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JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 17 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 2 (2014)" : 17 Documents clear
Production Capacity of Broiler Chickens Fed Red Guava Fruit Meal as Source of Natural Antioxidant Bikrisima, Sian Ho Litra; Mahfudz, Luthfi D.; Suthama, Nyoman
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The aim of the research was to determine the effectiveness of the inclusion of red guava fruit meal as source of natural antioxidant (vitamin C and likopen) compared to synthetic vitamin C on the production capacity of broiler chicken. One hundred and twenty unsexed broiler chickens were randomly assigned to floor pen according to completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications, 6 chicken for each experimental unit. Dietary treatments were basal ration without red guava meal (T0), basal ration with 1.7% red guava fruit meal (T1), basal ration 3.4% red guava fruit meal (T2), basal ration with 5.1% red guava fruit meal (T3), and basal ration with synthetic vitamin C (T4). The experimental ration was offered to the chicken for four weeks. The results showed the treatments did not affect muscle protein mass, calcium mass and bone production. Carcass weight for treatment T2 was higher than that of T4, but was not different from other treatments. In conclusion, inclusion of red guava fruit meal at the level of 3.4% in the ration can serve as vitamin C source and natural antioxidant and could can improve production capacity of broiler chickens.
The effect of Curing Process in Acetic Acid on the Gelatin Properties of Blingon Goat Skin Said, Muhammad Irfan; Triatmojo, Suharjono; Erwanto, Yuny; Fudholi, Achmad
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Bligon goat is a cross between Kacang with Ettawah goat.  The skin of Bligon goat contains collagen protein compounds that have the potential to be processed into gelatin. Curing process is necessary to improve the properties of gelatin both quantitative and qualitative.  The purpose of this study was to identification of the best process time and level of acetat acid as curing materials of Blingon goat skin.  The skin of male Bligon goat age  ±1.5-2.5 years of old and acetic acid (CH3COOH 0.5 M) were used as material.  The experiment was run according to completely randomized design (CRD) with factorial pattern of 2x3 and three replications for each treatment.  Two processing time (48 and 96 hours) as first factor and three concentrations levels of acetic acid (3, 6 and 9%, v/v) as the second factor.   The data were analyzed by analysis of variance.  Yields, gel strength and viscosity were used as parameters. The results of this study showed that the processing time up to 96 hours and level of concentration up to 9% significantly affected (P<0.01 ) gel strength, but no significantly on the yields and viscosity. The combination of processing time of 96 hours with concentration level of 3% gave the best results compared to others.
The Estimation of Body Weight of Aceh Cattle using some Measurements of Body Dimension Putra, Widya Pintaka Bayu; Sumadi, .; Hartatik, Tety
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This study aims to find the best estimation of body weight (BW) of Aceh cattle by body dimensions i.e. hearth girth (HG), body length (BL) and width height (WH) of Aceh cattle at BPTU-HPT Sapi Aceh Indrapuri. Seventy nine of mature Aceh cattle (three years old), consisted of 40 female cattle and 39 male cattle were used in this study. The results showed that the regression model for the mature male cattle was BW = 2.50 (HG) + 0.19 (BL) + 0.18 (WH) – 197.89 and for the mature female cattle were BW = 1.43 (HG) + 1.51 (BL) + 0.15 (WH) – 195.42. The correlation coefficient (r) between the body dimension and BW was 0.94 and 0.86 respectively for mature male and mature female cattle. The determination coefficient (R2) for the regression model was 0.88 (male) and 0.74 (female), respectively. The mature weight of Aceh cattle could be explain by HG, BL and WH as + 80% (male) and + 70% (female), and the rest was from the unknown factor out of the regression model.
Barrier to Adoption of Integration of Maize-Livestock in Maros, Gowa and Takalar Regency Baba, Syahdar; Sirajuddin, Sitti Nurani; Abdullah, Agustina; Aminawar, Muhammad
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The advantage of integration of corn and cattle has been promoted through demonstration plot and other extension ways. However, the rate of its adoption is still low and not widely accepted. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that thwort of farmers from adopting the corn and cattle integration system. Survey method was used in this research and was conducted at Maros (glatinous corn production centre), Gowa district (Sweet corn production centre) and Takalar district (yellow and sweet corn production centre). Data collection were carried out using delphie method with three stages. First stage was to explore the factors that thwort of farmer from adopting the technology using FGD.  FGDs were conducted with key informants such as farmers who plant corn and cattle and extension agents.  Second and third stages were to reduce the factors into five most important factors.  The result showed that the inhibiting factor in adopting utilization of corn stalk for animal feeding in Maros regency was lack of feed storehouse, in Takalar Regency was the lack of knowledge in preserving corn stalk and in Gowa was the availability of many other feed resources.  The barrier to adoption of the use of manure as organic fertilizer was the lack of knowledge in composting (in Gowa and Takalar) and the cost of manure processing (in Maros).
