Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 22526188     EISSN : 23023015
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands (JLSO) (p-ISSN 2252-6188; e-ISSN 2302-3015) publishes original research papers, literature reviews, and short communications that cover on topics relevant to suboptimal lands: freshwater swamps, tidal lowlands, peatlands, dry and dry acid lands, shaded ecosystem, ex-mined lands, saline and marine coastal wetland ecosystems. The Journal serves as a multi-disciplinary forum covering key issues in Suboptimal Lands science and technology, management, policy and ecological economics. The journal is published by Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya. The journal was first published on April of 2012 with twice per year in frequency on April and October.
Articles 180 Documents
The Improvement of Rice Postharvest Technology in Sub-Optimal Land Hasbi, Hasbi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Hasbi. 2012. The Improvement of Rice Postharvest Technology in Sub-Optimal Land. PLSO 1(2):186-196. Rice is the most exerted food crop commodity in Indonesia. Rice production has continuously been increased in order to support food security policy. Improvement of cultivation technology has been proved to increase rice production significantly.  Increase in rice production should be followed by the improvement of rice quality based on the standard and consumer preference. The improvement in  quality may also be enhanced by proper postharvest technology. Improvement of rice quality will result in more added value on rice. Therefore, proper technology which includes  production, harvest, and post harvest should be done in an integrated manner in order to increase  rice quality and at the same time decrease weight loss. Rice postharvest technology consists of harvesting, threshing, transportation, drying, cleaning and storage. These postharvest activities are often followed by  rice milling. However, farmers awareness and knowledge regarding  proper postharvest technology are lacking and its application is considered low. Improvement of postharvest handling technology should be prioritized to include three stages, which are  harvesting, threshing and drying due to high loss occured in these stages. The improvement  of harvest and postharvest technologies should incorporate human resource ability and  information dissemination based on the principles of Good Handling Practices (GHP).
Characteristics and Management of Peatland for Agricultural Development Ratmini, N.P. Sri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
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Ratmini, 2012. Characteristics and Management of Peatland for Agricultural Development. JLSO 1(2):197-206 The potential of peatland as agricultural land has area of about 6 M ha. The utilization of peatland in agriculture need detail and thorough planning, adequate technology application, and proper land management because its marginal and fragile ecosystem. Peatland is vulnerable to land degradation, namely physical degradation (subsiden and irreversible drying) and chemical degradation (nutrients deficiency and nutrients toxicity). The peatland development has obstacles such as highly content of organic acids. The effect of organic acid toxicity can be reduced by water (irrigation technology) management and adding ameliorant which rich of polivalent cation such as Fe, Al, Cu, and Zn. Soil amendment and fertilization in peatland farming can be done to reduce nutrients deficiency.
Modifikasi Aplikasi Unsur Hara untuk Perbaikan Vigorasi Bibit Padi dalam Cekaman Terendam Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Wijaya, Andi; Sihombing, Hesty; Gribaldi, Gribaldi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (579.231 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.1.1.2012.2

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Suwignyo et al., 2012. Modification of Nutrient Application for the Improvement of Rice Seed Vigor in Submergence Threat. JLSO 1(1):1-11.In fresh water swamp rice cultivation, farmers  face the problem of high water levels during the early stage of plant growth, causing risky situation for seed. This study was aimed to obtain a method to increase rice seedling tolerance to submergence stress through improving fertilizer application  rice variety. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3, Inpara 4, Inpara 5, BR 11 sub-1, IR 42, Rutti, Uffa, and Serendah Kuning), and fertilization treatment (NPK at planting without submergence; NPK with N at 7 days prior to submergence; NPK with N at one day after submergence; NPK + manure with N at 7 days prior to submergence; NPK + Manure + Si + Zn with N at 7 days prior to submergence; and NPK + Manure + Si + Zn with N at one day after submergence). The results showed that application of the proper nutrients could increase rice seedling vigor under submergence stress. At nursery stage, application of NPK, Manure, Si and Zn, with Nitrogen  after submergence would improve seedling vigor after recovery period. Submergence stress tolerant varieties showed higher ability to survive under submergence stress, and Inpara 4, Inpara 5, and BR11 Sub-1 performed better than Inpara 3. Serendah Kuning showed  better response to submergence stress than other local varieties. 
