Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia" : 10 Documents clear
Derajat Kristalinitas dan Struktur Anatomi Kayu Jati Muna Akibat Perlakuan Panas Fendi, .; Kurniaty, Dian; Darmawan, Saptadi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (504.992 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.20

Abstract

Teak wood (Tectona grandis L.f.) is an important part of building material in Muna, Southeast Sulawesi. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of teakwood Muna namely the degree of crystallinity and the anatomical structure of teakwood after heat treatment for 0.5-12 hours. The results of XRD analysis showed crystallinity diameter without treatment and after treatment of temperature at 90, 120, 150, dan 180 C decreased with increasing temperature namely 5.95; 5.97; 6.02; 6.2; and 7.04 nm. SEM analysis showed teakwood surface profile changes after heat treatment applied.
Makroavertebrata Bentos sebagai Bioindikator Kualitas Air Sungai Nimbai Manokwari, Papua Barat Leatemia, Simon Petrus Oktovianus; Manangkalangi, Emmanuel; Lefaan, Paskalina Theresia; Peday, Hans Fence Zakeus; Sembel, Luky
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (632.349 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.25

Abstract

Benthos macroinvertebrates have been used as bioindicators to assess the waters quality of the stream, but still are very rarely to applied in West Papua streams. Benthos macroinvertebrates can describe the stream water quality so that very well be used as bioindicators, due to each species has a different tolerance to interference organic pollutants in waters. This study aimed to assess the water quality of Nimbai stream using benthos macroinvertebrates tolerance level and several water quality parameters. Data retrieval was conducted in JuneJuly and SeptemberOctober 2012 in seven stations (L1L7) from Nimbai upstream to downstream that connected to Prafi river. The water macroinvertebrates were taken using surber with mesh size 200 μm and then was identified at the family level. At L5 station near the oil palm waste disposal installations was contains oil and fat (<1-3 mg/l), which resulted in dissolved oxygen (DO) and pH is lower than the other stations. Similarly the value of H is low (0.83), however, the value of C (0.79) was high that dominated by Oligochaeta. Famili biotic index (FBI) value obtained showed that water quality in the L1L4 stations was in good to excellent condition, but the quality at L5 station is classified as very poor. As the distance far away from the sources of pollution in the L5 station, water quality tends to improve as shown in the L6 and L7 stations. The result of this study shows the important benefits of benthos macroinvertebrates as bioindicators for assessing the quality of stream waters, and can be described aquatic environments disturbance to the benthos macroinvertebrates habitats in Nimbai stream.
Produksi IgY Spesifik Staphylococcus aureus dari Isolat Asal Kasus Staphylococcosis pada Kelinci Cahyaningsih, Triwardhani; Pasaribu, Fachriyan Hasmi; Indrawati, Agustin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.491 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.1

Abstract

This experiment aims to produce immunoglobulin Y (Ig-Y) Staphylococcus aureus isolates origin staphylococcosis case in rabbits. Vaccination is done several times using Staphylococcus aureus active in 109 cfu/ml. Injecting the chicken is done four weeks in a row, the first week is done by intravenous injection of S. aureus antigens, the second week of the injection sub cutan S. aureus emulsified with Freunds complete adjuvant, followed by the third and fourth week of the injection of S. aureus antigen emulsified with incomplete Freunds adjuvant. Egg samples were taken after four weeks of the last injection for identification, purification, and determination of specific IgY against S. aureus in egg yolk. IgY specificity qualitatively tests performed by the AGP test (To Gel Precipitation). IgY extraction is done using PEG - Ammonium sulfate, purified IgY concentration calculated by the method of Bradford. The results showed that IgY began to be detected in egg yolk at week six after immunization, with the average levels of IgY is 1.7 mg/ml.
Pengaruh Jenis Kayu dan Jumlah Lapisan Terhadap Sifat Venir Lamina Iskandar, Mochamad Isa; Supriadi, Achmad
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.255 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.34

