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INDONESIA
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
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Core Subject : Health,
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Articles 447 Documents
FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI RENDAHNYA PENGAMBILAN RESEP OBAT PASIEN RAWAT JALAN DI IFRS STELLA MARIS Limi, Ervina Said; J.P, Widodo; Maidin, Alimin
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
Publisher : FKM UNHAS

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The study aims to investigate the factors which influence the medicine dispensing of outpatient’s prescription in the pharmaceutical installation of Stella Maris Hospital in Makas-sar. The study is an analytical survey involving a cross-sectional design with a significance value of p < 0.05. The study indicates that there is a strong correlation between the services provided by officer in charge and the frequency of the prescribed medicine dispensing. A mode-rate correlation exists between the medicine supply as well as its availability, and the pres-cribed medicine dispensing. Insignificant relationship is indicated between the medicine price and the prescribed medicine dispensing. There is a strong correlation between promotion and the prescribed medicine dispensing. The type of patient has a weak correlation with the fre-quency of prescribed medicine dispensing. Lastly, there is a moderate correlation between the competitor and prescription dispensing.
ANALISIS KADAR TIMBAL UDARA, TIMBAL DARAH DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PEDAGANG PASAR DI AMBON Dewi, Ratna Sari; DjajakuslDjajakusli, Rafael; Abdullah, M. Tahir
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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The Currently enviromental problem commonly placing threat to the large cities in Indonesi Including Ambon is air polution from motor vehicles emission. Traditional street vendors operated in road sides are among those with high risk to be exposed to lead exhausted gases from motor vehicles and blood lead level is affected by several factors including increased atmospheric lead level, age, selling period, working hours, and smoking habit. This study was aimed to analyze the atmmospheric lead level, blood lead level and the impact on Hb lvel among street vendors in Ambon. This study was a cross sectional study wih total 46 samples comprised of traditional street vendors in Ambon. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square test, unpaired t-test and logistic regression analysis. Study resuts indicated differences in average atmospheric lead level at high vehicles density area (2. 05µg/m3) passing through Baku Mutu and at low  vehicles density area the average athmospheric lead level remained below those of Baku Mutu (0.10µg/m3). Atmospheric lead level, selling period, working hours, and smoking habit implicated in blood lead level, the most significant factors affecting the blood lead level was working hour (>8 hour) based on ligostic regression analyisis with p = 0.033 (p < 0,05). Differences were also observd in average blood lead level among vendors in high vehicles density area (37.25 µg/100 ml) and among vendors in low vehicles density area (33.43µg/100 ml). Differences in average blood Hb level of vendors were also observed among those vendors operated in high vehicles density area (11.32g/100 ml) and among those operated in low vehicles density area (13.71 g/100 ml).
PERBANDINGAN DIAGNOSIS MALARIA KLINIS DAN PEMERIKSAAN MIKROSKOPIS DI PUSKESMAS BUNTA KABUPATEN BANGGAI Paerunan, Heri; Arsin, Arsunan; Ishak, Hasanuddin
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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Malaria is one of health problems in the world. In Indonesia morbidity of malaria is  still high, mainly in Java and Bali island outside. In special at Bunta Public Health Center Banggai Regency in 2008, The AMI still high was 109,9‰. The objective of research was to compare clinical malaria diagnosis result to microscophic examination and to find out the correlations between clinical sign and symptoms to microscophic examination. The methods used in re-search were observasional study with cross sectional study by interviewing and taking blood stoke of malaria suspected was 150 respondents. Sampling was performed in Public Health Cen-ter and people residents. The data was analyzed by SPSS program according to univariate, biva-riate (Chi square), and multivariate (logistic regression). The result of research showed that positive clinical malaria based on microscopic examination was 52%. The sign and symptomps of malaria correlations with microscophic examination were shiver (p=0,000), headache (p = 0,007), muscle/bones painful (p=0,001), dizzy (p = 0,000), fever >37,5°C (p=0,003), anemia (p = 0,000), and splenomegaly (p = 0,000). Based on the multivariate test indicated that the dominant sign and symptoms related to microscophic examination are shiver symptom (p=0,002 ; Wald=9,662 ; CI 95% = 1,593-7,797) and anemia (p = 0,000 ; Wald=15,731 ; CI 95% = 2,265-11,191). Malaria clinical diagnosis is the alternative diagnosis of malaria in endemic areas that have microscophic examination restictiveness. Shiver symptoms and anemia clinical sign are the best predictor to be used in early diagnosis, screening, and surveilance of malaria.
