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Contact Name
Prof. Dr. Ir Nurjanah, MS
Contact Email
-
Phone
622518622915
Journal Mail Official
jphpi@apps.ipb.ac.id
Editorial Address
Jl. Agatis No. 1 Darmaga - Bogor 16680
Location
Kota bogor,
Jawa barat
INDONESIA
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
ISSN : 23032111     EISSN : 2354886X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
JPHPI publishes manuscripts in the field of marine post-harvest, aquatic biotechnology, aquatic biochemistry, aquatic product diversification, and characteristic of aquatic raw materials. In addition, JPHPI also publishes research about aquatic product quality, standardization, and other researches within the field of aquatic product technology.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 20 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia" : 20 Documents clear
ENERGI LISTRIK DARI SEDIMEN LAUT TELUK JAKARTA MELALUI TEKNOLOGI MICROBIAL FUEL CELL Riyanto, Bambang; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Idham, Fitriani
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Sediment microbial fuel cell (SMFC) is one form of the microbial fuel cell (MFC) that can convert organic complex material in the sediment to generate electrons. This research was conducted to determine the characteristicsof marine sediments from the Bay of Jakarta, to know the amount of electric current can be generated through SMFC, and to identify bacteria at the anode SMFC. This research was conducted in several stages which include the characterization of marine sediment samples, making SMFC circuit, electric current measurement, characterization SMFC substrate, and the isolation, characterization, and identi cation of bacteria. The study shows that marine sediments of Jakarta Bay have characteristics which include silty clay loam texture, organic carbon 2.19%, total nitrogen 0.19%, and phosphorus 128 ppm. The electric current generated by the SMFC using  xed value resistors 820 Ω ± 5% reach peak production of electric currents on day 21, that is 139.51 mA/m2 with SMFC substrate having organic carbon 1.88%, total nitrogen 0.15%, and phosphorus 88 ppm. Isolation of bacteria at the anode was found three types of isolates, that suspected are Aeromonas hydrophila, Acinetobacter sp., and Bacillus marinus.Keywords: electrical energy, Jakarta bay, marine sediment, sediment microbial fuel cell
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETIL ASETAT BIJI TERATAI (Nymphaea pubescens Willd) AKIBAT PEMANASAN Fitrial, Yuspihana
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

The purposes of this study were to evaluate the in uence of heating temperature, 100 ˚C and 121 ˚C (the autoclave temperature) on antibacterial activity and stability of water lily seed ethyl acetate extract. Research was initiated with water lily seed extract using multistage maceration extraction method based on solvent polarity level. Extraction stages beginning with a solvent hexane (non polar), then with ethyl acetate (semi-polar) so that theobtained ethyl acetate extract. In ethyl acetate extracts were subjected to heating at 100 ˚C and 121 ˚C. Each extract that has been treated, tested for antibacterial activity with tested bacteria E. coli and S. Typhimurium by using agar well diffusion method. Observations on the stability of fractions contained in the ethyl acetate extract from the treatment given, performed by using TLC (Thin Layer Chromatographi) with a mobile phase of hexane and ethyl acetate (7:3). The activities of each fraction were tested quantitatively by agar well diffusion method. Based on the results of these studies showed that heating affect the antibacterial activity of ethyl acetate extracts. The higher the temperature, decreased antibacterial activity, however at a temperature of 121 ˚ C, ethyl acetate extracts still have antibacterial activity. The process of heating effect on the stability of the ethyl acetate extract fractions. The fractions that too act as an antibacterial were 5 and 6 that relatively more polar than the fraction of 7,8,9,10 and 11. The both fractions was not stable against heating temperature of 100 ˚C and 121 ˚C.Key words: antibacterial, ethyl acetate extract, fraction, temperature
PEMANFAATAN KONSENTRAT PROTEIN IKAN PATIN (Pangasius hypopthalmus) UNTUK PEMBUATAN BISKUIT DAN SNACK Dewita, .; Syahrul, .; Isnaini, .
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Patin  sh (Pangasius hypopthalmus) is one of fresh water  shes commonly cultured in Indonesia particularly in Riau Province. The purposes of these research were determined characteristic of organoleptic value and nutrition of sh concentrate protein (FPC), and also utilized the FPC in making biscuit and snack. The biscuits were made by adding wheat  ours, patin  sh protein concentrate, margarines, sugars and chicken egg. The snacks were composed from wheat  ours, patin  sh protein concentrate, seasonings and chicken egg. The preference test was conducted in this research involved organoleptic parameters, and chemical tests. The results showed that food snacks and biscuits made from Patin Fish Protein Concentrate were well accepted through organoleptics tests and nutrition contains. The nutrition contains for its biscuits were 4,05% of moisture content, 2.44% of ash, 19.47% of Protein, 21.91% of Fat and 52.13% of carbohydrate, while the nutrition contains for its snacks were 4.38% of moisture content, 2.39% of ash, 19.14% of protein, 30.77% of fat, and 46.32% of carbohydrate.Keywords : concentrate, protein, patin, snacks, biscuits
KOMPOSISI KIMIA DAN KANDUNGAN PIGMEN Spirulina fusiformis PADA UMUR PANEN YANG BERBEDA DALAM MEDIA PUPUK Setyaningsih, Iriani; Saputra, Andika Tri; Uju, .
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Spirulina fusiformis is bluegreen alga which grows in freshwater. The aims of the research were to observe the growth curve, chemical composition and pigment content of S. fusiformis cultivated in fertilized media and harvested on different times (18 and 32 days). S. fusiformis cultivated in fertilized media had  ve phases of growth. The end of exponential and stationary phases were achieved on days 15 and 24, respectively. The S. fusiformis harvested on 18 days contained 52.72% protein, 17.19% carbohydrate, 8.47% fat, 6.24% ash, 5.5% phycocyanin, and 0,47% chlorophyll, while harvested on 32 days contained 55.22% protein, 21.32% carbohydrate, 8.67% fat, 9.57% ash, 4.68% phycocyanin, and 0.43% chlorophyll. In this study, S. fusiformis contained 17 amino acids, 9 of them are essential amino acids.Keywords: Spirulina fusiformis, fertilized, chemical composition, harvesting age, pigment
PERANAN INHIBITOR KATEPSIN DARI IKAN PATIN (Pangasius hypophthalmus) UNTUK MENGHAMBAT KEMUNDURAN MUTU IKAN BANDENG (Chanos chanos Forskal) Nurhayati, Tati; Salamah, Ella; Tampubolon, Komariah; Apriland, Ary
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