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of wood species and the number of layers of veneer against laminated veneer properties. Wood species consist of sengon, pine, and mixed pine sengon. Laminated veener made by a number of layers consist of 4, 6, and 8 layers. The difference of a number of layers was to identify quality of laminated veneer. The adhesive used is urea formaldehyde (UF) liquid. The results showed that the average moisture content of 10.76%, density of 0.54 g/cm3, delamination 5.8%, MOE 124.108 kg/cm2, and MOR 450.74 kg/cm2. The moisture content and delamination made all meet the Indonesian National Standard. Statistically, wood species were a significant effect on moisture content, density, MOE, and MOR, while various of layers were a significant effect on moisture content, density, delamination, MOE, and MOR. The number of layer’s laminated veneer made higher of water content, density, delamination, and MOR.
Penentuan Dosis Optimum Pemupukan N, P, dan K pada Sorgum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) Suminar, Ratna; Suwarto, .; Purnamawati, Heni
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.579 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.6

Abstract

Development of sorghum processing industries is essential in expanding sorghum market as wells as it’s an economic value. Fertilizer is needed in planting. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium availabilities are the most limiting factors for maximum growth and yield. Sorghum (Numbu Variety) was planted to evaluate the maximum and optimum rates of N, P, and K fertilizers. The research was conducted in Cikarawang field, Darmaga, Bogor from MarchJuly 2015 with multi-nutrient response method. Each experiment evaluated different rates of N, P, and K fertilizer with randomized complete block design and three replications. The fertilizer rates were 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200% of recommendation rate (100% N = 120 kg N ha-1, 100% P = 36 kg P2O5 ha-1, and 100% K = 90 kg K2O ha-1). The result showed relative yields of sorghum increased quadratically based on y = -0,0015x2 + 0,4011x + 67,571 for N, y = -0,0012x2 + 0,2917x + 78,457 for P2O5, and y = -0,001x2 + 0,2777x + 74,457 for K2O. The maximum rate for each nutrient was 160,4-43,7-124,9 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1. Fertilizer recommendation based on P threshold (no P) was 36,7-0,0-13,7 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1, K threshold (no K) was 22,0-0,0-0,0 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1, and no fertilizer needed on N threshold. The optimum rate fertilizer based on the yield vs. cost rule, therefore, the most economical recommendation would be 160,4-43,7-124,9 kg N-P2O5-K2O ha-1.
Keragaan Hasil dan Keuntungan Usahatani Padi dengan Introduksi Varietas Unggul di Provinsi Banten Purba, Resmayeti; Giametri, Yuti
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.319 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.13

Abstract

The adoption of a new varieties of rice (VUB) are expected could increase the rice production. The study carried out in District of Serang, Pandeglang, Lebak, and Serang City, where each location is implemented in seven villages, so there are 28 locations. The Study of VUB was held on two cropping seasons, that is cropping season II on 2013 and cropping season I on 2014. The new varieties of rice were introduced is Inpari-13, Inpari-15, Inpari-18, and Inpari-19. Rice yields productivity Inpari-19 7.2 ton/ha, is higher than Inpari-13 (6.62 ton/ha), Inpari-15 (6.69 ton/ha), Inpari-18 (6.59 ton/ha), Ciherang (6,30 ton/ha), and Mekongga (6.4 ton/ha). Based on the technical aspects, shows that Inpari-19 adaptive and can increase the yield productivity of 900 kg/ha compared to Ciherang 800 kg/ha, and Mekongga. From the economical aspect the advantages of farming using Inpari-19 and based on the social aspect, showing that the preference of farmers to Inpari-19 like more than Inpari-13, Inpari-15, and Inpari-18. Based on the technical aspects, economic and social, the Inpari-19 can be used as an alternative choice of lowland rice varieties.
Pengaruh Radiasi Sinar Gamma Cobalt-60 Terhadap Sifat Morfologi dan Agronomi Ketiga Varietas Jagung (Zea mays L.) Makhziah, .; Sukendah, .; Koentjoro, Yonny
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (278.604 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.41