ANALISIS COST RECOVERY RATE PADA BAGIAN RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH MAJENE PROVINSI SULAWESI BARAT TAHUN 2007 Patandianan, Sriharni; Maidin, Alimin; Kadir, Abd.
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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The background of the research indicates that the tariff at the government hospital is determined without calculating the unit cost. Therefore, sometimes the tariff is lower than the unit cost. The aims of the research were 1) to identify the amount of Cost Recovery Rate to the Total Cost; 2) to identify the amount of Cost Recovery Rate using PERDA Tariff and the volume of production (the number of care in the hospital); 3) to compare the PERDA Tariff with the tariff using the unit cost at the inpatient service at the public hospital of Majene 2007. The research was case study with observational technique. The sample was taken from all the financial transaction in 2007 and the entire patients who there in the patient service in 2007. That result of the research showed that if the cost was compared between Revenue toward Cost Recovery Rate (CRR), the tariff PERDA was lower than the Cost Recovery Rate (CRR) calculation; if compared between Cost Recovery rate (CRR) and the PERDA tariff using unit cost 1 calculation, the tariff PERDA was still lower than the unit cost 2 and unit cost 3. In suggest to the regional government to rise of the tariff and subsidy to pass by APBD.
FAKTOR RISKO KEJADIAN PENURUNAN AMBANG DENGAR PADA KARYAWAN UNIT PRODUKSI PT SEMEN TONASA PANGKEP Yusriyanto, .; Djajakusli, Rafael; Syafar, M
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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Industry forward at this time to use many machines as a means of production, considering the demand of the communitys daily needs increase. Machinery of the production process of removing the noise can affect the surrounding environment, especially working environment, a voice over will suffer from deafness caused by the value satandar noisy intensity that is 85 dB. This research aims to find out to what extent the influence of risk factors including noise intensity, age, working time, the use of ear protection device and noise type on hearing loss. This research was carried out in production unit of PT. Semen Tonasa, Pangkep among em-ployees consisting of 136 people involving 68 cases (abnormal hearing) and 68 controls (normal hearing). The research was a case control study. The data were analyzed using Odd Ratio (OR) test to determine the risk factor of each researched variable. The result show that the risk factor of hearing loss are abnormal high noise intensity (> 85 dB) which is 52 (60,5%) with OR = 3,250, high risk age group which is 38 (76,0%) with OR = 4,949, prolonged working time which is 50 (59,2%) with OR = 1,077, and employees not using ear protection device which is 42 (59,2%) with OR = 2,172. In contrast, employees having  hearing loss (cases) are 49 (48,5%) with high risk noise type (OR = 0,794). This means that noise type is not a risk factor for hearing loss. Therefore, noise control and inspection or evaluation of employees health are needed.
THE EXPOSURE TO ORGANIC SOLVENTS IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY WITH SPRAY PAINTING Thamrin, Yahya
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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A solvent is defined as a substance with the power to dissolve. Its function is to disperse liquid, solids or gases into solution and to separate the solute molecules. As organic com-pounds, solvents are generally constructs with varying numbers of hydrogen and carbon atoms (hydrocarbons). Organic solvents have been used widely in commerce and industries. One of the most commonly use of organic solvent is in the automotive with spray painting. Automotive industry is one occupation that has been described as work which has high exposure to organic solvents. In this industry, regarding to the potential exposure, the spray painters may accept considerable inhalation and dermal exposure from organic solvents and lead to health problems among the workers. Therefore, it is needed to understand the toxicity of the organic solvents, assess the exposure and simultaneously to control and manage them in order to create health and safety condition in the workplace.
STRES KERJA PADA OPERATOR MESIN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK DI PT. PLN (Persero) SEKTOR TELLO MAKASSAR Halil, Ikbal S; Russeng, Syamsiar S; M. Saleh, Lalu
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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Perhaps in the country ahead of this problem stress dominate other issues related to the stress in the workplace, such as family stress, financial stress or other stress. What if in Indonesian? Based on Household Health Surveys in 11 cities in 1995, found 185 people with mental disturbances due to stress in a population of 1000 residents of Indonesian. Things that apply to the employees of the power machine operator PT. PLN (Persero) Sector Tello who is one of the types of work that have a high level of risk in the occurrence of stress and workplace accidents. The objective of this research is to obtain information on the description of the stress associated with work environment, work load, time and shift workers working on the machine operator of power PT.PLN (Persero). Type of research is survey with research descriptive design. Sampling technique as a whole (Exhaustive Sampling) total sample is 66 employee ma-chine operator power. Date obtained from direct interviews with the use kuisoiner. Processing done in a computerized date processed using the SPSS program. Results from the research showed that respondents who experienced mild levels of stress disrupt the work environment udue  of 52 people (78.8%), which has a heavy work load as many as 23 people (34.8%), a time of more than 8 hours / day that is 30 persons (45.5%) and shift work that is not desired by the respondents that work the night shif of 45 people (68.2%). Concluded that the psychosocial environment, physical and environmental stress cause a result the employees in performing their jobs. Therefore, for the leadership and management of PT PLN (Persero) Tello the sector is expected to take stress management techniques and the right fit.
