Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia" : 9 Documents clear
Potensi Unggulan Komoditas Pertanian pada Daerah Dataran Tinggi Kabupaten Pegunungan Arfak, Papua Barat Sagrim, Meky; Sumule, Agus Irianto; Iyai, Deny Anjelus; Baransano, Michael
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.941 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.141

Abstract

New autonomy status of Arfak Mountains Regency has numbers of strategic potencies for being developed. The one is agriculture sector. The objective of this research was to investigate featured potency and its distribution of agricultural products in Arfak Mountains Regency. A field research was done in the year 2015 between November-December. Sampled respondents using questionnaire were interviewed. The finding of this research was that agriculture sector contributed to gross domestic regional was 72.6%. The value of Location of Quotient for horticulture sector contributed by field paddy in Minyambouw District was 2.76 similar to crop production in Sururey, Anggi, Taige, Catubouw, Testega, Donohue, Anggigida, and Hingk Districts. Mays commodity is grown in Member and Minyambouw. Districts having a majority of Location Quotient more than that >1.00 were in Minyambouw, Hingk, and Anggigida with 5 commodities. The higher Location Quotient value was presented in horticulture plants, i.e. 5.87. The Potency of households and labor resources was in the district of Minyambouw and Hingk District In general, Pegaf Regency has agriculture potency of crops, i.e. field paddy, mays, and crops. 
Status Kualitas Air dan Kesuburan Perairan Waduk PLTA Koto Panjang, Provinsi Riau Hasibuan, Ika Fitria; Hariyadi, Sigid; Adiwilaga, Enan Mulyana
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.968 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.147

Abstract

PLTA Koto Panjang Reservoir is one of the reservoirs in Riau Province which has a primary function as a Hydropower source and also used for fisheries and tourism activities. Increased activity around the existing reservoir affecting water quality conditions that would interfere with function.This research was conducted in April-May 2015 with three observations on 5 stations with the aimed this research to analyzing, determining the status of water quality, and fertility status of waters in PLTA Koto Panjang Reservoir. Determination of reservoir water quality status based on parameters of physical, chemical, and biological methods STORET with water quality standard Class II and III for comparison. Fertility status was determined by Trophic Level Index (TLI) based on the brightness, chlorophyll-a, total nitrogen, and total phosphorus waters. The results showed that the status of Koto Panjang Reservoir water quality can be categorized as being contaminated with the quality standard Class III and heavily polluted the quality standard Class II. The parameters have exceeded the water quality standard Class II and III are ammonia, nitrite, and BOD5. The fertility status of the dam water is the eutrophic category with TLI values ranges from 4.6-5.2.
Kajian Rantai Nilai dan Analisis Nilai Tambah Jagung (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Konawe, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara) Witjaksono, Julian
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.214 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.156

Abstract

Maize is the essential crop in Southeast Sulawesi and also as the primary income resource for the smallholder farmers. This research was conducted in Amesiu Village, Pondidaha Sub District, of Konawe District. This study has employed descriptive method for supply chain, Hayami method for value added analysis and SWOT analysis. Study results show that maize boiled business is the highest value added and the lowest value added is the maize farmer (IDR303.900,00/kg and IDR9.900/kg respectively). Meanwhile, the middle men have value added about IDR235.960,00/kg. Margin analysis shows that the business men of boiled maize have the highest margin (IDR323.898,00/kg), the lowest margin is the maize farmer (IDR36.200,00/kg), meanwhile the middle men has margin value about IDR240.960/kg). SWOT analysis shows the strategy that should be implemented by the business men of boiled maize is to support aggressively growth policy (growth oriented strategy). This strategy is more focusing to SO strategy (Strength-Opportunity) by using power to implement the opportunity.
Pengembangan Ketahanan Pangan Melalui Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Kawasan Rawan Konflik Timika Papua Syarief, Rizal; Sumardjo, .; Kriswantriyono, Agit; Wulandari, Yulia Puspadewi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.359 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi/22.3.163

Abstract

Conflict handling in Papua so far is more often done with the repressive approach. The impact of conflict level is not decreasing, even international rejection is increasing. For that reason, a more humanistic approach is needed, including through empowerment. The purpose of this research is to study the community empowerment model in conflict-prone areas as an effort to realize the food security and the strategy of model replication in another area. The research method is done by action research, and SWOT analysis to formulate the strategy of model replication. The empowerment model conducted in several ways. First, gradually improve farming skills more productive-with the introduction of simple agricultural technology brings the change of community behavior from nomadic to the subsystem. Second, farming in order to provide for basic needs and also daily, weekly, monthly income as well as savings for families. Third, business development efforts by partnerships, with the government, companies, and religious institutions. The nodes of empowerment activities are conducted through the Agribusiness Training Center (ATC) that facilitates all empowerment activities. There are several things to consider in the replication model of empowerment: identification of program targets, needs assessment, institutional initiation, technology selection, assistance to the program, and partnerships with various stakeholders.
Strategi Pemanfaatan Perairan Pesisir untuk Budi Daya Kerang Hijau (Perna viridis L.) di Kuala Langsa, Provinsi Aceh Sagita, Andi; Kurnia, Rahmat; Sulistiono, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.906 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.172