Performance and Intestinal Condition of Broiler Chicken with Various Body Weight at Hatch when Subjected to Fasting Post-hatch Syamsuriadi, Bahri; Hamsah, .; Banong, Sahari; Pakiding, Wempie; Hakim, M. Rachman
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The research was aimed to determine the performance and intestinal condition of broiler chickens with various body weights (BW) at hatch when subjected to fasting post-hatch. Two hundred and sixteen broiler chickens Cobb aged 12 hours post-hatch and unsexed, were randomly assigned into floor pen, in which each pen filled with six chicks. The research was conducted in a factorial arrangement (3x4) according to completely randomized design with three replications for each treatment combination. The first factor was the BW at hatch i.e. light ((30.1±0.39g), medium ((33.3±0.44g), and heavy (33.3±0.44g). The second factor was the duration of fasting post-hatch (i.e. 24, 36, 48, and 60 h, respectively). Chickens respond on fasting treatment were observed on performance parameters (i.e. feed intake, growth rate, and feed conversion ratio), and intestinal dimension. Heavier chicks at hatch grew better and reached heavier final BW than smaller chicks, and were not influenced by fasting post-hatch. Fasting the chicks more than 48 h post-hatch, reduced the feed intake, retarded the growth, and had smaller intestine during the realimentation period, and these effects were maintained till the end of the experiment. The results of the study revealed that better performance of broiler chickens were achieved when the chicks accessed the feed no longer than 48 h post-hatch.
The Effect of Inclusion of Lime as Acidifier in Step-Down Feeding System on Intestinal Condition of Broiler Chickens Jamilah, .; Suthama, N.; Mahfudz, L. D.
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The aim of the research was to improve the condition of the broilers’ intestine raised with single step down feeding system and the dietary inclusion of lime as acidifier. The research was conducted according to completely randomized design with 8 treatments and 4 replications (each experimental unit consisted of 8 broilers). Treatments were P0 (normal diet), P1 (single step down diet), P2 (single step down diet + citric acid 0.8%), P3 (single step down diet + lime acid 0.4 % (6.9 ml /100g feed)), P4 (single step down diet + lime acid 0.8% (13.8 ml /100g feed)) and P5 (single step down diet + lime acid 1.2% ( 20.7 ml /100g feed)). Weight and length of the villus of all part of the small intestine were not affected by the addition of lime, but villus height of the duodenum was significantly affected by the inclusion of lime in the diet. Single step down feeding system and dietary inclusion of lime could improve duodenal villus characteristic of broiler chickens.
Rice Straw In Vitro Digestibiliy of Combination Treatments Alkali, fermented with Cellulolytic, Lignolytic and Lactic Acid Microbes with Suplementation of Sulfur Harfiah, .; Mide, Muhammad Zain
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The purpose of research was to improve digestibility of rice straw for ruminant feeding. To attain the aim, three steps of experiment have been conducted. The first step was the isolation of lactic acid bacterial (Lactobacillus sp) and cellulolytic bacterial (Acetobacter liqufacens) from the ruminal fluid of cattle and  lignolytic microbes (white rot fungi) from palm oil waste and proliferated at compos media. The second step was to test the inoculum of  lactic acid, cellulolytic, and lignolytic bacteria in breaking down fibre fraction of the rice straw. Those microbes were fermented with alkaline treated rice straw and sulphuric + molasses. The experiment was carried out factorially (3 x 5) according to completely randomised design. Factor A was the fermentation time, i.e. 10, 20, and 30 days. Factor B was the fermentation types, which were B1=alkaline treated rice straw+urea, B2=B1+lactic acid bacterial, B3=B2+cellulolytic bacterial,  B4=B3+white rot fungi, and  B5=B4+sulphuric and molasses. The third period was in vitro evaluation of the fermented rice straw. Parameters measured were in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility. Analysis of variance showed that the length of fermentation and their interaction with types of fermentation had no significant effect on in vitro dry matter and organic matter  digestibility of fermented rice straw but  fermentation types  affected (p<0,05) in vitro dry matter and organic matter digestibility of rice Straw. It is concluded from this experiment that fermentation of alkaline treated rice straw with cellulolytic bacteria, white rot fungi, and lactic acid microbes with the addition of molasses and sulfur can increase in vitro digestibility of rice sraw.
