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JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN
ISSN : 19795149     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy,
Jurnal ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan (JEKP) adalah jurnal yang berisi artikel-artikel meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini terkait perekonomian yang berkembang saat ini baik lingkup nasional maupun internasional. JEKP diterbitkan dua kali setiap tahunnya, yaitu periode Juli dan Desember.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 75 Documents
Pengaruh Infrastruktur Pada Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Wilayah di Indonesia Prasetyo, Rindang Bangun; Firdaus, Muhammad
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 2, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN

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Abstract

Infrastructure development is believed as to be an economic development accelerator. This study aims to analyze the impact of infrastructure on regional economic growth in Indonesia using panel data methods. The model is built based on the Cobb-Douglas production function. By using the infrastructure data of 26 provinces using the fixed effects method of panel data, the results obtained show that economic growth is influenced by infrastructure, such as the provision of electricity, paved roads and clean water. In addition, production activities in Indonesia are still categorized as laborintensive, this is shown by the fact that the elasticity of labor is greater than the elasticity of capital. Electricity has the greatest impact on economic growth, followed by paved road and clean water.
IBN Khalduns Contribution on Modern Economic Development: An Analysis Based on Selected Economic Issues Beik, Irfan Syauqi; Arsyianti, Laily Dwi
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

This papers attempted to analyze economic concepts of one of the greatest Islamic scholars, namely Ibn Khaldun. Economic issues of Ibn Khaldun, wich were examined in this papers, included agriculture concept, supply and demand analysis, and price interdependence. This papers found that Ibn Khaldun was able to identify three main sectors that become the foundation og GDP calculation of a country. It was also able to find that demand difference in two different countries is the basis for the existance of international trade. Peoples desire and government spending were found to be the found to be the variables affecting aggregate demand, while product scarcity and production cost were found to be the variables affecting aggregate supply. This papers also found that Ibn Khaldun has successfully described the interdependence between price of agriculture product and government employees salary.
Investasi Provinsi Dki Jakarta: Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya Kusumaningrum, Adhitya; Widyastutik, Widyastutik
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

Investment is crucial economic activity in order to promote the economic growth. However, there are several consideration factors that entail the investmentdecision in Indonesia. Based on the background that had mentioned before, this research aim is to identify the factors that influece investment, particularly in DKI Jakarta as the capital city of Indonesia. The hypothetical variables that have been tasted in this research are foreign and local investment (PMA and PMDN), interest rate, inflantion, lag on regional province income (PDRB), wage, and exchange rate. Meanwhile, the applicated estimation method to acheive the ain is Ordinary Least Square (OLS). The implication result shows that interest rate, inflation, lag PDRB, and wage significantly affects investment as 1 percent ceritical value, and the rest variable, which is exchange rate influence investment at 5 percent critical value. The most influencing factor to investment in DKI Jakarta is lag PDRB. On the order hand, the least influentional variable is interest rate
Pengaruh Pertumbuhan Ekonomi terhadap Tingkat Pengangguran di Indonesia: Aplikasi Hukum Okun Simaremare, Reinhard Januar; Reinhardt, Henny
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

Economic Arthur Okun told that there is high cost of national output to unemployment rate. This negative relation between output and unemployment concept, known as Okuns Law. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of economics growth to unemployment rate ini Indonesia. Also, how the effect of economic critis in 1997 to unemployment rate. The Ordinary Least Square Method (OLS) was used in this study, using polled time series data of 1985-2005. Chow breakpoint test also used to analyze the effect of economic crisis to unemployment rate.The result of the study show that the Okuns Law valid in Indonesia, which Okuns coefficient results is negative. Hypothesis test result shows that economic growth does not effect to the unemployment rate. Unemployment rate always increasing parallels economic growth every year. Growth of labor force and last year unemployment, have positive effect to unemploymet rate. The fast increasing growth of labor force every year becomes governments heavy duty to provide jobs. Jobs offer can not decrease unemployment amount and unemployment rate. Chow breackpoint test gives the result that economic crisis 1997 did not effected unemployment rate. Unemployment rate trend increased since long before from 1985-1996 and also 1997-2005. Agriculture and informal sector thought can hold the increases of unemployment rate.
Keterpaduan Pasar Dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Harga Kakao Indonesia Firdaus, Muhammad; Ariyoso, Ariyoso
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 3, No 1 (2010): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

Cocoa is one of the major Indonesian agricultural export products. Currently Indonesia is one of the largest cocoa producer in the world. Cocoa export price still refers to New York Board on Trade. Thus Indonesia still acts as price taker. The aims of this study were to investigate the market integration between cocoa price in South Sulawesi, Indonesia and cocoa price in NYBOT, and to analyze some factors those affected the Indonesian cocoa price. This study found there were not market integration both in the short-term and long term. Some factors that significantly affected Indonesia cocoa price were NYBOT cocoa price, world consumption and exchange rate.
Opini: Arah Kebijakan Dan Strategi Pengembangan Bank Perkreditan Rakyat (BPR) Priaga, Moch. Ary
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

