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Marine Fisheries: JURNAL TEKNOLOGI DAN MANAJEMEN PERIKANAN LAUT
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture,
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Manajemen Perikanan Laut, merupakan media publikasi dari hasil-hasil penelitian/kajian di bidang teknologi dan manajemen perikanan laut secara luas. Jurnal ini di kelola oleh Forum Komunikasi dan Kemitraan Perikanan Tangkap (FK2PT) dan Departemen Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan (PSP)-Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan (FPIK) IPB, yang diterbitkan dua kali dalam setahun yaitu pada bulan Mei dan November.
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Articles 231 Documents
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PELABUHAN PERIKANAN SAMUDERA NIZAM ZACHMAN JAKARTA (PPSNZJ) SEBAGAI PUSAT PEMASARAN PERIKANAN (Development Strategies of Nizam Zachman Jakarta Fishing Port as a Fish Market Center) Sam, A. R.; Wisudo, S. H.; Murdiyanto, B.; Iskandar, B. H.
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Indonesia has signed Port State Agreement that initiated by Food Agriculture Organization (FAO), therefore some specified fishing ports including PPSNZJ should serve international ship well and safely. PPSNZJ, the biggest of fish market center, needs to prepare developing national and international marketing. Descriptive analysis was used to describe market activities in PPSNZJ, and SWOT analysis was used to obtain development strategy of PPSNZJ as a fish market center. The result showed that fish supply composition was 51,4% by fishing vessel landing in PPSNZJ and 48,6% by fish that transported into PPSNZJ. Share market of PPSNZJ consisted of export market (8,71%), domestic market (26,18%) and fish processing industry (65,11%). Development strategies of PPSNZJ as a fish market consisted of product strategy, facilities and infrastructure strategy and institutional strategy.Key words: development, fishing port, fish market center, strategy
EVALUASI DESAIN DAN STABILITAS KAPAL PENANGKAP IKAN DI PALABUHANRATU (STUDI KASUS KAPAL PSP 01) Fishing Vessel Design and Stability Evaluation in Palabuhanratu (Case Study of PSP 01 Training-Fishing Vessel) Susanto, Adi; Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo; Imron, Mohammad
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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PSP 01 is a training-fishing vessel that was built in a traditional dock yard in Palabuhanratu, so it was not completed with design drawings and stability calculation. This paper discusses on determining the vessel’s suitability of design and stability condition followed by redesign of main dimension to obtain more optimal design. Simulation carried out in various load conditions and different vessel sizes to get the considerably ideal size of the vessel. The main dimension ratio and coefficient of fineness analysis showed that the vessel was appropriate as multipurpose vessel for fishing activities. Stability condition of the vessel either empty or in existing load condition met the criteria recommended by IMO with a maximum GZ was 0.33 m and an initial GM was 0.64 m. To improve the stability and fish hold capacity, the breadth and depth needed to be increased. The redesign resulted an alternative size ofmain dimensions which were LOA = 14.30 m; B = 5.14 m; D = 2.12 m.Key words: design, fishing vessel, multipurpose, stability
ZONASI PEMANFAATAN KAWASAN PERIKANAN TANGKAP DI TELUK BANTEN (Zonation of Utilization Fishing Zone in Banten Bay) Ernaningsih, D.; Simbolon, Domu; Wiyono, Eko Sri; Purbayanto, Ari
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Utilization of fishing area in Banten Bay by various activities may cause multi sectors conflicts related to management of the bay. The integrated zone system in that area has not been established yet; therefore it is needed to be studied. The objectives of this study were to 1) determine fishing season and fishing ground; 2) determine indicators and criteria of fishing zone; 3) establish fishing zone. The study was conducted in four fish landing centers which are located in Karangantu, Terate, Wadas, and Kepuh from January to April 2010. Data were collected by surveying analyzed using the fishing season index analysis, relationship analysis between sea surface temperature, chlorophyll-a and fish abundance, and GIS analysis. Based on the results, it were revealed that 1) peak fishing season of pelagic fish was from November to January and demersal fish was from November to December; 2) the catches from fishing grounds surrounding Panjang island were anchovies, trevallies, squids, Indian mackerels, pony fishes, Fringescale sardinella; surrounding Pamujan besar island were threadfin bream, shrimps; and surrounding Tunda island were eastern little tuna, narrow barred king mackerels, black pomfret, red snapper, great trevally, scads, mullets, squids; 3) development indicators of fishing zone were (i) feasibility of fishing ground, (ii) compatibility of fishing gears with fishing grounds, (iii) possibility of conflicts, (iv) infrastructure, (v) carrying capacity of environment; 4) Banten bay water was divided into three fishing zones, they were (i) passive zone, (ii) passive and outboard motor zone, (iii) active and inboard motor zone.Key words: fishing ground, fishing zone, utilization
POTENSI WISATA BAHARI PULAU-PULAU KECIL DI KAWASAN KAPOPOSANG KABUPATEN PANGKEP Samudra, Krishna; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Wisudo, Sugeng H.; Iskandar, Budhi H.
