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JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20866216     EISSN : 24769444     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan (JITP) merupakan jurnal yang mewadahi publikasi hasil penelitian/studi di bidang peternakan meliputi: Produksi Ternak, Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak, Teknologi Hasil Ternak, dan Sosial Ekonomi Peternakan. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali setahun oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin bekerjasama dengan Pengurus Besar Ikatan Sarjana Peternakan Indonesia.
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Articles 16 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 3, No 1 (2013)" : 16 Documents clear
Survey on the Potency of Cow Milk Dangke as an Alternative to Buffalo Milk Dangke in Enrekang, South Sulawesi Hatta, Wahniyathi; Sudarwanto, M.B.; Sudirman, I.; Malaka, R.
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The scarcity of buffalo milk caused farmers in Enrekang district switch to use cows milk as a raw material for the manufacture of dangke. This study aims to explore the potential of dangke milk cows from various aspects in the field.  Information on population and daily milk production of dairy cows and buffalo, as well as questionnaire data of dangke consumers of Enrekang were obtained in Enrekang district, while data of dangke consumer of not Enrekang were collected with organoleptic tests and questionnaires. Determination of respondents Enrekang with simple random sampling while respondents are not Enrekang with purposive sampling.  Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent two-sample t test and chi squared test. The potential benefits of cow milk dangke compared to cow buffalo dangke is that with the same quality (moisture, fat, protein, ash, and pH value) cow’s milk dangke has higher raw material availability, cheaper price, easier attainability, widely accepted by Enrekang consumer population, preferred by the non-Enrekang consumer population, and also possess colour and flavor that is preferred by consumers.
An Analysis of the Effect of Marketing Mix Policy towards the Increase of Canned Meat Sales Volume in PT. Pelita Makmur Makassar Astati, -; Nurwahidah, -
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The aim of the research was to find out the effect of marketing mix policy towards the increase of canned meat sales volume at PT. Pelita Makmur Makassar. This research was carried out within two months, from March to April 2010 at PT. Pelita Makmur Makassar. Data were collected using observation and interview method. Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis models. At 200 gram size, price and distribution significantly affected the sales of canned meat, while the product inventory and promotion did not significant affect the sales of canned meat. In the 340 gram size, product inventory and price significantly affected the sales of canned meat, while promotion and distribution had no significant effects on the sales of canned meat. In conclusion, product inventory, price, promotion, and distribution gives significant effect on sales of canned meat at PT. Pelita Makmur Makassar.
The Nutritional Value of Intercropping Forage of Arbila (Phaseolus lunatus) Inoculated by Rhizobium With Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) at Different Planting Space of Arbila and Different Row Number of Sorghum Koten, B. B.; Soetrisno, R. D.; Ngadiyono, N.; Soewignyo, B.
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate intercropping forage production between inoculated arbila (Phaseolus lunatus) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) at different planting space of arbila and different row number of sorgum. The experiment was arranged factorially according to completely randomised design. The first factor was two planting space of arbila i.e. J1 (120 cm) and J2 (180 cm). The second factor was three different row number of sorghum i.e. P1 (1 row), P2 (2 rows), P3 (3 rows). The replication for each treatment combination was three giving total number of experimental units of 18. Variables abserved were organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), nitrogen free ekstract (NFE), ether extract (EE), and ash contents of intercropped forage. Results showed that nutritional value of intercropping forage between  arbila and sorgum was better compared with monoculture crop of either arbila or sorghum. At intercropping, OM content of all treatments were high, except for treatment  J1P1. The lowest CF was noticed for treatment J1P2 (30.64%). The highest CP content was for J1P1 (16.16%) but  the CP content of J1P2 was still quiet good (13.36%). EE values were relatively similar for all treatments. The highest value for NFE was for J1P3 (48.35%) and J2P1 (48.45%) but the value for J1P2 was still reasonably good (48.35%). The ash content for treatment J1P1, J1P2, and J1P3 was 8.62%, 7.51%, and 7.15% respectively, and it was considered good enough for forage. In conclusion, intercropping between arbila at 120 cm planting space and 2 or 3 rows of sorghums produces the best nutritive content of forage for ruminant feed.
