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Contact Name
Prof. Dr. Ir Nurjanah, MS
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Phone
622518622915
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jphpi@apps.ipb.ac.id
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Jl. Agatis No. 1 Darmaga - Bogor 16680
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Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
ISSN : 23032111     EISSN : 2354886X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches within the field of aquatic product technology.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 21 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia" : 21 Documents clear
Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activity of Green Algae Halimeda gracilis from Seribu Island District Basir, Abdul; Tarman, Kustiariyah; Desniar, D.
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (404.455 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17507

Abstract

Seaweeds have ecological functions as primary producers in marine waters. It also has an important economic value as a producer of hydrocolloids (alginate, agar and carrageenan) that is used in various industries of food and pharmaceuticals. This study aimed to determine the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of green algae Halimeda gracilis. The study was conducted in several stages, sample collection and preparation, extraction of bioactive compound, fractionation, antibacterial and antioxidant test, and phytochemical. Extraction was done by maceration method using methanol and concentrated by rotary evaporator. The methanol extracts of H. gracilis were tested against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Methanol extract of H. gracilis formed inhibition zone against the test bacteria with diameter of inhibition zone was 10 mm and 6 mm, respectively. After liquid-liquid partition (water: ethyl acetate), inhibition zone was only seen in the ethyl acetate fraction of H. gracilis with diameter of inhibition zone was 6 mm and 7.50±1.71 mm, respectively. Antioxidant test methanol extracts and ethyl acetate fractions of H. gracilis each show IC50 value of 290.49 ppm and 375.50 ppm. Phytochemical test showed methanol extract of H. gracilis contains phenols and steroids.
Characterization of Carrageenan Edible films Plasticized with Glycerol Rusli, Arham; Metusalach, M.; Tahir, Mulyati Muhammad
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.847 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17499

Abstract

Concentration of base materials and plasticizers used in the formulation of edible film was believed to affect physical characteristics of the film. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of base material (carrageenan) and plasticiser (glycerol) concentrations on the characteristics of edible films produced and to determine the best concentrations of these two components based on the physical characteristics of the films. The experiment was conducted using a completely randomized factorial design with triplicated. The treatments applied were the concentrations of carrageenan (1%, 2%, and 3% (w/v)) and glycerol (5%, 10%, and 15% (w/w)). The results showed that carrageenan and glycerol concentrations used in the formulation of edible film affect the edible film characteristics. Film thickness and moisture content were significantly influenced by carrageenan and glycerol concentrations, while film elongation was only affected by carrageenan concentration. The best physical characteristic of the edible films was obtained when carrageenan and glycerol concentrations were 3% and 10% respectively.
Profile of Phenolic and Antioxidants Activity from Seaweed Extract Turbinaria conoides and Eucheuma cottonii Yanuarti, Rini; Nurjanah, N.; Anwar, Effionora; Hidayat, Taufik
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.124 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17503

Abstract

Seaweed extract has ability to reduce some effects of free radicals because of phenolic compound. The purpose of this study was to determine total phenolic content, total flavonoids and antioxidant activity of seaweed extract from Turbinaria conoides and Eucheuma cottonii with different solvents. The extraction was carried out by n-hexane (non-polar) solvent, ethyl acetate (semi-polar) and methanol (polar). The results showed that the highest total phenol and flavonoids were found in  extract of Turbinaria conoides with ethyl acetate 211.00 mg GAE/g and 157.16 mg QE/g. Seaweed Eucheuma cottonii extract using methanol solvent had a higher phenol content 141.00 mg GAE/g, whereas the highest flavonoid content found in ethyl acetate solvent (35.1771 mg QE/g). The very strong antioxidant activity (< 50 μg/mL) was found in Turbinaria conoides and Eucheuma cottonii which extracted by methanol solvent (15.148 μg/mL and 23.154 μg/mL). Seaweed Turbinaria conoides and Eucheuma cottonii had a great potential as natural antioxidant.
Effectiveness of Alkali and Acid to Produce Collagen from Fish Skin of Striped Catifish Devi, Hilda Lu’lu’in Nanda Alfira; Suptijah, Pipih; Nurilmala, Mala
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (361.823 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17906

