Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal
Published by Universitas Sriwijaya
ISSN : 22526188     EISSN : 23023015
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands (JLSO) (p-ISSN 2252-6188; e-ISSN 2302-3015) publishes original research papers, literature reviews, and short communications that cover on topics relevant to suboptimal lands: freshwater swamps, tidal lowlands, peatlands, dry and dry acid lands, shaded ecosystem, ex-mined lands, saline and marine coastal wetland ecosystems. The Journal serves as a multi-disciplinary forum covering key issues in Suboptimal Lands science and technology, management, policy and ecological economics. The journal is published by Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO), Universitas Sriwijaya. The journal was first published on April of 2012 with twice per year in frequency on April and October.
Articles 13 Documents
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Upaya Peningkatan Pemulihan Tanaman Padi Terhadap Cekaman Terendam Melalui Perlakuan Pemupukan Setelah Terendam Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Mery; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Plants get stressed shortly after submerged, to improve the recovery and subsequent metabolic processes as well as internal repairs required plant availability of adequate carbohydrate reserves after submerged. Giving fertilization treatment after being submerged is an effort to improve plant recovery after being submerged. This study was aimed to obtain the best fertilization to increase rice recovery to submergence stress through the fertilization after being submerged. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3 dan IR 64) and treatment (N): Without soaking, basic fertilization (N1), submerged 7-14 DAP (fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O (N2), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N3), as well as fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N4)) given 7 days after submerged, the submerged 7-14 and 28-35 DAP (N, P2O5, K2O (N5), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N6) and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N7)) given 7 days after the first submerged. The results showed that the growth and grain yield decreased with more frequent of rice plants in stress submerged condition. Fertilization can improve recovery after being submerged rice plants, where the best recovery obtained on varieties of rice plants treated with fertilization of N, P2O5 and K2O + PPC micro 7 days after being submerged.
Kerusakan Pucuk Tebu oleh Scirpophaga nivella (F.) di Pertanaman Tebu Lahan Kering, PTPN VII Cinta Manis Meidalima, Dewi; Kawaty, Ruarita Ramadhalina
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