The process of deterioration of fresh  sh quality begins with an enzimatis damage, one of them is katepsin.To prevent deterioration of  sh, an inhibitor can be obtained naturally from the body of  sh. The purpose of this research was to use extract of cathepsin inhibitor from cat sh for inhibit deterioration of milk sh. This researchshowed that temperature of 80 ºC was the optimum temperature for extracting inhibitor complex with inhibitoryactivity of 92,88%. Cathepsin inhibitor gave the most effective to prevent deterioration (85,29% inhibitory activity) after diluted two fold on buffer solution. Soaking with inhibitors from cat sh katepsin capable to inhibit thedeterioration of  sh quality longer than 72 hours (3 days) compared with control  sh, milk sh (soaking in buffer).Keywords : catsh, cathepsin, inhibitor, milksh
TINGKAT PENGGUNAAN BAHAN KIMIA BERBAHAYA PADA PENGOLAHAN IKAN ASIN: KASUS DI MUARA ANGKE DAN CILINCING, JAKARTA Yuliana, Ernik; Suhardi, Deddy Ahmad; Susilo, Adhi
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Salted  sh is still prefered by community of Indonesia. Salted  sh processing by traditional method depent on the intensity of sunlight. To reduce depence, some processors used chemicals as a preservative. The purpose of the study is identi ed the level of use of hazardous chemicals in salted the processing of salted  sh. The research’s design was explanatory research design. The population were all of the salted  sh processors in Muara Angke andCilincing, North Jakarta. Respondent choosen randomly to get 73 salted  sh processors, 55 persons of them were located at Muara Angke and another 18 were from Cilincing. Data collected consist of primary data, used survey methods. Then data was analysed with descriptif-analysis and Rank Spearman correlation. The results indicated that the hazardous chemicals (formalin and bleach) were still used by the processor. Level of usage hazardous chemicals is signi cantly associated with perception processors of consumer knowledge. Education of consumers about the hazardous chemicals needs to be improved so that consumers did not want to buy salted  sh products with chemicals, thereby to suppress the use of chemicals in the processing of salted  sh. Government oversight of the use of hazardous chemicals was still relatively low, so that should be improved to encourage processors to be willing to process naturally salted  sh and leave the chemicals.Keywords: chemicals, government oversight, salted  sh, salted  sh processor
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH CANGKANG KERANG SIMPING (Amusium pleuronectes) DALAM PEMBUATAN COOKIES KAYA KALSIUM Agustini, Tri Winarni; Fahmi, A Suhaeli; Widowati, Ita; Sarwono, Agus
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Asian moon scallop (Amusium pleuronectes) eggshell contain minerals expecially calcium which is needed by human. But the scallop eggshell waste have not yet been optimally used in food technologies. This research was aimed to  nd out the effect of addition of scallop shell meal to the qualities of cookies product. The process to extract calcium was done by hydrolysis of protein using acid solution (HCl). The threatments implemented are different concentration of Asian moon scallop eggshell meal of 0%, 5% and 7.5% into cookies dough. Research result showed that increasing on concentration of Asian moon scallop eggshell meal gave highly signi cant effect(α 0.01) to moisture, ash, fat, protein, calcium, phophorus and hardness of cookies. However, it gave no signi cant effect (α 0.01) to hedonic test. The addition of Asian moon scallop eggshell meal of 7.5% concentration resulted in highest calcium content (6.57%), phosphorus content (1.58%), ash content (6.95%), carbohydrate content (52.31%) and hardness of cookies (1.06 KgF). Based on hedonic test the addition of asian moon scallop eggshell meal of 5% concentration was the most acceptable by panelist.Keyword : Asian moon scallop (Amusium pleuronectes) eggshell meal; calcium; phosphorus; cookies
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN KOMPONEN BIOAKTIF KEONG IPONG-IPONG (Fasciolaria salmo) Nurjanah, .; Abdullah, Asadatun; Apriandi, Azwin
