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INDONESIA
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 17 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 1 (2016)" : 17 Documents clear
The Potency of Zero Waste Model through an Integration of Dairy Cattleand Cassava Plants Amir, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to discuss integrated farming system between cassava plants (Manihot utilissima) and dairy cattle. This model is directed to extend the production cycle by optimum utilization of waste. The main product of dairy cattle is milk while feces as a byproduct. The feces is processed to produce biogas and fertilizer for cassava plants. The main product of the cassava is tubers and its byproduct such as bark and leaves can be further processed into animal feed in form of concentrates and silage for dairy cattle. Discussion is based on the principles of integrated farming system. The main principles cover food, feed, fuel, and fertilizer. Data used in this experiment are secondary data and primary data which are related to productivity of cassava plant and dairy cattle using SWOT analysis. The results of study indicated cassava and dairy cattle meet the concept of the integrated farming system.  Milk and cassava are food products having good nutrition. Such cassava byproducts as tapioka, gaplek, onggok meal and and cassava leave silage can be utilized as animal feeding. Biogas technology can produce alternative energy and fertilizer for soil fertility. The analysis showed the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. The strength is that West Java Province has the second highest population of dairy cows after East Java with total population reach 135,345 heads. In addition, it has 85,288 ha of cassava plantation area producing 2,000,224 tons/year. The weakness of the integrated system can be seen on the issue of low productivity of dairy cows and a longer cassava harvest time compared with that of rice and corn. This model has opportunity in terms of additional economic value for the farmer’s income with an environmentally friendly concept. The threats faced are adoption rate, knowledge of human resources, and land to implement the integrated farming system. The strategy that should be implemented is harmonization and coordination among stake holders which should focusing on the farmer development in terms of increasing their welfare.
Identification of Livestock Characteristics for Selling Price Determination of Buffaloes in Sumbang Village, Curio Sub district, Enrekang District Busrayana, Busrayana; Asnawi, A.; Sirajuddin, S. N.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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This study aimed to identify the characteristics and selling price of livestock as well as characteristics of buffaloes which determine the selling price in Sumbang Village, Curio Sub district, Enrekang District. The type of study was descriptive using the snowball method in determining the number of samples.Descriptive analysis was used to identify the characteristics of buffaloes in relation to their selling price. The results of study indicated  that the characteristics of buffaloes were determined according to the horns, feathers whirl position, skin color, feather color and physical conditions. These characteristics would dictate the selling price of the buffaloes, whichranged between IDR.12,000,000.- and IDR. 53,000,000.-.
Profiles of Beef Cattle Breeding Based on Local Resources in Sumenep Regency (A case study at KTT Sumber Hasil Talang Village, Serongi District, Sumenep Regency, East Java) Efendy, J.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Madura cattle breeding has long had a strategic role in supporting local economy. This study aimed to identify the profiles of beef cattle breeding based on local resources. Location of the studywas in Sumber Hasil farmer group, Talang Village, Seronggi Sub district, District of Sumenep Madura, East Java. The data collected were primary and secondary data and analyzed descriptively. Beef cattle breeding has been practiced using Madura cattle sincethe 1980’s. Rearing system was intensive, in which the livestock were kept in the pen all the time with cut and carry feeding system. The feed offered consisted of elephant grass, field grass, seam grass, bamboo leaves, complete feed, and others. In addition, 3 kg of rice bran per head was provided on daily basis. Most of the cattle was kept in the pen/cages that belonged to the farmer, and the rest was kept in the communal cage belonged to the farmer group. Breeding system was mostly (97%) with natural mating and the rest with artificial insemination (AI). Service per conseption for the former was mostly one times (92.39%).Calving interval and anestrus post partus of  madura cows during the time between 2012 and 2014 was 13.49±3.10 months and 55.38±18.39 days, respectively.