THE WORK TIME SPENT BY FEMALE RABBIT BREEDERS AND ITS’ INFLUENTIAL FACTORS Sirajuddin, S.N.; Rohani, St.; Kridayanti, -
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to find out the work time spent by female rabbit breeders and factors influencing the work time spent to raise rabbits in Soppeng, South Sulawesi. The research used survey method with female rabbit breeders as analysis unit. Population of 356 female rabbit breeders in Soppeng was used and a sample of 78 female rabbit breeders were selected by region. The result of the research showed that average work time of female rabbit breeders was 3.044 hours per day, which was spent cleaning cages and equipment, preparing feedstuffs and feeding on rabbits, assisting bunnies breastfeed to their mother and health care. The F-test results reveal that the most significantly influential factors affecting female rabbit breeders work time was household income, number of dependents, rabbit breeding income, and the level of experience in breeding rabbits.
Energy Sufficiency of Feed Containing Fermented Mulberry Leaves (Morus alba) Determined by measurement of Glucose, Abdominal Fat and Feed Intake Has, Hamdan; Yunianto, V.D.; Sukamto, B.
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effect of using rumen liquid fermented mulberry leaves in boiler’s diet on feed consumption, blood glucose, and abdominal fat. This research used 100 of day old CP 707 broiler chicks, as well as concentrate, fermented mulberry leaves and other feed stuffs. The experiment was carried out according to completely randomized design consisted of five treatments, i.e. T0 (control), T1 (10% mulberry leaf), T2 (10% fermented mulberry leaf), T3 (20% mulberry leaf) and T4 (20% fermented mulberry leaf) and four replications for each treatment. Result of the study showed that the increasing use of mulberry leaves, either fermented or unfermented, significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption compared to control. Treatment with 20% unfermented murlberry leaf significantly (P<0.05) decreased fat and glucose levels. This study concludes that 20% murlberry used in diet decrease energy density of diet and the use of 10% fermented mulberry leaf produced better results than unfermented.
Blood Lipid Profile of Broiler Chickens Fed a Step Down Protein With Addition of Lime Juice as an Acidifier Hasanuddin, S.; Yunianto, V.D.; Tristiarti, -
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of lime juice (LJ) and citric acid (CA) as an acidifier in the step down protein feeding system on the blood lipid profiles. The research was conducted with 192 of 7 days old broiler chickens which were arranged in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 4 replications, so overall there were 24 experimental units. Each experimental unit consisted of 8 broiler chickens. Treatments applied were P0 (control diet, without step down), P1 (step down diet), P2 (step down diet + CA 0.8%), P3 (step-down + LJ equivalent to 0,4% CA (6,9 ml/100g feed)),  P4 (step down diet + LJ equivalent to 0,8% CA (13,8 ml/100g feed)) and P5 (step down diet + LJ equivalent to 1,2% CA (20,7 ml/100g feed)). The parameters measured in this research were cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL)  and high density lipoprotein (HDL) in the blood serum. The results showed that the step-down protein feeding with the addition of acidifier such as synthetic citric acid or lime juice was not significant (P> 0.05) in lowering blood cholesterol levels, triglycerides and LDL and did not result in an increase of serum HDL levels  in broiler chickens.
Protein Digestibility, Nitrogen Retention, and Meat Protein Mass of Broiler chickens Fed on Mulberry Leaves Fermented with Rumen Liquid Mirnawati, -; Sukamto, B.; Yunianto, V.D.
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The aim of the experiment was to determine the optimal levels in the utilization of mulberry leaves fermented with rumen liquid as well as unfermented mulberry leaves, based on its effects on protein digestibility, nitrogen retention, and protein mass of broiler chickens. One hundred  CP 707 day old chicks, unsex, were randomly assigned to receive one of five treatments diets  were T0 (basal diet), T1 (10% unfermented mulberry leaf), T2 (10% fermented mulberry leaf), T3 (20% unfermented mulberry leaf), and T4 (20% fermented mulberry leaf).  Replication for each treatment was four so that the total experimental unit was 20 and each experimental unit consisted of five chickens. The results showed that the administration of 10% mulberry leaves increased the digestibility of protein fermentation, but had no effects on nitrogen retention and protein mass of meat.