The Rheology Quality of Rabbit Meatballs by Subtitution of Starch with Sago Flour on Prerigor dan Postrigor Phase Farida, .; Abustam, Effendi; Kadir, Syahriadi
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

he meat of rabbit is one of animal protein sources. Prerigor meat has a better quality to be processed for meatballs than postrigor meat. However, the availability of this prerigor meat is difficult to obtain. Therefore, the use of postrigor meat could be used with consequency of adding such binder as starch or other binder. Sago flour is not oftenly used as a binder, the present study was conducted to know whether the quality of rabbit meatballs using sago flour as a binder similar to that of the meatballs using starch as a binder. The design of this study was completely randomized design with factorial pattern of 2 x 5 with 3 replications for each treatment combination. The first factor was the condition of rigor (prerigor and postrigor), while the second factor was the different combination between starch and sago flour i.e. 30% starch, 30% sago, 15% starch +15 % sago, 20% starch +10% sago and 10% starch + 20% sago. The strength of meatballs using compression method, cooking loses, and the microscopic structures of rabbit meatballs were test in the study. The results of this study showed that different rigormortis condition of the meat affected the quality of rabbit meatballs in terms of strength, cooking loses, and microscopic structures. The addition of a combination of starch and sago at a different levels influenced the quality of meatballs in terms of strength, and microscopic structures. The best meatballs quality was obtained by using prerigor meat with addition of 15% starch +15% sago flour as binder.
Barrier to Adoption of Integration of Maize-Livestock in Maros, Gowa and Takalar Regency Baba, Syahdar; Sirajuddin, Sitti Nurani; Abdullah, Agustina; Aminawar, Muhammad
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The advantage of integration of corn and cattle has been promoted through demonstration plot and other extension ways. However, the rate of its adoption is still low and not widely accepted. The purpose of this study was to explore the factors that thwort of farmers from adopting the corn and cattle integration system. Survey method was used in this research and was conducted at Maros (glatinous corn production centre), Gowa district (Sweet corn production centre) and Takalar district (yellow and sweet corn production centre). Data collection were carried out using delphie method with three stages. First stage was to explore the factors that thwort of farmer from adopting the technology using FGD. FGDs were conducted with key informants such as farmers who plant corn and cattle and extension agents. Second and third stages were to reduce the factors into fve most important factors. The result showed that the inhibiting factor in adopting utilization of corn stalk for animal feeding in Maros regency was lack of feed storehouse, in Takalar Regency was the lack of knowledge in preserving corn stalk and in Gowa was the availability of many other feed resources. The barrier to adoption of the use of manure as organic fertilizer was the lack of knowledge in composting (in Gowa and Takalar) and the cost of manure processing (in Maros).
Performance and Intestinal Condition of Broiler Chicken with Various Body Weight at Hatch when Subjected to Fasting Post-hatch Syamsuriadi, B.; Hamsah, .; Banong, S.; Pakiding, W.; Hakim, M. R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The research was aimed to determine the performance and intestinal condition of broiler chickens with various body weights (BW) at hatch when subjected to fasting post-hatch. Two hundred and sixteen broiler chickens Cobb aged 12 hours post-hatch and unsexed, were randomly assigned into floor pen, in which each pen filled with six chicks. The research was conducted in a factorial arrangement (3x4) according to completely randomized design with three replications for each treatment combination. The first factor was the BW at hatch i.e. light ((30.1±0.39g), medium ((33.3±0.44g), and heavy (33.3±0.44g). The second factor was the duration of fasting post-hatch (i.e. 24, 36, 48, and 60 h, respectively). Chickens respond on fasting treatment were observed on performance parameters (i.e. feed intake, growth rate, and feed conversion ratio), and intestinal dimension. Heavier chicks at hatch grew better and reached heavier final BW than smaller chicks, and were not influenced by fasting post-hatch. Fasting the chicks more than 48 h post-hatch, reduced the feed intake, retarded the growth, and had smaller intestine during the realimentation period, and these effects were maintained till the end of the experiment. The results of the study revealed that better performance of broiler chickens were achieved when the chicks accessed the feed no longer than 48 h post-hatch.

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