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INDONESIA
Agromet
ISSN : 01263633     EISSN : 2655660X     DOI : -
Agromet publishes original research articles or reviews that have not been published elsewhere. The scope of publication includes agricultural meteorology/climatology (the relationships between a wide range of agriculture and meteorology/climatology aspects). Articles related to meteorology/climatology and environment (pollution and atmospheric conditions) may be selectively accepted for publication. This journal is published twice a year by Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology (PERHIMPI) in collaboration with Department of Geophysics and Meteorology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, IPB University.
Articles 405 Documents
IDENTIFIKASI DAN KARAKTERISASI POTENSI AIR TANAH UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN IRIGASI SUPLEMENTER DI PABRIK GULA RENDENG DAN TRANGKIL JAWA TENGAH (IDENTIFICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF GROUND WATER POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPING SUPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION IN ... Rejekiningrum, P.; Ramadani, F.; Apriyana, Y.; Haryono, .
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2005): June 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Micro sugar industry have some potential problem that needed serious interested, issues of global climate change have affected long drought period with the result that water availability for sugarcane very limited, and problem of land resources in specific location. To anticipate water scarcity in sugarcane plantation need to be optimalization water use through identification ground water potential to know depth and distribution groundwater resources used supplementary irrigation. This paper is attempt in optimalising water resources use through mapping of ground water to know ground water potencyl for developing supplementer irrigation with pumping and deep irrigation to increase sugar cane productivity, rendemen, and production in upland sugarcane PG. Rendeng and of Trangkil. Measurement of ground water characteristic through geolistrict survey using Terameter by detecting electrics into ground by electrodes and take the resistivity value in time dimension, this equipment can identify material underground more than 200 metre depth without passing drilling. Of underground material which have known, hence can be determined resistivity and aquifer thickness. The results of this research showed that in PG. Rendeng and and Trangkil have moderate ground water potency (overburden thickness 6-15 and aquifer thickness 16-25 m) until good (overburden thickness 16-25 and aquifer thickness 26-35 m) but moderate is to be dominant. Ground water potency is distribute in the middle and east of PG. Rendeng and Trangkil.
VARIABILITY OF NORMALIZED DIFFERENCE VEGETATION INDICES IN SUMATRA AND ITS RELATION TO CLIMATE ANOMALIES(KERAGAMAN INDEKS VEGETASI DI SUMATERA DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN ANOMALI IKLIM) Adiningsih, Erna Sri; ., Kustiyo
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2005): June 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Indeks vegetasi yang diperoleh dari data NOAA-AVHRR sudah umum digunakan sebagai indikator kehijauan dan kekeringan vegetasi. Kondisi iklim global dan regional diatas Sumatera mempengaruhi indeks vegetasi di Sumatera. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari keragaman indeks vegetasi terutama di Sumatra dan hubungannya dengan El Nino - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) dan Indian Ocean Dipole Mode Event (DME). LAC NDVI periode 1996-2002 digunakan untuk menganalisa koefisien keragaman dan analisis korelasi kanonik. Keragaman NDVI yang tinggi ditemukan di pantai timur, bagian selatan dan bagian utara Sumatera, sedangkan di bagian barat dan tengah keragamannya rendah. Secara keseluruhan, keragaman NDVI selama monsun barat lebih tinggi daripada periode monsun timur. ENSO dan DME mempangaruhi indeks vegetasi di Sumatera pada lag 0,4,dan 5 bulan (nyata pada taraf 5%). Kontribusi terbesar diberikan oleh variable kanonik lag 1 (R2=70.1%), sisa 29,9 % disebabkan oleh keragaman factor-faktor lainnya. Kerana korelasi dan signifikansi dari parameter iklim secara statistik tinggi, maka dapat digunakan sebagai prediktor NDVI di Sumatera. Diantara 6 time lag , parameter dengan lag 6 bulan mempunyai keragaman yang tertinggi. Namun, uji beda nyata menunjukkan bahwz korelasi kanonik pada lag 0,4,dan 5 yang mempunyai beda nyta tertinggi (pada taraf 95%). Struktur korelasi kanonik untuk parameter iklim pada lag 0 dan 1 didominasi oleh SOI dan anomaly SST. Sedangkan korelasi pada lag 2,5, dan 6 didominasi oleh SOI, anomaly SST, dan DMI. Berdasarkan hasil analisis tersebut, kami menyimpulkan bahwa analisis korelasi kanonik merupakan metode yang optimum untuk memprediksi NDVI di Sumatera pada lag 5 bulan menggunakan SOI, SSTA, dan DMI sebagai prediktor. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa parameter iklim dapat digunakan untuk memprediksi NDVI 5 bulan ke depan dengan baik di Sumatera.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN TINGKAT SERANGAN HAMA BELALANG KEMBARA (LOCUSTA MIGRATORIA MANILENSIS MEYEN) DENGAN CURAH HUJAN(ANALYSIS ON INFESTATION OF LOCUSTA MIGRATORIA MANILENSIS MEYEN BASED ON RAINFALL DATA) Koesmaryono, Yonny; F.T., Hana; ., Yusmin
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Rainfall has an important role in the incidence of insect pests infestation, such as of locust grasshopper (Locusta migratoria manilensis Meyen). There are some provinces experience of locust grasshopper infestation, i.e. South Sumatera, Lampung, West and East Nusa Tenggara, North and South Sulawesi, West and Central Kalimantan. Generally, cropping season period of April–September and October-March shows a difference influence on the infestation of locust grasshopper. Most of districts in the provinces indicated that locust infestation increases in October–March cropping season, except in South Sulawesi it increases in April–September period. The analysis of correlation between rainfall and locust infestation applied in various timelags. The timelag was determined correspond with the life stage of locust, i.e. egg–hatching–nymphal–early imago–mating–active imago stage. The life stage of locust most influenced by rainfall and correspond with feed availability were active imago stage (in 9 districts) and egg stage (in 6 districts). The increase of rainfall during egg stage tend to suppress the infestation of locust, while during active imago stage the influence of rainfall tend to increase the infestation. The influence of rainfall closely correlated to locust infestation occurs in OKU, Central and South Lampung, West and East Sumba and West Ketawang.
WATER DEFICIT EFFECT ON GROWTH OF YOUNG FAST GROWING TEAK (Tectona Grandis L.F.) (PENGARUH DEFISIT AIR TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN JATI EMAS MUDA) Eliyani, E.; Handoko, I; Koesmaryono, Yonny
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2005): June 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Teak (Tectona grandis L.f.) has been grown in Indonesia since the beginning of 14th century. Teak forests in Indonesia are found mainly on the island of Java, which cover an area of about 1 million ha (Indonesia Forest State Enterprise, 1992). Outside Java, the natural area of teak is Muna Island, Southeast Sulawesi (Simon, 1997). In some recent years, teak has been planted in some other islands of Indonesia from Sumatra to Papua mainly by private sectors and farmers. Some of these plantations are in areas that would have been considered marginal for teak growing two decades ago.This phenomenon was encouraged by relatively new perception of teak planting as a commercially profitable venture, as well as by policy and legal changes. The rotation cycle of new high-intensity teak plantations is generally between 20 and 25 years which is three to four times shorter than for older low-intensity plantations (Nair & Souvannavong, 2000). Nowadays, the government does not control its harvesting and utilization for teak grown on private land.However, information on growth response of this kind of teak to climate is very limited. The fast growth of this kind of teak needs a specific environment that could be different for the slow growing one. Its resistance to water deficit may not be as high as the slow growing one as its needs much water to cover its fast growth particularly in the early period of growth. This experiment was intended to analyze the effects of water deficit to the growth of young fast growing teak.