The biggest obstacle sugarcane in Indonesia, including in South Sumatra and centers Cinta Manis sugar cane plantations that attack shoot borer (Scirpophaga nivella (F.). The study was conducted from July to December 2012 in PTPN VII Cinta Manis South Sumatera. One ha land observation area. Observation plots were divided into 5 plot diagonally into 5 plots each measuring 200 m2 with a population of approximately 1500 sugarcane stalks, performed every 2 weeks old plants of 1.5 months to 6.5 months. The research purposes were observing damage of sugarcane shoots by shoot borer (Scirpophaga nivella). Experimental research methods, data were collected purposively and directly at the affected plants. Hoist length formed by shoot borers from leaves to growing points was the 18.47 cm. Place of imago out mostly on the 3rd and 4th segment. Length of drilled stem was 8.20 cm. Damage caused by shoot borer could made totally dead or made siwilan on sugarcane.
Respon Bibit Kakao terhadap Pemberian Pupuk Organik Limbah Cair Pabrik Kelapa Sawit dan Dolomit pada Tanah Sulfat Masam Nursanti, Ida; Meilin, Araz
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Acid sulfate soil productivity is low due to the low availability of nutrients and high levels of soil acidity. It needs the organic material and dolomite to create the growing medium to be balance on its nutrient available, both physical and biological characteristic on the acid sulfated land. The aim of this research was to know the respond of cacao germ and the optimal doses of organic fertilizer of palm oil mill effluent. This research was take place in Jambi during September 2012 until March 2013. The factorial completely randomized design was applied. The first factor was organic fertilizer of palm oil mill effluent doses (0, 70, 140 and 280 ml.polybag-1 or equivalent with 0, 28.000, 56.000 and 84.000 l.ha-1). The second factor was dolomit doses (0, 2 and 4 g.polybag-1 or equivalent with 0, 800 and 1600 kg.ha-1). Kakao Lindak Klon ICS 13 was used as indicator plant. The acid sulfated soil was taken from Lagan Ulu Village Tanjung Jabung Timur District Jambi Province. The result of the research showed that the respond of cacao germ toward to an organic fertilizer of palm oil mill effluent and dolomite useness effected on the increasing of vegetative growth. Generally conclusions showed that the combination of 800 kg.ha-1 of dolomite and 84.000 l.ha-1 organic fertilizer of palm oil mill effluent was the optimal treatment which show the maximum of plant high, crown dry weigh, leaf wide and root crown ratio.
Pengaruh Wadah dan Lama Penyimpanan Serbuk Sari terhadap Viabilitas Serbuk Sari Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Hasmeda, Mery; Djafar, Zainal Ridho; Asmono, Dwi; Tobing, Tardas M.L.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Pollen of oil palm is one of important components that might affect productivity of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Viability and availability of pollen directly affect the quality and quantity of oil palm. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of storage container and time of storage to pollen viability. This research has been conducted at Seed Preparation laboratory of PT. Sampoerna Agro Tbk, PT. Bina Sawit Makmur Mesuji Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir. The experimental design being used was Factorial Randomized completely design with two factors were storage containers i.e. Pirex tube reaction (M1), Film Ampoule (M2), Vial bottle (M3) and Glass Ampoule (M4) and time of storage i.e. storage for 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months. Each treatment was replicated three times. Parameters being observed included pollen viability, potential of maximum growth and pollen growth rate. The results showed that storage container and time of storage influenced potential maximum growth significantly but there was no effect on pollen viability and pollen growth rate
Adaptasi Beberapa Varietas Unggul Kedelai yang Berdaya Hasil Tinggi dengan Pemberian Dolomit dan Urea di Lahan Pasang Surut Susilawati, Susilawati; Subatra, Kurniawan; Suwigno, Rujito Agus; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Efforts to improve soybean productivity in tidal land, including through land improvement (amelioration) as of lime, use of improved varieties and the fulfillment of plant nutrients. This study aims to determine the adaptation of some soybean varieties for high yield in the tidal land. Research activities conducted in tidal land Banyu Urip Village Subdistrict Tanjung Lago Banyuasin District from July to September 2013 design used is Split Split Plot Design consisting of 3 factors with 3 replications. Main plots were dose Dolomite (D0= 0 ton/ha dolomite, D1= 2 ton/ha dolomite), subplots were dose of urea (P1= 25 kg/ha urea, P2= 50 kg/ha urea, P2= 75 kg/ha urea) and the plot is children soybean varieties (V1= Argomulyo, V2= Anjasmoro, V3= Tanggamus). Variables measured were plant height 17 DAT, plant height 7 MST, leaf chlorophyll and number of branches. The results showed that the varieties that produce Argomulyo plant height, leaf chlorophyll content, and the number of branches is better than the soybean crop varieties Tanggamus and Anjosmoro. Thus soybean varieties are more adaptive Argomulyo planted in tidal land.
Tanggap Tanaman Jagung terhadap Aplikasi POC Urin Sapi dan Pupuk Anorganik di Lahan Pasang Surut Tipe Luapan C Purwanto, Ruli Joko; Agustina, Karlin; Yursida, Yursida
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

The research was conducted in the village of Banyu Urip at Banyuasin district from March to June 2013. This study aimed to examine the effect of organic manure of fermented cow urine (liquid organic fertilizer/ POC) and combined with different doses of inorganic fertilizer on the growth and yield of corn land in the tidal area overflow type C. This study uses a randomized block design consisting of 5 treatment was repeated 5 times. Each treatment unit with a plot size of 1.5 m x 10 m. Treatment in this study are as follows: J0 = 100% recommended dose of inorganic fertilizer without POC cow urine; J1 = 75% recommended dose of inorganic fertilizer + POC cow urine; J2 = 50% recommended dose of inorganic fertilizer + POC cow urine; J3 = 25% recommended dose of inorganic fertilizer + POC cow urine, and J4 = 100 % POC cow urine without inorganic fertilizers. The results of fertilizer application treatments using organic and inorganic fertilizers on maize showed significant effect on all observed variables. Further test results show that the inorganic fertilizer treatment J2 = 50% of the recommended dose of cow urine + POC gives the highest yield for plant height (162.22 cm), number of leaves, corn with cornhusk weight (187.70 g), the weight of the corn without cornhusk (177.54 g), dry shelled weight (139.05 g), weight of 100 grains (30.87 g) and the number of seed rows per ear (16.60), as well as significantly different to the other treatments.
Pola Pemasaran Produksi Padi Lahan Pasang Surut di Kabupaten Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan Riswani, Riswani; Yunita, Yunita; Rosana, Elly; Trisnawati, Trisnawati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Banyuasin district is one of the rice producing regions in South Sumatra which rely on sub-optimal land type with category tidal land to produce rice production. The statistical data showed that Banyuasin District is a region that produces the highest rice production of rice-producing areas in South Sumatra. However, the high level of production is not able to guarantee farmers income is also high, and prices at the consumer level will be low. This is because rice prices received by farmers is still relatively quite low. The condition is the main attraction of researchers to conduct this research with the aim to analyze the pattern of marketing tidal swamp rice production through the analysis of marketing channels, marketing margins, marketing efficiency level and method of pricing of each institution tidal swamp rice marketing in the District Banyuasin This study was conducted in District Rambutan Banyuasin Regency, with time data collection in April-May 2014. The results showed that there are two groups of marketing channels tidal swamp rice production in the district which are both classified as Banyuasin indirect marketing channels. Pricing method of rice is determined by the merchant so that farmers are recipients of the price (price taker) while marketing agency is a price maker. The calculation of the value of marketing margins in both marketing channel marketing agency in each figure shows the range varies with Rp.400 per kg to Rp, 3,100, - per kg. The analysis shows that the pattern of marketing efficiency marketing tidal swamp rice production is already relatively efficient, with the highest levels of efficiency are the major traders.
Studi Peningkatan Ketahanan Bibit Padi Lebak Terhadap Kondisi Cekaman Terendam melalui Perlakuan Zn dan Pemupukan N Sulaiman, Firdaus; Suwignyo, Rujito Agus; Hasmeda, Mery; Wijaya, Andi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

