Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
ISSN : 08534217     EISSN : 24433462
Artikel yang dimuat meliputi hasil-hasil penelitian, analisis kebijakan, dan opini-opini yang berhubungan dengan pertanian dalam arti luas, seperti agronomi, ilmu tanah, hama dan penyakit tanamam, ilmu kehewanan, kedokteran veteriner, keteknikan pertanian, teknologi industri, teknologi pangan, ilmu gizi, keluarga dan konsumen, biometri, biologi, klimatologi, peternakan perikanan, kelautan, kehutanan, dan sosial-ekonomi pertanian yang telah dipertimbangkan dan disetujui oleh Dewan Editor. Keterangan mengenai peralatan, pengamatan, dan teknik percobaan akan diterima sebagai artikel CATATAN. Pedoman Penulisan dicantumkan pada setiap terbitan tercetak. Indeks Penulisan dan subjek serta daftar penelaan (mitra bestari) dicantumkan di tiap nomor terakhir pada setiap volume.
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Karakteristik Proksimat dan Organoleptik Ubi Jalar Merah (Ipomea batatas (L.) Lam.) Pada Berbagai Proses Pemasakan Febriantini, Dwi; Mulyati, Ade Heri; Widiastuti, Diana
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (756.182 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.1

Abstract

Sweet potato (Ipomea batatas (L.) Lam.) is one of functional foods that can maintain and improve human health. Due to the very hard texture of red sweet potato, it cannot be consumed directly. Therefore, it requires various cooking methods in order to be more suitable for consumption. This study aimed at determining effects of various cooking methods on the proximate and sensory properties of red sweet potato. The research covers various cooking methods of red sweet potato through boiling, frying, baking, steaming, and one treatment without cooking process (fresh) which was used as a control. The results show that various cooking methods affect almost all testing parameters significantly, except for ash content. Baked red sweet potato has the lowest moisture content (38,75%) and the highest sugar value as sucrose (17,17%). Sensory properties test results show that the most preferred red sweet potato is fried red sweet potato.
Struktur Anatomi dan Kualitas Serat Kayu dan Akar Gantung Beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn.) Krisdianto, .; Balfas, Jamal
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (990.492 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.13

Abstract

Beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn.) is one of typical fast growing tree species which are commonly found in Indonesia. The trees grow with hanging roots which grow larger and often can merged with the main stem, then its timber is not optimally utilized. This paper studies the anatomical structure and fiber quality of main stem and large, medium, and small diameter of hanging roots of beringin (Ficus benjamina Linn.) tree. Anatomical structure was observed macroscopically and microscopically, while fiber dimensions were measured from macerated samples. The results show that the anatomical structure pattern of the roots is similar with those of main stem, however the quantity and dimension of anatomical components of hanging roots are smaller and shorter than components of main stem. Likewise, the fiber dimensions of roots are shorter and thinner than those taken from the main stem. Based on fiber dimensions and its derivative value, beringin wood fibers are classified into class quality II for pulp and paper. The creamy white color with white streaky figure of beringin wood from main stem is recommended for indoor decoration products such as wooden venetian blind, while the small roots are recommended for strap or webbing material crafts.
Metarhizium anisopliae dan Andrographis paniculata Terhadap Serangga Bukan Hama Sasaran Yuliani, Dini
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.077 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.20

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Metarhizium anisopliae and Andrographis paniculata to the natural enemies of Nephotettix virescens and non-target insect pests. This research was conducted in tungro endemic areas in Subang District, West Java in the wet season 2013/2014. The method of research used a split plot design with four replications. The main plot was IR66, Inpari 9, and Ciherang varieties. Subplot was the application of M. anisopliae, A. paniculata, and control. Observations were carried out five times started at nursery (2 weeks after seedling), 14, 28, 42, and 56 days after planting using insect nets, double swing 10 times on each plot observations. The results show M. anisopliae and A. paniculata not adversely affect on non-target insect pests such as Chironomid and natural enemies of N. virescens namely Lycosa pseudoannulata, Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, Sepedon sp., damselfly, Tipulidae sp., Telenomus sp., dragonfly, and Tetrastichus sp.. Efficacy of M. anisopliae and A. paniculata as one of the control strategies that are environmentally friendly and proved not harmful to non-target insect pests.
Dinamika Sebaran Bakteri Heterotrofik di Teluk Jakarta Palimirmo, Flandrianto Sih; Damar, Ario; Effendi, Hefni
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (727.512 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.26

