Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 22526188     EISSN : 23023015
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands (JLSO) (p-ISSN 2252-6188; e-ISSN 2302-3015) publishes original research papers, literature reviews, and short communications that cover on topics relevant to suboptimal lands: freshwater swamps, tidal lowlands, peatlands, dry and dry acid lands, shaded ecosystem, ex-mined lands, saline and marine coastal wetland ecosystems. The Journal serves as a multi-disciplinary forum covering key issues in Suboptimal Lands science and technology, management, policy and ecological economics. The journal is published by Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya. The journal was first published on April of 2012 with twice per year in frequency on April and October.
Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO" : 11 Documents clear
Daya Hasil Galur-Galur Elit Padi di Lahan Sawah Rawan Salin di Cilamaya Wetan Karawang Nafisah, Nafisah; Hairmansis, Aris; Sitaresmi, Trias
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (943.256 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.286

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Nafisah et al, 2017. Grain Yield of Rice Elite Lines Under Saline Prone Condition in Cilamaya Wetan, Karawang Subdistrict West Java. JLSO 6(1):21-32.Utilization of high yielding rice varieties tolerant to salinity is one way to maintain yield sustainability in salt affected rice area. As many as 30 elit lines and 4 varieties checks were tested in saline prone area in Muara Baru, Cilamaya Wetan sub district, Karawang, West Java. The trial was arranged in Randomized Block Design with three replications. Twenty eight old seedlings were planted in 3x4 m2 plot size with 25 cm x 25 cm planting space. Analysis variance showed two elit lines (1131-Ski-4 dan IR86385-50-2-1-B-SKI-2) yielded 5.48 dan 5.64 t/ha, respectively. These yield were significant higher than those of two popular checks planted by local farmers, i.e.  Mekongga and Sintanur which yielded about 4,44 t/ha. Beside 11 lines  had yield 0,5 t/ha higher than that of popular check variety.  Correlation analysis showed grain yield highly positive correlated with productive tiller number and filled grain number, while thousand grain weight highly positive correlated with plant height. Screening for salinity tolerance in seedling stage done in screen house showed that both 1131-Ski-4 dan BP14082-2b-2-5-TRT-35-2-SKI-1 consistently tolerant under salinized Yoshida solution at 12 dSm-1. These two lines are very potential for further tested in saline prone area.  
Evaluasi Pertumbuhan dan Seleksi Tanaman Padi Aksesi BC2F2 Toleran Cekaman Terendam Serta Persilangan balik-nya dengan Tetua Lokal Hasmeda, Meri; S. Halimi, Entis; Guswari, Rizky Yudhan
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (939.563 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.293

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Hasmeda et al, 2017. Growth Evaluation and Selection of Several BC2F2  Rice Accession Tolerant to Submergence Stress and Their Backcrossing to Local Parent. JLSO 6(1):7-20. This study was aimed to conduct selection process upon the four accessions of BC2F2 rice which were tolerant to submerging stress during vegetative stage. The selected plants were crossed with local parents. Local parents being used in this experiment consisted of Payak Silembuk, Siam, Pegagan, and Pelita Rampak.  There were several backcrossing being observed i.e. BC2F2 Accesion (BC2F2Py.Silembuk, BC2F2.Siam, BC2F2.Pegagan, and BC2F2P.Rampak) which were evaluated on the 20th day after being planted for 14 days. Parameters were observed before and after submerging process. The data obtained were analyzed with the Least Significant Difference (LSD) formula. As the result, BC2F2Pys accession had better tolerance compared with the rest of accessions and showed consistent resultsas the previous research. It is concluded that the accession of BC2F2Py.Silembuk showed the best performance among the other  of BC2F2.
Pengaruh Orientasi Kewirausahaan Terhadap Kinerja Produk Pada Agroindustri Kopi di Kota Bukittinggi Putri, Afrianingsih; Hariance, Rika; Nofialdi, Nofialdi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (442.842 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.275

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Putri et al, 2017. The Effect of Entrepreneurship Orientation on  Product Performance of Coffee Agroindustry in Bukittinggi. JLSO 6(1):1-6.Succes of business development determined by the entrepreneur ability to develop ideas and search for business opportunities. Creativity in developing ideas is one of the most quality an entrepreneur should have in order to achieve business success. Entrepeneur can be achieve the quality if the have a clear orientation toward product and market. The purpose of this study is to detemermine the effect of entrepreneurship orientation on product performance of coffee agroindustry in Bukit tinggi. Sample for this study was token randomly as much as 30 coffee agroindustry in city of Bukit tinggi. The data were analized using regression analysis with independent variables of entrepreneurship orientation while the dependent variable was product performance. The result shows that variables include entrepreneurship orientation : goal, product creation, innovation and risk simultaneously affect the product performance. However, partially only innovation ability affect the product performance.
Respon Aplikasi Kapur Terhadap Beberapa Sifat Kimia Tanah Lahan Pasang Surut Paripurna, Akbar; Budianta, Dedik; Napoleon, Adipati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (654.324 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.244