The research has been conducted at rainfield lowland of non tidal swamp in Kecamatan Rambutan Kabupaten Banyuasin in March to May 2014. Objection of research was to find the treatment for seed of rice before planting with application of Zn and nitrogen fertilizer. This factorial experiment was set by randomized block design with three replications. First factor was 6 rice varieties, second factor is two levels of Zn treatment (0 mM and 5,0 mM), and third factor is two level of N fertilizer (30 and 60 kg/ha). The 15-day seedlings, were submerged for 5 days. The parameters, dry weight of seedling, carbohydrate of stem, and chlorophyll of leaf, were measured on 10 days after submergence treatment. Carbohydrate and chlorophyll was measured according to the methode of Yoshida et al. (1976). Result of research showed that application of Zn and N increased dry weight, carbohydrate, and chlorophyll of seedling. Therefore rice seedling will be more tolerant in submergence stress.
Efek Sisa Pupuk Kandang Diperkaya Fosfat Alam terhadap Produksi Jagung Manis dan Jerami di Lahan Kering Lukiwati, Dwi Retno; Pujaningsih, R.I.
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Manure enriched by rock phosphate (RP) and inoculated with biodecomposer very important to improve the upland fertility. Residual effects of applied manure can be used for the next growing season. The objective of the research was to investigate the residual effects of some kind of manure on sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata), dry matter (DM) and P production of stover on second growing season. A field experiment of completely randomized design with 7 treatments and four replicates. Level of P (RP), N (urea) and K (KCl) fertilizers was 66 kg P/ha, 200 kg N/ha, and 125 kg K/ha, respectively. All of manure application at 30 ton/ha and enriched with RP. The treatments at the first growing season were T0 (manure), T1 (manure +EM4), T2 (manure+starTmik), T3 (manure +stardec), T4 (manure granular+EM4), T5 (manure granular+starTmik), and T6 (manure granular+stardec). The sweet corn was harvested at 70 days, the stover was cut and measured for DM and P production. The result showed that effect of some kind of manure was not significantly different to sweet corn and DM production. Manure inoculated with biodecomposer resulted in signficantly higher of P production than without biodecomposer. Conclusion, all of manure resulted in similar on sweet corn and DM, except manure inoculated with biodecomposer resulted in higher of P production than without biodecomposer.
Kajian Pola Tanam dan Pola Pemupukan Padi Rawa di Lampung Barus, Junita; Hafif, Bariot
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
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Abstract

Swamp land in Lampung area of 544,305 ha, which spread out in several districts, where a potential for planting rice paddy field area of 410,177 ha. The pattern cultivation especially fertilization also different from each other in each type of land swamp and a specific location, so have an effect on yield. This study had done by the method survey and interviews farmers by using a questioner. Location interview was in three districts that have land swamp area in Lampung, namely Tulang Bawang District (Sub District: Rawa Jitu Selatan, Rawa Pitu, and Penawar Aji); Mesuji District (Sub District: Mesuji Timur and Mesuji); and Lampung Selatan District (Sub District: Rawa Sragi). The number of respondents 15 farmers per sub-district, so the total respondents were 90 farmers. The data were obtained then tabulated and analyzed descriptively. Most of the farmers used these wetlands for rice farming, but only 50% can be used for double cropping of rice per year. The dose of fertilizer farmers applied both urea and NPK Ponska / SP-36 lower than recommended dosage according to Permentan Regulation No. 40 of 2007 (Urea 175 kg + 200 kg Ponska NPK + 25 kg SP-36 + 50 kg KCl). Average rice yield was obtained according to the results of interviews 4.34 t/ha in MT I and 2.5 t/ha in MT II.

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