Jurnal Industri dan Perkotaan menerbitkan tulisan orisinal hasil penelitian eksperimental dan ulasan di bidang Industri dan Perkotaan yang belum pernah dipubliksikan dalam media komunikasi lain dalam bentuk apa pun secara utuh dalam Bahasa Indonesia dan/atau Bahasa Inggris.
Power plant PLTA Koto Panjang that was built in 1997 is one of energy resourcesthat has great benefit to Riau. For that reason, its sustainability should be retained. Lately,there were environmental problems that became direct threat to the power plant, such asdegradation of catchment area, and erosion and sedimentation. Both of them are caused byintensive land conversion in the upper area.
Beginning from July 1, 2004 Kepulauan Riau formally divorced from Riau province.This will bring some impact not only on the sources of income, but also on the share andstructure of economy, as well as the prime sectors and commodities of Riau province.Accordingly, Riau needs new development policies. The author suggests to identify economicsectors and commodities potential to be developed after Kepri divorced from Riau, andconcludes that the best alternative is to develop agro-industry utilizing plantation commoditiessuch as rubber, coconut, and especially palm-oil.
Urban poverty is a kind of over-urbanization phenomenon which commonlyhappen in big cities in developing countries, including Pekanbaru. The increasing amountof underage streetworkers, which is commonly described as streetchildren, becomes one ofthe indicators of urban poverty. The urging demand to fulfill life needs force the poors to puttheir school-age children to work, either at after schoolhours or on schoolhours, whichmeans completely abandoning their schools. The purpose of this study is to describe thediversity of the underage streetworker’s characteristics and the aspirations to improve theirfuture lives. This study is done thru survey method, which includes direct interviews withstreetchildren at their workplaces, resulting a conclusion that there are a great diversity ofthe streetchildren’s characteristics. Most of the schoolage streetchildren are students ofelementary schools in Pekanbaru. The rest of them, mostly teenagers, don’t go to schoolanymore. The ones who still go to school still have the wish to get educated; however, it isalmost gone in the school drop-out ones. They wish more of an economic empowerment, suchas an entrepreneurship education that can support their family’s economic state. A morestrategic poverty-elimination program must be initiated by the city-government to preventnegative implications of this streetchildren phenomenon.
Society based economic program is seriously developed in Indragiri Hulu Regency.The program can increase and develop business environment, especially small and mediumenterprises (SME). In developing SME, there are some problems such as weakness of capitalstructure and access to capital resources; stocks and sustainability of raw material; limitedresources and technology achievement; weakness of organization and management; and lackof quantity and quality of human resources. An alternative solution is to encourage ruraleconomic institution that is cooperation. The cooperation has very important roles inencouraging economic of the societies especially in rural areas. Cooperation has to act as abusiness institution in rural areas and as executor to market SME’s products.
In Indonesia, Topic of e-government become popular after attributed todecentralization. Decentralization is conducive to develop e-government having potency torealize selling the city. Selling the city covers marketing of image, attraction, infrastructure,and its resident. This article is trying to depict the relation between e-government and sellingthe city.
The growth of urban population in Riau province since last few decades has showna trend of continuous increase. Although, there were some trends of constant and slightlydeclining percentage of population in some urban areas and newly formed districts, in overallthe number of population was increasing. This phenomenon can be observed in the numberof population growth since last few decades. During the years of 1971 to 1980, the averagegrowth of urban population increased about 1.53 percent annually. The growth was continuedto increase in the next decades which was during the years of 1981 to 1990 to an average of2.67 percent annually. Furthermore, it was recorded in many literatures that since 1930 to 1990,despite of the fluctuation in the percentages, the increase of the percentages were significant.The increase is predicted to be continued to higher levels in the future years.Another important implication is the sharp change of population proportion since 1990 to2000 which was caused by inter-regional development and expansion activities in the scopeof economic development regulation.Further meaning of those implications is that there is animbalance distribution of population in the district and urban areas. These efforts shallcontinuously be improved. On the other hand, if the actual development of urban areas is notorganised or left as what is progressing now such as in Indonesia, the pseudo urbanizationmay occur in the area.
High growth of Shanghai Metropolitan in term of economy, and dynamic change toits culture, development and investment policies, and environmental management wereobserved. Population, development fund, and higher education were linkage to thedevelopment. The idea of Shanghai metropolitan development came from top leader in 1992,which has been changed all aspect of life in the city, such as open market economy based onthe experienced of Southeast Asian countries, especially refer to the city and industrialdevelopment. Investment, infrastructure, and public facilities development almost followpopulation growth and environment remedial, so that social issues did not emerged frontallyand the development can be sustained. Fund for infrastructures and public facilities areinnovative collected by means of city administration reform, obligation issued as well asbureaucracy reengineering toward entrepreneurship in city development activities, so thatbudget no supporting from central government necessary.
Work friction tendency from agriculture to non agriculture is caused by nonagriculture resource potency brought transmigrant which creates opportunity to performmobility from agricultural activity to non agriculture, and agricultural sector doesn’t supporteconomic condition of transmigrant which force them to change over their activity to nonagriculture.
The purpose of this research is to analyze the factor which influence time workallocation, income and the worker household expenseas and then to analyze characteristicwork variety influence for economic decision making of the worker household. The resultestimate economy model of the worker household concluded that the internal factors whichinfluence time work allocation in worker household but not responsive is work generationtotal, work experience and worker age. Time work allocation of worker household as notresponsive for the worker household income internal and external work.The worker householdincome responsive for work expression of worker household in work, that is not responsivefor internal factors work experience and work generation total of the worker household. Allexpenseas of the worker household is influence by positive and responsive for total incomeof the worker household, except food consumtion expenseas not responsive. Educationinvestment of the worker household also responsive for school child. Then, capabilityincreasing work experience the worker household by internal and external work, daily fee kindvariety to appoint wholesale and positive influential combination to worker householdeconomy.
All regions in Indonesia are facing changes transitionally as an effect of the changeof governmental management system from centralistic to de-centralistic followed by switchoverin development paradigm. More ever, economic globalization with all its implications need arelevant local development plan and policy and depend to local reinforcement resources,network development and also the economic of regional integration.