Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia" : 9 Documents clear
Variasi Genetik Gen Myostatin Ekson 3 pada Sembilan Bangsa Kambing Lokal di Indonesia Ginting, Rissa Herawati; Farajallah, Achmad; Farajallah, Dyah Perwitasari; Batubara, Aron
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.019 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.73

Abstract

Myostatin gene plays a role in helping to control the growth and development of muscle tissue. Identification of genetic diversity in nine local goat breeds in Indonesia has done. The aim of this study was to obtain information myostatin gene diversity of exon 3 in local goats in Indonesia. The total of 10 samples was selected from 80 samples of goats blood collected comprising each sample of the population of goats breeds, i.e., Samosir, Muara, Kacang, Costa, Peranakan Etawah, Boerawa, Gembrong, Boer, and Boerka goats. The gene diversity and nucleotide base changes were identified by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing techniques. The analysis showed that there is eight variant identified in appropriate with those found in sequencing results. Deletion variations were found in Costa and Samosir goats in T552- and G560-. Substitution variations were found in Gembrong (A7C & A11T), Peranakan Etawah (T10A & A11T), Burawa (T10A & A11T), Muara (A11T), Samosir (A11T), and Boerka (A182T, T437A, T439A, & A445G). Variations on the chromatogram peak overlapping contained in the base position to 13. Analysis of variance showed that there was a special mutation in exon 3 that affects the amino acid tyrosine into lysine. Variants were found in nine goat breeds associated with phylogenetic and genetic distance of goats, Boerka goat has the highest level of genetic variation, it indicated that Boerka goat was crossbreed
Pengaruh Pra Perlakuan Terhadap Kualitas Kunyit yang Dikeringkan dengan Menggunakan Solar Tunnel Dryer Ananingsih, Victoria Kristina; Arsanti, Gracia; Nugrahedi, Robertus Probo Yulianto
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (555.434 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.79

Abstract

Turmeric (Curcuma domestica Val.) has many health benefits and can be used in herbal medicine as well as traditional herbal drink. Turmeric can also be used as a natural dye in food. Turmeric is very perishables in a fresh state, thus drying process is needed to extend its shelf life. An environmentally friendly drying using Solar Tunnel Dryer (STD) is one of the techniques that is interestingly developed. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of steam blanching at different times (3, 5, and 10 minutes) and soaking using a 0.05% citric acid for 5 minutes on the physicochemical and microbiological qualities of turmeric dried by STD. Measurements were conducted to analyze water content, water activity, curcumin content, antioxidant activity, pH, water activity, color intensity, and total fungi. The results showed that steam blanching and immersion using a 0.05% citric acid for 5 minutes could reduce the drying time when compared to that of control. While 5 minutes of steam blanching with immersion in the 0.05% citric acid for 5 minutes could produce a high antioxidant activity which was 80.30 ± 0.89 (% inhibition) and it had the lowest total fungi which were 3.33 ± 5.00%
Senyawa Penciri Ekstrak Daun Jati Belanda (Guazuma ulmifolia Lamk) sebagai Anti-Kolesterol Batubara, Irmanida; Husnawati, .; Darusman, Latifah Kosim; Mitsunaga, Tohru
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.675 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.87

Abstract

Jati belanda (Guazuma ulmifolia Lamk) leaves is traditionally used as slimming and cholesterol reducing agent. This research aims to determine the active component on jati belanda leaves as marker compound for cholesterol reducing agent. The quality of leaves was checked prior to use for next step of analysis. Jati belanda leaves with good quality was extracted by ethanol 30% and the extract was separated by chromatography technique such as open column chromatography and preparative high performance liquid chromatography. The results showed that the quality of samples is meet to the requirement of Indonesian Food and Drug Agency (Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM)) based on moisture content, ash content, and heavy metal content. Based on the separation results showed that the cholesterol reducing compound from jati belanda is quercetin
Toleransi Klon Unggul Jarak Pagar Terhadap Cekaman Kelembapan Tanah Lestari, .; Djumali, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.539 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.92

Abstract

Jatropha superior clones which will be released as varieties suitable for dryland should have been tested for their level of tolerance to stress of water. The study aimed to determine the level of tolerance of physic nut superior clones. Greenhouse research was carried out in The Research Institute of Sweeteners and Fiber Crops, Malang, East Java in July-November 2015. The treatments were arranged in the split-plot design with three replications. The main plot consists of four levels of soil moisture (40, 60, 80, and 100% of field capacity) and the subplot consists of five clones (HS-49/NTT, PT-7/Lampung, HS-49 x SP-88, SP -88 x IP-1A, and PT-7 x SP-117) and one control clone (IP-3A). The results showed that PT-7 x SP-117 classified as a moderate clone, IP-3A was a very resistant clone and SP-88 x IP-1A, HS-49 x SP-88, PT-7/ Lampung, and HS-49/NTT were resistant clones to soil moisture stress
Keanekaragaman Tanaman Pekarangan dan Pemanfaatannya untuk Mendukung Ketahanan Pangan Kecamatan Wakorumba Selatan Feriatin, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (395.905 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.99