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Paripurna et al, 2017. Response of Lime Application to Some Soil Chemical Properties of Tidal Swamp Land. JLSO 6(1):59-70.Tidal swamp land of Banyu Urip Village Banyuasin District South Sumatera Province has a pH 4.5, 4.96 cmolkg-1 Al-exch, >20% Al saturation, low Ca and Mg availableity and contain Pyrite. This study analyzed response of lime application to some soil chemical properties of tidal swamp land. Lime used was dolomite. The research was conducted on April 2017.Lime dosages consisted of 0.00 ton ha-1, 0.81 ton ha-1, 1.63 ton ha-1, 2.45 ton   ha-1, 3.26 ton ha-1 and 4.07 ton ha-1 respectively mixed to 10 kg soil and placed to polybags than incubated for 7 days.Variables measured were soil pH, K-exch, Ca-exch, Mg-exch, Al-exch, CEC, H-exch and Al saturation. The results showed that lime with 3.26 ton ha-1 dosage gived best results by increased Mg-exch up to 0.85 cmolkg-1 and   decreased H-exch down to 1.14 cmolkg-1, while lime with 4.07 ton ha-1 dosage gived best results by increased soil pH up to 4.95, K-exch 0.64 Cmolkg-1, Ca-exch 2.18 cmolkg-1, and CEC 15.23 cmolkg-1, also decreased Al-exch down to 1.96 cmolkg-1 and Al saturation down to 12.87%. Lime as an ameliorant to acidic soil is effective to increase soil nutrients, decrease soil acidity, Al-exch and Al saturation that influenced by fertilization.
Peningkatan Produktivitas Lahan dan Pendapatan Petani Melalui Tanaman Sela Pangan Berbasis Karet Sahuri, Sahuri
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (519.558 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.278

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Sahuri et al, 2017. Increasing of Land Productivity and Smallholders Income through Rubber Based Food Crops Intercropping System. JLSO 6(1):33-42.The land between a row of immature rubber period has a potential to produce food crops. The objective of this research was to study the effect of rubber+food crops intercropping system on increasing the land productivity of rubber, the growth of immature rubber trees and smallholders income. The experiment was conducted at the Sembawa Research Station from September 2013 to April 2014. The experiment was carried out as using randomized block design (RBCD). The treatments were four-planting patterni.e: PT1: rubber+upland rice; PT2: rubber+sweet corn; PT3: rubber+soybean; and PT4: rubber monoculture, with three replications.The results showed that food crops as rubber intercrops significantlyeffect on increasing the land productivity of rubber andthe growth of rubber. The added value of planting food crops as rubber intercrops are the efficiency of farming cost and farmer income increase of IDR 4,318,300/planting season/ha with RC ratio 1.38. Farmers have food availability for daily needs during the second year of immature rubber period.
Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Kubis Bunga (Brassica oleraceae var. Botrytis L.) pada Media Tanam Kompos Gulma Air Susilawati, Susilawati; Ammar, Muhammad; Asmara, Z. D
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.889 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.280

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Susilawati et al, 2017. The Growth and Yield of Cauliflowers (Brassica oleraceae var. Botrytis L.) on Planted Media of Aquatic Weeds Compost. JLSO 6(1):43-48.The objective of this research was to know the growth and yield of cauliflowers on various planted media organic of compost aquatic weeds. This research was conducted from November 2016 to Febuary 2017. The research was rendomized block design with ten treatments and three replications.  Each unit consisted of 3 plants, so there were 90 plants.  The treatments were B0: (soil 100%), Be1 (75% soil: 25% water hyacinth fertilizer), Be2 (50% soil: 50% water hyacinth fertilizer), Be3 (25% soil: 75% water hyacinth fertilizer), Bu1 (75% soil: 25% hymenachne compost), Bu2 (50% soil: 50% hymenachne compost), Bu3 (25% soil: 75% hymenachne compost), Bi1 (75% soil: 25% salvinia compost), Bi2 (50% soil: 50% salvinia compost), Bi3 (25% soil: 75% salvinia compost). The result showed that the treatment 75% soil and 25% salvinia compost gave the best effects on weight flowers, leaf number, weight of fresh roots and weight of dry roots.
Respon Pertumbuhan Padi Mutan Insersi pada Kondisi Nitrogen Rendah Nurhasanah, Ade Nena; Nugroho, Satya
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (660.511 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.274