Abstract

Fish skin is one of the alternative sources contained high protein  to isolate collagen. Fish skin generally extracted by the method of acid, alkali and enzymes. The study aim to determine the effectiveness of NaOHand acetic acid on catfish (Pangasius sp.) skin extraction  process.  The concentrations of alkaline pretreatment were 0,05; 0,1; 0,15 and 0,2 M with the soaking time of 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 h by NaOH replacement in every 2 h. The concentrations of acetic acid for hydrolisis process were 0.05; 0.1; 0.15 and 0.2 M with the soaking time of 1, 2, and 3 h. The experimental design used for pretreatment process is split splot, while for the hydrolysis process is factorial completely randomized design. The results showed that pretreatment with a concentration of 0.05 M NaOH for 4 h has a significant effect for eliminating non-collagen protein (p<0.05). The acetic acid concentration of 0.15 M for 1 h also has a significant effect on fish skin swelling. The yield of striped catfish collagen was 17.272%, the protein content was 86%, and the viscosity was 12 cP. Fish skin extract was identified as type I collagen by functional groups and electrophoretic analysis. Collagen from striped catfish skin has α1 and α2 and protein structure with the molecular weight of α chain were 94 and 98 kDa, meanwhile the molecular wheight of β chain was 204 kD.
Antibacterial Activity of Melanin from Cuttlefish and Squid Ink Fitrial, Yuspihana; Khotimah, Iin Khusnul
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.871 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17907

Abstract

Marine environment comprises of many organism which are known to posses bioactive compound as a common means of self-defense or for the protection of eggs and embryos. Class Cephalopods (such as squidand cuttlefish) are notable for their defences, such as jetting escape movements, changes in colouration, toxic venom and inking.This study aims to compare the antibacterial activity of melanin from cuttlefish ink (Sepia sp.) with squid ink (Loligo sp.) against E. coli. Extraction and purification studies were carried out on Sepia and Loligo melanin using a hydrochloric acid 0,5M treatment under mechanical.The melanins were obtained and further evaluated their activity by direct contact methods between melanin and E. coli in nutrient broth.Total microbes was counted by total plate count.Both inks also was tested their activity against E. coli. The results showed that melanin from cuttlefish and squid inks had inhibitory activity at concentrations of 10 mg / ml and 20 mg / mL, respectively reaching 99.99% against E. coli.The inks of both Cephalopods at the same concentration as melanin, did not show any inhibitory activity against E. coli.  The melanin of Sepia sp. have a higher antibacterial activity than the melanin of Loligo sp.
Effect of Oxidative Sardin Fish Oil for Food Utilization Andriyani, Pitria; Nurhayati, Tati; Suseno, Sugeng Heri
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.036 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17908

Abstract

Sardine is an economic fish industry product in Indonesia. Sardin fish oil of fish meal by-product can be processed into ethyl ester as a food grade product. The purpose of this study were to determine the chemical and physical the best ethyl ester of Semirefined and refined oil from sardine fish meal by-products. Results showed that heavy metals detected was cadmium (Cd) value, i.e. 0.02 ppm. SFA content of crude oil sardines was 29.39% with palmitic acid (16.24%) as the predominant fatty acids. The MUFA content amounted to 14.87% with palmitic acid as the predominant fatty acid (5.76%). The PUFA content were 35.47% with DHA (17.07%) as the predominant fatty acid, while EPA amounted to 13.82%. Semirefined oil  transformed into Semirefined ethyl ester oil was the best on oxidative and physical parameters. Oxidation process produced Semirefined ethyl ester with 1.50±0.00 mEq/kg peroxide value (PV), 0.90±0.15% fattyacids (% FFA), 5.46±0.32 mEq/kg Anisidin p-value (p-AV), 8.46±0.32 mEq/kg oxidation (TOTOKS), 62.15±0.27%T viscosity and and 5.65±0,26 cP clarity.
Identification and Profiling of Active Compounds from Golden Apple Snail’s Egg Pigments Abdullah, Asadatun; Nurjanah, N.; Reyhan, Muhammad
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.684 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17909

Abstract

Golden apple snail (Pomacea canaliculata) has been known as rice corps pest due to high adaptability and reproductive power. Utilization of Pomacea canaliculata’s eggs as raw materials in the food and health industry is one of the efforts to eradicate the pest snail. This study was aimed to identify the active compounds contained in the extract pigments of Pomacea canaliculata’s eggs. The methods of this study were extraction of pigments using acetone and methanol, analyzing the active compound (secondary metabolite) qualitatively, TLC to determine pigment components and LC-MS/MS to identify active compounds semi quantitatively. The results showed that active compounds in the methanol extract contain 11 carotenoid pigments of xanthophyl group, two carotenoid pigments of carotene group, and 2 active compounds in nonpigmented form, whereas the acetone extract contain 11 pigmentcarotenoids of xanthophyl group and 2 compounds active in non-pigment form.
Performance of Microbial Fuel Cell to Generate Bioelectricity Uses Different Kinds of Electrode in the Fish Processing Wastewater Ibrahim, Bustami; Suptijah, Pipih; Adjani, Zhalindri Noor
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.031 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.17946