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the type composition, vegetation structure, and the patterns of utilization to support food security in the sub district of South Wakorumba. This study employed a quadrat method. The results of this research show that the composition of plant species in gardens in South Wakorumba sub district was comprised of 25 families from 44 species of plants. For plants vegetation structure the highest of importance value for trees of the class was indicated by coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) species. Whereas the lowest value was indicated by water apple (Eugenia aquea Burm. F) species. For of poles, the highest of importance value was indicated by chocolate (Theobroma cacao L.) species. Whereas the lowest value was by Jamaica cashew (Syzygium malacensis) species. The class of saplings highest value was indicated by papaya (Carica papaya L.) species. whereas the lowest was indicated by tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) species. For of seedling the highest of importance value was indicated by coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) species. Whereas the lowest of importance value was indicated by rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) species. The pattern of utilization of garden plants by the villagers of Wakorumba Sub District is as follows: as a source of carbohydrate (18.18%), proteins (11.36%), vitamins (45.45%), minerals (22.73%), and fat (2.27%)
Analisis Pendapatan Terhadap Karakteristik Usahatani Integrasi Tanaman Perkebunan-Sapi: Kasus di Desa Mesa, Kabupaten Maluku Tengah Santoso, Agung Budi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.952 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.108

Abstract

Crop-livestock was a concept of zero waste system and good for the environment. This study aimed to determine the effect of farming characteristics on farmer incomes Mesa Village, Teon Nila Serua Sub District, Central Maluku District. Type of farming characteristics consisted of two groups, namely farmers who have integrated coconut, cocoa and cattle, and farmers who relied on the plantation sector. The data used was primary data obtained by the method of interviews and questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test statistic. The results obtained that the income of farmers who perform the integration of cattle, coconuts, and cocoa did not differ significantly with farmers income derived from the coconut and cocoa. This was because maintenance of cattle still traditionally and there has been no development of farm products. Increased productivity in the crop-livestock system could be done by making a communal cage, cultivation of fodder crops, and dissemination of technology
Dampak Ekonomi dan Lingkungan Ekspansi Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit (Studi Kasus: Desa Penyabungan, Kecamatan Merlung, Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat, Jambi) Utami, Rany; Putri, Eka Intan Kumala; Ekayani, Meti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.443 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.115

Abstract

Oil palm is one of the major plantation commodity that earns foreign exchange. The expansion of oil palm plantation potentially gives not only economic benefits, but also the environmental problems. Therefore, the economic and environmental impacts of oil palm plantation expansion need to be assessed. This study uses revenue analysis to estimate the economic benefits, descriptive analysis to identify environmental impacts, and to estimate external costs using replacement cost and cost of illness. In this research, expansion is defined as the conversion of a part of or whole rubber plantation to oil palm plantation. The expansion resulted in farmers turning some or all of rubber gardens into palm oil plantations that resulted in an increase in revenues of 40.52%. In addition to the on-farm sector, farmers benefit from off-farm (24.46%) and non-farm (25.61%), bringing the total increase of farmers income by 33.42%. Based on community perceptions of environmental impacts due to oil palm plantation expansion in the form of reduced quantity of groundwater, water pollution, and decreased animal population. The environmental impact of crude palm oil (CPO) factories is to produce liquid waste from palm oil processing that raises external costs for the community in the form of the replacement cost of clean water and the cost of illness
Nilai Hematologi, Denyut Jantung, Frekuensi Respirasi, dan Suhu Tubuh Ternak Sapi Perah Laktasi di Pangalengan Suprayogi, Agik; Alaydrussani, Ganjar; Ruhyana, Asep Yayan
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.132 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.127

Abstract

Pangalengan is located in the high land region with an altitude of 1.000-1.420 m above sea level, which has an average temperature of 17.80 ± 1.46 0C and humidity of 63.99 ± 2.74%. These environmental conditions will affect the physiological values of dairy cattle, especially during the lactation period. However, information about the physiological parameters of lactating cows in this area is not available. This study used 20 lactating dairy cows, and physiological values were measured in the morning, midday, and afternoon. The ranges of heart rate, respiration rate, and rectal temperature of dairy cows during lactation period were 59.82-72.02 times/min, 26.01-36.69 times/min, and 37.32-38.36 0C, respectively. The range of hemoglobin, hematocrit, erythrocytes, and leukocytes of lactating dairy cows was 8.29-9.51 g/dl, 24.52-29.70%, 6.10-8.18 million/µl, and 6.220-10.600 cells/µl, respectively. The range of differential leukocyte of lactating dairy cows were lymphocyte 32.64-63.14%, neutrophils 28.34-53.24%, monocytes 0.41-4.85%, eosinophils 1.58-15.78%, and basophils 0%, respectively. The range of a ratio of N/L of lactating dairy cows was 0.41-1.63. This study concludes that lactating dairy cows maintained under mild Pangalengan climatic conditions still show physiological values within the normal range
Strategi Pengembangan Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) di Kabupaten Bangka, Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung Agustina, Fournita; Zahri, Imron; Yazid, Muhammad; Yunita, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (172.713 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.2.133

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to identify the problems faced by agricultural extension workers and to formulate alternative of extension strategies in realizing the application of horticultural GAP by farmers in Bangka Regency. This study was conducted in Bangka Regency of Bangka Belitung Province in February 2014. The data obtained in the field were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis and SWOT analysis method. The results of this study indicate that: (1) The problems faced by agricultural extension workers in realizing the application of horticultural GAP by farmers in Kabupaten Bangka are low knowledge and skill about GAP horticulture, the existence of agricultural extension workers that have heavy work load, programme extension does not correspond to the need of farmer horticulture; (2) The strategy of agricultural extension workers in realizing the application of GAP horticulture by farmers in Bangka Regency is to increase the training and visit and demonstration plot (plots) GAP horticulture, applying to the Food Security Agency of Bangka Regency related to the lack of education and learning tools horticulture, increasing knowledge and skills on horticultural GAP. Enhance interaction with universities and research institutions, knowledge and skills based on experience farming horticultural crops farmers as well as keeping exercise routines and visits to horticultural farmers

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