Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Evaluasi Mutu Kimia dan Organoleptik Mi Kering Bebas Gluten dari Tepung Komposit Jagung-Singkong selama Penyimpanan Kumalasari, Rima; Desnilasari, Dewi; Wadhesnoeriba, Sharren Pratama
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (563.534 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.173

Abstract

Noodles are the staple foods for some countries in the world. Generally, noodles are made from whole wheat or flour from other grains and cereals. Development of noodles from non-wheat flour or gluten-free noodles has been conducted. One type of noodles that is often used is dry noodle. Research on gluten-free dried noodles made from maize and cassava composite flours has been done. The stability of product quality is very important to be studied, especially for designing product storage conditions. This study aims to evaluate the quality of maize-cassava dry noodle products during storage and to obtain the recommended storage temperature of dry maize-cassava noodles. The product is stored at four temperatures, i.e, 8, 28, 38, and 48°C. The temperature at 8°C was used as the control temperature. The products were stored for 8 weeks and the stability of quality parameters (moisture content, free fatty acid, and organoleptic including color, flavor, and taste) of the products were observed weekly. The result showed that there was a change of quality of dried maize-cassava noodle for 8 weeks of storage. Dry maize-cassava noodle had increased free fatty acids (0.029-0.038%), decreased moisture content (0.05-0.23%), and panelist acceptance levels of color, flavor, and aroma. Differences in storage temperature had no significant effect on free fatty acid change, sensory values of color, taste, and aroma, but had a significant effect on the decreased water content. The range of temperature recommendedfor storage of dried noodles of corn-cassava was 28-38°C.
Prediksi Parameter Kematangan Buah Melon Menggunakan Spektroskopi Near Infra-red Ahmad, Usman; Sabihah, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (438.965 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.183

Abstract

Prediction of ripeness level of melon fruit is conducted manually by looking at the colors and nets on the skin, or the sound of a knocking on the melon fruit. This manual method produces an inconsistent degree of accuracy that cannot be applied in harvesting. The use of spectroscopy in the near infra-red region (NIR) is a way of improving consistency and accelerating the process of estimating the fruit ripeness level without damaging the product. The objective of this research was to study the ripeness parameters of the Golden-Apollo variety of melon using NIR spectroscopy method. Parameters of fruit ripeness studied were moisture content, total soluble solids (TSS), and fruit firmness. The material used was melon fruits with four different harvesting ages. The equipment used was NIRFlex N-500 Solid Optical Fiber spectrometer that worked at 1.000-2.500 nm wavelengths. The method used in calibration and validation of NIR spectrum data and reference data was partial least square (PLS) with pre-processing of spectral data i.e., normalization, first and second derivatives of savitzky-golay, and multiplicate-scatter correction. The results showed that the best predictive model obtained to predict ripeness level of melon fruit was to use the ripeness parameters of total soluble solids and firmness of meat. The moisture parameter resulted in a poor predictive model that could not be used to predict a melon ripeness level with a good result.
Pengelolaan Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Berdasarkan Prinsip ISPO di PTPN VIII Cikasungka, Jawa Barat Fuadah, Deilla Tsamrotul; Ernah, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (338.827 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.190

Abstract

Indonesia is a major producer and exporter of palm oil in the world. The high demand of international market for environmentally friendly palm oil is the reason for Indonesian government to issue standard ISPO (Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil) policy in 2011. ISPO is a standardization of oil palm plantation which aims to support the creation of environmentally friendly and sustainable palm oil products and mandatory for palm oil companies in Indonesia. Good management of oil palm plantations are those that comply with seven principles of ISPO. This research use some principles of ISPO, the first principles on the legality of the plantation business, the second principle of plantation management, and the fourth principle related to environmental monitoring and management. This study aims to determine the extent to which the application of plantation management in accordance with the criteria and the first, second, and fourth principle of ISPO in PTPN VIII Cikasungka. The research design used was qualitative descriptive with triangulation data collection techniques. The result of the research stated that PTPN VIII Cikasungka has been sufficiently suitable to manage plantation based on the first, second, and fourth principle of ISPO standard.
Efektivitas Pupuk Organik dan Anorganik pada Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Brokoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) Indriyati, Lilik Tri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.36 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.196