Abstract

Jakarta Bay is one of the aquatic ecosystems with the highest level of organic pollution in the world. Ecological condition of Jakarta Bay’s water will affect the ecosystem, including the distribution of heterotrophic bacteria. This study aims to determine the dynamics of the distribution of heterotrophic bacteria in the Jakarta Bay. Sampling was done by 4 repetitions during the year of 2013. Primary and secondary data was used in this research. The results showed an abundance of heterotrophic bacteria fluctuate and are relatively high in the area close to the mouth of the river and decreasing abundance in the ocean. The highest abundance obtained at Station 10 with 3,5 × 106 CFU/ml density and the lowest abundance obtained at Station 1 with 1,8 × 105 CFU/ml density. The highest density obtained in October with an average of 1,3 × 106 CFU/ml and the lowest density obtained in July with the average of 3,5 x 105 CFU/ml. Abundance of heterotrophic bacteria have a close relationship with chlorophyll-a
Manajemen Kualitas Air Dengan Teknologi Bioflok: Studi Kasus Pemeliharan Ikan Lele (Clarias Sp.) Adharani, Nadya; Soewardi, Kadarwan; Syakti, Agung Dhamar; Hariyadi, Sigid
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (269.093 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.35

Abstract

Biofloc technology is one of the alternative to overcome the problem of water quality of cultivation environment which was adapted from conventional waste management techniques. The purpose of this study was to assess the young catfish culture by applying bioflocs of some consortium products, such as Bacillus megaterium (BM), Supernit (SP), Depok 165 (DP165), Kayajaga (KJ) compared to non biofloc application for improving the water quality. The results of this study and statistical test showed that the lowest concentration of TAN by probiotic KJ was about 2.56 mg L-1, while the control was about 5.47 mg L-1, and the consortium of bacteria gave effect to  TAN value (p<0.05). The Lowest concentration of amonia by probiotic KJ was about 0.0001853 mg L-1, while control was about 0.0003973 mg L-1, and the consortium of bacteria did not give effect to amonia value (p>0.05). The lowest concentration of nitrite by probiotic BM was about 0.065 mg L-1, while the control  was about 0.124 mg L-1, and the consortium of bacteria gave effect to the nitrite value (p<0.05). The lowest concentration of nitrate by probiotic BM was about 1.203 mg L-1, while the control was about 3.437 mg L-1, and the consortium of bacteria gave effect to the nitrate value (p<0.05). Consortium of bacteria gave effect to the COD value (p<0.05), but all bioflocs treatments had an average value of COD higher than the control. The conclusion that the bioflocs aplication was able to improve the water quality shown by decreasing parameter values of TAN concentrations, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate.
Biologi Reproduksi Ikan Belida (Notopterus notopterus Pallas, 1769) di Kolong-Bendungan Simpur, Pulau Bangka Gustomi, Andi; Sulistiono, .; Yonvitner, .
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (669.663 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.56

Abstract

The knowledge of fish reproduction is the most important in freshwater management continously. The research was done from February-July 2013, was aiming to describe information on reproductive aspects of belida fishes (Notopterus notopterus),i.e. sex ratio, gonado somatic stages, gonado somatic index, first size of maturity, fecundity, and spawning type. The fish Samples was taken by gill net which had many sizes such as 2, 2.5, 3, and 4 cm. Each gill net has length 30 m and width 2 m. Belida fishes have caught during research amounted 497 ind, which consisted of: 237 male and 260 female. Sex ratio male and female fish were relatively balance. The maturity gonad of male fish is faster than female fish. Featherback do spawn every month for each observation during the research. The spawning type of Featherback is partial pattern (step by step). The first size of maturity gonad from male fish was in length 135 mm and female fish was in length 162 mm. Fecundity of Featherback was in range 1.051-6.057 eggs. Fecundity is not influenced by length or weight body. For the sake to keep Featherback population needed a regulation, such as: the mesh size regulation of gillnet have to 30 mm or equal with 1.5 inci.
Pengaruh Fermentasi Bakteri Asam Laktat Lactobacillus plantarum B307 Terhadap Kadar Proksimat dan Amilografi Tepung Taka Modifikasi (Tacca leontopetaloides) Setiarto, Raden Haryo Bimo; Widhyastuti, Nunuk
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (462.526 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.7

