajemen IKM dengan No. ISSN 2085-8418. Jurnal Manajemen IKM selama ini mampu menjadi sarana penyebarluasan informasi ilmiah kepada para dosen atau peneliti lainnya, maupun masyarakat pengguna, serta sarana pengembangan.
Articles 264 Documents
Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Sapi Perah Skala Mikro Berwawasan Lingkungan di Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat Tampubolon, Petrus F.T.P.; Siregar, Hermanto; -, Muladno; Machfud, M.
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Until now, the development of the environmentally sound micro-scale dairy cattle business (USPSMWL) in the District of Sagalaherang and Ciater of the Subang Regency not fully reached the desired level yet. The growth of the dairy cow population of about 1% per year is still below the national  growth of 1.29%; beside that, the environmental quality of some of the business of dairy cows (USP) is still not good yet. Results from the survey showed that most location of the cow shed was placed < 5 meters of residential houses. By the end of 2010, more than 80% dairy cow waste has not well managed, so it could be risk factors: air pollution, public health problem and odor. This study was intended to find strategies for developing USPSMWL in Subang Regency. This study has used a method based on the analysis of Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Respondents of this study were 6 experts,  drawn from banking sector, animal husbandry sector, Dairy Milk Cooperative of Northen Bandung (KPSBU), Cooperative sector, Regency Government, and Environment sector. The results show that  the “first priority actor” in the development USPSMWL in Subang Regency is “The Government of Regency, District, and Village ”; the “first priority factor” is “The readiness of the community”, the “first priority objective” is “The increasing community income”; and the “first priority strategy” is “The increasing readiness of the community/farmers to conduct the business of dairy farming (USP)”. Based on experts opinion in AHP, it can be concluded that the role of the Government of the Regency/District/Village in the development of USPSMWL in Subang Regency is the primary importance. The main strategy to be implemented is “to increase the community/farmers’ readiness to conduct dairy farming business (USP)”. It is matched with the real needs of communities in the location of the USP included  (a) the need for increased knowledge and positive attitude of “non-dairy farmers” and “dairy farmers” community; (b) the need for capital support or procurement of production means for dairy farming, and (c) the need for increased motivation of the people to develop USPSMWL.
Rancang Bangun Model Audit Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Menggunakan Pendekatan Sistem Susilo, Willy; -, Eriyatno; Affandi, M. Joko; Goenawan, D. Agus
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to design an audit model for Human Resource Management (HRM), using soft system methodology (SSM). The study was conducted in two stages. The first stage is  designing an audit model, using  Strategic Assumption Surfacing and Testing (SAST), and Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM), through Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The SAST  technique was used, involving some experts through FGD, for identification and ranking  of assumptions of the HRM audit model. The ISM technique was used to identify the relationship between elements and structure of the HRM audit program. The second stage was verification of the model through a trial audit, which was done in two phases. The first phase  was  establishment of  FGD, involving some senior/managerial staff  to prepare  a set of customized audit devices (questionair, techniques, etc), with reference of the designed model of HRM audit. The second phase  was application of developed assessment devices by the respondents. The selected topic for the trial audit was corporate culture. The approaches used in the  trial audit were self assessment, importance-performance analysis (IPA) and perception survey. The output of this study is a model of HRM audit for application in a manufacturing company. This study has a limitation, because both the design and verification processes involved experts only from one company respectively, and the trial audit was done partially.  The output of this study therefore shall have to be further verified  if   the model is to be applied extensively in other types of organization,  like government bodies and  non-commercial sectors. The preposition of this study, that  application of the audit model resulted from this study  will enhance the effectiveness of HRM and eventually enhance the effectiveness of organization, has been proven  to be  partially true. The perception survey of the model  users (n=30),  indicated  the means  of:  importance (3.8),  usefulness ( 4.3), practicality( 3.2), feasibility (3),  dan recommendation (4). 