Analysis of Customer Satisfaction Level towards Product Quality of Chicken Slaughter House of PT. Ciomas Adisatwa Maros, South Sulawesi Khurniyah, H.; Amrawaty, A. A.; Aminawar, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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The purpose of research was to study the level of customer satisfaction towards product quality of the slaughter house of PT. Ciomas Adisatwa. The study was conducted on the customers of the company who have been transacting over one year. This research was a descriptive quntitative research with explanatory research design. The number of samples was  84 customers of the Ciomas Adisatwa slaughter house, consisting of five fast food restaurantcustomers, four supermarkert customers, eight trading customers, 10 wet markert customers and 57 Horeka customers. Data were analyzed using Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) and Customer Sataisfaction Index (CSI). The results showed that in order to satisfy its customers, PT Ciomas Adistwa slaughter house need to pay attention on the attributes in the first quadrant, namely the hygiene of products, response on the product complaint, easiness in obtaining the product, and facilities provided by the company. In general, the customers were quite satisfied with the performance and product quality of PT Ciomas Adisatwa slaughter house. This was based on the CSI score of 62.4% out of the scale of  51-65%.
Quick Assessment on the Integrated Livestock Farming System in the Agro-ecological Zone of Manokoari West Papua Iyai, D. A.; Yaku, A.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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A modern livestock development needs clarity and state construction, boundary, types and its dynamic production. An explorative study with survey method through Participative Rural Appraisal for one month has been used to gain recordings on resources owned by the farmers in the agroecological zone of Manokwari, including North Manokowari, South  Manokwari, Warmare, Prafi, Masni, Oransbari, Ransiki, Anggi dan Minyambouw. Agroecological characteristics were tabulated using Microsoft Office Visio. Using simple matrix, grouping was carried out according to the criteria, i.e. livestock commodity, crops commodity, fishery commodity, and biophysical components. The findings of this study were that integrated livestock farming systems in the agroecological coastal area was cattle palm farming system (cocobeef) and crops livestock farming system. In addition, backyard poultry farming system was also identified. The farming systems developed in the low-land area were cattle palm farming system, pig palm farming system, goat farming system, poultry farming system and crops livestock farming system. In highland agroecological zone, crop pig farming system, poultry farming system dan backyard cattle farming system have been developed.
Factors Affecting Low Buffalo Ownership in Sumbang Village, Curio Sub District, Enrekang District Kartika, Kartika; Sirajuddin, S. N.; Rasyid, I.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

This research aimed to study factors affecting low number of buffaloes ownership in Sumbang village, Curio Sub district, Enrekang District. This is an explorative research aiming to collect more information related to the problems and social phenomena that happened in the community. Descriptive analysis used was explorative analysis which was based on the factors contributed to lower number of buffaloes ownership in Sumbang village, Curio Sub district, Enrekang District using Delphi method. Data collection process was conducted three times using questionnaire that has been prepared beforehand. The result of study indicated that there were five factors that contributed to the lower number of buffaloes ownership in the area, namely limited feeding with 87 score asthe first rank, limited capital scoring 93 as the second rank, no or limited labor as the third rank with 136 score, less bull as the fourth rank scoring 166, and low calving scoring 176 as the fifth rank.
