Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 08538395     EISSN : 25985922
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian (JSEP) adalah jurnal yang diterbitkan oleh Departemen Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian melalui Publication Management Center Universitas Hasanuddin. Jurnal ini terbit tiga kali setahun pada bulan Fubruari, Juni dan Oktober dengan tujuan untuk mempublikasi artikel hasil penelitian atau artikel review dalam bidang sosial ekonomi pertanian. Bidang sosial ekonomi pertanian yang akan dipublikasi meliputi bidang agribisnis, sosiologi pertanian/pedesaam, ekonomi pertanian, penyuluhan pertanian, Pangan dan gizi, perencanaan pembangunan pertanian, kelembagaan pertanian dan kebijakan pembangunan pertanian.
Articles 41 Documents
PERAN PETANI KUNCI (COCOA DOCTOR) DALAM ADOPSI PAKET PENINGKATAN PRODUKSI PETANI KAKAO SERTIFIKASI

Sumiati, Sumiati, Arsyad, Muhammad, Diansari, Pipi

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN

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Abstract

AbstractThis study aims to determine: 1) the role of cocoa doctor in adoption production package; 2) cocoa farmers response to the presence of cocoa doctor;  3) the level of adoption of production increasing package (called 3PP) of cocoa farmers. This research was conducted in Maliwowo Village, Eastern Luwu, South Sulawesi. Samples were 36 people, by simple random sampling method. The analysis employed scoring analysis.  The results shows that: 1) the role of cocoa doctor  in adoption 3PP in terms of information delivery, absorption ability of information, group planning, cooperation and group institutionalized is the middle category of 53.78%; 2) farmers have agreed response to the presence of cocoa doctor; and 3) farmers adoption levels to 3PP are in the medium category (75%). This implies that the role of cocoa doctor could be expected to improve adoption of 3PP.  Keywords: cocoa doctor; cocoa farmers;  adoption.

PERANAN MAKANAN TRADISIONAL BERBAHAN SAGU SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF DALAM PEMENUHAN GIZI MASYARAKAT

Ernawati, Endah, Lakare, Heliawaty, Diansari, Pipi

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

AbstractThe research was conducted in the Village of Laba, District of Masamba, Regency of North Luwu, South Sulawesi in order to determine: 1) The role of sago at the household level to the food diversification; and 2) The level of nutritional adequacy of household. The population of household as much as 533 heads of households and  sample as much as 30 households. Determination of the samples was done by simple random sampling method. Sago role analysis in terms of the social aspect is described qualitativey, and to determine the level of nutritional adequacy used food consumption analysis by using Software Nutri Survey.The result showed that 1. The role of sago in terms of the social aspect, although it is still regarded as a traditional food but always served with a variety of various processed sago (kapurung, dange, bagea, sagu lempeng, ongol-ongol, jepa, sinoli, cendol) at both the household and when there are small and big party (celebration, circumcision, aqiqah, weddings). 2. The level of nutritional adequacy of respondents looks at the category level is less. This is because each of the households are different in consumption patterns. Each member of the family in a household there who do not eat processed (sago) with a combination of side dishes the amount that should be.Keywords: the role of sago; diversification  of  food; supporting nutrition.

ANALISIS USAHATANI AREN (Arenga pinnata Merr) DI KOTA TOMOHON, SULAWESI UTARA

Manambangtua, Alfred P, Hutapea, Ronald T.P., Wungkana, Jerry

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

AbstractAren (Arenga pinnata Merr) is a type of palm that has a fairly high economic value, is spreading widely in Indonesia. All parts of the sugar plant ranging from leaves to roots can be utilized. The main result is the sap of the sugar plant, sugar palm juice contains between 10-15%. Because the sugar content of the sugar palm can be processed into alcohol, palm sugar, palm syrup, palm vinegar and ethanol. Based on the analysis results obtained, sugar palm farmers monthly fee of Rp. 2,196,815, - and Rp 26 361 780, - per year. Average monthly revenues of Rp 4.1236 million, - and Rp 49.483.200, - per year. Palm farmers income of Rp 1,926,785, - and Rp 23.121.420, - per year. Analysis of R / C Ratio > 1 is 1.88, which means businesses aren farmer in Tomohon is getting  Keywords : revenue; income; cost; aren farmers

STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN BISNIS KERIPIK BAYAM

Rukka, Rusli M, Busthanul, Nurbaya, Fatonny, Nur

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

AbstractThe aim of this research is to understand the description of Business model canvas and to create a design of business transformation. The reseach held at CV. OAG Makassar, It is one of a company that produced spinach chips. In order to complete a valid data, researcher were conducted a participatory action reseach method, where the researcher also involved for more than two months in the company.  The general description of the company was explained in descriptive by describing the company resources position and their performance. Business model and its business transformation model were analized using business model canvas approach and customer emphaty map. The development strategy result of CV AOG business transformation is to improving the preserves of customer segment and so as their resource key. The improvement on value propositions like customer customization services, websites and social media in its value on channels and customer relationship produce a revenue streams from new product selling which made from spinach and other veggies. Improvement also needed in social activities on key activities, increasing partners such as event organizer and delivery services as key partners, also cost added for customization and social activity on cost structure.  Keywords : development strategy; bussiness model canvas;  spinach chips.