EFISIENSI KONVERSI ENERGI SURYA PADA TANAMAN KENTANG (Solanum tuberosum L.) (RADIATION USE EFFICIENCY IN POTATO (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Suryanto, Agus; Guritno, Bambang; Sugito, Yogi; Koesmaryono, Yonny
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 1 (2005): June 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Efisiensi penggunaan radiasi surya adalah nilai konversi radiasi surya menjadi energi kimia melalui proses fotosintesis. Nilai ini menunjukkan persentase berapa banyak energi radiasi yang diserap tanaman mampu diubah menjadi energi dalam bentuk kimia (Lawlor, 1993). Produksi berat kering berbagai tanaman rata-rata sekitar 1,4 g berat kering per MJ radiasi surya yang diserap tanaman atau dengan kata lain mempunyai nilai Efisiensi Konversi Energi (EKE 2,5) %. Pada tanaman kentang, dengan intensitas 2 GJ m-2 selama masa pertumbuhan 120 hari umumnya diperoleh nilai EKE 1,3 % (Jones, 1992)Sampai dengan tahun 2000 perkembangan luas panen tanaman kentang di Indonesia mencapai 73.068 ha, dengan total produksi 977.349 ton, atau produksi rata-rata per hektar berkisar 13,4 ton (BPS, 2000). Di Jawa Timur, Basuki et al. (1993) melaporkan, produktifitas 10 varietas kentang pada nilai ILD 1,26 – 3,93, berkisar 11 - 27 ton per hektar. Produksi ini apabila ditinjau dari sisi penangkapan energi surya, efisiensinya sangat rendah, karena menurut Haeder dan Beringer (1983), pada kisaran ILD tersebut semestinya dapat dihasilkan umbi kentang sekitar 20 – 50 ton per hektar. Kecenderungan hasil yang rendah ini disebabkan praktek budidaya tanaman yang kurang benar sehingga memberikan nilai konversi energi surya yang sangat tidak efisien, misalnya penggunaan jarak tanam yang terlalu lebar, penanaman tanaman pada saat musim hujan dimana banyak awan yang menghalangi radiasi surya, penanaman tanaman pada dataran tinggi yang cenderung berkabut, saat tanam tanpa memperhatikan fase pertumbuhan yang peka terhadap intensitas radiasi surya, dan lainnya. Untuk meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaan radiasi surya, berbagai cara dapat dilakukan. Sugito (1999) menyarankan beberapa cara perbaikan budidaya tanaman, diantaranya dengan mengurangi energi surya yang lolos pada pertanaman dan mengoptimalkan penggunaan energi surya yang jatuh pada kanopi tanaman, diantaranya dengan meningkatkan populasi tanaman. Haeder dan Beringer (1983) menambahkan peningkatan EKE dapat juga dilakukan dengan memilih kultivar yang berumur panjang dan pemilihan lokasi bersuhu 10 – 20 C dengan intensitas cahaya tinggi. Percobaan ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis peningkatkan efisiensi energi surya melalui pengaturan saat tanam, populasi tanaman serta penggunaan varietas yang potensial.
INDEKS KECUKUPAN AIR UNTUK PENETAPAN WAKTU BERA KEDELAI DI JAWA TENGAH(WATER SUFFICIENCY INDICES TO DETERMINE FALLOW PERIODS OF SOYBEAN IN CENTRAL JAVA) M.N., Setiapermas; Koesmaryono, Yonny; ., Yusmin; G., Irianto
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Climate anomaly has impact on yield and productivity of soybean. An alternative to minimize its impact, it is important to determine period of fallow for soybean in dry land. Period of fallow was determined by using agroclimate analysis such as water satisfaction index (WSI). WSI required daily climate data, soil and agronomy parameter to calculte ETR/ETM fluctuation . Agroecology and soybean yield data were collected from October 2003 to February 2004 in Pondok Village, Ngadirejo Sub-District, Wonogiri District and in Pojok Village, Nogosari Sub-District, Boyolali District . Fallow period was analyzed using CWB-ETo, a daily water balance software developed by IAHRI based on FAO method. WSI was calculated for El-Nino and La-Nina years to determine planting period. The result showed that fallow period were different between locations due to soil and climate variability. The longest fallow period is Blora District from Januri III to October II. While the shortest fallow period are Semarang and Magelang.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI PAPRIKA PADA BERBAGAI INTENSITAS RADIASI SURYA DI DATARAN RENDAH, BATAM(GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF SWEET PEPPER CULTIVATED UNDER DIFFERENT SOLAR RADIATION INTENSITY AT LOWLAND REGION OF BATAM) Noor, Z.; Simatupang, B.F.; Koesmaryono, Yonny
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

An experiment has been conducted in Batam Island to study the response of sweet pepper which cultivated at lowland of 20 m asl, during November 2001 to May 2002. Five varieties have been used namely, Bangkok, Gold Flame, New Zealand, Spartacus and Tropica. Plants cultivated using hydroponic system under plastic house with ultra violet protection. The radiation of 100% (control) and it reduce of 25% and 50% used as treatment in order to determine the microclimate favourable for growing pepper in lowland. The results shown that reducing radiation intensity has influenced significantly on vegetatif growth, except leaf area index. The plants were grown under 100% and 25% radiation intensity performed taller with more branches compare to the plants under 50%. Variety of Spartacus has grew tallest than others. Stem diameter of control plants performed bigger than other plants, while reducing radiation intensity has no effect significantly to leaf area index. Experiment also revealed that reducing radiation intensity has significant effect on number and weight of peppers per plant, and thickness of flesh, compare to control. In general, Gold flame has produced best quality than others varieties although it has less number of fruits compare to Tropica.
PENGARUH IKLIM MIKRO MEDIA TANAM DAN AERASI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN SETEK CABANG BUAH LADA(WATER SUFFICIENCY INDICES TO DETERMINE FALLOW PERIODS OF SOYBEAN IN CENTRAL JAVA) Dhalimi, A.