The history of microfinance in Indonesia began around 19th century. Several microfinance facilities were formed during that time, such as Lumbung Desa, Bank Desa, Bank Tani, and Bank Dagang Desa. It was aimed to assist farmers, empoyees, and labours from loansharks whom provides credit with very high interest rate. Institutionally, Bank Perkreditan Rakyat (BPR) has grown significantly. Before October package (Pakto) was approved in 1988, the amount of BPR recorded was as many as 423 BPR. Then it grew to 2141 BPR at the end of 2002. Yet, since 2003, the amount of BPR decreased and last position recorded in November 2007 was only 1816 BPR. Despite BPR acheivements, there are still various problems which must be solved. The main problem is regarding the linkages between BPR and state development process. There are three issues in this context: (i) Ability to reach poor household; (ii) Institutional building; (iii) Financial system integration. BPR expansion in the future requires stronger financial system support and more supportive policy environment.
Peran Sektor Industri Pengolahan dalam Perekonomian Provinsi Sumatera Utara Bangun, Oktavianita Br; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

Manufacturing Industry in North Sumatera Province has a good potency to be developed. This industry is expected to grant positive contribution towards the increasing North Sumatera Province RGDP (regional gross domestic product) as well as reduce numbers of unemployment by means of creating labour opportunity. This resesarch is accomplished to analyze manufacturing industry sector in North Sumatera throughtout dependency and multiplier analisis, output multiplier analysis, income, and labour analisys, in addition to priority level determination analysis. The data used is collected from North Sumatera Input-Output table of 2003. The result of this research explains that manufacturing industry is a main priority sector in North Sumatera economy. Manufacturing Industry has a string dependency in additional to downstream and mainstream sectors in developing output and it also has potency in absorbsing labour.
PENGEMBANGAN SEKTOR EKONOMI DAN PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DI KALIMANTAN BARAT Murohman, Murohman; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian; Asmara, Alla
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 5, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

Kalimantan Barat is a province which has the highest poverty rates among other provinces in Kalimantan. Sector’s output growth of the economy affects the redistribution of income and poverty reduction. Increased economic sector output reduce poverty through the distribution of income . Sector development policy needed to boost the economy and poverty alleviation. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between sector’s output growth of the economy and poverty reduction using Input-Output Miyazawa and decomposition of FGT (Foster-Greer-Thorbecke) poverty index. Agricultural sector has an important role in output growth, employment, and household income distribution.The decomposition method showes that direct effect of growth in manufacture alleviates poverty among poor households, and total effect of growth in agricultural sectors(food crops and estate crops) alleviates poverty among poor households in Kalimantan Barat. The main policy implication is agricultural industrialization and human capital of the poor needs to be enhanced by education and training if they are not to be sealed off the industrialization process.Keywords: I-O Miyazawa, Poverty, Multiplier Analysis
ANALISIS KINERJA EKSPOR ELEKTRONIKA INDONESIA KE AMERIKA LATIN Hanoum, Fathya Nirmala; Mulatsih, Sri
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 5, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

Integrasi perdagangan internasional seperti FEALAC (Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation) dan SSEC (South-South Economic Cooperation) merupakan peluang bagi Indonesia untuk masuk ke pasar kawasan Amerika Latin, salah satunya ekspor elektronika. Elektronika merupakan sepuluh komoditi unggulan ekspor Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis daya saing ekspor elektronika Indonesia, mengetahui faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi ekspor elektronika ke Amerika Latin dan dinamika pasar ekspor elektronika Indonesia ke Amerika Latin. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari ITC, WITS, CEPII, World Bank, dan UNCTAD. Metode analisis menggunakan RCA dan Porter’s Diamond untuk mengetahui daya saing, gravity model untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi ekspor, dan EPD untuk memberikan gambaran dinamika ekspor elektronika Indonesia. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komoditi elektroniia Indonesia memiliki daya saing komparatif yang ditunjukkan dengan nilai RCA lebih dari satu. Analisis Porter’s Diamond menunjukkan bahwa daya saing kompetitif elektronika Indonesia masih lemah. Hasil estimasi EPD elektronika Indonesia rata-rata menunjukkan pangsa pasar dan permintaan ekspor komoditi elektronika yang bertumbuh. Hasil estimasi gravity model menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang signifikan adalah GDP perkapita Indonesia, jarak ekonomi, harga ekspor, GDP perkapita negara tujuan, dan populasi, sedangkan variabel REER (Real Effective Exchange Rate) tidak berpengaruh.Kata kunci: Elektronika, EPD, Gravity model, Porter diamond, RCA
ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN EKSPOR KOPI DI INDONESIA Sahat, Siska Fibriliani; Nuryartono, Nunung; Hutagaol, Manuntun Parulian
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol 5, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
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Abstract

This study aims to analyze recommendations that Indonesia could undergo to increase it’s coffee export performance through factors influencing it’s coffee export growth driver. The analysis using export decomposition showed that since 1994-2013, Indonesian coffee export has been dominated by commodity (grean bean). Export in the form of commodity is fragile regarding it’s volatile price in the international market. This lead to recommend higher processed coffee incorporated in Indonesian coffee export structure. At the same time, regarding the characteristics of the product, the diversification of Indonesian coffee product from green bean to coffee extract is in parallel with the destination country. Gravity model on top three destination countries for Indonesian coffee extract, namely Phillipines, China and Lebanon suggest that supply side, trade agreement and currency are the most influencing factors to trade, and that distance plays insignificant role.