Abstract

Broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. italica) is one of exotic vegetables having a high value, highly nutritious, rich source of vitamins, and also it contains the glucoraphanin compound which have anticancerous properties. Integrated nutrient management between organic and inorganic fertilizers is an important demand of the present era to increase broccoli yield and to cultivate a land in such a way that the soil productivity should remain sustainable. This research was conducted to study the effectiveness of organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth and yield of broccoli. There were eight treatments which consisted of organic and inorganic fertilizers with different applications, single or in combination, and control (without fertilizer). Plant of broccoli as an indicator plant was measured for its height and number of leaves for variables of plant growth parameter, and head weight and head diameter for variables of yield. Application of organic and/or inorganic fertilizers significantly increased the growth of broccoli plant compared with control, but they did not show a significant difference with standard NPK treatment. Combination of organic fertilizer at a rate of 4 tons ha-1 and 50% the standard NPK fertilizer showed the highest diameter and yield of broccoli head. The sole application of organic fertilizer at a rate of 4 tons/ha showed the similargrowth and yield of broccoli with standard NPK treatment.
Sifat-Sifat Kuantitatif dan Jarak Genetik Kerbau Lokal Sulawesi Tenggara Berdasarkan Pendekatan Morfologi Rusdin, Muh.; Solihin, Dedi Duryadi; Gunawan, Asep; Talib, Chalid; Sumantri, Cece
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (530.318 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.203

Abstract

Information on animal genetic resource is needed in conservation program of Indonesian local buffalo. This study was aimed to analyze the quantitative traits diversity and genetic distance of local buffalo of Southeast Sulawesi local based on morphological approach. The total of 271 heads of swamp buffaloes were used in the study from four sub-populations, namely Bombana island’s, Bombana mainland, Kolaka and Konawe. Duncan Multiple Range test at 5% probability was used to compare the quantitative traits between the buffalo sub-populations. Genetic distance was analyzed by using the simple discriminant function. The results showed that the average body weight of male buffalo between sub-populations was not significantly different (P>0.05), but the average body weight of females buffalo from Bombana Island’s (465.22 ± 103.25) was significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of the other sub-populations. The highest variation of quantitative traits of local buffalo was found in Konawe sub-population, i.e. in body weight of female buffalo (35.36%) and body weight of male buffalo (22.05%), rump length in males buffalo (20.44%), and rump width in females buffalo (14.58%). Southeast Sulawesi local buffalo can be grouped into three clusters based on the phylogeny tree, namely 1) Kolaka and Konawe cluster, 2) Bombana island’s cluster, and 3) Bombana mainland cluster. The distinguishing variables of the group of Southeast Sulawesi local buffalo were rump length, body length, and chest circumference. The highest phenotype similarity value was shown by Bombana island’s buffalo (68.57%), while the lowest was found at Konawe buffalo (26.76%). The farthest genetic distance was found between Bombana Islands and Konawe buffalo (3.71703), while the closest genetics distance was identified between Kolaka and Konawe buffalo (0.86616).
Distribusi Spasial dan Temporal Kepiting Kelapa (Birgus latro Linn 1767) di Daeo Kabupaten Pulau Morotai, Maluku Utara Serosero, Rugaya; Sulistiono, .; Butet, Nurlisa Alias; Riani, Etty
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.422 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.211

Abstract

This study aims to describe the size distribution of coconut crabs spatially and temporally in Daeo, Morotai Island, North Maluku. The captching was carried out at three stations, namely in areas adjacent to residential areas (station I), steep terrain with varying vegetation (station II), and shallow areas with various vegetation and coconut trees (station III). The collections of samples were conducted using coconut bait and catching directly by hand. Their lengths of cephalotorax plus rostrum (Cp+r) and thorax (TL) and weight were measured. The habitat conditions of natural vegetation were also observed. Data collected in catch (spatial) were analyzed with non-parametric Mann- Whitney (α0.05) and temporal tests with Kruskal Wallis test (α0.05). The results showed that the total numbers of catched coconut crabs were 581 individuals consisted of 314 and 267 males and femalescoconut crabs). The weight ranges of male and female coconut crabs were 50-990 and 50-520 grams, respectively. The ranges of Cp+r on male and female coconut crabs were 43.98-114.72 mm and 43.98-90.67 mm, respectively. The sizes of the TL in male and female coconut crabs were 19.56-54.86 mm and 19.56-48.65 mm, respectively. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney test of the number of spatial coconut crab catched in station I was different from those in station II and stasion III (P<0.05). The numbers coconut crabs catched were not temporally different (P>0.05). The spatial environmental qualities were not different (P>0.05) and the temporal parameters were significantly different (P<0.05) except pH that was not significantly different (P>0.05). Station III had denser vegetation than stations I and II.
Seroprevalensi Trichinellosis pada Babi Hutan di Kabupaten Bengkulu Tengah, Provinsi Bengkulu Lestari, Milda; Satrija, Fadjar; Tiuria, Risa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.987 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.220