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Climate anomaly has impact on yield and productivity of soybean. An alternative to minimize its impact, it is important to determine period of fallow for soybean in dry land. Period of fallow was determined by using agroclimate analysis such as water satisfaction index (WSI). WSI required daily climate data, soil and agronomy parameter to calculte ETR/ETM fluctuation . Agroecology and soybean yield data were collected from October 2003 to February 2004 in Pondok Village, Ngadirejo Sub-District, Wonogiri District and in Pojok Village, Nogosari Sub-District, Boyolali District . Fallow period was analyzed using CWB-ETo, a daily water balance software developed by IAHRI based on FAO method. WSI was calculated for El-Nino and La-Nina years to determine planting period. The result showed that fallow period were different between locations due to soil and climate variability. The longest fallow period is Blora District from Januri III to October II. While the shortest fallow period are Semarang and Magelang.
PREDIKSI CURAH HUJAN BULANAN BERDASARKAN SUHU PERMUKAAN LAUT NINO 3.4 : SUATU PENDEKATAN DENGAN METODE FILTER KALMAN(MONTHLY RAINFALL PREDICTION BASED ON SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE NINO 3.4 : THE APPROACH WITH KALMAN FILTERING) Estinigtyas, Woro; Suciantini, S.; Irianto, G.
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 19, No 2 (2005): December 2005
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Many approaches have been applied to forecast climate using statistical and deterministic models using independent and dependent variables empirically. It is more practical to analyze the parameters, but it needs validation anytime and anywhere. Kalman filtering unites physical and statistical model approaches to stochastic model renewable anytime for objective of on line forecasting. Based on research, sea surface temperature Nino 3.4 have high correlation with rainfall in Indonesia, so it is used to forecast rainfall in Cirebon as area study. Rainfall clustering in Cirebon results 6 groups with rainfall average 1400-1500 mm/year for dry area and 3000-3200 mm/year for wet area. Validation have correlation coefficient validation value more than 94%, correlation coefficient model value more than 78% and fit model value more than 38%. The result of regression gives R2 value of more than 0,8. It implies that predicting model using Kalman Filter is feasible to forecast montly rainfall based on sea surface temperature Nino 3.4. The result of rainfall prediction in Cirebon show increasing in rainfall until February 2005, with correlation coeficient value of model more than 90% and fit model more than 40%.
SKENARIO MASA TANAM KAPAS UNTUK MENEKAN RISIKO KEKERINGAN : STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN JENEPONTO PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN(COTTON PLANTING PERIOD SCENARIO FOR MINIMIZING DROUGHT RISK : CASE STUDY JENEPONTO DISTRICT, SOUTH SULAWESI PROVINCE … Redjekiningrum, P.; Apriyana, Y.; Haryanti, K.S.
Jurnal Agromet Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2007): June 2007
Publisher : PERHIMPI (Indonesian Association of Agricultural Meteorology)

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Abstract

Water stress is a very important limiting factor for cotton cultivation in Jeneponto District, South Sulawesi Provine. Therefore, it is necessary to optimize water resources. One alternative is to obtain potency of water resources using soil-climate-crop simulation model to calculate ETR/ETM ratio (water satisfaction index). ETR/ETM ratio describing efficiency of water used by the plant. Based on the ratio, scenario of proper planting period can be predicted to minimize drought risk. Based on this idea, an experiment was conducted to mapping of planting periods and water used to enhance the expansion of cotton plantation. The results of research show that potential planting period for Bangkala and West Bangkala districts start from the 3rd dekad of September until the 1st dekad of January, while the best period is on the 1st dekad of November. Potential of planting period for Bontoramba and Turatea districts starts from the 3rd dekad of September until the 1st dekad of May, while the best period is on the 3rd dekad of November. In addition, the appropriate planting period for Batang, Kelara, and Rumbia districts start from the 3rd dekad of September until the 3rd dekad of April, while the best period is on the 1st dekad of December. Requirement for supplementary irrigation for 140 days after planting is about 180-304 mm. However, common necessity of cotton supplementary irrigation for 1-35 day is about 25 – 51 mm, while that is during flowering and fruiting (35 -60 day after planting), ripening (60-105 day after planting), and ripening (105-140 day after planting), are about 40-62, 115-135, 0-68 mm, respectively. It is concluded, deficit and surplus of water for less than 60 dap is not significantly influence plant production, but that is for 60 – 105 day after planting significantly reduces yield of the plant.

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