Growth Ability of Lactobacillus plantarum Bacteria on the Chicken Egg White at Different Fermentation Time Nahariah, -; Legowo, A.M.; Abustam, E.; Hintono, A.; Pramono, Y.B.; Yuliati, F.N.
JURNAL ILMU DAN TEKNOLOGI PETERNAKAN Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Bacterial decomposition on meat, dairy and fish protein have been carried out extensively but has not been done on egg white.  In order to break the proteins down, the bacteria need to grow well on the medium. This study aims to become preliminary information to determine the growth ability of L. plantarum bacteria in the egg whites with indicators: total bacteria, pH, and, total acids formed by different fermentation treatments. The study was conducted according to completely randomized design using different time of fermentation as treatments (18: 24: 30 hours) on 150 eggs from the same chicken farm, bacteria L. plantarum 0027 FNCC isolated from milk. Replication for each treatment was five. The results showed that fermentation time significantly increased the total bacteria, total acid and decreased pH during the fermentation process.  The difference between total bacteria increase was significant between the 18-hour fermentation time and both the 24 and the 30 h fermentation time, namely 5.884 ± 0.157 log CFU/g, 6.035 ± 0.024 log CFU/g,  and 6.131 ± 0.095 log CFU/g respectively, although the difference between the 24 and 30 h fermentation time was insignificant. The difference of total acid production was significant between the 18 and the 24 and the 30-hour fermentation time, i.e. 0.077±0.014%, 0.014%±0.167 and 0.171 ±0.017% respectively, altohough once again the difference between the 24 and 30 hour fermentation time. pH decrease during the fermentation time process showed a significant difference between the 18-hour fermentation time and the others, namely 7.689±0.035, 6.434±0.501 respectively 6.353±0.65, and again the difference between the 24- and the 30-hour fermentation time was not significant. The 24-hour fermentation time may incrase growth ability ofbacteria L. plantarum on egg white.
Survey on the Potency of Cow Milk Dangke as an Alternative to Buffalo Milk Dangke in Enrekang, South Sulawesi Hatta, W.; Sudarwanto, M. B.; Sudirman, I.; Malaka, R.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The scarcity of buffalo milk caused farmers in Enrekang district switch to use cows milk as a raw material for the manufacture of dangke. This study aims to explore the potential of dangke milk cows from various aspects in the field.  Information on population and daily milk production of dairy cows and buffalo, as well as questionnaire data of dangke consumers of Enrekang were obtained in Enrekang district, while data of dangke consumer of not Enrekang were collected with organoleptic tests and questionnaires. Determination of respondents Enrekang with simple random sampling while respondents are not Enrekang with purposive sampling.  Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent two-sample t test and chi squared test. The potential benefits of cow milk dangke compared to cow buffalo dangke is that with the same quality (moisture, fat, protein, ash, and pH value) cow’s milk dangke has higher raw material availability, cheaper price, easier attainability, widely accepted by Enrekang consumer population, preferred by the non-Enrekang consumer population, and also possess colour and flavor that is preferred by consumers.
Blood Lipid Profile of Broiler Chickens Fed a Step Down Protein With Addition of Lime Juice as an Acidifier Hasanuddin, S.; Yunianto, V. D.; Tristiarti, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of lime juice (LJ) and citric acid (CA) as an acidifier in the step down protein feeding system on the blood lipid profiles. The research was conducted with 192 of 7 days old broiler chickens which were arranged in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 4 replications, so overall there were 24 experimental units. Each experimental unit consisted of 8 broiler chickens. Treatments applied were P0 (control diet, without step down), P1 (step down diet), P2 (step down diet + CA 0.8%), P3 (step-down + LJ equivalent to 0,4% CA (6,9 ml/100g feed)),  P4 (step down diet + LJ equivalent to 0,8% CA (13,8 ml/100g feed)) and P5 (step down diet + LJ equivalent to 1,2% CA (20,7 ml/100g feed)). The parameters measured in this research were cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein (LDL)  and high density lipoprotein (HDL) in the blood serum. The results showed that the step-down protein feeding with the addition of acidifier such as synthetic citric acid or lime juice was not significant (P> 0.05) in lowering blood cholesterol levels, triglycerides and LDL and did not result in an increase of serum HDL levels  in broiler chickens.

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