PERSEPSI PETANI KAKAO TERHADAP TEKNIK SAMBUNG SAMPING DI DESA BATU LAPPA, SULAWESI SELATAN

Cora, Galib Suwito, Rukmana, Didi, Amrullah, A

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

AbstractThe research was aimed to: (1) describe factors that affected farmers’ perception toward side-grafting technique; (2) to analyze the level of cacao farmers’ perception toward side-grafting  technique which include technique and results of side-grafting, (3) to analyze the relationship among factors of perception formulation with technique and results of side-grafting. The research was used quatitative methods . The data was collected by quetionnaire. The research showed that; (1) factors that formed perception include age, formal education, non-formal education, farming experience, accessibility on information, and social environment, (2) the level of farmer’s  perception toward side-grafting technique was very good with score 4,48 and toward results of side-grafting also was very good with score 4,23; (3) it was showed that there were relationship among non-formal education, accessibility on information with farmer’s percepcion toward side-grafting technique. Also, there were relationsip  among non-formal education toward results of side-grafting. Keywords: perception; cacoa farmer; side-grafting; step of side-grafting; results of side-grafting

THE EFFECTS OF SOCIAL FACTORS ON THE ADOPTION OF RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN ZONE C OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Ejembi, S A, F, Orkpe, G.O, Bello

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

AbstrakPenduduk  Nigeria seperti pada bagian lain dunia terus melambung sehingga memerlukan peningkatan produktivitas pertanian dan ketahanan pangan. Untuk memenuhi  kebutuhan pangan, perlu dilakukan peningkatan produksi melalui teknologi yang tepat. Di sebagian besar wilayah Nigeria, adopsi teknologi pertanian masih rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa pengaruh karakteristik sosial petani terhadap keputusannya mengadopsi teknologi produksi padi. Penelitian dilakukan di Zona C dari Negara Bagian Benue yang dipilih secara purposif karena di daerah ini tersedia  areal pertanian  yang sesuai untuk pertanaman padi. Seratus responden dipilih melalui teknik simple random sampling. Statistik deskriptif (persentase dan frekuensi) dan statistik inferensial (Model Regresi Biner Logit) digunakan untuk analisis data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas reponden (55%) adalah laki-laki, 48% memiliki pengalaman bertani antara 6-20 tahun, 49% memiliki kualifikasi pendidikan tersier, 62% bukan berasal dari kelompok tani, 51% tidak memiliki kontak  dengan penyuluh dan 56 % responden memperkirakan pendapatan tahunan mereka rata-rata ₦ 120, 000.00. Pada umumnya responden memperoleh informasi pertanian utama melalui radio, 93% mengungkapkan bahwa teknologi  benih merupakan teknologi utama yang tersedia bagi petani. Hasil regresi logit menunjukkan bahwa pendidikan (W = 9.600), dan luas lahan (W = 2.051) secara signifikan mempengaruhi keputusan adopsi petani. Berdasarkan temuan ini, disimpulkan bahwa tingkat adopsi yang rendah karena tidak adanya teknologi baru selain benih yang lebih baik, dan juga tidak adanya penyuluhan. Oleh karena itu, direkomendasikan agar organisasi petani diperkuat agar mereka dapat mengatur layanan penyuluhan mereka sendiri. Kata Kunci: adopsi teknologi; faktor sosial; teknologi baru; penyuluhan pertanian

RASIONALITAS PETANI DALAM MERESPONS PERUBAHAN KELEMBAGAAN PENGUASAAN LAHAN DAN SISTEM PANEN PADA USAHATANI PADI

S. Ali, M.Saleh, Yunus, Awalauddin, Salman, Darmawan

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

AbstractBasically human are rational beings that always consider the principle of efficiency and effectiveness in performing every action. They will always tend to maximize their rationality. This study aims to analyze the rationality of farmers in responding to institutional changes in rice farming, especially in the procurement of agricultural land and harvest. The paradigm used is postpositives, with a single case study focusing on farmers rational and agricultural institutional changes in response to the institutional change. This research conducted in Bonto Marannu Village, Lau District, Maros Regency, South Sulawesi. The data were analyzed descriptively qualitatively, by comparing between the time of institutional change before and after the use of superior seeds of rice farmers. Informants were from farmers households, and related actors determined by snowballs/a snowball/the snowball sampling technique. The results showed changes in the rationality of farmers associated with changes in agricultural institutions. If the farmers in the process of production, formerly practice mutual assistance through barter transactions, have transformed into transactions in the form of wages, and differentiation in the community of paddy farmers into agricultural labor, professional labor, farm managers, and entrepreneur farmers as owners capital, as a transition of feudalism to capitalism. This study concludes that farmers have responded to institutional and land-harvesting changes in rational instrumental through innovative and technological developments and has deregulated subsistence roots into commercial-based market economies. Keywords: farmers;  rationality;  institutional change; rice farming