Perbaikan dan Evaluasi Penerapan Sistem Manajemen Mutu pada Industri Pengolahan Tahu (Studi Kasus di UD. Cinta Sari, DIY) Raharja, Sapta; Munarso, S. Joni; Puspitasari, Dian
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Regarded as a tool for improving quality and potentially other performance related outcomes, quality management system (QMS) ISO 9000:2000 and Hazard Analyzis Critical Control Point (HACCP) approach are held as a key way of achieving competitive advantages in the today’s global work context, especially for tofu industry. QMS is designed for use in all segments of the food industry from procurement and handling raw material, controlling operator competency, operasionalize of technology, process documentation. HACCP requires the development of strategies to prevent the inclusion or reduction of these hazard until acceptable level in a food. Research methodology empyoyed in these research comprises of 5 steps i.e: (1) Tofu manufacturing inventarization; (2) Composing of Manual of Quality dan Work Instruction are main prerequire for QMS implementation; (3) Implementation of Quality Escort which is part in QMS; (4) Comparison study before and after QMS Implementation; (5) Consistency observation quality product with statistical analysis dan quality control chart; include: moisture, ash, protein content, compactcity of tofu structure. The result  is quality of product more consistence after QMS Implementation. Neverless, it needed recontruction and monitoring contineously better way to create integrated agroindustry which is QMS implementation.   Key words: food, QMS, tofu
Kajian Prospek Usaha Tanaman Hias Akuarium pada Kelompok Usaha Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” di Ciawi Kabupaten Bogor Sukaca, Bambang; Syamsun, Muhammad; Sailah, Illah
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Study of Aquarium Decorative Plant Business Prospect at Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group in Ciawi, Bogor Regency aims to identify the business feasibility in business development, formulating the right strategy in the business development, to evaluate the performance of Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group by using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) approach and to identify partnership level category of aquarium decorative plant small industry.The result study was obtained the Net Present Value (NPV) of Rp. 188.455.000,00, Internal Rate of Return (IRR) 38,63%, Profitability Index (PI) 1,15 and Net B/C ratio 1,67, indicating the this business is considered to be feasible to be grown. Calculation result of payback (PBP) this period was identified that the investment payback period is 2 years 3 months 18 days and shorter than investment life period for 5 years, so it is feasible and profitable. Based on result of strategy analysis by using Strenghts, Weaknesess, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis, the right strategy in the business development of Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group by maintaining and improving product quality in accordance with the customers wants, maintaining and improving the business/partnership relations with exporters and suppliers. The result of the analysis of Internal-External (IE) matrix showed an internal factor of 2.702 and an external factor of 2.516, which put the business in quadrant V, which are growth and stability. It means they must defend strategy that they have been using up till now, and they must increase developing strategy of business. Result of evaluation with  Balanced Scorecard (BSC) indicates that financial performance from 2003-2007 in aquarium decorative plant business at  Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group was fairly good seen from liquidity, solvability, efficiency in taking advantage of assets,  net profits obtained, effectiveness and productivity in making use of assets owned and in receivables collection. Based on the result of study from customer perception with six attribute dimensions the service quality is fairly satisfactory. Seeing from after sales service level, operation/production process and innovation process show that internal business of Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group is considered fairly good. Observing from performance aspect, organizational restructuring aspect, learning dynamic aspect, group member satisfaction level aspect, knowledge management aspect, empowerment aspect and technology application aspect indicate that from growth and learning perspectives at Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group is considered fairly good. Partnership level between Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group with PT. Nusantara Aquatic Exporindo and CV. Cahaya Baru is included in First Prime Partnership Level. While the partnership level between Bunga Air “Aqua Plantindo” Business Group with CV. Tropical Aquatic is included in Secondary Prime Partnership Level.   Key words:  aquarium decorative plant, business service, partnership