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Ipong-ipong snail (Fasciolaria salmo) is one of sea water gastropods that have not been utilized optimally. People believe that the snail has the ef cacies for increasing stamina and vitality. However, scienti c data supporting the ef cacy of this snail has not been elucidated yet. The purposes of this research was determined the yield, chemical content (water, protein, fat, ash, acid insoluble ash and carbohydrates), bioactive components and antioxidant activity. The yield of shells, meat, and viscera were 69.69%, 22.08% and 8.22%, respectively. Watercontent, protein, fat, ash, acid insoluble ash and carbohydrates were 73.075%, 18.28%, 0.575%, 2.77%, 0.15% and 5.2%, respecitevely. Six bioactive components were detected i.e alkaloids, steroids, reducing sugars, carbohydrates, peptides and amino acids. Antioxidant activity using DPPH method obtained the result IC50 of the meat extract with chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol solvent were 9210 ppm, 6825 ppm, 1513.8 ppm, respectively. Meanwhile for viscera extract were. 2825 ppm, 4600 ppm and 994,47 ppm, respectively.Keywords: antioxidants, bioactives, Fasciolaria salmo, proximate, yield.
AUTENTIKASI TUNA STEAK KOMERSIAL DENGAN METODE PCR-SEQUENCING Abdullah, Asadatun; Nurjanah, .; Kurnia, Nanang
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Tuna is one of the  shery commodities which are susceptible to mislabeling and substituted with similarspecies, but lower price. Consumer as a purchaser will incur a loss (economical fraud) so it is needed a way toovercome these problems. This study aimed to optimized extraction of DNA obtained from the tuna and tunaexporter companies of modern markets, identi cation of DNA-based species-speci c primers with a target genecyt b, and characterization of DNA tuna authentication results. This study consisted of several steps beginning with the characterization of tuna, DNA extraction using CTAB method and Vivantis kit, ampli cation by PCR, electrophoresis, and nucleotide sequencing. The samples tested were successfully extracted and ampli ed with the appropriate size of 750 base pairs. PCR sequencing using cyt b gene targets resulted in the identi cation of tuna raw material. PCR sequencing of the nucleotide sequence of results which have been  tted to the NCBI data, which does not show any fraud in the form of substitution with other species. Species of yellow  n (Thunnus albacore), Albacore (Thunnus alalunga), big eye (Thunnus obesus) and blue  n (Thunnus macoyyi) has the highest homology i.e 99%, 99%, 99%, 100%, respectively.Keywords: authentication, cyt b, mt-DNA, PCR, tuna’s steaks
SISTEM PENYEDIAAN DAN PENGENDALIAN KUALITAS PRODUK IKAN SEGAR DI HYPERMARKET Nurani, Tri Wiji; Astarini, Julia Eka; Astarini, Marina Nareswari
Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Pengolahan Hasil Perikanan Indonesia
Publisher : Departement of Aquatic Product Technology

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Abstract

Fresh  sh product is one food that is offered in Giant Hypermarket. Supply system and quality control of products is important to ful l consumer’s need and satisfaction. The study was aimed to examine the supplysystem and quality control of fresh  sh products at Giant. The analysis method used were the ABC analysis, singleexponential smoothing method, p control charts, and diagrams of causation. The results of this study indicatethat fresh  sh products must be controlled properly by the Giant, these include banana prawn and shrimp small pancet which were categorized as product A. The budget available for product A reached is Rp1,158,979,112 or 73.7% of the total inventory cost and reached 2,394.24 kg or 8% of the total supply of seafood per year. The single exponential smoothing method with parameter smoothing (α) 0.9; was considered as the best parameter to be used for estimate supply of banana prawn, in the year 2010. The proportion of banana prawn that is not ful lled quality standard is still under control. Such condition is expected can be maintained and improved fresh  sh quality by the Division of Seafood Giant by considering the factors in uencing the product quality control system which include human, technology, materials, and handling methods aspects.Keywords: fresh  sh products, Giant Hypermarket, quality control, supply system, single exponential smoothing,

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