Abstract

Mutation is one of the ways to improve genetic variation in plant breeding so the target traits were more easily obtained. Grains of three varieties of maize (Bisma, Madura local, and Gumarang) were treated with gamma 60cobalt irradiation doses (0, 100, 200, and 300 Gy) before sowing then planted in a split plot randomized block design with three replication, to be evaluated for their morphology and agronomic traits. The Main plot was cultivars and sub plot was gamma radiation rates. There was no interaction between gamma rates and cultivars of maize, but increasing of gamma rates caused decreasing of some traits. Some traits such as plant height and leaves number were decreased significantly when gamma rate increased 100 to 300 Gy as well yield components such as grain weight and grain number per ear. Gamma 200 caused produce more ears than other rates. Bisma exhibited greater performance than Madura and Gumarang both of morphology and agronomic traits.
Pengaturan Pola Tanam Karet (Hevea brasiliensis Muell.Arg.) untuk Tumpang Sari Jangka Panjang Sahuri, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (317.967 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.46

Abstract

Low prices of rubber have been a serious problem to rubber farmers. The rubber based intercropping system offers a practical solution to this issue and increasing overall productivity. This experiment was aimed to determine the suitable spatial arrangements in rubber planting to facilitate long-term rubber-based intercropping systems. A field experiment was established in a smallholder rubber plantation in the Tanah Laut District, South Kalimantan Province with an area of 700 ha and Musirawas District, South Sumatra Province with an area of 400 ha. The experiment using two planting patterns of rubber clone PB260: (1) single row planting pattern (SR) by 6 x 3 m, and (2) double row planting pattern (DR) by (18 + 2 m) x 2.5 m. The experiment showed that the girth of rubber trees in the SR system at the first tapping year was slightly bigger than that in the DR system, however, it was not statistically significant. The latex yield per tree of SR system was the same as the DR system, however latex yield per hectare of SR system has higher than the DR system, because the SR system have more population than the DR system. The DR system was proved to be a suitable planting system for long-term rubber based intercropping systems.
Analisis Daya Dukung Lahan untuk Pengembangan Budi Daya Kerapu di Perairan Tambak Kecamatan Cilebar, Kabupaten Karawang Alifatri, La Ode; Hariyadi, Sigid; Susanto, Handoko Adi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1041.242 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.52

Abstract

The aims of this research were to analyze the land suitability and carrying capacity for groupers culture. The utilized methods were land suitability analysis and carrying capacity analysis. The results of land suitability analysis showed that the area which is fit very suitable criteria is 38.16 ha (17.13%), fit enough suitable is 118.27 ha (53.11%), and appropriate-conditional suitable is 66.26 ha (29.75%). The results of carrying capacity analysis resulted in an area of 156.43 ha which is very suitable for groupers culture development in KJT systems. This area could accommodate as much as 313 ponds which are equivalent to 626 units or 6.257 KJT boxes.
Komparasi Karakter Morfologi Sapi Madura Sonok dan Madura Pedaging Lutvaniyah, Siti; Farajallah, Dyah Perwitasari; Farajallah, Achmad
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.748 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.22.1.67

Abstract

Madura cattle was selected into three groups by Madura people, there are karapan, sonok, and beef cattle. This selection based on morphological characters and pedigree. The differences of morphological characters in Sonok and beef cattle have not been reported. This research aimed to analyze morphological characters of both types, such as the differences in behaviors. This research was conducted from January-April 2016 at Sumenep and Pamekasan region, Madura Island. Preliminary was conducted with interviews, observation, and literature studies to obtain some characters which will be observed. Eighteen characters were observed in forty-two sonok cattle and fifty beef cattle. Qualitative data was analyzed by frequency analysis and use as input for principal component analysis (PCA) in Minitab 16 Statistical Software. The result shows that all of the observed cattle are divided into two groups. It indicates that sonok and beef cattle have different color around the eye area, the existence of back line, horn direction, and the existence of hump. However, further, observation is needed to find a robust character which can distinguish sonok and beef cattle for sonok selection.

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