Abstract

Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) is one of the alternative technologies which can convert chemical energy to electrical energy through a catalytic reaction using microorganisms. The technology can be implemented for wastewater handling such as fish processing wastewater which contains highly in organic substances. The research objective was to measure the performance of MFC system using fishery processing wastewater in order to generate bioelectricity and to reduce its organic pollution load within a different material of the electrode. The electrode materials used were aluminum, iron, carbon graphite, and also the combination of aluminum and carbon graphite. The research carried out in three phases: production of fishery wastewater, assembly of MFC single chamber system and measurement of the bioelectricity produced. The bioelectricity power resulted during 120 hours of observation were 0.23V for aluminum, 0.17V for iron, 0.19V for carbon graphite, and 0.34V for the combination between aluminum and carbon graphite averagely. The MFC system can also  decrease the organic load parameter of wastewater as much as total Nitrogen was 61%, BOD 30.11%, COD 59.34%, and total Nitrogen Ammonia 12.45%. The increasing of activated sludge biomass occurred on the last observation with MLSS and MLVSS values respectively 7,066.67 mg/L and 6,100 mg/L.
THERMAL STABILITY OF SYNTHETIC PEPTIDES MIMICKING THE SEQUENCE OF THE REGION CONTAINING THE SKIP RESIDUES IN SQUID MYOSIN ROD Ochiai, Yoshihiro; Nurilmala, Mala; Wang, GuoFeng; Watabe, Shugo
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.321 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.18014

Abstract

Myosin is the major protein in skeletal muscles including those of fish and shellfish. The characteristics of this protein are closely related to the biological function and the quality and physical properties of musclefood. In the myosin rod (the coiled-coil region of myosin), several amino acid residues, known as skip residues, seem to destabilize the ordered structure (heptad repeat). These residues might be responsible for reducing thermal stability. Attempts were thus made to examine the role of these residues in the rod of squid myosin, based on the thermodynamic properties of synthetic peptides which have been designed to mimic the partial sequence of myosin heavy chain from the squid Todarodes pacificus mantle muscle. Five peptides, namely, with the sequence of Trp1343 -Ala1372  having the skip residue Glu1357 at the center (Peptide WT), without the skip residue (Peptide Δ), with the replacements of the skip residue (Glu) by Ile, Gln and Pro (Peptides E/I, E/Q, and E/P, respectively) to modify the helix forming propensity, were synthesized. The results obtained showed that the stability of the peptides as measured by circular dichroism spectrometry was in the order of Peptide Δ > Peptide WT > Peptide E/Q > Peptide E/P > Peptide E/I. It is suggested that the presence of the skip residues dexterously tunes the stability or flexibility of the coiled-coil structure, thus possibly regulating thick filament formation and further gel formation ability of myosin.
Organoleptic Characteristics and Chemicals Ilabulo Catfish Fortification Harmain, Rita Marsuci; Dali, Faiza; Nurjanah, N.; Jacoeb, Agoes Mardiono
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Product Technology

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.308 KB) | DOI: 10.17844/jphpi.v20i2.18015

Abstract

Diversification of traditional food ilabulo made from raw catfish (Pangasius sp.) has the potential to be developed in Gorontalo province to substitute chicken viscera. The research aimed to make ilabulo substitute the raw material of chicken viscera with the catfish fortified Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed and catfish bone meal and to determine the organoleptic and chemical characteristics of ilabulo catfish fortification. Fortified treatment is K. alvarezii  and catfish bone (5 dan 10% ),  B (10 and 15%) and  C (15 dan 20%). The organoleptic analysis used a hedonic scale of favorite criteria on the appearance, texture, color, flavor, and taste. The results of organoleptic analysis continued with Bayes test. The chemical analysis used the Association of Official Analytical Chemist method. The result of the hedonic characteristic of ilabulo catfish fortification was on the appearance  neutral criteria – like (5.53–7.03), texture neutral criteria – rather like (5.8–7.1), aroma rather like (6.3–6.73), color neutral – like (6.1–7.03) and taste (6.07–6.53) neutral criteria – rather like. The result of Bayes test obtained by a texture of importance value 5, appearance importance value 5, aroma of importance value 4, color of interest value 3 and taste of importance value 2. Characteristic of ilabulo culture of selected fortified catfish that was the fortification of K. alvarezii seaweed 15% and catfish  bone flour (20%) (fortification C) obtained by water content 56.46%, ash 11.54%, protein 7.78%, fat 8.91%, coarse fiber 0.61%, carbohydrate 22.07% and calcium 0.315 %.

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