The Role of Katuk Leaves in the Ration on Egg Production and Quality Laying Hens Saragih, D. T.R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Katuk (Sauropus androgynus (L) Merr) is belonged to the Family of Euphorbiacea. It is a herb plant with 2-3 m height. It is a tropical plant having many benefits for livestock productivity including for poultry production. The experiment was carried out according to completely randomized design. The number of cages used in this study was nine, in which the size of each cage was 1 m x 0.5 m. Three chickens were placed randomly in each cage. Once a week, the measurement for egg weight was conducted for the whole egg, including yolk weight, eggshell weight, yolk color intensity. All measured data were calculated for getting the average value. At the last week of the experiment (on the 55th week), samples were randomly taken from each treatment. The findings of research showed that adding 15% of katuk leaves meal into the laying ration resulted in positive effects on carcass and egg quality, indicated by an increase in egg yolk weight and vitamin A and a decrease in egg yolk cholesterol up to 16.82%. The content of estradiol hormone of the egg increased following the increase level of katuk leaves meal in the ration
Factors Affecting Adoption of Biogas Technology in Dairy Cattle Breeders in Pinang Village, Cendana Sub District, Enrekang District Halim, R. B.; Rasyid, T.; Aminawar, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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So far, many public complaints regarding the negative impact of livestock activities were due to negligence of most livestock farmers in waste management of their business, even in many situation, some of them dispose the waste into the river, causing environmental pollution. Livestock waste such as feces, urine, orts,  water from cleaning the cattle, and the pens produce not just bad smell but also cause an itching when they are taking a bath in the contaminated rivers. These have triggered criticisms from the community. Treating or processing the waste, not only will reduce the impact on the environment, but also will provide benefits because it can be used to produce fuel. One of the available processing technology is biogas technology. Biogas can be used as economical fuel and also can be used to reduce environmental pollution in rural areas. Biogas technology in Desa Pinang District of Cendana Enrekang initially as an effort to use cow feces as alternative energy and reduce environmental pollution. In connection with that, some issues was emerging in relation to the adoption of biogas among the dairy farmers. The purpose of this study was to determine whether extension, experience, education, and motivation may influence the adoption of biogas technology in Pinang Village, Cendana Sub District, Enrekang District. The research was carried from January to February 2016 in Pinang Village, Cendana Sub District, Enrekang District. The type of research was quantitative explanatory. The analytical tool used was multiple regression analysis.The results of study showed that the factors influencing the adoption of biogas technology were extension and motivation, while education and experience had no effects on.
Optimization of antioxidants with different fermentation time in the salvage industry infertile eggs Rajma, Fastawa; Nahariah, N.; Maruddin, Fatma
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

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Abstract

The  eggs  infertile  is  one  alternative  food  to meet  the  nutritional  needs  and  other  benefts  of eggs. The study aims to determine the effect of different fermentation time of the optimization efforts antioxidants  in  infertile  eggs  hatching  the  remaining  results.  The  study  design  used  a  completely randomized design (CRD) with three treatments and fve replications. Study treatment was 0, 2 and 4 days. Materials used are infertile eggs hatching period of 18 days as many as 45 items. The parameters measured were the antioxidant activity, the concentration of antioxidants and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and fat content. The results showed that the antioxidant activity in the rest of the infertile eggs hatching industry results highly signifcant effect increases with the length of fermentation consecutive 0 days amounted to 87.44%, amounting to 96.75% 2 days and 4 days amounted to 99.38%. The concentration of antioxidants in infertile eggs hatching salvage industry very signifcantly decreased with increasing fermentation time consecutive 0 days of 11.56%, 2 days of 10.66%   and 4 days of 11.11%. TBA value (malonaldehid mg/10 mg)  in infertile eggs hatching salvage industry very signifcantly decreased with increasing fermentation time consecutive 0 days  of 0,09, 2 days of 0.08 and 4 days of 0.05. The percentage of fat in infertile eggs hatching salvage industry very signifcantly decreases with increasing length of fermentation consecutive days 0 of 11.56%, 2 days of 10.66%   and 4 days  of 11.11%. Fermentation for 2 days to optimize the rest of antioxidants in the  eggs infertile hatching results.
Analysis of Customer Satisfaction Level towards Product Quality of Chicken Slaughter House of PT. Ciomas Adisatwa Maros, South Sulawesi Khurniyah, H.; Amrawaty, A. A.; Aminawar, M.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 5, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of research was to study the level of customer satisfaction towards product quality of the slaughter house of PT. Ciomas Adisatwa. The study was conducted on the customers of the company who have been transacting over one year. This research was a descriptive quntitative research with explanatory research design. The number of samples was  84 customers of the Ciomas Adisatwa slaughter house, consisting of five fast food restaurantcustomers, four supermarkert customers, eight trading customers, 10 wet markert customers and 57 Horeka customers. Data were analyzed using Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) and Customer Sataisfaction Index (CSI). The results showed that in order to satisfy its customers, PT Ciomas Adistwa slaughter house need to pay attention on the attributes in the first quadrant, namely the hygiene of products, response on the product complaint, easiness in obtaining the product, and facilities provided by the company. In general, the customers were quite satisfied with the performance and product quality of PT Ciomas Adisatwa slaughter house. This was based on the CSI score of 62.4% out of the scale of  51-65%.

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