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Nurhasanah et al, 2017. Response Rice Mutant Insertion Growth in the Low Nitrogen Conditions. JLSO 6(1):49-58.Nitrogen is an essential fertilizer for growing rice because N needed higher than other nutrients. Therefore, many farmers apply a large amount of nitrogen fertilizer to obtain high production. Unfortunately, the plant not utilized much and only 50-60 % of the total N was applied which able to used. It would be lost through a combination of leaching, surface run-off, denitrification, volatilization and microbial consumption. Thus, the large amount N fertilizer application increase input cost and damage the environment. To build sustainable agriculture, the screening of varieties or mutant which is capable of using N efficiently is necessary. In addition, knowledge of N regulation and mechanisms in plants needs to be exploited for efficient plant development in the use of N. This study aims to look at the response of mutant rice plants in the low N conditions and obtain mutant rice plant candidates which is efficiently in using N. Seventen mutan insertion and Niponbare as wildtype are used in this experiment. Rice mutant plants were grown hydroponically inYoshida solution with different N concentration. Under normal conditions the N concentration was 1.14 mM/L and in the low N concentration was about 0.114 mM./L. Parameters was measured in this study were plant height, root length and dry weight. The results showed that plant height mutant insertion wasnot influenced by N concentration in nutrient solution. Meanwhile root lenght and dry weight plant parameter are affected by N consentration. There are mutant insertion plant that have potential and the optimum growth ability at low N concentration, especially B101. Validation on that mutants will be done in the next research.
Respon Perkecambahan Kemiri Sunan Terhadap Skarifikasi dengan Asam Sulfat pada Berbagai Lama Waktu Perendaman Ismail, Ahmad Deni; Duryat, Duryat
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (598.841 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.306

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Ismail et al, 2017. Responses of Kemiri Sunan Germination to Scarification at Various Submersion Time in Sulfuric Acid. JLSO 6(1):71-77.The duration of submersion and the level of acid concentration which are the decisive factors to succed the chemical scarification. The duration of submersion should be adjusted to the level of seed skin thickness, the level of acid concentration and the type of acid used. This study aimed to analyze the inmersion effect of kemiri sunan seeds in sulfuric acid solution to break the seed dormancy and to get the most effective time of submersion in order to break the dormancy of kemiri sunan seed. The experiment was conducted in the greenhouse for 2 months (62 days). The randomized complete design was employed as experimental method. There were 4 treament tested, i.e : (1) control (without immersion in H2SO4 solution); (2) immersion in H2SO4 solution for 10 minutes; (3) immersion in H2SO4 solution for 20 minutes and (4) immersion in H2SO4 solution for 30 minutes. The results of research showed that control gave the best results in term of the percentage of germination (G), mean daily gremination (MDG), and germination rate (GR).
Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Liar Berbunga untuk Konservasi Musuh Alami Serangga di Ekosistem Kelapa Sawit di Lahan Sub-Optimal Sumatera Selatan Prabawati, Ghani; Herlinda, Siti; Pujiastuti, Yulia; karenina, Tili
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (992.707 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.311

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Prabawati et al, 2017. The Role of Wild Flowering Plants in Conserving Insect Natural Enemies in Lowland Oil-Palm Ecosystem of South Sumatera. JLSO 6(1):78-86.Wild flowering plants can be used in increasing the potential of insect natural enemies on oil palm plantations. This paper inventoried the diversity of natural enemies that interacted with wild flowering plants in the oil palm ecosystem. Wild flowering plants are used as feed sources and living places  which provide alternate hosts for natural enemies, namely predators and parasitoids. Some families of flowering plants associated with  parasitoids in oil palm ecosystem include Euphorbiaceae, Leguminosae, Fabaceae, Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Polygonaceae, Rubiaceae, Capparidaceae, Lamiaceae, Turneraceae. Some plant species associated with predators in oil palm plantations include Antigonon leptosus, Elephantopus tomentosus, Nephrolepis biserata.
Pengembangan Teknologi Untuk Pengelolaan Lahan Rawa Pasang Surut Berkelanjutan Susilawati, Ani; Wahyudi, Erwan; Minsyah, Nurimdah
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.873 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.295

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Susilawati et a, 2017. Technology Development for Sustainable Tidal Swamp Land Management. JLSO 6(1):87-94.Tidal land is very potential to be developed as food gardens and agriculture of the future of Indonesia considering (1) productivity is still low, (2) potential land is still wide, (3) indices of plantation (IP) is still low, (4) degraded land potential , (5) the pattern of food production in tidal land is complementary to the pattern of food production in Java, (6) the competition for land use for non-agricultural purposes is relatively low, and (7) the availability of production technology of various commodities. Tidal land is an area whose water availability is affected by the movement of water on the surface of the river due to the movement of the moon, the land is included in the sub-optimal land category, ie the land that has many problems and needs to be overcome in order to provide benefits. The problems are water problems and soil chemical characteristics that have not provided maximum support for agricultural cultivation system. Therefore, priority should be given to technological development that is technically relevant to the characteristics of the land, economically affordable to local farmers, and expected to be in tune with the preferences and socio-cultural of local communities. Two approaches that can be parallel and interactively carried out are [1] optimizing the physical, chemical, and (micro) properties of soil biology along with optimizing the management of water resources to be eff ective and more efficient; and [2] appropriate selection of commodity types and development of adaptively specific varieties for each suboptimal land characteristic.

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