Pengaruh Perendamandan Pemupukan N Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi Toleran Rendaman Ikhwani, Ikhwani
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (658.668 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.1.1.2012.4

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Ikhwani, 2012. The Effect of Submergence and N fertilizer Application on Plant Growth and Production of  Submerged Tolerant Rice Variety. JLSO 1(1):12-21.This study aimed at analyzing the effect of submergence and N fertilizer application on the plant growth and production of submergence tolerant rice variety. Problems and constrains of  rice production on flood prone and flash flood lowlandbecoming more frequents and more intens, causing submergence of the whole parts of rice crops for certain periods. The experiment was conducted to determine the effect of submergence and N fertilizer application on the growth of two treatment factors using block randomized design  with submergence tolerant variety Inpara 4 and 5.   An experiment was conducted in the greenhouse at Muara Experimental Station, Bogor in 2009. The treatments  consistedof three replications. The first factor was submergence rice variety Inpara 4 and 5 and the second factor was N management application, whereas (1) 200 kg Urea/ha, (2) 300 kg Urea/ha;  (3) 300 kg Ponska/ha + 100 kg Urea/ha; (4) 400 kg Ponska/ha (2x); (5) Briquette Urea  (300 kg Urea/ha) dan (6) 300 kg Urea/ha  +  Silikat (400 kg SiPPadi HS/ha).  Result of the experiment showed that   submergence for 14 to 24 DAP (10 days) on submergence tolerant rice variety combined with Briquette Urea (300 kg urea/ha  wrapped in strawpaper)  has increased the percentage of tiller number up to 98,9 percent , increased the highest total grain weight  for submergence tolerant rice  up to 41,2 gr per pot and increased in the proportion of  wet leave weight growth rate for  submersion treatment up to 1,4g per pot than that  without submergence. 
Ameliorasi Tanah Sulfat Masam Potensial untuk Budidaya Tanaman Bawang Merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) Yenni, Yenni
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Yenni, 2012. Amelioration of Potential Sulphidic Soil for Onion Cultivation (Allium ascalonicum L.). JLSO 1(1): 40-49.Lowlands contains sulphidic soil which is  potential for crop production, yet acidic and lack of nutrients which inhibits plant growth. This study was aimed to identify the effects of liming of sulphate  soil on the growth of Onion (Allium ascalonicum L.). This study was carried out using factorial completely randomized design with six replicates on sulphate soil. The experiments were performed on poly bag (5 kg soil/poly bag/plant in acid sulphate soil. The  first factor was soil pH 4,05 (S1) and 5,02 (S2). The second factor was lime dosage(K0), 1 ton/ha (K1), 2 ton/ha (K2), and 3 ton/ha (K3). The plants were harvested after two month. Parameters measured were the growth of onion such as plant height, leaf number, bulb number, root length, fresh weight and dry weight of tuber. Secondary metabolite content of tuber was determined using gas chromatography. Data obtained werewas analyzed using ANOVAs, followed by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) with 5% significant level. Data analysis revealed that the combination of soil pH and lime dosage  has  significant effect on growth and yield of onion. Based on GC analysis, two tons/ha liming in sulphate soil gave the highest secondary metabolite contents. 
Karakter Agronomi dan Toleransi Varietas Cabai Merah Akibat Genangan pada Fase Generatif Susilawati, Susilawati; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Munandar, Munandar; Hasmeda, Mery
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Susilawati et al., 2012. Agronomic Characteristics and Tolerance of Red Chili Varieties under Water Logging Stress during Generative Phases. JLSO 1(1):22-30.The research objective was  to evaluate the responses of growth and tolerance of red chilli under waterlogging stress during generative phases. Experiments were conducted in village   Alang-alang Lebar Palembang, South Sumatra, from April  to November 2010. Experimental design used was split plot with three replications. The main plot was waterlogging for 1, 2, 3 and 4 days. The subplot was  red chili varieties consisted of Kiyo F1, Bravo F1, Taro F1, Lembang 1, Laris, Riawan, Mario and Kusuma. The results showed that the maximum period of waterlogging  of Red chilli plants in the generative phase was three days. Increased duration of waterloggingduring the generative phase significantly decreased the ability of plants to survive, the number of live plants,  plant height and the number of branches. Based on the agronomic characteristics found in the study, the variety that is the most  tolerant to  waterlogging  during the generative phase was Kiyo F1. 