RELASI GENDER PADA RUMAH TANGGA PETANI CENGKEH

Ratmayani, Ratmayani, Rahmadanih, Rahmadanih, Salman, Darmawan

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
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Abstract

Abstract This study aims to (1) identify the pattern of gender relations in the structure of work allocation and the allocation of time on clove farming, (2) to analyze the association between gender relations with revenue allocation on men and women in clove farming. This research was conducted in June 2016, with 34 respondents who are located in Seppong Village, District of Tammerodo, Majene. The method used is quantitative descriptive analysis and chi-square test. This study shows that gender relations in work allocation of clove farming are dominated by male at 50% of activity weeding, replanting, fertilizing, harvesting and transporting the ladder manufacture crop yields; the domination of female at 20% of activities, such as sorting and drying; men and women are equal to 30% of activities like watering, harvesting and sales. Gender relations in the farming clove time allocation dominated by male at 60% of activities such as weeding, replanting, watering, harvesting staircase manufacture, harvesting and transporting the crop; the domination of female at 20% of activities, such as sorting and drying; men and women are equal at 20% at sales activities, and fertilization. There was no association between gender relations with the allocation of income.Keywords: gender relations; male; female; clove farming.

RESPON PETANI TERHADAP PELAKSANAAN DISPLAI PADI GOGO VUB PADA LAHAN SUB OPTIMAL DI SULAWESI SELATAN

Sunanto, Sunanto, Rauf, Abd Wahid

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Juni 2018
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Abstract

RESPON PETANI TERHADAP PELAKSANAAN DISPLAI PADI GOGO VUB PADA LAHAN SUB OPTIMAL DI SULAWESI SELATAN Farmers Response on VUB “Gogo” Rice Display on Sub-Optimal Landin South Sulawesi Sunanto * dan Abd. Wahid Rauf Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP) Sulawesi Selatan *Kontak penulis: sunanto_bptpsulsel@yahoo.co.id The Gogo rice is a food crop that contributes to food self-sufficiency. Food demand, especially rice continues to increase along with population growth. Because of the higher food needs and the narrowness of fertile land, due to the land conversion function. So the utilization of sub-optimal lands / landed with appropriate food crops. The potency of thesub-optimal area in South Sulawesi is 274,549 hectares. The purpose of this research is to know how sub-optimal land used and farmer appraisal to gogo rice. This research was conducted in Wajo and Jeneponto Regencies from January to December 2017. The research used survey method and display of gogo rice plant NSV of Agricultural Research Agency in the field. The number of farmers taken as a sample of 80 farmers.The technique of collecting data by interview method and observation of vegetative and generations of display gogo rice plant. The collected data are then tabulated and then analyzed descriptively and test the agreement and business feasibility. The activities of rice farming on sub-optimal land are done by farmers that have the productive age. Theapplication of rice farming technology to suboptimal land has not been intensive yet. Display gogo rice plant VUB resulted from Agricultural Research Agency appropriate to be planted with / out sub-optimal land of dry land and irrigated rice fields limited. Understanding farmers on superior gogo rice are not optimal (77.50%). Farmer's preference to superior gogo farmers. Rice farming of farmers provides income(implicative). Rp 4.575.000/ha, (explicit). Rp 7.245.000/ha and R/C (implicative ) 1.62 and (explicit ) 2.53.Keywords: upland rice; VUB; land; sub optimal.

PERILAKU KONSUMEN PADA PEMBELIAN BERAS DI KOTA MAKASSAR (Cunsomer Behavior on Purchasing Rice in Makassar City)

Yusuf, Yulfirah, Amrullah, A., Tenriawaru, A. Nixia

Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 14, No 2 (2018): Juni 2018
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Abstract

One of the variables that cause differences in consumer behavior of rice is income. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of consumer income, rice attributes selected by consumers, and analyze the relationship between the level of consumer income with rice attributes. This research was conducted in Makassar City which is in traditional market of Pa'baeng-baeng and modern market of Lotte Mart. The object of research is the direct consumers who come shopping in the market Pa'baeng-baeng and Lotte Mart consists of 30 respondents respectively. The method of analysis is done by descriptive and Chi Square. The results show that the quality, packing, and price attributes are related to the income level. While the physical attributes of rice are not related to income levels.