Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
Articles 641 Documents
Jejaring Sosial dan Resolusi Konflik Masyarakat di Pedesaan (Kasus di Pulau Saparua Provinsi Maluku) Kolopaking, Lala Mulyowibowo; Lubis, Djuara Pangihutan; Pattiselanno, August Ernest
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Social networking and conflict understanding in rural community is the important step in finding strategy of conflict resolution. Through qualitative research technique, it is known that there is a relation between the flow of people who were going out-in Saparua Island to fill their needs, change into flow and networking of people who were coming home to rural areas which create conflict. All villages, so called negeri, which are known by Saparua Island community, get the impact of social networking which creates conflict. Social conflict which first based on agrarian problem then developed and added with the impact of religion and politic problem, just like conflict source in Ambon Island. Although, in the next development kinship and adat relation are taking important role in taking care of community rules. The strategy needs to be followed by establishment of natural resources and land property rights existence of society. Without this step, rural community in Saparua Island still has conflict potential. Process of this step needs to be done equal with adat relation development in Latupati Association level. With that step, rural community of this island will have social institution as a forum to have root communication. An institution which can be potency of society prevents sustainable and  long  reconflict.   Keywords: Social Networking, Conflict Resolution, Conflict in Rural Area, Saparua
Pengaruh Skarifikasi dan Media Tumbuh Terhadap Viabilitas Benih dan Vigor Kecambah Aren Saleh, Muhammad Salim; Adelina, Enny; Murniati, Endang; Budiarti, Tati
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The research aims to find out the effect of seed scarification and germination substrat to seed viability and seedling vigor of aren. The Experiment applied a group random design (RAK) with factorial style consiting of two factors. The first factor are scarification treatment:S0=without scarification, S1=scarification+trcatment 40 oC, S2=scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+tempcrature 40oC, the second factor arc germination substrat: M0=sand, M1=rice coal, M2=cocopith, M3=soil from palm tree+organic materil (1:1), M4=M3+fertilizer NPK (1 g per kg media). The highest seed germination was found in the scarification+KN03 0.5%, soaked for 36 hours+ temperature 40 oC which growing on media of palm oil soil+organic fertilizer (1:1)+fertilizer NPK (1g per kg media) that 83.33-86.67% and germinating speed 0.85-1.04% ctmal. There treatment also effected on seedling vigor normal vigours germination indicated by dry content weight and hypotctic vigor index. Keywords: aren, scarification, germination substrat
Aplikasi film edibel dan kemasan atmosfir termodifikasi untuk meningkatkan umur simpan buah salak terolah minimal Ahmad, Usman; ., Yulianingsih; Lintang, Meivie
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Snake fruit is an exotic fruit from Indonesia, and nowadays has increasing in demand. There is opportunity to market minimally processed snake fruit, but this product becomes very highly perishable because of increasing in respiration rate. The objective of this research was to determine edible coating formulation in combination with modified atmosphere packaging, in order to maintain quality and to prolong shelflife of minimally processed snakefruit. The research was started by preparation of salak fruit, edible coating, measurement of respiration rate, determination of optimum atmosphere composition and critical parameter, and storage in modified atmosphere packaging. First, best atmosphere composition for minimally prcessed snakefruit was determined, then storage of minimally processed snakefruit was conducted after selection of the appropriate plastic film. Analysis was conducted on quality and organoleptic characteristics. Optimum gas composition storage for minimally processed snake fruit is 4±1%0[2] and 14±2% C0[2]. Minimally processed snake fruit with edible coatings made from pectin and chitozan combined with modified atmosphere packaging can extend shelflife and maintained quality until eight days, while without edible coating the minimally-processed snake fruit in with modified atmosphere packaging can extend until 6 days only.Keywords : Snake fruit, edible coating, modified atmosphere packaging, shelf life.
Analisis keragaan panel sandwich untuk rumah pra-pabrikasi Nugroho, Naresworo; Bahtiar, Effendi Tri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

In the last five years, several earthquakes struck several places in Indonesia and thousands of people died caused of their masonry house. Therefore, the idea of bamboo utilization in the form of structural sandwich panel components for anti-seismic pre-fabrication house is one of appropriate way out. This research describes the performance and behavior of engineered structure wooden-bamboo sandwich panel in full sized test. The wall frame being use were meranti wood, this frame attached by plywood as face and back, then 5 em bamboo cutting as core; the fastener used in this study were isocyanate resin and nails. This study carried out by experimental data of full scale structural tests on shear wall (ISO 22452). These result showed that the seismic reliability of the wall frame system made of bamboo sandwich panel was appropriate and will be useful for prefabrication houses as anti-seismic and environment friendly residential building.Keywords : Bamboo sandwich panel, shear wall test, pre-fabrication house.