Abstract

Trichinellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by nematode of the genus Trichinella infection. Transmission of this disease in humans occurs because of eating meat, especially pork containing Trichinella spp. larvae in raw or undercooked conditions. Data on trichinellosis cases in humans and animals in Indonesia are still very limited. This study was carried out to identify the seroprevalence of Trichinella spp. in wild boar in Central Bengkulu District and the level of public knowledge about trichinellosis. Sampling method was used cross sectional method by taking blood serum sample from captured wild boar at TPH in Talang Boseng of Bengkulu Province. Result of serological test using indirect ELISA showed seroprevalence of trichinellosis was 68.2% of total 44 samples obtained. Seropositive results based on the sub-district of the wild boar captured were 12 of 18 (66.7%) in Pondok Kubang and 18 of 26 (69.2%) in Pondok Kelapa. All wild boar meat consumer respondents did not understand that consumption of wild boar meat could become the source of trichinellosis transmission.
Performa dan Profil Kuning Telur Itik yang Diberi Pakan dengan Suplemen Tepung Bawang Putih dan Limbah Udang Sudarman, Asep; Noviani, Denbeti; Mutia, Rita
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (302.863 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.227

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effect of adding garlic and shrimp waste in the ration on the duck performance and lipid profile of yolk. The animals used were 36 ducklings of 19-week old that were randomly placed in 12 battery cages. The experimental design used in this study was a completely randomized design with four treatments and three replicates. The treatments were R0 (control) = Commercial ration, R1 = Commercial ration + 2% garlic, R2 = Commercial ration + 2% shrimp waste, and R3 = K + 1% garlic + 1% shrimp waste. The results showed that the addition of garlic or shrimp waste resulted in a higher egg production (P<0.05) than that of control group, but the combination of garlic and shrimp waste had no significant effect on egg productuon. The addition of garlic, shrimp waste, or a combination of garlic and shrimp waste increased yolk color score significantly (P<0.05). Giving garlic or shrimp waste, and combination of garlic and shrimp waste significantly (P<0.05) lowered the cholesterol content of the eggs compared to controls. The addition of shrimp waste increased the unsaturated fatty acids content of duck eggs, and at the same time increased saturated fatty acid content.
Program Pembiayaan Pemerintah dalam Upaya Mendukung Produksi Kentang di Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat Wulandari, Eliana; Ernah, .; Supyandi, Dika
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (304.538 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.233

Abstract

Finance can be accessed from various financial providers, for instance finance from government. One of the financial forms provided by the government is in-kind finance such as seeds, fertilizer, and harvesting tools. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship betwen agricultural production and in-kind finance from Indonesian government. The study was conducted from May to September 2017 using survey technique to collect data from 97 potato farmers in Garut District. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics technique and Ordinary Least Square regression. Results showed that in-kind finance from the government helped farmers in potato production. Farmers who had access to in-kind finance from the government had a higher potato production compared to farmers who did not have access to the in-kind finance.
Adaptasi Tanaman Indigofera zollingeriana (Miquel 1855) (Leguminosae : Indigofereae) pada Berbagai Tingkat Naungan Saijo, .; Sudradjat, .; Yahya, Sudirman; Hidayat, Yayat
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (281.019 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.23.3.240

Abstract

Indigofera zollingeriana is a bush type legume plant that grows well in full light but tolerant to shade conditions. Modification efforts of the environment with paranet shade treatment are the accurate approach. The objective of this research was to study the tolerance limit of I. zollingeriana plant at various shade levels. The study was conducted in October 2016-April 2017 at the Leuwikopo-IPB Bogor and used randomized block design with one shade factor (0, 40, 65, and 80%). The results of the measurement of microclimate with various shading levels showed that in the shade treatment 40%, the intensity of light decreased by 40% the temperature decreased by 6%, while the humidity increased by 10%. In the 65% shade, the light intensity decreased by 62%, the temperature decreased by 10%, while the humidity increased by 24%. In the 80% shade, the light intensity decreases 95%, the temperature decreases 13%, while the humidity increases 34%. The shade intensity has a real significant on decreasing stem diameter, number of branches, canopy dry weight, and roots. I. zollingeriana is rather tolerant of shade and it is able to adapt to shade up to 40%.

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