Abstract

Development of green mussel culture currently still requires the determination of strategies in accordance with the potential and conditions of coastal areas as well as management culture system. This research aims to formulate strategies of the utilization coastal waters for green mussel culture in coastal Kuala Langsa, Aceh Province. Data collected to identify internal factors and external, including primary and secondary data, while the determination of respondents using purposive sampling method. SWOT Analysis is used for strategy determined while prioritizing strategy using Quantitative Strategies Planning Matrix (QSPM) analysis. Based on SWOT analysis, identified 9 strength factors, 4 weakness factors, 6 opportunity factors, and 5 threat factors and 8 strategies, then the priority of strategies is determined with QSPM analysis, the sequence of the most important priority is: counseling and training to improve the management of green mussel culture for coastal communities (WO1); green mussel culture can be integrated with the involvement of coastal communities as stakeholders (WO2); optimization of coastal waters for green mussel culture is supported by ecology conditions (SO1); green mussel culture can be done with longline method with a density of 20 individuals/basket 5.30 l (SO3); site selection for culture and spat collection of green mussel should consider coastal oceanographic factors (ST1); controlling the level of waste disposal from the mainland so as not to pollute coastal areas (ST2); and to formulate practical guidance of management of green mussel culture based on the food security principle.
Keragaman Morfometrik dan Genetik Gen COI Belut Sawah (Monopterus albus) Asal Empat Populasi di Jawa Barat Herdiana, Lella; Kamal, Muhammad Mukhlis; Butet, Nurlisa Alias; Affandi, Ridwan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.923 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.180

Abstract

Swamp eel (Monopterus albus) is an economically important freshwater fish which has the potential to sustainable development. This species is considered as one of the taxonomically problematic spesies due to its complex characters and similar morphology to Monopterus cuchia and Monopterus javanensis that often lead to taxonomic dilemmas. Taxonomic certainty is an essential basis information in sustainable fisheries management, studies on morphometric characters, and genetic variability is a method which commonly used for species or stock identification. This study was aimed to validate the taxonomy certainty and evaluate the kinship of swamp eel from four populations (Indramayu, Subang, Tasikmalaya, and Garut distrik) in West Java. Morphometric analysis was conducted by measurement of 19 characters, whereas genetic analysis was conducted using PCR-Sequencing method of COI gene. The results from stepwise discriminant analysis showed that 7 morphometric characters ratio were powerful to classified the populations and the first two discriminant functions accounted 84.2% of the total variability. Genetic diversity indicated by alignment 14 sekuen of COI gene showed there were 11 haplotypes from 109 variable sites. Results of cluster and phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that swamp eel from four research populations were grouped into two major clusters. The first cluster consists of Indramayu and Subang population, the second cluster consists of Tasikmalaya and Garut population. This cluster is an evidence that swamp eel from West Java possesed morphometric and genetic diversity among populations and lead to assumption that at least there were two cryptic species from M. albus in West Java. 
Kajian Karakteristik Fisik Tanah di Lahan Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit (Elaies guinensis Jacq.) Kebun Adolina PTPN IV pada Beberapa Generasi Tanam Simarmata, Juliana Epesus; Rauf, Abdul; Hidayat, Benny
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.197 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.191

Abstract

Soil management on some plantation land uses, such as fertilizing, clearing, the use of heavy equipment will affect, and the soil properties of the land use. This study aims to determine changes in physical properties of soil in the plantation oil palm plantations Adolina PTPN IV on 3 generations of planting. It was conducted at Adolina Estate of PTPN IV, Serdang Bedagai, Sumatera Utara in July-December 2016. The method used in this research is survey method with descriptive analysis. Soil samples taken are controls are the land has never planted oil palm (K0), palm oil 1st generation (G1), 3rd generation (G3), and 4th generation (G4). The results showed that planting of oil palm in the Adolina Garden increased soil pore space, soil structure, increased humidity (temperature), soil texture, the ability of roots to penetrate the soil (solum), and increased organic material. But it does not give a noticeable change to the parameters of soil density, permeability, and carbon storage in the soil.
Pengaruh Eradikasi Gulma terhadap Perkembangan Populasi Wereng Hijau dan Kejadian Penyakit Tungro pada Padi Praptana, Raden Heru; Senoaji, Wasis
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (258.789 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.198

Abstract

Tungro is one of the important diseases in rice that is still a constraint to increased productivity. Tungro disease caused by a tungro viruses that is transmitted by green leafhoppers in a semi persistent manner. The presence of weeds can cause yield losses of rice and is a potential host plant of tungro viruses. Eradication of weeds is an attempt to eliminate the source of inoculum of tungro viruses. The research objective was to determine the effect of weed eradication on the development of green leafhopper population and the incidence of tungro disease. The study was conducted in an experimental field of Tungro Disease Research Station, Lanrang Village, Sidenreng Rappang District, South Sulawesi at rainy season and dry season 2014. The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design with 8 eradication treatments and 4 replications. The parameters include the observation of weed species that grow in each plot and embankment planting, green leafhopper population density and the number of infected plants by tungro viruses. Observations in the planting is done at 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks after planting (WAP). The observations of weeds and green leafhopper population was also conducted on the field before eradication. The results showed that the weeds potential as a source of inoculum were Cyperus rotundus, C. iria, Fimbristylis miliacea, and E. colonum. Eradication of weeds before and after planting through both mechanical and herbicide applications tended to suppress the green leafhopper populations and tungro disease incidence.
Sifat Pemesinan Lima Jenis Kayu Kurang Dikenal Supriadi, Achmad
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.03 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.3.205

Abstract

This paper deals with a study in machining properties of five wood species, i.e. marasi (Hymenaea sp.), asam jawa (Tamarmaus indica), ki keuyeup (Enonimus javanica), cantigi (Pempis acidula), and Kendal (Euretia acuminate R.) from West Java. The result revealed that planing, shaping, boring, turning, and sanding properties were significantly affected by wood species. The machining qualities of asam jawa, marasi and ki keuyeup woods with respect to criteria were good to very good, while those cantigi and Kendal fair to good. There is a tendency of the higher density of wood, the better of machining properties. These five of wood can be suggested to be processed into various products processing with machining results as good to very good, except cantigi and kendal if need turning process must be done more carefully.

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