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 1, No 2 (2010): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Kapoposang area is located in Pangkep Regency consist of six small islands and consist of high marine and fisheries resources, especially the white sandy beaches and coral reefs within its ecosystem. This is an important factor for further development of marine tourism based on conser-vation. Identification of marine tourism resources is the first step in development planning process. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and survei method was applied in this research. The result show that this area is a potential area to be developed as marine tourism area based on conservation consideration.
EFEKTIVITAS PEMANFAATAN RUMPON PADA OPERASI PENANGKAPAN IKAN DI PERAIRAN KEI KECIL, MALUKU TENGGARA Simbolon, Domu; Jeujanan, Benediktus; Wiyono, Eko Sri
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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One of ways to increase the fishing operation effectiveness is done by using fish aggregating device (FAD) called rumpon. The types of FAD used in Kei Kecil waters made from bamboos or plastic drum material. This research objectives are (1) determining catch composition around FAD, (2) comparing the effectiveness of two types of FAD on fishing operation, and (3) comparing the effectiveness of fishing gears, operated around the FAD. The method that used in this research was doing survey through observing fishing activities around the FAD. Fishing gear and FAD samples were determined through purposive sampling method. These data were collected from August to October 2007 in Kei Kecil Waters of South East Maluku. The kind of fish catch around FAD were scad mackerel, frigate mackerel, and barred spanish mackerel. The most dominant of catch was scad mackerel (80%), whereas percentage e of frigate mackerel and barred spanish mackerel were 19% and 1%. The composition of the length size of scad mackerel, frigate mackerel, and barred spanish mackerel were dominated by the large size. Type of bamboo FAD was more efective compared with the plastic drum FAD type. Purse seine fishing was more efective compared with gillnet and troll line fishing that operated around rumpon.
ANALISIS INDRA PENGLIHATAN IKAN KERAPU MACAN (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus) DAN HUBUNGANNYA DALAM MERESPONS UMPAN Riyanto, M; Purbayanto, Ari; Natsir, D S.S.
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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The visual organ in fish has an important role in ensuring its survival. Fish can respond to bait or food with its visual organ. The objectives of this research are to analyse the visual performance of grouper (cone cell morphology, the visual axis, and visual acuity) and to analyse the relation between visual senses with fish behavior response to the bait. This research was conducted in the laboratory by means of the determination of fish retina histology method and behavior of fish. The morphology retina of grouper consists of a single cone and double cone which form a mosaic structure, the visual axis was identified at upper-fore with the angle of 26.8o.The visual acuity of grouper was low in index values with ranged from 0.06 to 0.07 for fish with a total length of 200 to 300 mm, the maximum sighting distance to the bait with the diameter of 20 mm size ranged from 3.93 to 4.74 m, the bait with 25 mm diameter size range from 4.91 to 5.92 and bait with a diameter of 30 mm size ranged from 5.89 to 7.11 m. The frequency of fish closed the bait distance of 30 cm was 45.83%, 25 cm was 33.33% and 20 cm was 20.83%, respectively.
PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DITINJAU DARI PRODUKSI HASIL TANGKAPAN DI PPN PALABUHANRATU Lubis, Ernani; Sumiati, Sumiati
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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In fact, fish processing industry is very importance to support development a fishing port. It is the same with the case of territorial fishing port (PPN) of Palabuhanratu. So that a research to determine the condition of fish catch production that was able to support the development of fish processing industry, need to be done. A case study on the underdeveloped of fish processing industry in PPN Palabuhanratu was done. Data analysis using descriptive numerical projection of the catch by estimating the need for the development of fish processing industry. Processing type that exist in PPN Palabuhanratu and nowadays are the processing on fish freezing, fish boiling, fish salting, crisp chips, meatball fish and abon fish. Based on the result of projection, the best fish production prospective as raw material for fish processing industry are skipjack tunas, eastern little tuna, tunas, hairtails, shark, ponyfish, ray, Indo-Pacific marlin, scads and wolf herring. A preceding ten year period of 2008-2017, the production of skipjack tunas, eastern little tuna, tunas, ponyfish, Indo-Pacific marlin, scads and wolf herring tend to increase, while the others will decrease. The development of other types of processing industries can be done for freezing, canning, fillet, loin, surimi and nuggets fish.
KINERJA DIREKTORAT PELAYANAN USAHA PENANGKAPAN IKAN-KKP SEBAGAI SALAH SATU STAKEHOLDER PERIZINAN USAHA PENANGKAPAN IKAN Yuniarta, Shinta; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari; Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Licensing process of fisheries business is conducted on Directorate Fishing Business Service - Ministry of Marine Affair and Fisheries (MMAF), which is the main actor of fisheries business license (Yuniarta 2009). Several constraints of licensing process are found in this research. There are lateness of licensing process in some regions, minimum research development of licensing process and duration of each stage and over all of the stage of licensing process, so that required performance measurement of the directorate. The purpose of this research is measuring performance of Directorate Fishing Business Service based on balanced scorecard approach, that assess on four perspectives, there are learn and growth, business internal process, financial and customer. The result of these perspectives on Directorate Fishing Business Service performance is 3.34, therefore the directorate needs a strategy to increase the performance.
STABILITAS STATIS KAPAL STATIC GEAR DI PALABUHANRATU (STUDI KASUS KM PSP 01) Susanto, Adi; Iskandar, Budhi Hascaryo; Imron, M.
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Marine Fisheries
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This paper discusses on the static stability performance of a fishing vessel operated static fishing gear. A fishing boat named as KM PSP 01 was chosen as an object of this research. The objectives of this research were to analyze the static stability performance and work comfortability aboard the vessel. The result showed that KM PSP 01 was good enough for operating static fishing gear, the static stability of the boat is considered to be good with enough righting arm to upright the boat after roll to certain maximum angle. Hull of the boat considered as slim. Short rolling period i.e. 3.467 sec. considered as not so comfortable for working on deck but still safe in fishing operation.
JENIS UMPAN DAN BENTUK PERANGKAP PLASTIK YANG EFEKTIF UNTUK MENANGKAP RAJUNGAN (Efective Bait and Plastic Trap Shape in Catching Swimming Crab) Puspito, Gondo
Jurnal Marine Fisheries Vol 2, No 2 (2011): Marine Fisheries
Publisher : Jurnal Marine Fisheries

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Tiga puluh perangkap plastik dioperasikan untuk menangkap rajungan di perairan Palabuhanratu. Operasi penangkapan dilakukan sebanyak 16 kali pada kedalaman perairan ± 20 m dengan jenis substrat dasar berupa pasir berlumpur. Bentuk perangkap terdiri atas kubah, limas terpancung, dan balok. Adapun 2 jenis umpan yang digunakan adalah cucut (Rhinodon typicus) dan tembang (Sardinella spp.). Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan komposisi jenis rajungan yang tertangkap, jenis umpan yang disukai rajungan dan bentuk perangkap yang paling efektif menangkap rajungan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi hasil tangkapan terdiri atas 249 rajungan bintang (Portunus sanguinolentus), 2 rajungan karang (Charybdis feriatus), dan 2 rajungan badak (Portunus pelagicus). Umpan cucut lebih disukai rajungan bintang dibandingkan dengan tembang. Umpan cucut menghasilkan 136 rajungan bintang dan umpan tembang 113 menghasilkan rajungan bintang. Perangkap berbentuk kubah menangkap 103 rajungan bintang. Perangkap berbentuk kubah lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan perangkap berbentuk limas terpancung dan balok.Kata kunci: umpan, bentuk perangkap plastik, rajungan

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