Teknik Penggerombolan Fuzi untuk Pewilayahan Curah Hujan di Sentra Produksi Padi Pramudia, Aris; Koesmaryono, Vonny; Las, Irsal; June, Tania; Astika, I Wayan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Rainfall zoning analysis with fuzzy clustering method has been performed at the centre of paddy area in the northern coast of Banten Province and West Java Province. Rainfall data recorded in the 1980-2006 period from 62 rainfall stations in the northern coast of Banten Province and from 75 rainfall stations at Karawang and Subang in the northern coast of West Java Province have been used in this analysis. For the first analysis a calculation of arithmetic mean values representing EI-Nino, La-Nina and Normal condition has been performed. Next, a fuzzy clustering analysis is applied to these mean values. The clustering analysis consists of two steps. First, a symmetric and reflective compatibility relation matrix describing a distance function between rainfall stations is calculated. Second, a fuzzy equivalency relationship i.e. a transitive approach of fuzzy compatibility matrices is determined. The results of analysis indicate a difference in the equivalency level among the stations under the EI-Nino, La-Nina and Normal conditions in the northern coast of Banten Province and West Java Province. Based on the 75°/o equivalency level, in the northern coast of Banten area can be grouped into four rainfall zones under EI-Nino condition, two zones under La-Nina condition and three zones under Normal condition. On the other hand, in the northern coast of West Java area can be grouped into three zones under EINino condition, two zones under La-Nina condition, and four zones under Normal condition.Keywords: Arithmetic means values, EI-Nino, La-Nina, Fuzzy clustering, Rainfall zoning
Identifikasi Laktoferin Pada Susu Kambing Kacang Dengan Metode Imunodifusi Radial Tunggal Dan Natrium Dodesil Sulfat Poliakrilamida Elektroforesis Gel Maheswari, Rarah Ratih Adjie; Setiawan, Joni; Mulyanto, Slamet; Batubara, Imas; Sumantri, Cece; Farajallah, Akhmad
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Kacang goat is one of Indonesian local goat which has not been optimized in exploration. Kacang goat has potency as a dairy goat. Milk and colostrum from this type of goat is one of lactoferrin sources which has various benefit, such as antimicrobial activity. The milk as a lactoferrin source is expected to be a solution for bacterial 9astrointestinal infection cases which is a major problem in Indonesia. This research described the identification of lactoferrin from milk and colostrum of kacang goat by single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). SRID is based on the diffusion of whey protein from a circular well into a homogeneous gel containing anti-lactoferrin. SDS-PAGE was performed in 7.5%  polyacrylamide gel. Both methods were able to identify lactoferrin in colostrum and milk from the sample, but SRID showed low sensitivity toward low concentration of lactoferrin in both colostrums and milk. The estimation of lactoferrin molecular weight by relative mobility of protein from the bands that perform of colostrum and milk of kacang goat is approximately 74,100 Dalton. Based on the ring diameter of the precipitin, the lactoferin level in colostrum and milk increased until 48 hours after postpartum and subsequently decreased. Keywords: colostrum, milk, kacanggoat, lactoferrin, SRID, SDS-PAGE
Interaksi Antara Jumlah Nitrogen Dan Cara Panen pada Pertumbuhan dan Persentase Minyak Nilam yang Dihasilkan pada Panen Pertama Daryanto, Stefani; Aziz, Sandra Arifin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 12, No 3 (2007): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Patchouli oil is one of major components in perfumery industries as well as incense. Its smell is heavy and strong due to the presence of its major component called patchoulol or patchouli alcohol. However, the production has not stabilized yet because of several factors including cultivation. Experiment was conducted from November 1999-May 2000. Patchouli cuttings were grown in randomized complete block design with four replications. Nitrogen rates for this experiment were 0, 45, 90, and 135 kg ha-1 and three harvesting methods, which were three pairs of youngest leaves, 20 em from the tip and by leaving 20 em stubble from ground. Plant height and number of branches continued to increase significantly linear at higher N rates. There was significant interaction between N rate and harvesting method on wet and dry harvest mass. Effect of N on composite percentage differed for each harvesting method. The yield from three youngest leaves was higher than harvesting 20 em from the tip and leaving 20 em stubble from the ground for 45, 90, and 135 kg ha-1 respectively. Keywords: patchouli oil, nitrogen level, harvesting method