Analisis Kelayakan Pengembangan Biogas Sebagai Energi Alternatif Berbasis Individu Dan Kelompok Peternak Wahyuni, Sri; Suryahadi, .; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Implementation of integrated cow system with biogas technology approach is one of efficient technology for cow waste treatment. The technology is using available natural microorganism to compose and process various organic matters on anaerobe condition. This will produce methane gas (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) and qualified liquid and solid organic manure. The methane gas (CH4) can be use as gas fuel (BBG). Biogas production may contribute to sustainable agriculture as renewable resources and environmental friendly. The research was aimed to analyze feasibility of biogas as alternative energy sources on farmer’s individual and group basis. Particularly, the research’s objectives are : (a) to study  waste treatment performance  with biogas installation at research’s site; (b) to analyze feasibility of biogas development as alternative energy sources on farmer’s individual and group basis; (c) to analyze sensitivity of biogas development on cost component and the benefit to treat waste at four  different sites; (d) to identify intern and extern affecting that affect of biogas installation; and (e) to determine appropriate alternative strategy in the biogas installation development  for farmer.  The biogas reactor can be constructed both by cement and fiberglass. Biogas reactor from fiberglass is more effective and produces higher and better gas. Study at the four locations both on individual and group basis  by using  liquid and solid organic manure are contribute to increase farmer’s income.  Result of financial feasibility analysis with biogas digester capacity 5 m3 and 17 m3 and interest rate 17% shows that biogas installation project is feasible to be implemented and developed. Investment cost to construct biogas installation is Rp 19.800.000. Financial feasibility criteria for NPV individual biogas and 30 years project life are Rp 35.173.048, B/C ratio (2,018) and IRR (31%). Feasibility criteria for NPV group biogas and 30 years project life is Rp 259.882.871, B/C ratio (3,787) and IRR (60%).  According to the calculation of switching value, the project is sensitive on variable cost and selling price changing in the revenue.   Key words: Biogas, alternative energy sources, financial feasibility, NPV, B/C ratio, IRR, strategy
Prospek Usaha Bagi Hasil Penanaman Jati Unggul Nusantara (Studi Kasus Pada Koperasi Perumahan Wanabhakti Nusantara di Kabupaten Bogor) Efansyah, Muhammad Noor; Bintoro, M Hasjim; Limbong, W H
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Planting crops clones Jati Unggul Nusantara (JUN) in the area of Bogor Regency is a business model that was developed for the Koperasi Perumahan Wanabhakti Nusantara (UBH-KPWN), involving investors, landowners, community manager of the plant (farmers) and the village officials. The activity aims to distribute capital to the community, land use has not been productive, providing a source of teak wood supply for industry and as a provider of employment for the community. JUN investment in Cogreg Village, Parung District, Bogor regency, has been carried out since three years ago (starting in 2007). Offsetting JUN plants will be harvested in the fifth year (year 2012), promising to five parties, will receive revenue sharing from the sales value of timber harvest JUN. JUN three years old plant in Bogor regency, totaling 6.075 trees, potential measurements in a sampling plant 2.5% of the total population. The result of the potential crop average diameter of 0.11 m/tree and average branch free height 4.74 m/tree, calculate the average volume of 0.044 m3/tree or 44 m3/ha, bringing the total potential of the plant three years 266.28 m3. Appropriate considering the growth potential and risk of death of plants, the projected average volume increment 0.021 m3/year or 21 m3/ha/year. Harvest prospects in the fifth year calculated in the range 86 up to 100 m3/ha, or an average of 91 m3/ha. Base on projection teak wood basic sale prices (sortiment A1 tipe D quality P - M), in the fifth year from Rp2,135,000 up to Rp2,408,000. So the prospect of selling the timber JUN between Rp988.630.584 up to Rp1.462.925.329, or an average selling of Rp1.279.294.179. Based on the prospect for timber harvest and JUN timber sale values, then the appropriate financial analysis (NPV, IRR, and B/C) is very reasonable business activities are managed. Calculated value for the outcome of each the party, according to the average revenue outlook; (1) Investors Rp591.376.022, (2) Land Owners Rp147.844.005, (3) Farmers Rp270.-037.076, (4) UBH KPWN Rp162.022.246, (5) Village Officials Rp108.014.830.   Keywords: investors, landowners, nusantara teakwood, UBH, village officials
Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penerapan Cara Produksi yang Baik dan Standar Prosedur Operasi Sanitasi Pengolahan Fillet Ikan di Jawa Yuwono, Budi; Zakaria, Fransiska R; Panjaitan, Nurmala Katrina
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