Abstract

Tacca (Tacca leontopetaloides) is plant that grows in coastal areas and high salinity, especially in the south coast of West Java. Tacca tubers have high content of carbohydrate, but it also contains some toxic compounds such as: taccaline, β – sitosterol, alcohol cerylic, and steroid sapogenin that are harmful for health. Fermentation on tacca tubers can change amylograph properties and proximate levels of modified tacca flour and reduce it toxic compounds. This study aimed at determining the effects of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) Lactobacillus plantarum B307 fermentation on the proximate levels and amylograph characteristics of modified tacca flour. Moisture and ash content of modified tacca flour still meet the requirements of SNI. Fermentation LAB Lactobacillus plantarum B307 led to increased levels of protein and lactic acid in the modified tacca flour, but it decreased pH value and carbohydrate content. Based on the analysis of amylograph, it can be concluded that tacca flour control without fermentation has the best gelatinization profile because it has good ability of setback viscosity.
Potensi Antelmintika Ekstrak Bakteri Simbion Spons Laut Terhadap Trichostrongylidae (Nematoda) Parasit Domba Faisal, Muhammad Reza; Kawaroe, Mujizat; Satrija, Fadjar
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (698.274 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.41

Abstract

Trichostrongylidae (nematodes) parasitic infection of sheep were recently resistance to anthelmintics. Bioactive utilization of bacteria derived sponges had potential as anthelmintics alternative naturally against trichostrongylidae parasitic infections. The Aims of this study was to determine the activity of bacteria derived sponge extracts which produced anthelmintics bioactive compounds against sheep trichostrongylidae parasite. Bacteria derived sponges isolates which labeled S1 and S2 were extracted by methanol. Phytochemical test were conducted to determined characterization of bioactive compounds which potentially to inhibit larvae migration. Concentration which used to Larva Migration Inhibition Assay (LMIA) were 25, 50, 100, 250, and 500 µg/ml. Positive control treatment was used albendazole while negative control by physiological of NaCl. Both of extracts were contained toxicity to againts Artemia salina larvae which <1000 µg/ml concentration. The higher concentration of S1 and S2 extracts were affected to increase larvae migration. Both of extracts were potential to inhibit larvae migration which LC50 value were 165.63 µg/ml (S1) and 374.9 µg/ml (S2). The ability of extracts which inhibit larvae migration caused by bioactive compounds which contained triterpenoids in both of extracts then flavonoid compounds only by S1. Albendazole was showed a highest inhibitory activity which contained 95.5% of the total test nematode larvae.
Komunitas Makrozoobentos dan Akumulasi Kromium di Sungai Cimanuk Lama, Jawa Barat Gitarama, Arbi Mei; Krisanti, Majariana; Agungpriyono, Dewi Ratih
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (601.419 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.48

Abstract

The residue of human activities and batik industrial waste water surrounding the river will be able to increase the accumulation of chromium and to disrupt macrozoobenthic communities in the river. The aims of this study was to assess the impact of human activities surrounding the river to the macrozoobenthic communities and the accumulation of chromium in Cimanuk Lama River, Indramayu District, West Java. The study has been conducted from AprilMay 2015 based on three times sampling at three different sampling stations. The result of this study shows that the chromium accumulated in the waters of all station still meet the standard quality ranging from 0,010-0,016 mg/l, but only station 1 fulfills the standard quality for chromium accumulated in the river sediment with the range of all stations was about 11,72-46,63 mg/kg. The results also show that the community index analysis describes the change of macrozoobenthic community at all stations caused by environmental pressure, especially at the station 2 which is indicated by the highest score of Family Biotic Index. The accumulation of the chromium in the waters and the change of macrozoobenthic community structure are mostly influenced by the use of the Cimanuk Lama river long for agricultural and fisheries activities, and also batik home industry.
Penerapan Teknik Citra Digital Sebagai Metode Pengukuran Morfometrik Ternak Pada Sapi Bali dan Peranakan Ongole Putra, Bramada Winiar; Fuah, Asnath Maria; Nuraini, Henny; Priyanto, Rudy
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 21, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (753.529 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.21.1.63

Abstract

Morphometric measurements using digital image technique give a lot of benefits i.e., a safer method both for the researchers and the experimental animals, produce a more accurate morphometric data, reduce the stress in the experimental animals and produce a more detail and complete morphometric data. This experiment used 20 Ongole cross cattle and 20 Bali cattle with the average age of 3 years. Digital image data were collected by using DSLR camera with 18Mp resolution. The collected digital image data were analyzed by using Image J program. Parameters measured in this observation were body length, body height, hip height, pelvic height, loin height, the length of ossa vertebrae cervicales, the length of ossa vertebrae thoracicae, the length of ossa vertebrae lumbales, the length of os scapula, the length of os humerus, the length of ossa radius-ulna, the length of os metacarpale III, the length of os femoris, the length of ossa tibia-fibula, and the length of os metatarsale III. Digital image technique could replace the manual technique for morphometric measurement with a lower level of variance (<10%). Application of digital image technique for measurement of morphometric parameters in Ongole Cross and Bali cattle showed that Bali cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in body frame and body axis while Ongole Cross cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in fore and hind legs.

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