OBESITAS PADA ANAK DI INDONESIA Hadju, Veni
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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Gizi lebih atau obesitas pada anak balita men-              jadi salah satu masalah gizi yang menjadi perhatian di Indonesia. Tidak sedikit anak sekolah atau remaja yang dilaporkan mengalami penyakit jantung atau perdarahan otak akibat dari kegemukan yang mereka alami sejak bayi atau balita.  Obesitas pada balita saat ini dengan mudah dapat diukur dengan melihat proportional berat badan berdasarkan tinggi badan anak (BB/TB). Indikator ini terlepas dari umur anak sehingga anak yang berdasarkan umurnya terlihat pendek tapi berat badannya lebih dari berat yang sesuai dengan tinggi badannya, akan masuk pada kategori gemuk ini. Hasil penelitian Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) pada tahun 2007 di seluruh pro-pinsi di Indonesia memperlihatkan prevalensi anak yang menderita obesitas adalah 12,2% di mana ter-tinggi di Sumsel (20,9%) dan terendah di Gorontalo (6,8%). Angka ini hampir sama dengan jumlah me-reka yang menderita kurus (berat badan lebih rendah berdasarkan tinggi badan) yaitu sebesar 13,6%.
PENGARUH KONSELING PADA IBU TERHADAP PEMBERIAN ASI EKSKLUSIF DAN PERTUMBUHAN BAYI Haslinda, .
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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It has been estimated that exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life could reduce infant mortality rate by a remarkable 13%. Exclusive breastfeeding has been defined as feeding an infant with breast milk only without giving any other foods, not even water. The definition allows for prescribed medicines, immunizations, vitamins and minerals supplements. The risks of not breastfeeding have been highlighted. These include high infant mortality as a result of reduced protection against certain preventable deaths from infectious and possibly also chronic diseases, gastrointestinal infection and delayed recovery from illness. There are many cultural and practical obstacles to the practice of exclusive breastfeeding. Some traditional beliefs, practices and rites encourage use of prelacteal feeds, as well as giving extra water, herbs and "teas" to breastfeeding babies. Lactation counseling was reported to lead to increased exclusive breastfeeding rates using the "previous month" exclusive breastfeeding.
PEMANFAATAN MINYAK SAWIT MERAH DALAM PEMBUATAN BISKUIT KAYA BETA KAROTEN Najamuddin, Ulfah; Sirajuddin, Saifuddin; Bahar, Burhanuddin
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Vol. 5 Nomor 3, 2009
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The one way to prevent Vitamin A deficiency is  by increasing consumption of food with high content of carotenoids, which can improve retinol serum in plasma. Palm oil products are the good source of carotenoids as provitamin A in nature. This material was mixed and substituted with margarine by composition which have been determined to be processed to become biscuit. This research was aimed to produce biscuits with substituted by red palm oil as a cheap supplement and rich of beta carotene. This research was an experimental study using laboratory analysis carried out in two steps. In the first step. We produced red palm oil from crude palm oil and biscuits making by various concentration of red palm oil. The second step was the determination of biscuit formula which society liked it best and the analysis of macro nutrient (protein, fat, and carbohydrate), and carotene content of selected biscuits. The observation unit was red palm oil yielded from crude palm oil which taken from PTPN XIV Luwu. The results show that (1)There was a higher concentration of beta carotene in red palm oil than crude palm oil; (2) the content of biscuit nutrient with subtitution of red palm oil especially macro nutrient is no significant different among the biscuit formula, where protein content (p = 0,078), fat (p = 0,131), and carbohydrat (p = 0,111),  3) biscuit formula which is liked best by society was biscuit formula in which the comparison between red palm oil and each margarine was 25% and 75%, 4) The beta carotene content of selected biscuit formula was 406,66 ppm.

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