In order to increase quality and safety of fish fillet products, Directorate General of Fisheries Product Processing and Marketing, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, introduced Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) and Sanitation Standard Operating Procedures (SSOP) of fish fillet to the industry in Indonesia, including in Java. Recently, some processor who already applied GMP and SSOP do not continue the application of GMP and SSOP. Due this situation, this report is to find all factors that influence continuity application of GMP and SSOP processes of fish fillet and to see the recent condition of application of GMP and SSOP in fillet processing plants which do not continue (BM).  Processing and analyzing the data using description method and pre-requisite analysis. The respondents of this research are 26 fish fillet processing plants in Java which are divided into 15 fish fillet processing plants that do not continue the application of GMP and SSOP (BM) and 11 fish fillet processing plants that are still continuing the application (LM). The factors that influence continuity application of GMP and SSOP in fish fillet processing plants that do not continue the application (BM) can be divided into internal factors which are lack of education (73%), and lack of experience (100%), external factors which are lack of government policies in socialization (66,66%),  lack of portable water (87%) and ice supply (67%), lack of cold chain system facility (74%), lack of government policies in training (60%), monitoring (80%), lack of low enforcement (86%), no market requirement (100%), and characteristic of innovation factors which are no relative advantages in implementing GMP and SSOP (86,67%), no compatibility (80%), and the complexity of GMP and SSOP (73,33%).  Base on pre requisite analysis, the status of GMP and SSOP in 15 fish fillet processing plants that do not continue (BM) the application is very bad as shown in high minor and mayor failure, and also serious and critical failure more than tolerance level. In order to support the application of GMP and SSOP in 15 fish fillet processing plants that do not continue the application (BM), it is suggested to increase the frequency of socialization, training, monitoring and technical counseling in special locus, facilitating water and ice supply, enforce the GMP and SSOP label in fisheries products in domestic market, and increasing education regarding the importance of GMP and SSOP application in fish fillet industry to the public.  Key words:       characteristic of innovation factors, external factors, fish fillet, internal factors, GMP and SSOP
Kajian Preferensi Konsumen Rumah Tangga Terhadap Beras Organik di Wilayah Kota Bogor Rusma, Jimmy; Hubeis, Musa; Suharjo, Budi
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Organic rice is an agricultural product which uses the system of organic diversification, is good for our health because it has no dangerous chemicals compared to other rice, has a specific aroma, does not easily go bad, and is tasty.  Because of its high price, only people of the middle to upper classes can afford to buy it.  It is expensive because it is chemical free, healthy, does not contain pesticide and farmers do not use inorganic fertilizers to grow it. The general objective of this study is to understand why people in Bogor buy organic rice.  Specifically, this study is (1) to identify the factors influencing the consumers’  decision in purchasing organic rice, (2) to evaluate the decision process to consume organic rice, and (3) to analyze the consumers’  behavior in order to organize the producer’s  marketing strategy of organic rice.  The study was conducted at Lembaga Pertanian Sehat (LPS) in Bogor.  Accidental sampling was conducted by interviewing 50 selected respondents who are consumers of organic rice.  Primary and secondary data were obtained through related literature and interviewing respondents through questionnaires.  The method of study used was the descriptive and quantitative analysis, using the Principal Component Analysis (PCA).  The data processing and analysis were conducted by using Microsoft Excel (tabulation, matrix correlation and Minitab V.10).  Consumers purchase organic rice through identification of needs, information search, alternative evaluation, buying process, and behavior after purchase.  If a respondent frequently purchases organic rice, he may not go through the process mentioned above.  Their need is health, the motivation to buy is the reasonable price, the stage of information search is usually through friends at work, neighbors, and self-initiative, in the alternative stage, the primary consideration is taste, in the buying stage it is the supply at home, and the nearness of location to buy it.  The average expenditure of organic rice is Rp 100,000-Rp 125,000 for four persons in a family. Six main variables influencing the purchase of organic rice are the quality, promotion, price, influence of friends and families.  The qualitative marketing strategy developed by producers covered products, price, promotion, and location. The marketing strategies were (1) product, (2) price, (3) promotion, and (4) location.   Key words: consumer’s preference, marketing strategy, organic rice, PCA
Prospek Ekonomi dan Strategi Pengembangan Kapas Rami Sebagai Bahan Baku Alternatif Industri Tekstil Skala Usaha Kecil (Kasus Koppontren Darussalam, Garut - Jawa Barat) Juhana, Ano; Hubeis, Musa; Pandjaitan, Nora H.