Optimasi transplantasi menggunakan sel donor dari ikan gurame muda dan ikan nila triploid sebagai resipien ., Alimuddin; Junior, M. Zairin; Arfah, Harton
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 15, No 3 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Testicular cell transplantation technology can be used in fish seed production engineering. In this study, optimization of transplantation using donor cells from young gouramy and triploid tilapia (3N) as recipient. Triploid tilapia is produced using heat shock method. The testes of male gouramy (body weight of 400- 850 g) was dissociated using 0.5% trypsin. Dissociated testicular cells was injected into the peritoneal cavity of tilapia larvae. Analysis of donor cell colonization was carried out using PCR method with DNA template that had been extracted from the gonad of 2-month-old tilapia. PCR was performed using specific primers for the growthhormone gene and (3-actin as an internal control of DNA loading. The results of nucleoli preparation showed thatthe success of triploidyzation was 88.5%. The gonad size of diploid (2N) and 3N recipient were relatively similar, while in not transplanted 3N tilapia was rudimentary. PCR results showed that the transplanted 3N tilapia has a DNA band of the same size with gouramy, while in control was not. This indicated that donor cells have been colonized in the gonads of recipient. The donor cell colonization in recipient 3N (78%) was higher than that of 2N (50%). Further research is required to determine the ability of donor cells differentiate into sperm and eggs in recipient gonad.Keywords : Spermatogonia, cell transplantation, triploid, giant gouramy.
Penenggulangan Caplak Rhipicephalus sanguineus dengan Vaksinasi Astyawati, Tutuk; Wulansari, Retno
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The tiltle of this study is Rltipiceplta/us sanguineus controls by vaccination. The vaccine used from crude adulttick extracts to vaccinated dogs, shccps and rabits. The experimental animals were inoculated subkutaneously, threetimes every two weeks with crude adult tick extracts and adjuvant. Fifteen days after the last inoculation all animalswere submitted to challenge infestation with unfed adult ticks. The dogs were placed in the severe contaminatedenvironment. The ticl.:s were placed inside a feeding chamber consisting of a plastic tube to the saved back of shccps.Ticks were placed for save behind the ear of rabbits. Observation was done 3 days after infestation. The results ofthis investigation were observed that most of ticks were recovered in dogs either vaccinated or non vaccinatedgroups, however on the control groups without vaccinated ticks the infestation were higher than vaccinated groupsas well as in the sheeps and rabbits. In the rabbits although ERCE value between vaccinated and non vaccinatedgroups not significants statistically, there were demonstrated that ERCE value in the vaccinated groups lower thancontrol groups without vaccinated. According to our investigation we can concluded the usc of tick antigen couldinduced resistance by direct immunisation. Adult ticks of Rltipicepltalus sanguineus crude extract tends to induceresistance in rabbits, sheeps and dogs with different level of resistance. The immunity seems not to be acquiredduring a natural exposure tends to evolved with crude adult tick extracts vaccinations.Keywords: resistance, rhipicephalus, sanguincus, vaccination
Keragaman Gen K-Kasein dan Hubungannya dengan Produksi dan Kualitas Susu pada Domba di Unit Pendidikan dan Penelitian Peternakan (UP3) Jonggol Sumantri, Cece; Andreas, Eryk; Farajallah, Achmad; Jarmuji, Jarmuji
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2008): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The objectives of this study were to identify polymorphisms in ovine K-casein gene exon 4 and its association with milk yield, percentage of protein and milk fat in sheep under extcnsif management at JASTRU (Jonggol Animal Studies Teaching and Research Unit) farm, Fact. of Anim Sci, Bogor Agric. University. The 83 blood sample from ewes which have record of milk production were used to determined polymorphism by using PCR-SSCP (Polymerase Chain Reaction-Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism) methode. The research activities were carried out through blood collection, DNA isolation, and fragment DNA amplification by PCR and separation in electrophoresis with silver staining. Electrophoretic pattern (PCR-SSCP) revealed th rce types of K-casein gene were dcsignitcd A, Band C type. The highest proportion was A type 69.57% and followed hy B 28.99% and the lowest C 1.45%. The were no significant effect of types of of K-casein gene on milk production and milk quality (percentage of protein and fat) in local sheep from Jonggol.   Keywords: .Jonggol sheep, K-cascin gcn, PCR-SSCP, polymorphism

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