Pemanfaatan Berbagai Jenis Pupuk Hayati pada Budidaya Tanaman Jagung(Zea mays. L) Efisien Hara di Lahan Kering Marginal Moelyohadi, Yopie; Harun, M. Umar; Hayati, Renih; Gofar, Nuni
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Moelyohadi et al., 2012. The Use of  Various Types of Biofertilizers on Cultivation of  Nutrient Efficient Corn Genotypes(Zea mays L.  in Marginal Dry Land. JLSO 1(1):31-39.The study aimed at  obtaining nutrient efficient corn genotypes that give the best response to various types of biological fertilizers at low-level doses of chemical fertilizer in marginal drylands. This study was conducted in the field trials of Agro Techno Park (ATP), the Ministry of Research and Technology, South Sumatra from May to September 2011. The experimental design used was SplitPlotdesign  with three replications. The main plot treatments consisted of: (H0): without biofertilizer, (H1): biofertilizer:-mycorrhizae and (H2): BPF biological fertilizers. Subplot treatments, consisting of three corn genotypes for the selection of efficient nutrient properties, are genotypes  B-41 (G1), L-164 (G2), S-194 (G3)  and onehybrid variety:BISI-816 (G4) as agenotypecomparator. Alltreatmentunitswere givenlow dosesof chemicalfertilizerthat is 50% of theATPstandarddose(200kgUrea, SP-36 50kgand 25kgKClha-1).  The results showed that mycorrhizal fertilizer produced the highest corn production, which is 6.08 ton dry seed / acre and genotype B-41 shows a more adaptive growth in marginal dry land with a production  of 7.27 tons of dry  seed /acre  and the combined treatment of mycorrhizal fertilizer and genotype B-41 gave the highest production  of 8.57 tons of dry seed / acre 
Karakteristik dan Kemelimpahan Nepenthes di Habitat Miskin Unsur Hara Mardhiana, Mardhiana; Parto, Yakup; Hayati, Renih; Priadi, Dwi Putro
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Mardhiana et al., 2012. The Characteristics and Abundance of Nepenthes of Nutrient-poor Habitats. JLSO 1(1):50-56.This research aimed at assesing the characteristics and abundanceof Nepenthespopulation in nutrient-poor habitats. This study was conducted at two locations, Talang Kelapa village, Banyuasin Km 10, and Pasir Putih village, Sukajadi, Banyuasin Km 18. Observations were made on  the soil chemical and physical properties, morphology  and population abundance  of Nepenthes. The result showed  that N. mirabilis was the only species found in  Talang Kelapa and Pasir Putih.  Nepenthes upwere able to grow well in very poor soil nutrients. Natural habitat in Pasir Putih with sandy soil  and water log condition gave better effect on the morphology and abundance in than in Talang Kelapa with  clay soil and dry.  The ratio of  Nepenthes abundance in Pasir Putih to that in Talang Kelapa was 3:2. 
Artropoda Predator Penghuni Ekosistem Persawahan Lebak dan Pasang Surut Sumatera Selatan Khodijah, Khodijah; Herlinda, Siti; Irsan, Chandra; Pujiastuti, Yulia; Thalib, Rosdah
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Khodijah, S. Herlinda, C. Irsan, Y. Pujiastuti, R. Thalib. 2012. Predatory Arthropods InhabitingFresh Swamp and Tidal Lowland Ecosystem in South Sumatra. J. Lahan Suboptimal 1(1):57-63 Research of predatory arthropods inhabiting fresh swamp and tidal land ecosystem in South Sumatra used survey method. The objective of this reasearch was to identify families of the predatory arthropods found in the fresh swamp and tidal land ecosystem in South Sumatra. Survey occured in January up to March 2012. The predatory arthropods were sampled using net and pitfall trapping. The predatory arthropods found were Insecta and Arachnida. Ordo of predatory insects found were Coleoptera, Dermaptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, Orthoptera, Odonata, and Hymenoptera, while predatory spiders found were ordo Araneae. Predatory arthropods inhabiting paddy canopy were almost trapped by net traps, while soil dwelling arthropods were trapped by pitfall traps. The dominant predatory insects found were families of Carabidae and staphylinidae, while dominant family of spiders was Lycosidae. Key species of the predatory artrhopods found from the fresh and tidal land ecosystem were Pheropsophus occipitalis, Paederus fuscipes, Coccinella arcuata, Pardosa pseudoannulata, Oxyopes sp., Pardosa sumatrana, Verania lineata, Broscus sp., and Chelisoches sp.
Inventarisasi Potensi Daya Saing Spasial Lahan Rawa Lebak untukPengembangan Pertanian di Sumatera Selatan Waluyo, Waluyo; Alkasuma, Alkasuma; Susilawati, Susilawati; Suparwoto, Suparwoto
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (407.465 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.1.1.2012.9

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Waluyo, Alkasuma, Susilawati, Suparwoto. 2012 Spatial Inventory of Potential Competitiveness Swamp Land for Agricultural Development in South Sumatra. J. Lahan Suboptimal 1(1):64-71. Swampy marsh land has great competitive advantage for farmland development.The purposes of this study were 1)to identify the spread of potential swampy marsh land for food crops in major production centers; 2)to understand thecontent, quantity,and distribution of minerals essential for health in the low lands of South Sumatra. Data were collected through some surveys using transects (toposequen), including delineation of maps, flooding/ground water, state of the microrelief, soilbase material, land use, and land surface condition. Ground observations were based on the Soil Survey Manual. The results indicated that Sungai Pinang and Rantau Panjang has three types of swampy land, namely shallow swampy marsh, mid marsh low lands, and swamps in the low lands. Swampy marsh as the potential competitiveness for its antioxidant mineral deposit (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, and Se) can produce good functional food products such as Padi seputih, Pelita Rampak, Ketan Sinde, Padi Petek. These varieties have considerably high antioxidant mineral. Therefore, the use of swampyland must be directed. Shallow and intermediate wetlands can be used for rice, pulses and vegetables whereas deep wetlands are suitable for fishing.

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