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 6, No 2 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The textile industry has a role in the non-oil export of Indonesia. Cotton is the main raw material of textile and products of textile (TPT) in Indonesia. Ninety-nine percent of the domestic needs of cotton is imported from Australia, America and China. The Pondok Pesantren Darussalam Co-operation (Koppontren) has been one of the developers of rami fiber since 1998. The objectives of this study is to assess the description of rami fiber, the economic prospect and its development strategy, as well as to identify internal and external factors influencing its production strategy as the alternative raw material of the textile industry, in order to decrease dependency on import, which has become very high and difficult to obtain. The methods of analysis used were a technical survey using questionnaire, a descriptive analysis, a ratio analysis, and the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) qualitative analysis. From the descriptive analysis it has been found that (1) the raw material of rami cotton has some advantages, such as resistant to bacteria and fungi, better water absorption, a stronger pull, and better social economic impact; (2) The ratio analysis of the financial report is based on (a) the liquidity rate, covering the Current Ratio (CR) of 1.57, the Quick Asset Ratio (QAR) of 1.41, and the Net Working Capital (NWC) of 0.58; (b) the Solvability Ratio, covering Debt to Asset Ratio (DAR) of 0.08, and the Equity Multiplier of 1.09; (c) the Activity Ratio, covering the Inventory Turn Over (ITO) of 26.7, and the Total Asset Turn Over (TATO) of 0.49; (d) the Profitability Ratio, covering the Profit Margin (PM) of 0.08, the Return on Asset (ROA) of 0.04, and the Return on Equity (ROE) of 0.04; (3) The SWOT qualitative analysis showed the following internal and external factors: (1) Strengths (S): good financial performance and adequate raw material; (2) Weaknesses (W): weak manpower, old production equipment, and simple management; (3) Opportunities (O): availability of market share, product development and government policy; (4) Threats (T): no SNI standard, business competition and low price of imported rami cotton. The analysis resulted in an alternative strategy, such as a combination of (1) “SO”: good financial performance because this has created profit, and availability of raw material for adequate production; (2) “ST”: deciding production cost, and increasing quality of rami cotton; (3) “WO”: development of manpower through training, improvement of production technology, and effectiveness of managerial system in running the business; (4) “WT”: business strategy by focusing on certain grades of products, developing a wider partnership with others, and investing production equipment.
Usaha Budi Daya Pepaya Bangkok Dengan Sistem Lahan Sewa Wijayanto, Agung; Suryahadi, .; Saleh, Amiruddin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

One area of agribusiness that has good prospects for development is the cultivation of papaya farming Bangkok, because the market demand is still huge, rapid investment payback period, the price is relatively stable, and continuous harvest throughout the year. The market opportunity is still wide open, because the supply is currently still lacking. Located in the Village Prangkoan, Mertoyudan District, Magelang regency, Central Java. The purpose of this study was to (1) analyze the feasibility of Papaya Bangkok cultivation with his own land and rent system, (2) business feasibility analysis Papaya Bangkok cultivation with leased land and the cultivation of papaya integration model of Bangkok&acute;s most profitable for entrepreneurs to raise Papaya Bangkok cultivation. Quantitative analysis carried out to analyze the feasibility of the financial aspects using the criteria of NPV, IRR, Gross benefit and Cost Ratio, Sensitifitas, and BEP analysis. NPV value of aquaculture in their own land is higher at Rp103,793,371.93, while cultivating the land lease Rp60,069,785.97. This shows that the net benefits received from cultivation in their own land is greater than in the land lease. Judging from the value of Gross IRR and B/C, indicating that the value of Gross IRR and B/C for all the cultivation is > 0, so that both are good at cultivating their own land or on leased land eligible to run. When viewed from the BEP, the BEP for the cultivation of the land it self is 1548 units and Rp6,190,661, while for the cultivation of the land rent is 6972 units and Rp10,457,406.67. Comparison of financial feasibility between the two tampat cultivation shows that of both types of businesses, the cultivation of the land itself is a more viable business cultivated. It can be seen from the financial eligibility criteria of the cultivation the land itself has a better value

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